Current Himalaya News and Events

Current Himalaya News and Events, Himalaya News Articles.
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Growth of northern Tibet proved the key to East Asian biodiversity
In a recent study, a joint research team led by scientists from Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden (XTBG) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the University of Bristol (UK) and the Open University (UK) has revealed the first direct mechanism explaining how the growth of mountains in Northern Tibet drastically altered climate, vegetation and plant diversity in East Asia. (2021-01-27)

Pioneering research unravels hidden origins of Eastern Asia's 'land of milk and honey'
A study has revealed for the first time the ancient origins of one of the world's most important ecosystems by unlocking the mechanism which determined the evolution of its mountains and how they shaped the weather there as well as its flora and fauna. (2021-01-27)

The natural 'Himalayan aerosol factory' can affect climate
Large amounts of new particles can form in the valleys of the Himalayas from naturally emitted gases and can be transported to high altitudes by the mountain winds and injected into the upper atmosphere. (2020-12-07)

Brown carbon 'tarballs' detected in Himalayan atmosphere
Some people refer to the Himalaya-Tibetan Plateau as the ''third pole'' because the region has the largest reserve of glacial snow and ice outside of the north and south poles. The glaciers, which are extremely sensitive to climate change and human influence, have been retreating over the past decade. Now, researchers reporting in ACS' Environmental Science & Technology Letters have detected light-absorbing ''tarballs'' in the Himalayan atmosphere, which could contribute to glacial melt. (2020-11-04)

Tracking the Himalayan history from the evolution of hundreds of frogs, lizards and snakes
We examined two hypotheses about the uplift of the Himalaya based on biotic assembly through time of the herpetofauna. Our analyses support a recently proposed stepwise geological model of Himalayan uplift beginning in the Paleocene, with a subsequent rapid increase of uplifting during the Miocene, finally giving rise to the intensification of the modern South Asia Monsoon. These series of geological and climatic events have left significant signal on the evolution of herpetofauna. (2020-10-26)

How rain can move mountains
Scientists have long thought that rainfall has a dramatic effect on the evolution of mountainous landscapes, but the reasons for how and why have been elusive. This seemingly logical concept has never been quantitatively demonstrated until now, thanks to a new technique that captures precisely how even the mightiest of mountain ranges -- the Himalaya -- bends to the will of raindrops. (2020-10-19)

Ground-breaking discovery finally proves rain really can move mountains
A pioneering technique which captures precisely how mountains bend to the will of raindrops has helped solve a long-standing scientific enigma. (2020-10-16)

Seismic data explains continental collision beneath Tibet
New imagery reveals the causes of seismic activity deep beneath the Himalaya region, contributing to an ongoing debate over the continental collision process when two tectonic plates crash into each other. (2020-09-22)

Plate tectonics goes global
A research team led by Dr. WAN Bo from the Institute of Geology and Geophysics (IGG) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences has revealed that plate tectonics went global 2 billion years ago. (2020-08-05)

Ancient mountain formation and monsoons helped create a modern biodiversity hotspot
In a new study in Science, researchers examined the plant life in the China's Hengduan Mountains, the Himalaya Mountains, and the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Using DNA to build family trees of species, they learned that the diversity of plants in that region today can be traced back to newly-formed mountain ranges 30 million years ago, and monsoons that came later. It's a concrete example of how climatic and environmental changes influence life on Earth. (2020-07-30)

Hengduan Mountain alpine flora history shown to be longest on Earth
Researchers from the Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden (XTBG) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences showed that the alpine flora of the Hengduan Mountains has continuously existed far longer than any other flora on Earth. They also illustrated how modern biotas have been shaped by past geological and climatic events. (2020-07-30)

New scenario for the India-Asia collision dynamics
The India-Asia collision is an outstanding smoking gun in the study of continental collision dynamics. Yuan and colleagues hypothesize that the Tethyan Himalaya terrane rifted from India after ~75 Ma, generating the North India Sea. They further document a new two-stage continental collision, first at ~61 Ma between the Lhasa and Tethyan Himalaya terranes, subsequently at ~53-48 Ma between the Tethyan Himalaya terrane and India, diachronously closing the North India Sea from west to east. (2020-07-28)

