Current Genocide News and Events

Current Genocide News and Events, Genocide News Articles.
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It's morally wrong for rich nations to hoard COVID-19 vaccine
Rich nations should not engage in ''vaccine nationalism'' and keep the COVID-19 vaccine to themselves when poorer nations need them, according to Nicole Hassoun, professor of philosophy at Binghamton University, State University of New York. Hassoun's paper, ''Against Vaccine Nationalism,'' was published in the Journal of Medical Ethics. (2021-02-16)

Aboriginal scars from frontier wars
Hundreds of Aboriginal men who became native mounted police in colonial Australia carried a significant burden of responsibility for law and order for white settlers in Queensland and other settlements. A long-running ARC-funded archaeology project has turned the lens on the recruitment to the Queensland Native Mounted Police and their part in the violent 'frontier wars' - which created long-term traumatic impacts on the lives of the Indigenous people involved. (2020-03-18)

Carnegie Mellon leverages AI to give voice to the voiceless
Refugees are often the target of hate speech on social media, but researchers at Carnegie Mellon University are now leveraging artificial intelligence to identify and highlight sympathetic and supportive social media posts. (2020-01-13)

Parental CPTSD increases transmission of trauma to offspring of Tutsi genocide survivors
Nearly 25 years after the genocide against the Tutsi of Rwanda took the lives of up to one million victims, the offspring of Tutsi survivors, who weren't even born at the time, are among those most affected by trauma, according to a new study published by researchers at Bar-Ilan University, in collaboration with a Rwandan therapist and genocide survivor. (2019-01-09)

A quarter of all Holocaust victims were murdered during only three months
The majority of deaths during the single largest murder campaign of the Holocaust, called Operation Reinhard, occurred during a single three-month period, a new study reveals. Not only does this study indicate that the murder rate during Operation Reinhard has previously been greatly underestimated, it also provides new insights into the profound efficiency of Nazi death camps and the systematic manner in which Jewish communities were murdered. (2019-01-02)

New global migration estimates show rates steady since 1990, high return migration
Two University of Washington scientists have unveiled a new statistical method for estimating migration flows between countries. Using the so-called pseudo-Bayes approach, they show that rates of migration are higher than previously thought, but also relatively stable, fluctuating between 1.1 and 1.3 percent of global population from 1990 to 2015. In addition, since 1990 approximately 45 percent of migrants have returned to their home countries, a much higher estimate than other methods. (2018-12-24)

Does more education stem political violence?
In a study released online today in Review of Educational Research, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Educational Research Association, three Norwegian researchers attempt to bring clarity to this question by undertaking the first systematic examination of quantitative research on this topic. (2018-10-11)

Who becomes a hero? It is more than just a personality trait
We tend to think of heroes in terms of a psychological profile: brave, altruistic, strong. But a new study suggests that for at least one kind of heroism, it takes a village to save a life. (2018-03-26)

Following ISIS captivity, Yazidi women suffering from high percentage of C-PTSD
From what long-term psychological effects are Yazidi women suffering after being captured, raped, beaten, and locked away by ISIS? A comprehensive study led by Bar-Ilan University researchers has shown that a very high percentage of these women were suffering from C-PTSD in addition to others with PTSD. Furthermore, victims with C-PTSD showed greater sensitivity to post-ISIS conditions. The team intends to launch a program to train Kurdish mental health workers how to treat the disorder. (2018-01-31)

Perpetrators of genocide say they're 'good people'
The men who were tried for their role in the 1994 Rwandan genocide that killed up to 1 million people want you to know that they're actually very good people. That's the most common way accused men try to account for their actions in testimony before the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, a new study has found. (2017-10-05)

Decrease in the number of fatalities, but great power involvement worries researchers
According to new data from the Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP), the number of fatalities in organized violence decreased for the second consecutive year in 2016. However, the large share of conflicts with external involvement is a source of concern. (2017-05-10)

Killings and persecution of the Yazidi population of Sinjar, Iraq
In a new study published in PLOS Medicine, Valeria Cetorelli and colleagues report findings from their retrospective household survey of displaced survivors in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, providing documented insight into the extent of the persecution by the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) against the Yazidi population of Sinjar, Iraq, and in particular the disproportionate burden of killings and kidnappings of children. (2017-05-09)

