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Hispanics face significant racial discrimination in New York City's rental housing market
Hispanics experience significant levels of racial discrimination in the rental housing market, according to a new study. Compared to whites, they are 28 percent less likely to have a landlord return their calls and 49 percent less likely to receive an offer at all. (2018-10-24)

The big problem of small data: A new approach
You've heard of 'big data' but what about small? Researches have crafted a modern approach that could solve a decades-old problem in statistics. (2018-10-18)

Children found capable of using the 'wisdom of crowds'
Children, like adults, can improve their response to difficult tasks by the power of group work, new research led by the University of Bristol has found. (2018-09-24)

Why we stick to false beliefs: Feedback trumps hard evidence
Ever wonder why flat earthers, birthers, climate change and Holocaust deniers stick to their beliefs in the face of overwhelming evidence to the contrary? New findings suggest that feedback, rather than hard evidence, boosts people's sense of certainty when learning new things or trying to tell right from wrong. (2018-09-04)

Water worlds could support life, study says
The conditions for life surviving on planets entirely covered in water are more fluid than previously thought, opening up the possibility that water worlds could be habitable, according to a new paper from the University of Chicago and Pennsylvania State University. (2018-08-31)

Two new truffle species discovered in Florida pecan orchards
Two new species of truffles were recently discovered on the roots of pecan trees in Florida orchards. The good news is that you can eat them - the bad news is that you wouldn't want to. (2018-08-23)

Signaling cascade that repairs damaged nerve cells characterized
Through a study of roundworm nerve cells with severed axons, researchers at Nagoya University showed that a signaling cascade that normally functions in promoting the phagocytosis of apoptotic cells also acts in inducing axon regeneration. The findings shed light on a fundamental feature of nerve repair, which is limited in the central nervous system in humans, and thus could pave the way towards treatments for brain and spinal cord injuries. (2018-08-23)

Koala virus could explain why humans have 'junk' DNA
A koala virus could help researchers explain millions of years of accumulated 'junk' DNA in the human genome. An international team of researchers -- including scientists from The University of Queensland -- is studying a virus infecting koalas in the hope it could demonstrate how viruses have altered the DNA of humans and other species throughout history. (2018-08-07)

Averting toxic chats: Computer model predicts when online conversations turn sour
The internet offers the potential for constructive dialogue and cooperation, but online conversations too often degenerate into personal attacks. In hopes that those attacks can be averted, Cornell University researchers have created a model to predict which civil conversations might take a turn and derail. (2018-07-24)

'Workhorse' lithium battery could be more powerful thanks to new design
Cornell University chemical engineering professor Lynden Archer believes there needs to be a battery technology 'revolution' -- and thinks that his lab has fired one of the first shots. (2018-06-25)

Making mistakes while studying actually helps you learn better
Contrary to popular belief, when a person makes a mistake while learning, it improves their memory for the right information, but only if the error is close to the correct answer, according to a study published in the journal, Memory. (2018-06-11)

Meeting with OBGYN prior to first exam empowers young women in medical settings
A new national survey by Orlando Health found that nearly 40 percent of women were at least somewhat concerned about what would happen during their first OBGYN exam. That's why experts at Orlando Health are encouraging girls and their parents to speak with their OBGYN in a non-clinical setting before their first exam. (2018-05-14)

Higher aerobic fitness levels are associated with better word production skills in healthy older adults
Researchers found that older adults' aerobic fitness levels are directly related to the incidence of age-related language failures such as 'tip-of-the-tongue' states. (2018-04-30)

New study improves 'crowd wisdom' estimates
In a new study published in the Journal of the Royal Society Interface, researchers Albert Kao (Harvard University), Andrew Berdahl (Santa Fe Institute), and their colleagues examined just how accurate our collective intelligence is and how individual bias and information sharing skew aggregate estimates. Using their findings, they developed a mathematical correction that takes into account bias and social information to generate an improved crowd estimate. (2018-04-18)

UA-led NASA survey seen as steppingstone for astronomy
By studying dust in the habitable zones of nearby stars, the HOSTS Survey -- led by University of Arizona astronomers and performed with Arizona telescopes -- is helping to determine how big future telescopes should be, which stars are likely candidates for harboring Earth-like planets and what the average star system looks like. (2018-04-02)

At first blush, you look happy -- or sad, or angry
Our faces broadcast our feelings in living color -- even when we don't move a muscle. That's the conclusion of a groundbreaking study into human expressions of emotion, which found that people are able to correctly identify other people's feelings up to 75 percent of the time -- based solely on subtle shifts in blood flow color around the nose, eyebrows, cheeks or chin. (2018-03-19)

More dentists to discuss risks of HPV-related cancers with their patients
The dental community is working to strengthen HPV prevention efforts, helping reduce the prevalence of oropharyngeal cancers. (2018-01-10)

Pong paddles and perception: Our actions influence what we see
Most people think of vision as simply a function of information the eye gathers. For cognitive psychologist Jessica Witt, vision is a little more complicated than that. She has a new paper that faces head-on the notion that her experimental subjects have been victims of a psychological phenomenon called response bias. She employed a classic, action-specific experiment involving a video game familiar to children of the 80s: Pong. (2018-01-03)

NTU study finds that hackers could guess your phone PIN using its sensor data
Data from the physical sensors in a smart phone could be used by hackers to guess the security PIN and unlock it, says NTU Singapore researchers. (2017-12-26)

