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Organically grown foods higher in cancer-fighting chemicals than conventionally grown foods
Fruits and veggies grown organically show significantly higher levels of cancer-fighting antioxidants than conventionally grown foods, according to a new study of corn, strawberries and marionberries. The research suggests that pesticides and herbicides actually thwart the production of phenolics -- chemicals that act as a plant's natural defense and also happen to be good for our health. (2003-03-03)

Smoking may change type of lymphoma into more lethal form of cancer
A Northwestern University investigator has hypothesized that smoking may play a dual role in the development of a cancer of the lymph glands called follicular lymphoma -- first causing it to develop and then transforming it into diffuse large cell lymphoma, an aggressive cancer generally associated with a poor prognosis. (2002-11-01)

Tips from the Journals of the American Society for Microbiology
This tip sheet includes summaries about a potential treatment for patients with Hepatitis B, engineered bacteria that detect pollutants, and antibodies that treat severe E. coli infections. (2002-10-17)

Sequenced malaria genome exposes novel drug targets
The genectic code of the malaria parasite has been cracked and is already revealing novel drug targets that could lead to effective treatment of the disease. (2002-10-03)

Milk the right stuff for vines
Milk and other dairy products can be as effective as some conventional fungicides in controlling powdery mildew in vineyards, according to new research by the University of Adelaide in Australia. (2002-09-02)

UC Riverside receives Dupont gift of intellectual property in form of herbicide
The University of California, Riverside today announced it has received a donation of intellectual property from the DuPont Company for a novel class of herbicides the university hopes to further develop and eventually license for commercial use. DuPont cited UCR's strong program in agricultural sciences, its excellent reputation for scientific research, a close technological fit with existing on-campus research, and confidence in UCR's strong competency in technology transfer as providing the framework for the donation decision. (2002-08-29)

Beyond prescribed burning
Combining fuel reduction treatments may be the best way to manage the risk of fire in southern pine forests, according to recent USDA Forest Service research. In an article published in the June 28 issue of Forest Ecology and Management, Patrick Brose (Northeastern Research Station) and Dale Wade (Southern Research Station) present findings from a study based on three treatments applied to Florida sites following the 1998 wildfire season. (2002-07-30)

Illicit crops threaten birds in Colombia
While Colombia has more bird species than any other country worldwide, much of their habitat is also suitable for growing coca and opium poppies. New research shows that these illicit crops are expanding into forest remnants where many threatened bird species live. (2002-07-22)

Clover strip-cropping in cotton provides critical habitat for threatened songbirds
Cotton farming is on the rise across the South, and that spells trouble for rural songbirds. Conventionally grown cotton relies heavily on pesticides, herbicides and plowing or disking every three weeks and contributes to the steady decline of birds like the Eastern meadowlark, bobwhite quail and grasshopper sparrow. (2002-06-26)

UC Davis study investigates health effects of paraquat, a herbicide commonly used throughout the world
Paraquat, a popular herbicide in use in more than 130 countries in the world for weed control is the focus of an important health study conducted by physicians and researchers at UC Davis School of Medicine and Medical Center and College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences. (2001-04-24)

Agent Orange might boost the risk of leukemia, UNC researcher says
A new study supports the possibility of an association between Agent Orange and development of a form of leukemia in Vietnam veterans' children but stops short of establishing a direct connection. Estimates are that the spraying may have boosted the risk of the rare illness, which chiefly strikes in infancy or early childhood, by between 70 percent and 300 percent, researchers say. (2001-04-18)

TCDD-dioxin-is listed as 'known human carcinogen' in Federal Government's Ninth Report on Carcinogens
TCDD or Dioxin has been added to the list of substances known to be a human carcinogen in the Ninth Report on Carcinogens. This listing is based on sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity from studies in humans, involving a combination of epidemiological and mechanistic information. (2001-01-18)

Weeding out better wines
Australian winemakers are known worldwide for the high quality of their wines and the lack of contaminants in them. Adelaide University researchers are ensuring that the reputation of Australian wines remains high with a project to develop techniques of vineyard weeding that dispense with herbicides and pesticides. (2000-11-28)