Humanitarian cardiac surgery outreach helps build a better health care system in Rwanda
This year's AATS Centennial, the annual meeting of the American Association for Thoracic Surgery, features a presentation from a team of doctors and other medical professionals who have been travelling to Rwanda for the past 10 years as part of a surgical outreach program aimed at treating patients affected by rheumatic heart disease (RHD) and building a foundation for sustainable cardiothoracic care throughout the country. (2017-05-01)

How fear of death affects human attitudes toward animal life
When reminded of death, humans become more likely to support the killing of animals, no matter how they feel about animal rights, University of Arizona researchers found. Psychology's terror management theory may explain why. The researchers' findings could also help scientists better understand the psychological motivations behind the murder and genocide of humans. (2017-04-24)

Living environment a powerful factor in the lives of Rwanda's orphans
A population study establishes that orphanages are important for Rwanda's orphans mainly because of lower stigma and marginalization they faced from the community. Children in orphanages are emotionally healthier, suffer less from mental distress and are less prone to high-risk behavior than orphans living under other circumstances. (2017-01-23)

Upward trend in fatalities in organized violence was broken in 2015
The alarming upward trend in fatalities in organized violence, witnessed over the last few years, was broken in 2015. This is evident from new data from the Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP), Uppsala University. The number of armed conflicts involving states continued to increase, however, going from 41 in 2014 to as many as 50 in 2015. (2016-06-14)

Public health should be part of Canada's missing and murdered Aboriginal women inquiry
Public health should be involved in Canada's national inquiry into missing and murdered aboriginal women, because many factors underlying family and interpersonal violence are linked to mental health issues, substance abuse, low income and other public health issues, urges an editorial in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). (2016-02-29)

Study to develop new forensic methods for human DNA cases
Sam Houston State University was awarded a grant from the National Institute of Justice to develop and test the best possible sample preparation methods for skeletal and decomposing human remains using emerging next generation DNA technology to help identify missing persons or victims of mass disasters. (2016-02-04)

Genes may contribute to making some nations happier than others
The citizens of nations which rate themselves happiest display a specific genetic feature: their DNA is more likely to contain a specific allele involved in sensory pleasure and pain reduction, say Michael Minkov of the Varna University of Management (formerly International University College) in Bulgaria, and Michael Bond of the Hong Kong Polytechnic University. They weighed up genetic and various external factors to might contribute to national differences in happiness. The findings are published in Springer's Journal of Happiness Studies. (2016-01-14)

VU archaeologists discover location of historic battle fought by Caesar in Dutch riverarea
Archaeologist Nico Roymans from the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam announced a unique discovery: the location where the Roman general and statesman Julius Caesar massacred two Germanic tribes 55 BC. The location of this battle, which Caesar wrote about in detail in Book IV of his De Bello Gallico, was unknown to date. It is the earliest known battle on Dutch soil. The conclusions are based on a combination of historical, archaeological, and geochemical data. (2015-12-16)

Have we achieved the millennium development goals?
As the deadline for the millennium development goals approaches, experts writing in The BMJ this week take stock of the successes, failures, and oversights, and look ahead to the next phase -- the sustainable development goals. (2015-04-21)

UCLA demographer produces best estimate yet of Cambodia's death toll under Pol Pot
The death toll in Cambodia under Khmer Rouge leader Pol Pot was most likely between 1.2 million and 2.8 million -- or between 13 percent and 30 percent of the country's population at the time -- according to a forthcoming article by a UCLA demographer. (2015-04-16)

Local mediation committees spread democracy in Rwanda
Local mediation committees in Rwanda contribute to breaking conflict spirals. At the same time, they spread knowledge about laws and civil rights. This way, they are examples of a state-building from the bottom up. This is shown by a dissertation from the University of Gothenburg. (2015-01-28)

'Programmable' antibiotic harnesses an enzyme to attack drug-resistant microbes
Conventional antibiotics are indiscriminate about what they kill, a trait that can lead to complications for patients and can contribute to the growing problems of antibiotic resistance. But a a 'programmable' antibiotic being developed at Rockefeller would selectively target only the bad bugs, particularly those harboring antibiotic resistance genes, and leave beneficial microbes alone. (2014-10-05)

