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Leatherback sea turtles choose nest sites carefully, study finds
The enormous, solitary leatherback sea turtle spends most of its long life at sea. After hatching and dispersing across the world's oceans, only the female leatherbacks return to their natal beaches to lay clutches of eggs in the sand. A new study offers fresh insights into their nesting choices and will help efforts to prevent the extinction of this globally endangered giant of the sea, researchers said. (2015-11-24)

Kalsotra named prestigious CAS Fellow
Assistant Professor Auinash Kalsotra has been appointed, pending Board of Trustees approval, as one of the prestigious Fellow positions of the University of Illinois Center for Advanced Study for the academic year 2016-2017. (2015-11-24)

Six Illinois researchers named AAAS fellows
Six researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have been named Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. (2015-11-23)

Export of wood pellets from US to EU more environmentally friendly than coal
A new study co-written by Madhu Khanna, a professor of agricultural and consumer economics at the University of Illinois, found that harvesting wood pellets in the US and exporting them to the EU was more environmentally friendly than burning coal in the EU to generate electricity. (2015-11-20)

Illinois physics professor named national Professor of the Year
Mats Selen, professor of physics at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, has been named Outstanding Doctoral and Research Universities Professor of the Year by the Council for Advancement and Support of Education and the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. (2015-11-19)

Email security improving, but far from perfect
Email security helps protect some of our most sensitive data: password recovery confirmations, financial data, confidential correspondences, and more. According to a new report, published by computer science researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, in collaboration with colleagues at the University of Michigan and Google, email security is significantly better than it was two years ago, but still has widespread issues. (2015-11-19)

Ecological extinction explains how turbulence dies
Physicists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a theoretical understanding of laminar-turbulent transition that explains the lifetime of turbulent flows and an unexpected analogy with the behavior of an ecosystem on the edge of extinction. This could lead to an improved understanding of how the onset of turbulence can be controlled, potentially reducing energy costs in oil pipelines. It may also have implications for cardiovascular medicine, perhaps reducing the risk of aneurisms. (2015-11-18)

Nondrug interventions improve quality of life for Chinese cancer patients
A meta-analysis of dozens of studies of traditional Chinese medicine and other nonpharmacological interventions meant to improve patients' quality of life affirms that these approaches, on the whole, help alleviate depression, fatigue, pain, anxiety, insomnia and gastrointestinal problems in Chinese cancer patients. (2015-11-17)

Scarcity, not abundance, enhances consumer creativity, study says
Resource scarcity translates into enhanced consumer creativity, according to new research co-written by University of Illinois business professor Ravi Mehta. (2015-11-17)

From nanocrystals to earthquakes, solid materials share similar failure characteristics
An extensive study by an interdisciplinary research group suggests that the deformation properties of nanocrystals are not much different from those of the Earth's crust. Researchers representing a broad a range of disciplines contributed to the study, comparing five different experimental systems, on several different scales, with model predictions. The results should be useful for applications in materials testing, failure prediction, and hazard prevention. (2015-11-17)

Paper: Prior union experience correlates with voting for pro-labor issues
Research from U. of I. labor professor Ryan Lamare found that a legislator's past experience with labor unions is associated with an increase in voting for union-supported issues. (2015-11-17)

In new study, Illinois scientists trace activity of cancer-fighting tomato component
Years of research in University of Illinois scientist John Erdman's laboratory have demonstrated that lycopene, the bioactive red pigment found in tomatoes, reduces growth of prostate tumors in a variety of animal models. 'Now our team has learned to grow tomato plants in suspension culture that produce lycopene molecules with a heavier molecular weight. We can trace lycopene's activity in the body,' said John W. Erdman Jr., a U of I professor of nutrition. (2015-11-12)

Machine learning could solve riddles of galaxy formation
A new machine-learning simulation system developed at the University of Illinois promises cosmologists an expanded suite of galaxy models -- a necessary first step to developing more accurate and relevant insights into the formation of the universe. (2015-11-11)

Nanopores could take the salt out of seawater
University of Illinois engineers have found an energy-efficient material for removing salt from seawater that could provide a rebuttal to poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge's lament, 'Water, water, every where, nor any drop to drink.' (2015-11-11)

