Current Global Health News and Events

Current Global Health News and Events, Global Health News Articles.
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Global food system emissions threaten achievement of climate change targets
Even if greenhouse gas emissions from fossil fuel use in the global food system were immediately halted, the remaining greenhouse gasses otherwise produced from global food production would make meeting the Paris Agreement's target of limiting temperature increases to 1.5° Celsius (C) above preindustrial levels very difficult, a new study reports. (2020-11-05)

Warming of 2°C would release billions of tonnes of soil carbon
Global warming of 2°C would lead to about 230 billion tonnes of carbon being released from the world's soil, new research suggests. (2020-11-02)

Warm central equatorial pacific sea surface temperatures and anthropogenic warming boosted the 2019 severe drought in East China
A persistent severe drought occurred over East China along the Yangtze River in 2019 that lasted from August to October and caused large-scale negative impacts on lake water shortages and local agriculture. Results show that the central equatorial Pacific ENSO and anthropogenic warming were likely responsible for this drought event. (2020-10-14)

How global responses to COVID-19 threaten global food security
The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has forced nations worldwide to implement unprecedented social measures to stem the rapid spread of the virus. (2020-07-30)

GMMIP simulations on global monsoon interannual variability show higher skill than historical simulations
GMMIP simulations on global monsoon interannual variability show higher skill than historical simulations. (2020-07-27)

Fire aerosols decrease global terrestrial ecosystem productivity through changing climate
Cooling, drying, and light attenuation are major impacts of fire aerosols on the global terrestrial ecosystem productivity. (2020-05-20)

Chinese to rise as a global language
With the continuing rise of China as a global economic and trading power, there is no barrier to prevent Chinese from becoming a global language like English, according to Flinders University academic Dr Jeffrey Gil. Dr Gil's paper challenges arguments that suggest Chinese faces insurmountable hurdles to become a commonly used international language due to the complexity of Chinese written characters. (2020-05-17)

International Society of Hypertension release global practice guidelines
High blood pressure (hypertension) is the leading cause of death in the world affecting more than 1.4 billion people and accounting for more than 28,000 deaths each day. Today, the International Society of Hypertension (ISH) has released the 'ISH 2020 Global Hypertension Practice Guidelines' to help reduce the burden of this significant health threat affecting people from every country and socio-economic group. (2020-05-06)

What future do emperor penguins face?
Emperor penguins establish their colonies on sea ice under extremely specific conditions. Yet, this ice will gradually melt as the climate warms, depriving these birds of their habitat, food sources, and the capacity to raise their young. To predict what will happen to emperor penguin colonies, a team of scientists led by the Chizé Centre for Biological Studies (CNRS / University of La Rochelle) applied a combination of climate and population models to three different scenarios. (2019-11-12)

Intensified global monsoon extreme rainfall signals global warming -- A study
A new study reveals significant associations between global warming and the observed intensification of extreme rainfall over the global monsoon region and its several subregions, including the southern part of South Africa, India, North America and the eastern part of the South America. (2019-10-30)

Global biodiversity crisis is a large-scale reorganization, with greatest loss in tropical oceans
Local biodiversity of species -- the scale on which humans feel contributions from biodiversity -- is being rapidly reorganized, according to a new global analysis of biodiversity data from more than 200 studies, together representing all major biomes. (2019-10-17)

UN researchers: Sustainable development goals only achievable through cross-disciplinary research
It is not possible to achieve the sustainable development goals (SDG) if science does not contribute with cross-disciplinary knowledge and understanding of how systems are interconnected. This is emphasised by a UN appointed panel of international researchers with the University of Copenhagen represented in Nature Sustainability in connection with the SDG Global Summit in New York. (2019-09-24)

Study raises concerns about prevalent orchid viruses
In a Plants, People, Planet study, researchers investigated the evolution of the two most prevalent orchid viruses using information representing their global distribution. The study revealed that considerable international trade of cultivated orchids has effectively 'homogenized' the genetic diversity of the viruses. In other words, the two viruses have displayed few genetic differences since their first emergence, across countries and host plants. (2019-08-07)