Plant scientist named AAAS fellow
Kriton Hatzios, director of the Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station and associate dean for research in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences at Virginia Tech, has been named a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, recognizing his (2000-11-02)

Food poisoning bugs thrive in crop sprays
Eating fresh fruit may make you sick. Researchers in Canada have discovered that pesticide sprays encourage life- threatening bacteria to grow on crops, which could pose a threat to people eating raw fruit and vegetables. (2000-10-03)

Monsanto Company response to European study in Science magazine
The Sept. 1 edition of Science magazine will include a theoretical model concerning herbicide-tolerant sugar beets. Monsanto urges those who cover this to be careful in how the study and its subject are treated as it leaves many questions unanswered and does not reflect how farmers truly grow their crops (2000-08-30)

Improvement in controlling agricultural runoff still needed to prevent ecological disasters
Growing tomatoes using plastic mulch, raised beds, and drip irrigation controls soil moisture and prevents weeds, which reduces the need for herbicides and fertilizers, thus reducing contamination by these chemicals. However, farmers must still use biocides to control fungi, bacteria, and insects; thus, there is still runoff into streams. (2000-08-23)

In-home pesticide exposure increases Parkinson's risk
SAN DIEGO, CA - Pesticide use and exposure in the home and garden increase the risk of developing Parkinson's disease, according to a study of almost 500 people newly diagnosed with the disease. Researchers announced their findings at a presentation at the American Academy of Neurology's 52nd annual meeting in San Diego, CA, April 29 - May 6, 2000. (2000-05-04)

Modified rice could end food shortages
A new strain of genetically modified rice, which boosts yields by a massive 35 per cent, could end lean times for the world's growing population. As an added bonus, the new genes in the rice enable the plant to absorb more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere than controls, offering a way to reduce global warming. (2000-03-28)

Fungus could destroy cocaine plants
A fungus could be the latest weapon in the war against drugs. The government of Columbia may conduct open field trials of a strain of fungus that attacks coca plants, the source of cocaine. Environmentalists fear that massive applications of the fungus could do other damage. (2000-03-07)

New study claims data on pollutants worldwide are unreliable, and that some may be less--or more--harmful than thought
Much of the information on pollution world-wide is flawed at best and could be entirely wrong, according to a just- published study, led by a visiting scientist at the University of Georgia. The consequences are beginning to threaten public health and the environment, according to research microbiologist David Lewis. (1999-10-27)

Research zeroes in on killer molecule in dioxin toxicity
At Virginia Tech, Prakash and Mitzi Nagarkatti have discovered a step in dioxin toxicity that may enable them to develop diagnostic, treatment, and even prevention methods in the future. (1999-08-24)

American Chemical Society honors 1999 Heroes of Chemistry
Each year the American Chemical Society (ACS), the world's largest scientific society, honors as 'Heroes of Chemistry (1999-08-22)

Genetically engineered organisms: Hazardous or beneficial
The phrase Genetically Engineered Organisms (GEOs) elicits responses of both fear and wonder from the public. Some fear the possible consequences of genetic engineering, while others are amazed at the power of its potential. On Sunday, August 8, 1999 the Ecological Society of America will discuss the topic of GEOs during a symposium at the Society's Annual Meeting. (1999-07-23)

MTU researchers develop new software to help clean up contamination sites
America is trying to cope with many thousands of contamination sites, and each one is unique. But a team of researchers at Michigan Tech has developed a series of software packages to make the cleanup a lot easier. (1999-07-22)

Glowing Bacteria: DuPont And UD Scientists Detect Poultry Toxin And Other Environmental Contaminants
By harnessing glowing bacteria, scientists at the DuPont Co. and the University of Delaware have created inexpensive biosensors that rapidly detect a key toxin in poultry feed, as well as broad classes of other environmental contaminants, including herbicides and metals. The glowing bacteria should make it easier to pre-screen for aflatoxin B1, a known carcinogen that can be toxic for chickens, researchers will report March 21 during the American Chemical Society meeting. (1999-03-19)

