Current Genetic Disease News and Events | Page 24

Current Genetic Disease News and Events, Genetic Disease News Articles.
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Study unveils new therapeutic target for spinal muscular atrophy
Neuroscientists have discovered a specific enzyme that plays a critical role in spinal muscular atrophy, and that suppressing this enzyme's activity, could markedly reduce the disease's severity and improve patients' lifestyles. (2016-02-18)

DNA evidence shows that salmon hatcheries cause substantial, rapid genetic changes
A new study on steelhead trout in Oregon offers genetic evidence that wild and hatchery fish are different at the DNA level, and that they can become different with surprising speed. The research found that after one generation of hatchery culture, the offspring of wild fish and first-generation hatchery fish differed in the activity of more than 700 genes. (2016-02-17)

Genome studies can help identify lifestyle risks for diseases
A type of study commonly used to pinpoint genetic variants associated with diseases can also be used to identify the lifestyle predictors that increase the risk of a disease -- something that is often overlooked in genetic studies (2016-02-12)

Gene technology to help healthy skin in Aboriginal Australians
Australian researchers have used cutting-edge genome technologies to reveal the genetic makeup of a widespread skin parasite causing serious health problems in Aboriginal communities. The research team identified the genetic 'map' of the human parasitic scabies mite, accelerating research that could lead to new ways of preventing and treating scabies infestations and prevent lifelong complications for people in remote Aboriginal communities. (2016-02-12)

Neandertal-derived DNA may influence depression and more in modern humans
Researchers have found correlations between Neandertal-derived genes and disease states in modern humans -- including those influencing the skin, the immune system, depression, addiction, and metabolism. (2016-02-11)

Researchers discover a genetic mutation that prevents diabetes complications
A number of complications are associated with diabetes, but they are more prevalent in some patients than in others. A Finnish study has now revealed two genetic mutations which seem to lower the risk of contracting a diabetic retinal or kidney disease. (2016-02-10)

WSU researchers see helpful protein causing cancer
Washington State University researchers have determined how a protein that helps cells fight viruses can also cause genetic mutations that lead to cancer. (2016-02-09)

Protein that limits the severity of genetic kidney disease found
Researchers from Kumamoto University, Japan have identified a protein that limits the severity of Alport syndrome, a type of genetic kidney disease. The finding can provide clues that point toward new therapeutic approaches for Alport syndrome. (2016-02-09)

No genetic link between smaller subcortical brain volumes and risk for schizophrenia
There is no evidence of genetic overlap between risk for schizophrenia and brain volume measures, according to researchers in a global study that examined the genes that drive the development of schizophrenia. (2016-02-08)

Cell insight offers clues on biological processes linked to fertility
Congenital disorders such as Down's syndrome could be better understood, following new insights into how healthy cells are formed. (2016-02-02)

Scientists map the genome of the common bed bug
A multi-institution team of researchers has successfully mapped the genome of Cimex lectularius, the common bed bug. Among the many findings, scientists discovered 805 possible instances of genes being transferred from bacteria within the bed bug to the insect's chromosomes -- a process called lateral gene transfer. (2016-02-02)

Twenty-five-point drop in IQ caused by lack of gene copy
Even in study participants whose IQ was considered to be normal, the researchers found a substantial 25 points IQ drop induced by 16p11.2 gene deletions. (2016-01-27)

Health and thinking skills linked to same genes, study shows
Genes that influence people's health also shape how effectively they think, a study shows. (2016-01-26)

Disclosure of incidental genetic findings can have positive impact for patients
A new study led by researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital has found that providing unanticipated information about risk of coronary artery disease during a genetic risk assessment for Alzheimer's disease helped some participants cope with their results, and also motivated participants to make changes to their health behaviors. The results of the randomized controlled study are published online in the journal Annals of Internal Medicine on Jan. 26. (2016-01-26)