New public database designed to aid study of ethnic and religious strife worldwide
Researchers trying to understand ethnic and religious animosities and conflicts now have a new tool at their disposal: a public database that pulls together multiple sources on the composition of ethnic and religious groups in 165 countries, going back seven decades, to the end of World War II. The database is a project of the Cline Center for Democracy at the University of Illinois. (2014-04-30)

Raising an army of armchair activists?
Researchers analyzed fundraising and recruitment behavior among members of the Save Darfur Cause on Facebook. They found that the majority gave no money and recruited no one. (2014-03-04)

Sam Houston State studies DNA preservation in mass disasters
To help identify victims after mass disasters, such as hurricanes, tsunamis, terrorist attacks, wars or acts of genocide, researchers at Sam Houston State University will investigate new techniques to preserve tissue samples and speed up the DNA identification process. The research is being funded through a National Institute of Justice grant. (2013-09-18)

International criminal courts and tribunals work with unclear legal theory
The daunting task of international criminal courts and tribunals to adjudicate core international crimes such as genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity is complicated by uncertainty in the interpretation of legal theory in international criminal law. Historically, a relatively young discipline of international criminal law has been viewed as a melting pot of legal traditions which stem from common and continental law jurisdictions. (2013-09-02)

Locations: Anthropology in the academy, the workplace, and the public sphere
This release focuses on the Biannual Conference of the German Anthropological Association from October 2-5, 2013 at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz. (2013-07-29)

Holocaust Edition: 'The Sources Speak'
New radio series from Bayerischer Rundfunk publicizes documents from DFG Research Project on the persecution and genocide of Jews. 16 episodes on radio and online. (2013-01-29)

World population gains more than a decade's life expectancy since 1970
In the first Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 paper, published in The Lancet, the authors present new estimates of life expectancy for the last four decades in 187 different countries. While overall life expectancy is increasing globally, the gap in life expectancy between countries with the highest and lowest life expectancies has remained similar since 1970. (2012-12-13)

Deconstructing the redemptive power of 'bearing witness'
A new comparative study finds genocidal legacies are not experienced as trauma across cultures. (2012-11-21)

Decisions! Decisions! Decisions! and how we make them -- insights from Psychological Science
Wouldn't it be nice if all our decisions were the results of clear, rational, deductive reasoning? Of course they rarely are. A full range of emotions influence decision-making and experts in the field will look at fear and our transportation decisions following 9/11, psychic numbing and genocide and the effect of emotions on risky choices during the Association for Psychological Science annual convention in Chicago, from May 24-27, 2012. (2012-05-10)

Credible medical evidence of widespread torture in Darfur
Allegations of widespread, sustained torture and other human rights violations by the Government of Sudan and Janjaweed forces against non-Arabic-speaking civilians are corroborated in a study published in this week's PLoS Medicine. (2012-04-03)

Suppressing feelings of compassion makes people feel less moral
It's normal to not always act on your sense of compassion -- for example, by walking past a beggar on the street without giving them any money. Maybe you want to save your money or avoid engaging with a homeless person. But even if suppressing compassion avoids these costs, it may carry a personal cost of its own, according to a new study published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. (2012-03-15)

RUB researcher analyzes Ghetto Pension trials
In 2002 the German Bundestag passed the so-called (2012-03-02)

Doctoral student presenting research on literacy in Sudan to United Nations
Kansas State University doctoral student Stephanie Pearson will present her research before the United Nations General Assembly on Feb. 21 and Feb. 23. She is studying education in Sudan, particularly literacy and reading skills among children. (2012-02-16)

It's evolution: Nature of prejudice, aggression different for men and women
Prejudice against people from groups different than their own is linked to aggression for men and fear for women, suggests new research led by Michigan State University scholars. (2012-01-24)

A brain's failure to appreciate others may permit human atrocities
It may be that a person can become callous enough to commit human atrocities because of a failure in the part of the brain that's critical for social interaction. A new study by researchers at Duke University and Princeton University suggests this function may disengage when people encounter others they consider disgusting. (2011-12-14)

More than 50 percent decline in elephants in eastern Congo due to human conflict: UBC research
Humans play a far greater role in the fate of African elephants than habitat, and human conflict in particular has a devastating impact on these largest terrestrial animals, according to a new University of British Columbia study published online in PLoS ONE this week. (2011-11-10)

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