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Current Genome News and Events

Current Genome News and Events, Genome News Articles.
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New role in spatial chromosome organization identified for often mutated cancer protein
New research from The Wistar Institute sheds light on the function of the ARID1A protein, encoded by a gene that is among the most frequently mutated across human cancers. (2019-05-22)
BTI scientists create new genomic resource for improving tomatoes
Tomato breeders have traditionally emphasized production traits, like larger and more fruits per plant. (2019-05-13)
Tomato pan-genome makes bringing flavor back easier
Store-bought tomatoes don't have much flavor. Now, scientists from the Agricultural Research Service (ARS) and the Boyce Thompson Institute (BTI) may have spotlighted the solution by developing the tomato pan-genome, mapping almost 5,000 previously undocumented genes, including genes for flavor. (2019-05-13)
Seed abortion and the role of RNA Pol IV in seed development
In this newly released article in The Plant Cell, researchers find that in Arabidopsis plants, the abortion of seeds with extra genomes is caused by the enzyme RNA Pol IV and the RNA-directed DNA methylation pathway, a major gene-silencing pathway in plants. (2019-05-07)
Why you love coffee and beer
Why do you swig bitter, dark roast coffee while your coworker guzzles sweet cola? (2019-05-02)
Researchers crack the peanut genome
Working to understand the genetics of peanut disease resistance and yield, researchers led by scientists at the University of Georgia have uncovered the peanut's unlikely and complicated evolution. (2019-05-02)
A model to decipher the complexity of gene regulation
SysGenetiX project (UNIGE/UNIL) aimed to investigate the regulatory elements, as well as the manifold interactions between them and with genes, with the ultimate goal of understanding the mechanisms that render some people more predisposed to manifesting particular diseases than others. (2019-05-02)
Mutational intensity influences a tumor's response to PD-1 immunotherapy
Following FDA approval last year of PD-1 immune checkpoint inhibitors for tumors with mismatch repair deficiency, a new study reveals more about why responses of these tumors to this immunotherapy vary, specifically implicating mutation intensity. (2019-05-02)
New giant virus may help scientists better understand the emergence of complex life
A team of scientists led by virologist Masaharu Takemura at Tokyo University of Science and Hiroyuki Ogata at Kyoto University in Japan have discovered a giant virus that, much like the mythical monster Medusa, can turn almost amoeba to a stone-like cyst. (2019-04-30)
Amid genomic data explosion, scientists find proliferating errors
Washington State University researchers found a troubling number of errors in publicly available genomic data as they conducted a large-scale analysis of protein sequences. (2019-04-30)
First genome-wide association study (GWAS) for Type 2 diabetes in youth findings
First Genome-Wide Association Study (GWAS) for Type 2 diabetes discovers seven genetic variants associated with the disease in young people. (2019-04-29)
How the bumble bee got its stripes
Researchers have discovered a gene that drives color differences within a species of bumble bees, helping to explain the highly diverse color patterns among bumble bees. (2019-04-29)
Chinese-UK project reveals ancient secrets of medicinal mint
The precious chemistry of a plant used for 2000 years in traditional Chinese medicine has been unlocked in a project that raises the prospect of rapid access to a wide array of therapeutic drugs. (2019-04-24)
Veritable powerhouses -- even without DNA
The cells of most life forms contain mitochondria for energy production. (2019-04-24)
Research sheds light on genomic features that make plants good candidates for domestication
New research details how the process of domestication affected the genomes of corn and soybeans. (2019-04-24)
How lifestyle affects our genes
In the past decade, knowledge of how lifestyle affects our genes, a research field called epigenetics, has grown exponentially. (2019-04-23)
A universal framework combining genome annotation and undergraduate education
On April 3, 2019, researchers from the Boyce Thompson Institute published a framework for using new genome sequences as a training resource for undergraduates interested in learning genome annotation. (2019-04-19)
Taming the genome's 'jumping' sequences
EPFL scientists have discovered how a family of proteins that regulates the activity of transposable elements in the genome allows them to make inheritable changes to the growing fetus. (2019-04-18)
New method to detect off-target effects of CRISPR
Since the CRISPR genome editing technology was invented in 2012, it has shown great promise to treat a number of intractable diseases. (2019-04-18)
Genome analysis showed common origin of Pskov, Novgorod and Yakutia populations
Scientists for the first time compared complete genome data of different ethnic groups in Russia. (2019-04-17)
A thorough characterization of structural variants in human genomes