First pilot production of genetic medications to open in Russia
This will become the first GMP-certified line of such type in the country. The necessary equipment is up and running, and the first lab samples have been produced. (2016-01-22)

Study shows different genetic drivers of colorectal cancer in older and younger patients
University of Colorado Cancer Center study being presented Saturday at the 2016 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium shows 141 genes that are enriched in colorectal cancer samples from younger patients and a largely different cohort of 42 genes enriched in samples from older patients, implying new treatment strategies for the young form of the disease. (2016-01-21)

Guidelines for human genome editing
As countries around the world seek to craft policy frameworks governing the powerful new genetic editing tool, policy makers need to determine 'thresholds of acceptability' for using the technology, according to three researchers from the Centre of Genomics and Policy at McGill University. They suggest in a 'Perspectives' article in Science magazine that policy makers could be guided by the model that has served to develop policies governing pre-implantation genetic diagnosis after in vitro fertilization. (2016-01-21)

Physical attraction linked to genes that control height, study finds
Our choice of romantic partner can be determined by genetics more than we might expect, a study from the University of Edinburgh suggests. Researchers have discovered that the genes that determine our height also influence why people are attracted to partners of similar heights to themselves. (2016-01-19)

Genetic 'paint box' shuffled between butterfly species to create new wing patterns
Research finds independent genetic switches control different splotches of color and pattern on Heliconius butterfly wings, and that these switches have been shared between species over millions of years, becoming 'jumbled up' to create new and diverse wing displays. (2016-01-15)

Born to break: Mutation causes fragile bones
People born with Hajdu-Cheney syndrome develop misshapen skeletons and bones that quickly start to soften and fracture. Now, UConn Health researchers have replicated the disease in mice. A specific mutation in the NOTCH2 gene causes overabundant bone-absorbing cells that seem to cause the characteristic bone loss and fractures of Hajdu-Cheney syndrome. The findings could illuminate the mechanisms of bone loss in humans, and point to a potential treatment. (2016-01-14)

Occupational textile dust exposure linked to rheumatoid arthritis
Occupational exposure to textile dust is associated with a more than doubling in the risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis, finds research published online in the Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases. (2016-01-14)

Researchers discover novel factor in Parkinson's disease
A team of local researchers have discovered a previously unknown cellular defect in patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease, and identified a sequence of pathological events that can trigger or accelerate premature death of certain neurons in the brain seen in this disease. (2016-01-12)

Dog domestication may have increased harmful genetic changes, UCLA biologists report
Dog domestication may have inadvertently led to harmful genetic changes, a UCLA-led study suggests. Domestication of dogs from gray wolves more than 15,000 years ago involved artificial selection and inbreeding. (2016-01-11)

Genome-wide study in Labradors reveals a modifier gene for copper toxicosis
In Wilson disease, copper accumulates to toxic levels in tissues, causing neurological symptoms and liver disease. Diagnosis is challenging because symptoms can vary widely across patients, and the mechanisms underlying this clinical heterogeneity are unclear. Using a genome-wide approach in a new dog model for copper toxicosis, researchers have now revealed that mutations in a copper transporter gene, ATP7A, can ameliorate symptoms. This finding could pave the way for early detection and treatment of hereditary copper metabolism disorders. (2016-01-08)

Study raises questions about reporting incidental genetic findings
The study of 2,022 patients identified 63 who had genetic variations considered to be 'potentially pathogenic' -- capable of producing arrhythmias. Yet their electrocardiograms (ECGs) were no different from those who did not carry the 'disease genes.' (2016-01-05)

Genetically correcting a muscle disorder
Three independent groups of researchers provide preliminary evidence that CRISPR can treat genetic disorders by editing a gene involved in muscle functioning, restoring some muscle function in mice with a specific type of muscular dystrophy. (2015-12-31)