Index that tracks impact of pharmaceuticals worldwide to relaunch, focus on more diseases
The Global Health Impact Index, developed by faculty at Binghamton University, State University of New York to rank pharmaceutical companies based on their drugs' impact on global health, is launching a new, more-robust model that addresses even more diseases worldwide. (2019-05-06)

Global atlas of kidney health release on April 12 at World Congress of Nephrology
A global study of the burden of kidney disease will be released at the World Congress of Nephrology on Friday, April 12. It will reveal the the impact social, economic and political factors have on access to treatment. More than 2 million people die every year worldwide because of little or no access to dialysis or kidney transplantation. (2019-04-07)

Loss of forest intactness increases extinction risk in birds
Fragmentation within intact forests has a higher impact on vertebrate biodiversity than equivalent losses in already degraded landscapes, but the relationship between forest 'intactness' and extinction risk has not been quantified. In a new Animal Conservation study, researchers assessed the threat to forest-dependent birds (about 23 percent of all the world's birds) in relation to the proportion of forest within their distributions that remains intact. (2018-12-19)

Hungry insects threaten food security in a warming climate
As the climate continues to warm, farmers worldwide may experience substantially increased crop losses due to swelling populations of voracious insect pests, particularly in temperate regions where most of the world's grain is grown, researchers suggest. (2018-08-30)

Rivers, streams cover substantially more of Earth's surface than we thought
A new global map of rivers and streams created using satellite data suggests that the global surface area of these bodies of water is about 44 percent higher than previously thought. (2018-06-28)

High stakes for biodiversity, depending on which climate change target we reach
A new assessment finds that, by 2100, the number of plant and vertebrate species losing more than half of their natural ranges will double if global warming is limited to 2°Celsius (C), rather than 1.5°C; insects are projected to be impacted the most, with 18 percent losing over half of their natural ranges under the warmer scenario. (2018-05-17)

Geoengineering risks losers as well as winners for climate and wildfire risks
Artificially altering the climate system to limit global warming to 1.5C could increase the risks of wildfires in some areas, new research suggests. (2018-04-09)

The efficiency of nature-inspired metaheuristics in limited-budget expensive global optimization
Global optimization problems where evaluation of the objective function is an expensive operation arise frequently in engineering, machine learning, decision making, statistics, optimal control, etc. (2018-03-22)

A global conflict: Agricultural production vs. biodiversity
Smart land-use planning could ease the conflict between agricultural production and nature conservation. A team of researchers from the University of Göttingen, the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), the UFZ and the University of Münster integrated global datasets on the geographical distributions and ecological requirements of thousands of animal species with detailed information on the production of the world's major agricultural crops. The results were published in Global Change Biology. (2018-03-07)

Pandemic risk: How large are the expected losses?
Greater investment is needed to prepare against pandemics -- the worldwide spread of an infectious disease. A study published in the Bulletin of the World Health Organization shows the expected annual count of pandemic-related deaths is 700,000, and expected annual losses from pandemic risk is $500 billion. The paper applied a theoretical model to calculate the expected number of deaths and economic losses in rare pandemic scenarios. (2018-01-31)

2017 was the warmest year on record for the global ocean
2017 was the warmest year on record for the global ocean according to an updated ocean analysis from Institute of Atmospheric Physics/Chinese Academy of Science. (2018-01-18)

Added Arctic data shows global warming didn't pause
Missing Arctic temperature data, not Mother Nature, created the seeming slowdown of global warming from 1998 to 2012, according to a new study in the journal Nature Climate Change. (2017-11-20)

Report confirms 2016 was another warm year
A new report published in Weather confirms that 2016 was another exceptionally warm year, with global temperature having reached 0.77± 0.09 degrees C above its level between 1961 and 1990. (2017-08-09)

Global erosivity map shows differences between climatic regions
The first ever global erosivity map gives new insights into the geography of the rain's impact on soil erosion. The underlying JRC research, published in the Nature Group's Scientific Reports, highlights differences between climatic regions and calls for global action to protect our soils. (2017-07-05)

