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The many faces of the shear Alfvén wave
Scientists show that 3-D movies are no longer just for Hollywood blockbusters. (2010-11-08)

Vacuum arcs spark new interest
Whenever two pieces of metal at different voltages are brought near each other, as when an appliance is plugged into a live socket, there is a chance there will be an arc between them. (2010-11-08)

Potential new treatment for deadly nipah and hendra viruses identified by Weill Cornell researchers
Scientists at Weill Cornell Medical College have identified a potential new treatment for the Nipah and Hendra viruses, two lethal and emerging viruses for which there is currently no treatment or vaccine available. The approach could also lead to new therapies for measles, mumps and the flu. The new research appears in today's edition of the prestigious journal Public Library of Science (PLoS) Pathogens. (2010-10-28)

$4.37 million NCI grant accelerates recent laboratory finding in Ewing's sarcoma
The National Cancer Institute has awarded a $4.37 million grant to Jeffrey A. Toretsky, M.D., at Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, to advance a recent scientific laboratory discovery into a new treatment for Ewing's sarcoma. (2010-10-16)

An intelligent system for maritime surveillance has been created
Researchers at the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid have designed a real application for maritime surveillance that is able to integrate and unify the information from different types of sensors and data in context through artificial intelligence and data fusion techniques. (2010-10-04)

Researchers discover genetic changes that make some forms of brain cancer more aggressive
A multi-institutional team led by investigators from Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center has published a study that provides new insight into genetic changes that make some forms of glioblastoma, the most common type of primary brain cancer, more aggressive than others and explains why they may not respond to certain therapies. (2010-09-30)

'Coreshine' sheds light on the birth of stars
Astronomers discover a new phenomenon in molecular clouds. (2010-09-24)

Brain cell communication: Why it's so fast
Billions of brain cells are communicating at any given moment. Like an organic supercomputer they keep everything going, from breathing to solving riddles, and (2010-09-21)

Researchers tap into cell power to create building 'skins' that adapt to heat/light of environment
Engineers, design architects and cell biologists from the University of Pennsylvania will use a National Science Foundation grant to utilize the flexibility and sensitivity of human cells as the models for next-generation building (2010-09-21)

When the Earth mantle finds its core
The Earth's mantle and its core mix at 2900 km under our feet in a mysterious zone. A team of geophysicists has just verified that the partial fusion of the mantle is possible in this area when the temperature reaches 4200 Kelvin. This reinforces the hypothesis of the presence of a deep magma ocean. The results have an effect in the understanding of the dynamics, composition and formation of the depths of our planet. (2010-09-17)

Children and adults see the world differently
Unlike adults, children are able to keep information from their senses separate and may therefore perceive the visual world differently, according to research published today. (2010-09-13)

Good long-term results for fusion surgery for high-grade spondylolisthesis
A group of children who underwent fusion surgery for spondylolisthesis in the lumbar spine 30 years ago showed a clear reduction in back pain when followed up seven years later. A new study of these patients as adults has found that the benefits have lasted, reveals research from the Sahlgrenska Academy and Sahlgrenska University Hospital presented this week at the International Society of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology annual international conference in Gothenburg. (2010-09-12)

NIH study shows how insulin stimulates fat cells to take in glucose
Using high-resolution microscopy, researchers at the National Institutes of Health have shown how insulin prompts fat cells to take in glucose in a rat model. The findings were reported in the Sept. 8 issue of the journal Cell Metabolism. (2010-09-07)

Federal grant to enhance math and science learning for all children
Education researchers at the University of Cincinnati are developing interactive technology to fuel STEM learning for schools, especially for children with special needs. (2010-08-19)

People with 'fused' identities are willing to die for their social group
People who are (2010-08-18)

ORNL's Peng wins Fusion Power Associates Leadership Award
Martin Peng, a researcher in the Fusion Energy Division of the US Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, has been selected by the Fusion Power Associates board of directors to receive a 2010 FPA Leadership Award. (2010-08-17)

