Current Genetic Disease News and Events | Page 3

Current Genetic Disease News and Events, Genetic Disease News Articles.
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Scientists updated genome editing technology
International scientific group compared their developed carriers for delivery of genome editing (GE) tools with other available analogues. The research of current studies were published in the in the journal Biomaterials. (2020-09-16)

Mount Sinai study shows widespread epigenetic defects in the human genome
This study shows, for the first time, that epigenetic defects in the human genome are widespread, and occur at hundreds of genes known to cause genetic diseases. (2020-09-15)

Decoding the genetics that drive disease
From Alzheimer's to obesity, life can change dramatically if you discover you have a genetic risk of disease. Now, a new study from the Australian Centre for Precision Health, University of South Australia is challenging these predispositions, showing that some of the genes traditionally labelled as 'bad' are not always what they seem. (2020-09-15)

Genetic factors in chronic versus episodic migraine
According to existing estimates, migraine is a highly prevalent ailment, with about 15 percent of global population suffering from it at one time or another. In Russia, the ratio is as high as 20 percent. The current diagnostics and treatment methods are strictly clinical, i. e. they are based on a patient's complaints. (2020-09-14)

Possible genetic link found between hypothyroidism and development of canine T-zone lymphoma
A genetic mutation might be the reason dogs with hypothyroidism are less likely to develop T-zone lymphoma (TZL). That's the finding from Morris Animal Foundation-funded researchers at Colorado State University who tried to identify genetic risk factors for TZL using a genome-wide association study (GWAS) and subsequent targeted sequencing. They recently published their results in the journal BMC Genomics. (2020-09-14)

Veterinary college team IDs gene that drives ovarian cancer
scientists at the College of Veterinary Medicine have collaborated on a study that pinpoints which specific genes drive - or delay - high-grade serious ovarian carcinoma. (2020-09-11)

New genetic analysis method could advance personal genomics
Geneticists could identify the causes of disorders that currently go undiagnosed if standard practices for collecting individual genetic information were expanded to capture more variants that researchers can now decipher, concludes new Johns Hopkins University research. (2020-09-10)

Polycythaemia vera: Determination of individual DNA variants allows for more effective treatment
Polycythaemia vera is a chronic malignant disease of the haematopoietic system and is treated with interferon-alpha-based drugs, in most cases with long-lasting success. However, in some cases this therapy is unsuccessful for reasons that are not yet understood. A research group led by Robert Kralovics from MedUni Vienna's Department of Laboratory Medicine and from CeMM has now conducted genetic association studies, which show that patients with certain DNA variants commonly found in the population do not respond sufficiently to the treatment. (2020-09-08)

Genetic study of proteins is a breakthrough in drug development for complex diseases
An innovative genetic study of blood protein levels, led by researchers in the MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit (MRC-IEU) at the University of Bristol, has demonstrated how genetic data can be used to support drug target prioritisation by identifying the causal effects of proteins on diseases. (2020-09-07)

Uncovering the genetics behind heart attacks that surprise young, healthy women
New genetic research finds spontaneous coronary artery dissection, or SCAD, heart attacks may be more similar to different diseases than to other heart attacks. (2020-09-04)

Genetic information can predict predisposition to rare and common blood diseases
Two large-scale genetic studies have identified the bulk of genetic variation that influences medically-important characteristics of our blood cells. Researchers from the Wellcome Sanger Institute, the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, and colleagues from 101 research institutions world-wide, have studied hundreds of thousands of participants and identified over 7,000 regions of the human genome that control blood cell characteristics, such as the numbers of red and white cells. (2020-09-03)

People with increased risk of Alzheimer's have deficits in navigating
Alzheimer's patients develop severe symptoms of spatial disorientation as the disease progresses and are unable to find even the simplest ways. (2020-08-31)

Gut microbes could unlock the secret to healthy ageing
Bacteria and other microorganisms in the digestive tract are linked with dozens of health conditions including high blood pressure, high blood lipids, and body mass index (BMI) according to research presented today at ESC Congress 2020. (2020-08-27)