Model links patterns in sediment to rain, uplift and sea level change
In a recent study, researchers from The University of Texas at Austin show that a natural record - sediments packed together at basin margins - offers scientists a powerful tool for understanding the forces that shaped our planet over millions of years, with implications on present day understanding. (2020-07-27)

Divining monsoon rainfall months in advance with satellites and simulations
Researchers affiliated with The University of Texas at Austin have developed a strategy that more accurately predicts seasonal rainfall over the Asian monsoon region and could provide tangible improvements to water resource management on the Indian subcontinent, impacting more than one fifth of the world's population. (2020-07-16)

Caves tell us that Australia's mountains are still growing
Research shows Buchan Caves to be about 3.5 million years old and that Victoria's East Gippsland has remained tectonically active for long times, even into the present-day, which is why residents occasionally report earthquakes. Basically, the uplifting Southern Alps in New Zealand have made stress and strain on the Australian tectonic plate, stress that is then expressed as earthquakes and rising landscapes in Victoria. It's rather amazing that the caves recorded this geological signal all the way from NZ. (2020-05-20)

Why the 'uplift of the Tibetan plateau' is a myth
Spicer and colleagues combine stable isotope and fossil paleoaltimetry to chart the growth of Tibet, the Himalaya and the Hengduan mountains through time and show the plateau is young, less that 15 million years old, and evolved not just by the collision of India with Eurasia but through multiple earlier mountain-building events and the infilling of deep ancient lowlands hosting subtropical monsoon-adapted biotas. This contradicts the idea of an old 'high and dry' proto-plateau. (2020-05-09)

'Fossil earthquakes' offer new insight into seismic activity deep below earth's surface
A study led by the University of Plymouth, published in Nature Communications, has shed new light on the mechanisms through which earthquakes are triggered up to 40km beneath the earth's surface (2020-03-12)

Red panda population genomics confirms two phylogenetic species and different evolutionary histories
A research team led by Prof. WEI Fuwen from the Institute of Zoology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, used population genomics methods to analyze the genome resequencing data of 65 wild red pandas from seven geographical populations; mitochondrial genomes of 49 red pandas; and Y chromosome single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) data from 49 male individuals. (2020-03-03)

Pride and prejudice at high altitude
Tension between Western climbers and Sherpas began over 200 years ago, a new study suggests. (2020-01-23)

Irrigation alleviates hot extremes
Researchers from ETH Zurich and other universities found evidence that expanding irrigation has dampened anthropogenic warming during hot days, with particularly strong effects over South Asia. (2020-01-15)

Plant life expanding in the Everest region
Plant life is expanding in the area around Mount Everest, and across the Himalayan region, new research shows. (2020-01-09)

Plant diversity and endemism in China: Unreachable locations and diverse microclimates
The latest special issue of the scholarly, open-access and peer-reviewed journal PhytoKeys embarks on a treasure hunt into China's biodiversity hotspots, including the descriptions of 23 species previously unknown to science and new insights into the ecological diversity of ferns based on their DNA sequences. (2019-08-29)

2015 Nepal earthquake offers clues about hazards
A Stanford geophysicist discusses how the devastating 2015 Gorkha earthquake that shook Kathmandu, Nepal gave researchers new information about where, why and how earthquakes occur. (2019-06-26)

Minerals in mountain rivers tell the story of landslide activity upstream
Scientists have come up with a new way of analyzing sand in mountain rivers to determine the activity of landslides upstream, which has important implications for understanding natural hazards in mountainous regions. (2019-04-24)

Ice volume calculated anew
Researchers have provided a new estimate for the glacier ice volume all around the world, excluding the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets. Their conclusion: previous calculations overestimated the volume of the glaciers in High Mountain Asia. (2019-02-12)

Medical referrals: Closing the communication loop to improve care and avoid delays
A new study from Regenstrief Institute investigators addresses breakdowns in the referral from primary care to medical specialist process and presents a prototype template using evidence-based design to improve communication about referrals among clinicians. (2018-11-27)

Middle Eastern desert dust on the Tibetan plateau could affect the Indian summer monsoon
Large quantities dust from the deserts of the Middle East can settle on the Tibetan Plateau, darkening the region's snowpack and accelerating snow melt. A new atmospheric modeling study suggests that, in some years, heavy springtime dust deposition can set off a series of feedbacks that intensify the Indian summer monsoon. The findings could explain a correlation between Tibetan snowpack and the Indian monsoon first observed by British meteorologist Henry Blanford in 1884. (2018-11-14)