New 'armor' developed to avoid infection from AIDS virus
The doors are closing on the AIDS virus. A study by the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas has developed a method of attack against the AIDS virus The method involves creating a prevention system, i.e. an (2010-07-30)

Findings show promise for nuclear fusion test reactors
Researchers have discovered mechanisms critical to interactions between hot plasma and surfaces facing the plasma inside a thermonuclear fusion reactor, part of work aimed at developing coatings capable of withstanding the grueling conditions inside the reactors. (2010-07-27)

Engineered coral pigment helps scientists to observe protein movement
Scientists in Southampton, UK, and Ulm and Karlsruhe in Germany have shown that a variant form of a fluorescent protein originally isolated from a reef coral has excellent properties as a marker protein for super-resolution microscopy in live cells. Their findings have been published online by Nature Methods and will appear in print in the upcoming August issue of that journal. (2010-07-27)

A collaboration solves the herpes virus protein structure providing new drug therapy directions
The mechanism by which a herpes virus invades cells has remained a mystery to scientists, but now researchers reveals the unusual structure of a key member of the protein complex that allows a herpes virus to invade cells. The new map details an essential piece of the herpes virus (2010-07-26)

Origin of key cosmic explosions still a mystery
When a star explodes as a supernova, it shines so brightly that it can be seen from millions of light-years away. One particular supernova variety -- Type Ia -- brightens and dims so predictably that astronomers use them to measure the universe's expansion. The resulting discovery of dark energy and the accelerating universe rewrote our understanding of the cosmos. Yet the origin of these supernovae, which have proved so useful, remains unknown. (2010-07-12)

New lung cancer drug shows dramatic results for shrinking tumors
Patients with a specific kind of lung cancer may benefit from a Phase III clinical trial offered by the Moores UCSD Cancer Center. The new drug, crizotinib, under development by Pfizer, showed dramatic results in reducing lung cancer tumors in some patients during Phase I and II clinical trials. (2010-06-22)

SNM 2010 image of the year: Molecular imaging shows parathyroid disease in greater detail
SNM's 2010 Image of the Year illustrates the potential of hybrid molecular imaging to provide precise information about the location and function of a condition known as (2010-06-15)

OSA to host energy meetings in Tucson covering optics' role in alternative energy
The Optical Society today announced that it will host two energy meetings in Tucson: the Imaging and Applied Optics Congress, June 7-8, at the Westin La Paloma, and the Optical Interference Coatings Topical Meeting, June 6-11, at the Loews Ventana Canyon Resort. Both events will include a focus on technical breakthroughs in optics and photonics affecting the areas of alternative energy and the environment. (2010-06-07)

How did higher life evolve?
With the world's first complete sequencing of a brown algal genome, an international research team has made a big leap towards understanding the evolution of two key prerequisites for higher life on Earth -- multicellularity and photosynthesis. As the internationally renowned science magazine Nature reported in its latest issue, about 100 scientists and technicians, during a five-year research project, successfully decoded all hereditary information on the brown seaweed Ectocarpus siliculosus. (2010-06-03)

Gene fusions may be the 'smoking gun' in prostate cancer development, U-M study finds
Prostate cancer treatments that target the hormone androgen and its receptor may be going after the wrong source, according to a new study from the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center. It suggests that the gene fusion -- not the androgen receptor -- is the real smoking gun that should be targeted by treatments. (2010-05-18)

A new distribution designed which communicates computers so that they can work in parallel
Iker Castanos, a student of technical engineering in computerized management at the University of the Basque Country, has designed the very first distribution which, initiated either from a DVD or by installation, communicates computers so that they can work in parallel. (2010-05-17)

American Nuclear Society honors new fellow Besmann with Mishima Award
Ted Besmann, leader of Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Surface Processing & Mechanics group, has been elected fellow of the American Nuclear Society and has been selected to receive the society's 2010 Mishima Award. (2010-05-11)