Genetics of the tree of life
The African baobab tree (Adansonia digitata) is called the tree of life. Baobab trees can live for more than a thousand years and provide food, livestock fodder, medicinal compounds, and raw materials. USDA scientists counted the significant tree's chromosomes - information critical for conservation, agricultural improvement, and further genetic work. Their findings were published in the journal Scientific Reports. (2020-08-27)

Seizures during menstrual cycle linked to drug-resistant epilepsy
More frequent seizures during the menstrual cycle in women with genetic generalized epilepsy have been linked for the first time to drug-resistant epilepsy, when anti-seizure medications don't work, according to a Rutgers coauthored study that may help lead to tailored treatments. (2020-08-26)

Investigational new therapy prevents onset of Dravet syndrome symptoms in mice
In a development that may finally offer hope to children with Dravet syndrome and their parents, a promising investigational new therapeutic appears to alter the destructive course of the deadly disease in a mouse model. (2020-08-26)

Overlooked 'housekeeping' gene plays unexpected role in seizures
Molecules known as tRNAs are often overlooked in studies of disease processes. UC San Diego researchers have found that a mutation in a tRNA gene called n-Tr20--expressed only in the brain--can disrupt the landscape of entire cells, leading to chain reactions that alter brain function and behavior. The results are published in the journal Neuron. (2020-08-26)

New approach uses wild genes to improve biological nitrogen fixation in soybeans
It's a clever genetic approach to identify genes present in the wild soybean ancestor that might improve or enhance interactions between the modern cultivated soybean and its symbiotic partner S. fredii. Soybean was domesticated so long ago that most cultivated lines lack these ancient traits. This approach will help them to access some of the genetic diversity of the soybean ancestor to improve biological nitrogen fixation of modern soybean cultivars. (2020-08-20)

Potential link for Alzheimer's disease and common brain disease that mimics its symptoms
A new study by investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital uncovered a group of closely related genes that may capture molecular links between Alzheimer's disease and Limbic-predominant Age-related TDP-43 Encephalopathy, or LATE, a recently recognized common brain disorder that can mimic Alzheimer's symptoms. (2020-08-19)

Is risk of Alzheimer's linked to specific sleep patterns?
Disturbed sleep patterns do not cause Alzheimer's disease but people who are at high genetic risk of developing Alzheimer's disease may be more likely to be a 'morning person,' have shorter sleep duration and other measures of sleep disturbance and are less likely to have insomnia, according to a study published in the August 19, 2020, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. (2020-08-19)

After Stillbirth, New Genetic Analyses May Give Parents Answers
Columbia researchers have uncovered an array of new genes that cause stillbirth, significantly increasing the understanding of the genetic foundations of common, but little studied, condition. (2020-08-12)

Change isn't a good thing for Japanese rheumatoid arthritis patients
Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a common complication of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) that dramatically increases the risk of death. In a recent study led by Osaka University, researchers identified a genetic variant that increases the risk of ILD among Japanese RA patients, most likely by altering the expression of the RPA3 gene and triggering scarring of lung tissue. Identifying risk variants associated with RA-ILD will help unravel the underlying causes of disease in different populations. (2020-08-09)

Gut bacteria in people with Huntington's disease may be a potential drug target
A world first clinical study of the gut microbiome in people with Huntington's disease (HD) has found that it is not just a disease of the brain, but also of the body. (2020-08-06)

Why is stroke so deadly for people of African descent?
An international team of scientists has completed the largest analysis of stroke-risk genes ever undertaken in people of African descent. (2020-08-03)

Rosalind Franklin University Researcher awarded NIH grant for CLN3 Batten disease study
Michelle Hastings, PhD, director of the Center for Genetic Diseases, is leading an NIH-funded team in the study of a new therapeutic approach for CLN3 Batten disease in children. Study published July 27 in Nature Medicine. (2020-07-31)