One Way Traffic: Max Planck Scientists Idendified Genes Involved In Transporting An Important Plant Growth Factor
Scientists have identified important genes for plant growth whose products help to distribute a vital growth factor throughout the plant. The discovery of these genes means that scientists will be able to design better crops and herbicides. The scientists' findings, reported recently in Science (Vol 282, 2226-2230) and in the December 1998 issue of EMBO Journal (Vol 17, 6903-1911) are regarded as a major breakthrough. (1999-01-14)

Louisiana State University Agricultural Center Signs Licensing Agreement With American Cyanamid For Herbicide-Tolerant Rice
The Louisiana State University Agricultural Center and American Cyanamid Co. signed a global licensing agreement today (August 24) that will bring a revolutionary technology to weed control in rice production. (1998-08-24)

Highlighting USGS Science At ACS
USGS gives presentations on toxic contaminants in water at the ACS meeting in Boston, Massachusetts, August 23-28, 1998. (1998-08-21)

Genetically-Altered Crops Can Produce Tough, Hard-To-Kill Weeds
Weeds that acquire genes for herbicide resistance from genetically-altered crops reap little backlash and lots of benefit, according to an Ohio State University study. Scientists know transgenic crops can pass their traits on to nearby weeds via hybridization. These hybrid, transgenic weeds resist herbicides that were designed to kill them. (1998-08-06)

Putting Down Your Roots: How Plants Know To Do It
The next time you pick up a bag of weed killer from The Home Depot, remember, a chemical company probably spent years of testing and millions of dollars making it safe. A new study of root growth suggests that genetics could save valuable time and money in developing future herbicides. (1998-07-24)

Weevils Wipe Out Killer Weeds In Papua New Guinea
In a move that could save the environment, village economies and even human lives, CSIRO scientists have wiped out 20 square kilometres of a noxious water weed infesting the Sepik River in PNG. (1998-07-14)

Water Quality In Indiana's White River Basin Affected By Urban And Agricultural Activities
Water quality in the White River Basin is impacted by urban and agricultural activities, according to the results of a five-year investigation by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Department of the Interior. (1998-04-08)

The Cutting Edge Of Global Change In Europe: Policy
Agricultural overproduction as a result of intensifed management led the European Union to make a sweeping overhaul of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) in 1992 to encourage long-term abandonment of arable land or conversion to less intensively used pasturelands. The new policy was also developed in response to public demands to reduce agricultural pollution and maintain the appearance and high biological diversity of the (1998-03-11)

CDC And NIH Join In Testing Exposure Of Americans To Environmental Estrogens And Other Chemicals
NIH's National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Environmental Health have launched a study of blood and urne samples to determine the amount of exposure that Americans have to environmental estrogens. (1997-11-24)

Researchers Studying Deformed Frogs Found In Southeastern Ohio
Researchers at Ohio University are studying deformed frogs found at a pond in Southeastern Ohio, trying to determine if the deformities are caused by a naturally occurring parasite, chemicals used in a nearby cornfield or some other phenomenon. (1997-11-17)

Genetically Altered Cotton Is Cheaper And More Earth-Friendly
A genetically altered variety of cotton being field tested this season by University of Florida researchers requires less herbicide, which should mean reduced environmental damage, lower production costs for growers and cheaper prices on cotton goods for consumers. (1997-11-04)

Coming Extinction Of One Of UK's Most Minuscule Plants Yields Information On Climate Change
One of the UK's most insignificant plants seems to about to become extinct in Britain but in its death throes it is providing researchers from the University of Warwick with important information about the pace of climate change in the UK. (1997-08-01)

Mediterranean Insects Brought Here To Control Field Bindweed
Having proved they could live through last winter's sub-zero temperatures, tiny Mediterranean mites are again being unleashed by USDA researchers to attack field bindweed, which infests millions of acres of wheat, corn and other crops particularly in thePacific Northwest (1996-07-12)

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