Plant fossils provide new insight into the uplift history of SE Tibet
Plenty of well-preserved plant fossils with well constrained geological ages were discovered from Markam Basin in SE Tibetan Plateau. Fossils from different layers are different in floristic components and leaf sizes, they evidenced the uplift to present elevation during the Eocene-Oligocene Transition (33.9 Ma). Moreover, these fossils suggest that the modernization of highly diverse Asian biota nowadays took place before the E-O transition, not Neogene as previous thought. (2018-06-29)

Learning about the Himalayas using Mars technology
he Himalayan Range includes some of the youngest and most spectacular mountains on Earth, but the rugged landscape that lends it the striking beauty for which it is known can also keep scientists from fully understanding how these mountains formed. 'We know more about the rocks on parts of Mars than we do about some of the areas in the Himalaya,' said Dr. Alka Tripathy-Lang. (2018-06-20)

The origin of the Andes unravelled
Why do the Andes exist? Why is it not a place of lowlands or narrow seas? Wouter Schellart, a geophysicist at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, has been pondering these questions for more than a decade. Now, he has found the answers using an advanced computer model. (2017-12-11)

Earthquakes in the Himalaya bigger than in the Alps because tectonic plates collide faster
Earthquakes that happen in densely populated mountainous regions, such as the Himalaya, spell bigger earthquakes because of a fast tectonic-plate collision, according to a new study in Earth and Planetary Science Letters. Researchers from Geophysical Fluid Dynamics -- ETH Zürich in Switzerland, say their findings give people a more complete view of the risk of earthquakes in mountainous regions. (2017-12-04)

Rare-metals in the Himalayas: The potential world-class treasure
The Himalayan granitic belts extend more than 1000 km and they are unique components of the Tibetan plateau. Recently, researchers in Nanjing University and Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese and Academy of Science found the common rare-metal (Be, Nb-Ta and Sn) mineralization containing in the Himalayan leucogranite belts. This study shows additional enormous potential for the rare-metal mineralization in what may become the country's economically important metallogenic belt. (2017-08-29)

Researchers crack the 'Karakoram anomaly'
Researchers identify 'Karakoram vortex' and explain why glaciers near K2 are growing in size. (2017-08-07)

Strength of tectonic plates may explain shape of the Tibetan Plateau, study finds
Geoscientists have long puzzled over the mechanism that created the Tibetan Plateau, but a new study finds that the landform's history may be controlled primarily by the strength of the tectonic plates whose collision prompted its uplift. Given that the region is one of the most seismically active areas in the world, understanding the plateau's geologic history could give scientists insight to modern day earthquake activity. (2017-07-24)

An alternative hypothesis on the faunal colonization of the Himalayas?
Until now, the fauna of the Himalayas was considered to be an 'immigration fauna', with species that have immigrated primarily from neighboring regions to the west and east since the geological formation of this mountain range. Using molecular-genetic methods, a German-Chinese research team has now tested an alternative colonization hypothesis on lazy toads (Pelobatoidea). (2017-06-15)

Saying goodbye to glaciers
Glaciers around the world are disappearing before our eyes, and the implications for people are wide-ranging and troubling, Twila Moon, a glacier expert at the University of Colorado Boulder, concludes in a Perspectives piece in the journal Science today. (2017-05-11)

Three new sub-species of snow leopard discovered
A recent research paper in the Journal of Heredity reveals that there are three sub-species of snow leopard. Until now, researchers had assumed this species, Panthera uncia, was monotypic. (2017-05-11)

Not even the Himalayas are immune to traffic smog
University of Cincinnati researchers find evidence of truck pollution in one of the most remote corners of the planet: the Himalayas. (2017-05-02)

Hard rocks from Himalaya raise flood risk for millions
Scientists have shown how earthquakes and storms in the Himalaya can increase the impact of deadly floods in one of Earth's most densely populated areas. (2017-04-26)

When India collided with Asia to form the Himalayan mountains?
When and how India started to collide with Asia? This scientific question has been vigorously debated for half a century. Researchers from China and Italy recently constrained with unprecedented accuracy and precision the onset of the India-Asia collision as middle Palaeocene in age (59±1 million years ago), with no evidence of significant diachroneity from the western Himalaya to southern Tibet. (2017-03-31)

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