Human genomes vary quite a bit from individual to individual. (2019-04-16)
Large multi-ethnic genome-wide association study of asthma identifies novel associations
A large, multi-ethnic genome-wide association study (GWAS) of asthma identified novel associations with potential relevance for asthma susceptibility in older adults of diverse racial backgrounds. (2019-04-16)
'Fingerprint database' could help scientists to identify new cancer culprits
Scientists in Cambridge and London have developed a catalogue of DNA mutation 'fingerprints' that could help doctors pinpoint the environmental culprit responsible for a patient's tumour - including showing some of the fingerprints left in lung tumours by specific chemicals found in tobacco smoke. (2019-04-15)
Russian scientists alter 3D genome using 'small molecules'
Researchers have discovered that the spatial organization of the genome can be altered using small molecule compounds which are considered as promising anti-cancer drugs. (2019-04-15)
MU neurobiologists annotate critical neuronal proteins in lamprey genome
The lamprey, an eel-like primitive vertebrate, is a popular organism for neurobiology studies because it has a relatively simple nervous system. (2019-04-15)
Multiple Denisovan-related ancestries in Papuans
Researchers examined DNA fragments passed down from Neanderthals and Denisovans to modern people living in Island Southeast Asia and New Guinea and found: the ancestry of Papuans includes not just one but two distinct Denisovan lineages, which had been separated from each other for hundreds of thousands of years. (2019-04-11)
CRISPR-Cas3 innovation holds promise for disease cures, advancing science
A Cornell researcher, who is a leader in developing a new type of gene editing CRISPR system, and colleagues have used the new method for the first time in human cells - a major advance in the field. (2019-04-11)
Mechanism to form influenza A virus discovered
A new study by Maria João Amorim's team, from the Gulbenkian Institute of Science, now reveals where the genomes of the influenza A virus are assembled inside infected cells. (2019-04-09)
Genome assembly of pasta wheat leads to new insights for modern wheat breeding
Durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. ssp. durum) is the basic commodity for the production of pasta, as this cereal plant yields grains with the necessary high content of gluten proteins. (2019-04-09)
Gene responsible for toxic metal accumulation in durum wheat identified
University of Alberta biologists identify gene responsible for cadmium accumulation in durum wheat, according to a new study published in Nature Genetics. (2019-04-09)
International team decodes the durum wheat genome
An international consortium has sequenced the entire genome of durum wheat -- the source of semolina for pasta, a food staple for the world's population, (2019-04-08)
Mutation stands in the way of healthy blood cell maturation
In a new study, researchers from the University of Copenhagen and EMBL in Heidelberg have learned how a specific genetic mutation affects the maturation of blood cells in mouse models. (2019-04-05)
Researchers find new genetic information behind urogenital track anomalies
Researchers at the University of Helsinki have developed a new mouse model of congenital anomalies of kidney and urinary tract and disease progression. (2019-04-04)
The holm oak transcriptome is rebuilt, a key step towards understanding its biology
This research is a starting point in order to comprehend how this tree behaves during situations of stress at a molecular level. (2019-04-04)
Poverty leaves a mark on our genes
In this study, researchers found evidence that poverty can become embedded across wide swaths of the genome. (2019-04-04)
New plant breeding technologies for food security
An international team, including researchers from the University of Göttingen, argues in a perspective article recently published in ''Science'' that new plant breeding technologies can contribute significantly to food security and sustainable development. (2019-03-29)
UTA biologist shows new insights into chromosome evolution, venom regulation in snakes
In a new paper, a team of biologists addressed genomic questions by generating and analyzing the first most complete chromosome-level genome for a snake -- the prairie rattlesnake (Crotalus viridis). (2019-03-29)
Crime scene schizophrenia -- 30 genes under suspicion
The research group led by Prof. Alex Schier, Director of the University of Basel's Biozentrum, has identified 30 genes associated with schizophrenia. (2019-03-28)
Peking University makes progress in Materials Genome project by modifying the size of atoms
Pan' group takes a first step towards a novel 'effective atomic size' (EAS) model, which takes into consideration the impact of the types and number of neighboring atoms on the relationship between ionic radii and interatomic distances. (2019-03-26)
Deciphering the walnut genome
New research could provide a major boost to the state's growing $1.6 billion walnut industry by making it easier to breed walnut trees better equipped to combat the soil-borne pathogens that now plague many of California's 4,800 growers. (2019-03-26)
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