Scientists sequence first ancient Irish human genomes
The genomes show unequivocal evidence for mass migrations into Ireland.These genetic influxes are likely to have brought cultural changes including the transition to agriculture, Bronze metalworking and may have been the origin of western Celtic language. (2015-12-28)

Two Alzheimer's risk genes linked to brain atrophy, promise future blood markers
Two genetic variants previously linked to Alzheimer's disease have been more specifically tied to brain atrophy that is characteristic of the disease. (2015-12-23)

International study offers new insight for understanding leading cause of blindness
An international study has identified the number of genetic factors known to play a role in age-related macular degeneration (AMD), the worldwide leading cause of blindness in the elderly. This new discovery may help to further research into the biological processes that results in AMD and allow for the development of new therapeutics, including a personalized medicine approach for treating this debilitating disease. (2015-12-22)

Case Western Reserve School of Nursing scientist to lead new cystic fibrosis research
A scientist at Case Western Reserve University Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing will lead a pair of studies to develop more effective treatment for symptoms of cystic fibrosis (CF), a life-threatening genetic disease that causes persistent lung infections and progressively limits the ability to breathe. (2015-12-17)

New genes associated with extreme longevity identified
Centenarians show successful aging as they remain active and alert at very old ages. Scientists at Stanford University and the University of Bologna have begun to unravel the basis for longevity by finding genetic loci associated with extreme longevity. The report by Kristen Fortney and colleagues, published in PLOS Genetics, uses a new statistical method (termed 'informed GWAS') to identify five longevity loci that provide clues about physiological mechanisms for successful aging. (2015-12-17)

The world's smallest terrorist: Virus hijacks protein machine and then kills the host
A research team has established how a virus exploits one of its host's proteins when the virus is about to replicate its genetic material during an infection. The discovery may potentially form the basis for the development of new methods for treating viral infections. (2015-12-11)

Researchers identify gene possibly linked with methamphetamine addiction
A new study sheds light on the significance of a potential genetic risk factor for drug addiction and possibly other neuropsychiatric disorders. Both genetic and environmental factors are known to influence susceptibility to substance use disorders. However, the genetic basis of these disorders is largely unknown. (2015-12-10)

Genetic origin of neurodevelopmental disabilities in infants with heart disease
A new study identifies numerous genetic mutations that help explain why newborns with congenital heart disease have a high risk of neurodevelopmental disorders. (2015-12-03)

Scientists isolate genes that delay Alzheimer's
Scientists have identified a network of nine genes that play a key role in the onset of Alzheimer's Disease. The finding could help scientists develop new treatments to delay the onset of the disease, said lead researcher Associate Professor Mauricio Arcos-Burgos from The Australian National University (ANU). (2015-12-01)

Genetic study of patients with inflammatory bowel disease could lead to better treatments
Genetic variation in patients with inflammatory bowel disease appears to play a major role in determining how sick they will become and could provide a road map for more effective treatments. (2015-11-30)

Tracing a path toward neuronal cell death
Researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital have developed a genetic model that is yielding new insights into what happens when astrocytes go awry. (2015-11-30)

Novel insights into genetic cause of autoimmune diseases
A collaboration between researchers at the Babraham Institute and the University of Manchester has mapped the physical connections occurring in the genome to shed light on the parts of the genome involved in autoimmune diseases. Using a new technique, called Capture Hi-C, the team revealed novel insights into how changes in the genetic sequence have a biological effect and increase the risk of disease. (2015-11-30)

Inflammation is associated with bone growth
Researchers use induced pluripotent stem cells in a mouse model to show that diseased bone growth may be stimulated by a key molecule for inflammation. Inhibition of activin-A was found to repress the bone overgrowth typically seen in fibrodysplasia ossificans progressive. This model provides a new platform for drug discovery and bone growth. (2015-11-30)

Stem cell study paves the way for patient therapies
Stem cells that have been specifically developed for use as clinical therapies are fit for use in patients, an independent study of their genetic makeup suggests. (2015-11-26)

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