Computer scientists develop a simple tool to tell if websites suffered a data breach
Computer scientists have built and successfully tested a tool designed to detect when websites are hacked by monitoring the activity of email accounts associated with them. The researchers were surprised to find that almost 1 percent of the websites they tested had suffered a data breach during their 18-month study period, regardless of how big the companies' reach and audience are. (2017-12-12)

Video game system technology helping physical therapists, athletic trainers
Motion-based lab technology can help physical therapists, clinicians and athletic trainers analyze how we move -- it also is very expensive. Some motion labs can cost upward of $100,000. Now, a team of University of Missouri researchers is finding that the depth camera often associated with video game systems can provide a variety of health care providers with objective information to improve patient care. (2017-12-07)

Time between world-changing volcanic super-eruptions less than previously thought
After analyzing a database of geological records dated within the last 100,000 years, a team of scientists from the University of Bristol has discovered the average time between so-called volcanic super-eruptions is actually much less than previously thought. (2017-11-29)

Family favoritism: Younger siblings impacted more
A new study shows if a younger sibling feels like they're the favorite and their parents agree, their relationship is strengthened. With older siblings, whether they feel favored or not, it has no major effect on the relationship. (2017-11-02)

Should we scrap the target of a maximum 4-hour wait in emergency departments?
As waiting times increase, should we scrap the target of a maximum four-hour wait in emergency departments? Experts debate the issue in The BMJ today. (2017-10-25)

Space greens beat the blues
Plants in space are important to grow food, but they may also play a key role in maintaining the psychological well-being of space crews. The next frontier of space plant experimentation is to examine the psychological impact of plant life on astronauts. (2017-10-19)

How old does your computer think you are?
Computerised face recognition is an important part of initiatives to develop security systems, in building social networks, in curating photographs, and many other applications. Systems that allow a computer to estimate with precision a person's age based on an analysis of their face are discussed in the International Journal of Applied Pattern Recognition. (2017-09-27)

Letting the data speak for itself
A new statistical approach for environmental measurements lets the data determine how to model extreme events. (2017-09-12)

'Bee' informed: Public interest exceeds understanding in bee conservation
Many people have heard bee populations are declining due to such threats as colony collapse disorder, pesticides and habitat loss. And many understand bees are critical to plant pollination. Yet, according to a study led by Utah State University ecologist Joseph Wilson, few are aware of the wide diversity of bees and other pollinators beyond such species as honeybees. Because conservation efforts require substantial public support, outreach is needed to help people understand bee declines and how to protect pollinators. (2017-09-05)

DNA links male, female butterfly thought to be distinct species
Researchers recently discovered what was thought to be a distinct species of butterfly is actually the female of a species known to science for more than a century. (2017-07-27)

Cornell researchers uncover fresh role for nitric oxide
Cornell University chemists have uncovered a fresh role for nitric oxide that could send biochemical textbooks back for revision. (2017-07-19)

No detectable limit to how long people can live
By analyzing the lifespan of the longest-living individuals from the USA, the UK, France and Japan for each year since 1968, Hekimi and Hughes found no evidence for such a limit, and if such a maximum exists, it has yet to be reached or identified. (2017-06-28)

Mathematicians deliver formal proof of Kepler Conjecture
A mathematical problem more than 300 years old gets a formal proof with the help of computer formal verification. (2017-06-16)

Penn Professor refutes groupthink, proving that wisdom of crowds can prevail
According to a new study by University of Pennsylvania researchers, contrary to the classic notion of 'groupthink,' a group of people with equal influence in a network can arrive at a better prediction than a group with a single influential leader. The findings have implications for decision making in diverse settings, from hospitals to political polling and even climate change forecasting. (2017-06-12)

Tumor-trained T cells go on patrol
In cancer, immune cells infiltrate tumors -- but it hasn't been known which immune cells exit the tumor or where they go next. Garvan researchers have shown that activated T cells are the main immune cell to leave tumors, and that these T cells move to other tumors and to draining lymph nodes The findings will inform the development of T-cell-based immunotherapies for metastatic cancer. (2017-05-15)

Researchers unveil new password meter that will change how users make passwords
Researchers from Carnegie Mellon University and the University of Chicago have just unveiled a new, state-of-the-art password meter that offers real-time feedback and advice to help people create better passwords. (2017-05-08)

NASA team explores using LISA Pathfinder as 'comet crumb' detector
NASA scientists hope to take advantage of LISA Pathfinder's record-breaking sensitivity to acceleration to map out the distribution of tiny dust particles shed by asteroids and comets far from Earth. (2017-04-17)

Distracted? Slowing down, not a safe option
Drivers who slow down while using mobile phones have the potential to increase on-road conflicts, a new QUT study warns. Oscar Oviedo-Trespalacios, from QUT's Centre for Accident Research & Road Safety -- Queensland (CARRS-Q), said distracted drivers reducing their speed might sound favorable in terms of safety, but it could also lead to other types of crash risk. (2017-04-10)

Are your sensors spying on you?
Cyber experts at Newcastle University, UK, have revealed the ease with which malicious websites and installed apps can spy on us using just the information from the motion sensors in our mobile phones. (2017-04-10)

Linguistic and cultural knowledge affect whether languages are identified correctly
A popular online game shows how linguistic and cultural knowledge may affect whether players can correctly identify different languages, according to a study published April 5, 2017 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Hedvig SkirgÄrd from the Australian National University, Australia and colleagues. (2017-04-05)

New twist on sofa problem that stumped mathematicians and furniture movers
With some help from 3-D printing, a UC Davis mathematician is trying to crack a problem that frustrates both mathematicians and furniture movers: what's the largest sofa you can fit round a corner? (2017-03-20)

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