Current Genetic Disease News and Events | Page 25

Current Genetic Disease News and Events, Genetic Disease News Articles.
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York research points to enhanced detection of Parkinson's
New research by biologists at the University of York could lead to improved methods of detection for early-onset Parkinson's disease. (2015-11-25)

Laboratory study: Scientists explore a new approach to prevent newborn epilepsies
Specific forms of epilepsy may manifest as early as in the first weeks of life. A new laboratory study shows that a preventive therapeutic strategy can be successful if it is applied within a time window critical to brain development. The study, which was conducted by a team of German and French scientists and headed by Prof. Dirk Isbrandt of the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases and the University of Cologne, has just been published in Nature Medicine. (2015-11-23)

U of T research sheds new light on mysterious fungus that has major health consequences
Researchers at the University of Toronto examined fungi in the mucus of patients with cystic fibrosis and discovered how one particularly cunning fungal species has evolved to defend itself against neighbouring bacteria. (2015-11-20)

'No place' for genetic testing to spot young sporting talent or boost performance
No child or young athlete should be subjected to genetic testing to spot sporting talent or boost performance, concludes an international panel of experts in a consensus statement published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine. (2015-11-16)

Bacterial defense systems have numerous clinical and research applications
A new review highlights the diverse ways in which genetic-based defense systems found in bacteria can be harnessed to manipulate the microbes for various clinical and research applications. The systems, called CRISPR-Cas systems, naturally protect bacteria by recognizing and cutting genetic elements from potential invaders. (2015-11-11)

Diagnosis before disease breaks out
Many patients with serious diseases are not helped by their medications because treatment is started too late. An international research team led from Linköping University is launching a unique strategy for discovering a disease progression in its earliest phase. (2015-11-11)

Scientists ID genetic factors that influence body weight and neurological disorders
A new study by Berkeley Lab scientists has identified genetic factors that influence motor performance and body weight in a genetically diverse group of mice. The researchers also found the genes identified in the mice overlap significantly with genes related to neurological disorders and obesity in people. (2015-11-11)

Genetic risk information for coronary heart disease leads to lower bad cholesterol
A group of researchers led by Mayo Clinic has discovered that disclosing genetic risk for coronary heart disease, also known as bad cholesterol. The findings of the Myocardial Infarction Genes (MI-GENES) Study were presented today at the annual American Heart Association Scientific Sessions 2015 as a late-breaking clinical trial. (2015-11-09)

Using human genetics to reveal fundamental processes involved in type 2 diabetes
Researchers at Oxford and Liverpool universities have identified genetic markers that could be used to understand people's risk of developing type 2 diabetes. They focused on 39 areas of the genome, identifying specific DNA sequence changes most likely involved in mediating that risk. (2015-11-09)

Neurodermatitis genes influence other allergies
There's a typical 'career' for some allergic people, and it starts very early on the skin: babies develop atopic dermatitis, food allergies may follow, then comes asthma and later on hay fever. A group of scientists led by Ingo Marenholz and Young-Ae Lee at the Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine in the Helmholtz Association, working with colleagues from several institutions, has now identified seven genetic risk loci for this course of disease. (2015-11-06)

Researchers provide detailed genetic information on fish
The fathead minnow has long been a premier animal model for research and regulation related to environmental toxins. Unfortunately, however, genetic information about this species is incomplete. The lack of genome sequence information for the species has limited scientists' ability to dissect complex traits, evaluate genetic markers, identify gene regulatory sequences, and elucidate biological pathways. (2015-11-03)

Three deadly bacteria families responsible for nearly 60 percent of meningococcal cases
Scientists at Oxford University have identified the key groups of bacteria responsible for the majority of meningococcal disease cases in England and Wales over the past 20 years. (2015-10-28)

Spatial navigation abnormalities could hint at Alzheimer's years before onset
While navigating a virtual maze, young adults at high genetic risk of Alzheimer's disease demonstrated reduced functioning of brain cells involved in spatial navigation, causing them to navigate the maze differently than controls, a new study finds. (2015-10-22)

New UW model helps zero in on harmful genetic mutations
A new model and publicly available Web tool developed by University of Washington researchers can more accurately predict which genetic mutations significantly change how genes splice and warrant increased attention from disease researchers and drug developers. (2015-10-22)