Brain's master switch is verified by Iowa State University researcher
The protein that has long been suspected by scientists of being the master switch allowing brains to function has now been verified by Iowa State University researcher Yeon-Kyun Shin. The professor of biochemistry, biophysics and molecular biology has shown that the protein called synaptotagmin1 is the sole trigger for the release of neurotransmitters in the brain. (2010-05-07)

Transplanted adult stem cells provide lasting help to injured hearts
Human adult stem cells injected around the damage caused by a heart attack survived in the heart and improved its pumping efficiency for a year in a mouse model, researchers at the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center report online ahead of publication in Circulation Research. Injection of a patient's own adult stem cells into the heart has shown some efficacy in assisting recovery after a heart attack in early human clinical trials. But how they work has been unknown, until now. (2010-05-07)

New research by UCR physicists could help develop gamma ray lasers and produce fusion power
Physicists at the University of California, Riverside, have succeeded in isolating for the first time a sample of spin polarized positronium atoms, needed to make the Bose-Einstein condensate. The researchers say they have effectively purified the positronium sample, which could lead to the development of a gamma ray laser and fusion power production. The research also could help scientists understand why the universe is made up of matter and not antimatter or just pure energy. (2010-04-30)

University of Miami College of Engineering to develop new methods for data analysis
A new grant from the US Office of Naval Research will fund the work of University of Miami College of Engineering professors and their collaborators from Indiana University and BAE Systems to develop automated methods for analyzing data. Such methods could potentially serve as tools for human analysts and decision makers. (2010-04-19)

Caltech-led team uncovers new functions of mitochondrial fusion
A typical human cell contains hundreds of mitochondria -- energy-producing organelles -- that continually fuse and divide. Relatively little is known, however, about why mitochondria undergo this behavior. Now, a team of researchers -- led by scientists at Caltech -- have taken steps toward a fuller understanding of this process by revealing just what happens to the organelle, its DNA (mtDNA), and its energy-producing ability when mitochondrial fusion fails. (2010-04-15)

Pinning down a proton
A researcher at North Carolina State University has helped to develop a new method for describing the binding of protons and neutrons within nuclei. This method may improve scientists' ability to predict and understand astrophysical reactions within stars. (2010-04-14)

In search of a clean and inexhaustible energy source
Raúl Sánchez Fernández of the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid is the recipient of the Miguel Catalán prize, awarded by the Comunidad de Madrid to scientists under 40, for his research into plasma physics and thermonuclear fusion. (2010-04-12)

Rate of complex spinal fusion procedures for lower back has increased among older adults
The frequency of complex fusion procedures to treat spinal stenosis of the lower back increased between 2002-2007 among Medicare recipients, while the rates of decompression and simple fusion procedures decreased, according to a study in the April 7 issue of JAMA. (2010-04-06)

Scorpion venom provides clues to cause, treatment of pancreatitis
A Brazilian scorpion has provided researchers at North Carolina State University and East Carolina University insight into venom's effects on the ability of certain cells to release critical components. The findings may prove useful in understanding diseases like pancreatitis or in targeted drug delivery. (2010-03-29)

Targeting cell pathway may prevent relapse of leukemia
About 40 percent of children and up to 70 percent of adults in remission from acute myelogenous leukemia will have a relapse. In recent years, doctors have come to believe that this is due to leukemia stem cells, endlessly replicating cancer cells that generate the immature blood cells characteristic of leukemia and are resistant to typical cancer treatments. (2010-03-25)

American Society for Microbiology honors Ekaterina Heldwein
A 2010 American Society for Microbiology Merck Irving S. Sigal Memorial Award is being presented to Ekaterina (2010-03-11)

Cells of aggressive leukemia hijack normal protein to grow
Researchers have found that one particularly aggressive type of blood cancer, mixed lineage leukemia, has an unusual way to keep the molecular motors running. The cancer cells rely on the normal version of an associated protein to stay alive. (2010-02-26)

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