Gene variations at birth reveal origins of inflammation and immune disease
A study published in the journal Nature Communications has pinpointed a number of areas of the human genome that may help explain the neonatal origins of chronic immune and inflammatory diseases of later life, including type 1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis and coeliac disease. (2020-07-28)

Population genetic screening shown to efficiently identify increased risk for inherited disease
In a new study published today in the journal Nature Medicine, researchers behind the Healthy Nevada Project® suggest that community-based genetic screening has the potential to efficiently identify individuals who may be at increased risk for three common inherited (CDC Tier 1) genetic conditions known to cause several forms of cancer and increased risk for heart disease or stroke. (2020-07-27)

Genetic testing for heart diseases may help patients and families identify risks
Some cardiovascular diseases may be inherited, including cardiomyopathies, arrhythmic disorders, aneurysms and certain types of lipid disorders. The implications of genetic testing extend beyond the original patient, and family members at risk of the same cardiovascular condition should also undergo testing. Genetic counseling is essential both before and after genetic testing. (2020-07-23)

Siblings can also differ from one another in bacteria
A research team from the University of Tübingen and the German Center for Infection Research (DZIF) is investigating how pathogens influence the immune response of their host with genetic variation. This enables Staphylococcus aureus bacteria to develop antibiotic resistance and improve their chances of survival. (2020-07-22)

Children with type 1 diabetes may have a less desirable gut bacteria composition
Children with type 1 diabetes have a less desirable gut microbiome composition which may play a role in the development of the disease, according to new research published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. (2020-07-21)

Genes and cardiovascular health both affect dementia risk: BU study
A new Boston University School of Public Health (BUSPH) and School of Medicine (BUSM) study finds that genes and cardiovascular health can both raise or lower risk of dementia. (2020-07-21)

Study shows genetic markers are useful in predicting osteoporotic fracture risk
A new study shows that genetic pre-screening could reduce the number of screening tests needed to identify individuals at risk for osteoporotic fractures. (2020-07-20)

Blood iron levels could be key to slowing ageing, gene study shows
Genes linked to ageing that could help explain why some people age at different rates to others have been identified by scientists. (2020-07-16)

Mystery about cause of genetic disease in horses
Warmblood fragile foal syndrome is a severe, usually fatal, genetic disease that manifests itself after birth in affected horses. Due to the defect, the connective tissue is unstable. Under force, the skin tears from the tissue underneath and the joints can dislocate. Researchers from the Universities of Göttingen and Halle have now been able to prove that the disease did not stem from the English thoroughbred stallion Dark Ronald XX. The results were published in Animal Genetics. (2020-07-15)

Researchers identify genetic factors that may influence COVID-19 susceptibility
A new Cleveland Clinic study has identified genetic factors that may influence susceptibility to COVID-19. Published today in BMC Medicine, the study findings could guide personalized treatment for COVID-19. (2020-07-15)

Lung cancer in non-smokers likely to respond differently to treatment
Lung cancer in non-smokers is a biologically distinct disease from that in smokers, according to a new study. Researchers also found that non-smokers have signs of genetic damage from environmental carcinogens and that some cancers look molecularly like more advanced disease - with characteristics that could be targeted with tailored treatments. (2020-07-09)

Links between parents' and children's asthma and allergies
New research published in Clinical & Experimental Allergy found that, compared with a father's traits related to allergies and asthma, a mother's traits create a higher risk that a child will develop these same traits in early childhood. (2020-07-08)

Repurposing public health systems to decode COVID-19
Research published in the journal Microbial Genomics describes how national surveillance systems can be linked with the UK Biobank. This pooled data could then be used to understand how genetics and other epidemiological factors impact risk of developing severe infection. (2020-07-07)

Metabolomics meets genomics to improve patient diagnosis
Researchers at Baylor College of Medicine have improved their ability to identify the genetic cause of undiagnosed conditions. (2020-07-07)

Common inherited genetic variant identified as frequent cause of deafness in adults
A common inherited genetic variant is a frequent cause of deafness in adults, meaning that many thousands of people are potentially at risk, reveals research published online in the Journal of Medical Genetics. (2020-07-06)

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