Genetic defense for violent crimes could backfire for defendants
As genetic evidence plays a larger role in the judicial system, psychology research is finding that genetic information is perceived in biased ways. (2015-10-21)

Scientists identify genes associated with peripheral artery disease
Researchers have used gene maps in the Japanese population to identify three genes associated with peripheral artery disease, a common but debilitating disease that makes walking painful and that can, in serious cases, lead to limb loss. (2015-10-21)

23andMe launches new customer experience with reports that meet FDA standards
23andMe, Inc., the leading personal genetics company, today announced the launch of their new Personal Genome Service (PGS). Following two years of work with the FDA, extensive user comprehension testing and a complete redesign, 23andMe is launching an entirely new experience that includes carrier status, wellness, trait and ancestry reports. (2015-10-21)

A study of 377,000 sheds light on the role played by the genome in eczema
The largest genetic study of atopic dermatitis ever performed permitted a team of international researchers to identify ten previously unknown genetic variations that contribute to the development of the condition. The researchers also found evidence of genetic overlap between atopic dermatitis and other illnesses, including inflammatory bowel disease. The results was published in Nature Genetics online on Oct. 19. (2015-10-20)

EU Regulation on Medical Devices still poses dangers to patients' interests
The proposed Regulation on In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices (IVDs) negotiations, currently at the stage of tripartite negotiations between the Council (representing Member State governments), the European Parliament, and the European Commission, still risks restricting the rights of patients and doctors to carry out essential genetic testing. (2015-10-20)

Research on 377,000 people worldwide highlights the role of genes in eczema
In the largest genetic study of eczema in the world to date, a group of international researchers, led by Dr. Lavinia Paternoster from the University of Bristol, has combined data on 377,000 participants in 40 research studies worldwide, including the Bristol-based Children of the 90s, to identify 10 new genetic variants related to eczema. (2015-10-19)

Rare mutation may extend survival in lung cancer patients with brain metastases
Most patients with non-small cell lung cancer that has metastasized to the brain have a dire prognosis. But Yale researchers have identified a subset of those patients with a rare genetic mutation who are living significantly longer than patients without the mutation. (2015-10-15)

Children with developmental delays -- are we checking their genes for answers?
Few doctors would order genetic testing or refer a child to a genetics specialist as a first step when they see children with developmental delays. (2015-10-15)

Mutations driving leukemia identified
An international team of scientists from the US, Germany and Austria identified novel genes associated with chronic lymphocytic leukemia through the analysis of high-throughput sequencing data. (2015-10-15)

New research sees zebrafish earn their stripes in the fight against muscular dystrophy
New research published today in the journal eLife has demonstrated a new method for observing the behavior of the protein Dystrophin in a living animal cell, in real-time. This breakthrough may provide a key to understanding how to treat the genetic disease, muscular dystrophy. (2015-10-13)

Genetic variation is key to fighting viruses
Using a genome-wide association study, EPFL scientists have identified subtle genetic changes that can cause substantial differences to how we fight viral infections. (2015-10-08)

JAX reseachers, collaborators report on variations in human genome
A consortium of international researchers, including Charles Lee, Ph.D., of The Jackson Laboratory for Genomic Medicine, have reported findings from a massive research project exploring variations in the human genome, including structural variations. (2015-10-02)

Researchers at Maryland play key role in unprecedented effort to analyze human genome
After eight years of analysis, scientists from around the world have completed an unprecedented project to delineate a wide spectrum of human genetic variation. This enormous catalog of data, known as the 1000 Genomes Project, will yield crucial insights for decades. Scientists from the University of Maryland School of Medicine played a key role in this, and co-authored two papers published in the current issue of the journal Nature. (2015-10-01)

New method to predict increased risk of non-familial breast cancer
By detecting cancer at an early stage, or even predicting who has an increased risk of being affected, the possibilities to treat the disease can be radically improved. In an international study led from Uppsala University the researchers have discovered that apparently healthy breast cells contain genetic aberrations that can be associated with an increased risk for non-familial breast cancer. The results have been published in the journal Genome Research. (2015-10-01)

