Current Genomes News and Events | Page 25

Current Genomes News and Events, Genomes News Articles.
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Scientists decode the genomic sequence of 700,000-year-old horse
Scientists decode the genomic sequence of 700,000-year-old horse. (2013-07-02)

Genomic atlas of gene switches in plants provides roadmap for crop research
A Canadian-led study will help scientists identify key genomic regions in canola and other food plants. (2013-06-30)

Bacterial DNA may integrate into human genome more readily in tumor tissue
Bacterial DNA may integrate into the human genome more readily in tumors than in normal human tissue, scientists have found. The researchers, affiliated with the University of Maryland School of Medicine's Institute for Genome Sciences, analyzed genomic sequencing data available from the Human Genome Project, the 1,000 Genomes Project and the Cancer Genome Atlas. (2013-06-24)

University of Southern Denmark receives Euro 8 M
New state of the art equipment benefits science at University of Southern Denmark. (2013-06-18)

DNA sequencing uncovers secrets of white cliffs of Dover
The University of Exeter recently contributed to a major international project to sequence the genome of Emiliania huxleyi, the microscopic plankton species whose chalky skeletons form the iconic white cliffs of Dover. The results of the project are published this week in the journal Nature. (2013-06-13)

Unraveling the genetic mystery of medieval leprosy
Why was there a sudden drop in the incidence of leprosy at the end of the Middle Ages? Biologists and archeologists reconstruct the genomes of medieval strains of the pathogen responsible by exhuming human remains from centuries old graves. Their results are published in the journal Science and bring new hope for understanding epidemics. (2013-06-13)

The duck genome provides new insight into fighting bird flu
The duck genome consortium, consisted of scientists from China Agricultural University, BGI, University of Edinburgh and other institutes has completed the genome sequencing and analysis of the duck (Anas platyrhynchos), one principal natural host of influenza A viruses. This work reveals some noteworthy conclusions and provides an invaluable resource for unraveling the interactive mechanisms between the host and influenza viruses. (2013-06-09)

White tiger mystery solved
White tigers today are only seen in zoos, but they belong in nature, say researchers reporting new evidence about what makes those tigers white. Their spectacular white coats are produced by a single change in a known pigment gene, according to the study, appearing on May 23 in Current Biology, a Cell Press publication. (2013-05-23)

Spontaneous mutations are major cause of congenital heart disease
Every year, thousands of babies are born with severely malformed hearts, disorders known collectively as congenital heart disease. New research shows that about 10 percent of these defects are caused by genetic mutations that are absent in the parents of affected children. (2013-05-12)

A new cost-effective genome assembly process
Genome assembly, the molecular equivalent of trying to put together a multi-million piece jigsaw puzzle without knowing what the picture on the cover of the box is, remains challenging due to the very large number of very small pieces, which must be assembled using current approaches. As reported May 5 online in the journal Nature Methods, a collaboration involving DOE JGI researchers has resulted in an improved and fully automated workflow for genome assembly. (2013-05-05)

Turtle genome analysis sheds light on the development and evolution of turtle-specific body plan
The genome sequences of the soft-shell turtle and green sea turtle offer new clues to the development and evolution of turtle-specific body plan. (2013-04-28)

Huddersfield scientist helps to reveal a link in the evolutionary chain
A study of European remains suggests the foundations of the modern gene pool were laid down in Neolithic times, around 4,000-2,000 BC as a result of the rapid growth and movement of some populations. (2013-04-24)

AACR news: Little molecule makes big difference in bladder cancer metastasis
In order to kill, bladder cancer must metastasize, most commonly in the lung -- what are the differences between bladder cancers that do and do not make this deadly transition? Research presented by the Director of the University of Colorado Cancer Center at the AACR Annual Meeting 2013 shows that one big difference is a little molecule known as hsa-miR-146a. (2013-04-09)

Endangered lemurs' genomes sequenced
For the first time, the complete genomes of three populations of aye-ayes -- a type of lemur -- have been sequenced and analyzed. The results of the genome-sequence analyses are published this week in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. (2013-03-26)

Peach genome offers insights into breeding strategies for biofuels crops
Rapidly growing trees like poplars and willows are candidate (2013-03-24)

The genomes of peregrine and saker falcons throw lights on evolution of a predatory lifestyle
In a collaborative study published online in Nature Genetics, researchers from Cardiff University, BGI, International Wildlife Consultants, Ltd., and Abu Dhabi Falcon Hospital, have completed the genome sequencing and analysis of two iconic falcons, the peregrine and saker. (2013-03-24)

Whole genome sequencing of wild rice reveals the mechanisms underlying oryza genome evolution
In a collaborative study published online today in Nature Communications, researchers from Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, BGI-Shenzhen, and University of Arizona have completed the genome sequencing of wild rice Oryza brachyantha. (2013-03-12)

BGI Tech develops novel 'Ultra-Deep de novo' assembly solution for heterozygous genomes
BGI Tech develops novel (2013-03-11)

Sea lamprey genome mapped with help from scientists at OU
Two scientists from University of Oklahoma help map genome of sea lamprey (2013-02-28)

Evolution of diversity surprisingly predictable
Similar -- or even identical -- mutations can occur during diversification in completely separate populations of E. coli evolving over more than 1,000 generations, according to researchers at the University of British Columbia and the University of Montana. (2013-02-19)

How predictable is evolution?
Understanding how and why diversification occurs is important for understanding why there are so many species on Earth. In a new study published on Feb. 19 in the open access journal PLOS Biology, researchers show that similar -- or even identical -- mutations can occur during diversification in completely separate populations of E. coli evolving in different environments over more than 1000 generations. Evolution, therefore, can be surprisingly predictable. (2013-02-19)