Climate change label leads to climate science acceptance
A new Cornell University study finds that labels matter when it comes to acceptance of climate science. The US public doubts the existence of 'global warming' more than it doubts 'climate change' - (2017-06-21)

Understanding multi-decadal global warming rate changes
The multi-decadal global warming rate changes are primarily attributed to multiple ocean surface temperature changes, according to research by CAS Institute of Atmospheric Physics and Australian Bureau of Meteorology and it is the net impact of multiple ocean surface temperature changes, rather than a single ocean basin change, that plays a main driver for the multi-decadal global warming accelerations and slowdowns. (2017-06-13)

Increased leaf abundance is a double-edged sword
A new global assessment reveals that increases in leaf abundance are causing boreal areas to warm and arid regions to cool. The results suggest that recent changes in global vegetation have had impacts on local climates that should be considered in the design of local mitigation and adaptation plans. (2017-05-25)

Some forests have been hiding in plain sight
A new estimate of dryland forests suggests that the global forest cover is at least 9 percent higher than previously thought. The finding will help reduce uncertainties surrounding terrestrial carbon sink estimates. (2017-05-11)

Paris 1.5°C target may be smashed by 2026
What appears to be a recent change to a positive phase of the Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation is likely to accelerate global warming, breaking through the agreed Paris target of 1.5°C by as early as 2026. (2017-05-08)

Improving global health: Recommendations for G20 Summit handed over to Chancellor Merkel
At today's dialogue forum at the German National Academy of Science Leopoldina in Halle (Saale), Germany, the science academies of the G20 states handed over recommendations to Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel. The document is published in preparation of the G20 Summit consultations in July under the leadership of the Leopoldina and contains strategies and tools to improve global health. For the first time, the G20 science academies contribute to the Summit preparations with jointly developed recommendations. (2017-03-22)

Democrats and Republicans draw different conclusions when seasons are too hot or too cold
When the weather is unseasonably hot or cold, Americans across the political spectrum have even stronger views about whether climate change caused by human activity is a reality or not. Republicans are then less likely to conform to the scientific consensus on global warming, while Democrats are much more likely to do so. This is according to the findings of Jeremiah Bohr, University of Wisconsin Oshkosh in the US, published in Springer's journal Climatic Change. (2017-03-13)

Global vaccine injury system needed to improve public health
In an article published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, Sam Halabi, University of Missouri associate professor of law, argues that a global vaccine injury compensation system administered through the World Health Organization would address the global public health issue of vaccine injuries. (2017-02-23)

Sea-surface temps during last interglacial period like modern temps
Sea-surface temperatures during the last interglaciation period were like those of today, a new study reports. The trend is worrisome, as sea levels during the last interglacial period were between six and nine meters above their present height. (2017-01-19)

Initiative encourages international sharing of data to combat infectious disease outbreaks
To protect people against potentially deadly infectious disease outbreaks, it is critical that scientists and governments rapidly share information about the pathogens that cause them. The first study of the Global Initiative on Sharing All Influenza Data shows how it is possible to encourage the greater international sharing of such data, despite numerous challenges that exist. (2017-01-12)

Pandemic preparedness in the next administration
As the United States prepares for new leadership, global health thought leaders will convene January 10 to discuss ways the Trump administration can contribute to pandemic preparedness, global health security, and domestic readiness and resilience. (2017-01-05)

Bait worms are a valuable marine resource
The humble bait worm wriggling on the hook at the end of angler's line may be considered a low value resource, but in the first global assessment of its value and impact, researchers have revealed it to be a multi-billion pound global industry worth nearly £6 billion per year. (2016-10-17)

Biodiversity loss in forests will be pricey
A new global assessment of forests -- perhaps the largest terrestrial repositories of biodiversity -- suggests that, on average, a 10 percent loss in biodiversity leads to a 2 to 3 percent loss in the productivity, including biomass, that forests can offer. (2016-10-13)

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