Researchers show that genetic background regulates tumor differences
Researchers from Uppsala University, Sweden, and the Broad Institute, USA, have identified both similarities and differences between a single tumor type in multiple dogs breeds; a finding they believe parallels the situation in the cancer of human patients. (2015-09-30)

Finding links and missing genes
Missing a gene may be less problematic than you'd think. This is one of the conclusions that emerge from the most extensive catalog of changes in large sections of a person's DNA sequence to date. This reference catalog of structural variations across the globe will help guide future studies of genetics, evolution and disease. Carried out with the 1000 Genomes Project, it is published today in Nature, alongside a paper on the project's final outcomes. (2015-09-30)

Five genetic regions implicated in cystic fibrosis severity
If you have two faulty copies of the CFTR gene, you will have cystic fibrosis. But the severity of your disease will depend partly on many other genes. Now, researchers report that five regions of the human genome are home to the genetic variations that play major roles in disease severity. (2015-09-29)

Children's Mercy researchers achieve 26-hour rapid whole-genome sequencing in critically ill infants
A study published today in Genome Medicine describes how researchers at Children's Mercy Kansas City cut in half the time needed for rapid whole-genome sequencing and genetic diagnosis in critically ill infants, called STAT-Seq. Through a variety of enhancements, the Center for Pediatric Genomic Medicine at Children's Mercy completed the STAT-Seq test in 26 hours compared to 50 hours, improving on a turnaround time that was already the fastest available in the world. (2015-09-29)

The Lancet Respiratory Medicine: First UK Biobank genetic study reveals new associations with lung disease and smoking behavior
New research published in The Lancet Respiratory Medicine and presented at this year's European Respiratory Society meeting in Amsterdam presents the first analyses of genetic data from the UK Biobank that reveal new associations with lung disease and smoking behavior. The study is by Professor Ian Hall, Queen's Medical Centre, University of Nottingham, UK, and Professor Martin Tobin, University of Leicester, UK, and colleagues. (2015-09-27)

Discovery of genetic differences between relapsing/non-relapsing breast cancers
Researchers have taken an important step towards understanding why some primary breast cancers return while others do not. The European Cancer Congress will hear that genetic factors driving the cancers that recur are different from those found in the cancers that do not. This discovery could enable doctors to identify patients at high risk of their cancer returning and to target the genes responsible for recurrence when the cancer is first diagnosed in order to prevent its return. (2015-09-24)

Researchers uncover genetic basis for kin recognition in mice
Researchers from the University of Liverpool have identified the genetic basis of how mice can recognize close relatives, even if they have never encountered them before. (2015-09-24)

Genetic link between being tall and being slim, study shows
If you're tall, you're also more likely to be slim, new genetic research has revealed. (2015-09-21)

Albert La Spada receives Harrington Scholar Award to combat neurodegenerative disease
Albert La Spada, M.D., Ph.D., professor of pediatrics, cellular and molecular medicine and neurosciences at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, has received a 2015 Harrington Scholar award to advance his work on a therapy for Spinocerebellar ataxia type 7 (SCA7), a rare but devastating neurological disorder that can lead to blindness and progressive loss of physical coordination. (2015-09-21)

Genome of Tatars studied at Kazan University
The research is important for both historians and -- even more -- for microbiologists and medical doctors who want to find genetic markers of susceptibility to various diseases. This project is a joint effort of historians, ethnographers, geneticists, and biologists. The work is supported by State Counsellor of Tatarstan Mintimer Shaimiev. (2015-09-17)

An essential guide to the genetic terms that impact your research, from CSHLPress
In 'Decoding the Language of Genetics,' from Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, the distinguished geneticist David Botstein offers help to scientists and physicians daunted by the arcane technical terms that flourish in his discipline. The science of gene function has a vocabulary of specialized, sometimes confusing terms, which are often a barrier to full understanding of the underlying concepts. Botstein draws on his long experience as a teacher and pioneering scientist to explain and what many genetic terms mean and how they entered common usage. (2015-09-16)

UF Health researchers find some evidence of link between stress, Alzheimer's disease
University of Florida Health researchers have uncovered more evidence of a link between the brain's stress response and a protein related to Alzheimer's disease. (2015-09-16)

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