1 disease, 2 mechanisms
While prostate cancer is the most common cancer in elderly Western men it also, but more rarely, strikes patients aged between 35 and 50. Scientists at EMBL, in collaboration with several other research teams in Germany, have discovered that early-onset prostate cancers are triggered by a different mechanism from that which causes the disease at a later age. Their findings are published today in Cancer Cell, and might have important medical implications. (2013-02-11)

Mitochondrial mutations: When the cell's 2 genomes collide
Animal cells contain two genomes: One in the nucleus and one in the mitochondria. When mutations occur in each, they can become incompatible, leading to disease. To increase understanding of such illnesses, scientists at Brown University and Indiana University have traced one example in fruit flies down to the individual errant nucleotides and the mechanism by which the flies become sick. (2013-02-05)

Biologists map rare case of fitness-reducing interaction in nuclear, mitochondrial DNA
A team of biologists from Indiana University and Brown University believes it has discovered the mechanism by which interacting mutations in mitochondrial and nuclear DNA produce an incompatible genotype that reduces reproductive fitness and delays development in fruit flies. (2013-02-05)

FASEB SRC announces conference registration open for: Mobile DNA in Mammalian Genomes
The Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology announces the opening of registration for the Science Research Conference: Mobile DNA in Mammalian Genomes. (2013-02-04)

Protein origami: Quick folders are the best
The evolutionary history of proteins shows that folding is an important factor. Especially the speed of protein folding plays a key role. This was the result of a computer analysis carried out by researchers at the Heidelberg Institute for Theoretical Studies and the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign. For almost four billions of years, there has been a trend towards faster folding. (2013-01-31)

Sequencing hundreds of chloroplast genomes now possible
Researchers have developed a sequencing method that allows potentially hundreds of plant chloroplast genomes to be sequenced at once, facilitating studies of molecular biology and evolution in plants. This method, reported in the February issue of Applications in Plant Sciences, relies on efficient separation of chloroplast DNA using short DNA (2013-01-31)

The genome of rock pigeon reveals the origin of pigeons and the molecular traits
The genome sequence of rock pigeon reveals the origin of pigeons and the molecular basis of a classic trait. (2013-01-31)

Solving puzzles without a picture
One of the most difficult problems in the field of genomics is assembling short (2013-01-10)

Rare form of active 'jumping genes' found in mammals
Much of the DNA that makes up our genomes can be traced back to strange rogue sequences known as transposable elements, or jumping genes, which are largely idle in mammals. But Johns Hopkins researchers report they have identified a new DNA sequence moving around in bats -- the first member of its class found to be active in mammals. (2013-01-03)

Evolution of flying bat clue to cancer and viruses
The genes of long-living and virus resistant bats may provide clues to the future treatment and prevention of infectious diseases and cancer in people, researchers have found. (2012-12-20)

Genomic 'hotspots' offer clues to causes of autism, other disorders
An international team, led by researchers from the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, has discovered that (2012-12-20)

Microevolutionary analysis of Clostridium difficile genomes to investigate transmission
A recent study published in the open access journal Genome Biology, published by BioMed Central, took a genomics approach to assess the incidence of patient-to-patient transmission of C. difficile. (2012-12-20)

Genomic frontier: The unexplored animal kingdom
A new report in Nature unveils three of the first genomes from a vast, understudied swath of the animal kingdom that includes as many as one-quarter of Earth's marine species. By publishing the genomes of a leech, an ocean-dwelling worm and a limpet, scientists from Rice University, the University of California-Berkeley and the Joint Genome Institute have more than doubled the number of sequenced genomes from a diverse group of animals called lophotrochozoans. (2012-12-19)

What do leeches, limpets and worms have in common? Now, a sequenced genome
A team of biologists report in this week's Nature the genome sequences of three organisms that represent more than one-quarter of marine species, including clams, octopuses and the segmented worms, including earthworms. The leech, limpet and polychaete worm all descended from animals that split off more than 500 million years ago and have evolved since, most still utilizing an old larval form, the trochophore - a tiny ciliated free-swimming phase that looks nothing like the adult. (2012-12-19)

Tracking the origins of HIV
Human immunodeficiency virus may have affected humans for much longer than is currently believed. Alfred Roca, an assistant professor in the College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences at the University of Illinois, thinks that the genomes of an isolated West African human population provide important clues about how the disease has evolved. (2012-12-18)

Personal Genome Project Canada launches
The Personal Genome Project Canada launches this week giving Canadians an unprecedented opportunity to participate in a groundbreaking research study about human genetics and health. (2012-12-10)

My microbes
We all have E.coli bacteria in our gut but each of us carries a version that is genetically slightly different. The same can be said of most gut microbes: our own gut metagenome, that is the collection of all the genes of all our gut microbes, appears to be really specific to each of us, and to remain stable over time. These findings, published in Nature, could have widespread consequences in medicine. (2012-12-06)

Nobody's perfect
For the first time, researchers have measured how many damaging genetic variants each of us has and on average, we carry around 400 potentially damaging variants and two variants known to be associated with a disease. The authors raise the increasingly important ethical issues for medical geneticists, including should incidental findings (those not a specific goal of research or of a test, but uncovered during a study) be fed back to people who have volunteered their sample to a study? (2012-12-06)

Reading history through genetics
A Columbia Engineering study published in the November 2012 issue of The American Journal of Human Genetics demonstrates a new approach used to analyze genetic data to learn more about the history of populations. The authors, the first to develop a method that can describe in detail events in recent history, focused on two populations, the Ashkenazi Jews and the Masai people of Kenya. (2012-12-05)

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