Drugs with multiple targets show promise against myotonic dystrophy type 1
Efforts to treat myotonic dystrophy type 1, the most common form of muscular dystrophy, are in their infancy. In a new study, researchers report they have added new capabilities to an experimental drug agent that previously defeated only one of DM1's many modes of action. Their retooled compounds interrupt the disease's pathology in three ways. (2015-11-09)

New book explores global reach of British royal family brand
Cele Otnes, Investors in Business Education Professor in the College of Business at the University of Illinois, is the co-author of the recently published book 'Royal Fever: The British Monarchy in Consumer Culture.' (2015-11-06)

School violence prevention project to focus on mobile apps, peer dynamics
In a project funded by the National Institute of Justice, experts on youth violence, bullying and school climate issues in Illinois and Oregon are teaming up to develop a comprehensive school safety intervention that will use mobile apps and high school youths as key change agents in preventing school violence. (2015-11-06)

Study: Strength of brain connectivity varies with fitness level in older adults
A new study shows that age-related differences in brain health -- specifically the strength of connections between different regions of the brain -- vary with fitness level in older adults. (2015-11-05)

Researchers show how positive stimuli provide benefits to the distracted brain
Researchers at the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have identified how your mind processes and differentiates between positive and negative ones when you're trying to get a job done. (2015-11-05)

Study: Ground-level ozone reduces maize and soybean yields
Despite government regulations, ground-level ozone -- an odorless gas that forms as polluting nitrogen oxides drift in sunlight across the countryside -- continues to threaten crop quality and yield. In a new study, researchers quantify this loss from historical yield data for the first time. They show that over the last 30 years, ozone emissions have reduced soybean and corn yields by 5 percent and 10 percent, respectively. (2015-11-05)

Supervolcanoes likely triggered externally, study finds
Supervolcanoes, massive eruptions with potential global consequences, appear not to follow the conventional volcano mechanics of internal pressure building until the volcano blows. Instead, a new study finds, such massive magma chambers might erupt when the roof above them cracks or collapses. (2015-11-04)

Novel 'crumpling' of hybrid nanostructures increases SERS sensitivity
By 'crumpling' to increase the surface area of graphene-gold nanostructures, researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have improved the sensitivity of these materials, opening the door to novel opportunities in electronics and optical sensing applications. (2015-11-04)

Scientists uncover mechanism that propels liver development after birth
Internal organs continue to develop for months and years after birth. This critical period is full of cellular changes that transform the organization and function of most tissues. But the exact mechanisms underlying postnatal organ maturation are still a mystery. Now researchers report that liver cells utilize a mechanism called 'alternative splicing,' which alters how genes are translated into the proteins that guide this critical period of development. (2015-11-04)

Links found between hunger and health
Almost 50 million people in the United States are food insecure -- that is, they lack access to adequate food because of limited money or other resources. University of Illinois economist Craig Gundersen and University of Kentucky's James Ziliak examined recent research on food insecurity and its association with poor health and offer suggestions, including that doctors screen for hunger. (2015-11-03)

Pineapple genome offers insight into photosynthesis in drought-tolerant plants
By sequencing its genome, scientists are homing in on the genes and genetic pathways that allow the juicy pineapple plant to thrive in water-limited environments. The new findings, reported in the journal Nature Genetics, also open a new window on the complicated evolutionary history of grasses like sorghum and rice, which share a distant ancestor with pineapple. (2015-11-02)

Juvenile cowbirds sneak out at night, study finds
A new study explores how a young cowbird, left as an egg in the nest of a different species, grows up to know it's a cowbird and not a warbler, thrush or sparrow. (2015-11-02)

Did Dust Bowl's ravages end in the 1940s? New study says no
A recent study led by the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Goodrich Chair of Excellence Thanos Papanicolaou could very well change the way we view the health of our nation's soil, even potentially altering history books. The paper, soon-to-be published in the Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, focuses on modeling carbon budgets in agricultural areas. (2015-10-29)

Wimps or warriors? Honey bee larvae absorb the social culture of the hive, study finds
Even as larvae, honey bees are tuned in to the social culture of the hive, becoming more or less aggressive depending on who raises them, researchers report in the journal Scientific Reports. (2015-10-29)

Bacterial hole puncher could be new broad-spectrum antibiotic
Bacteria have many methods of adapting to resist antibiotics, but a new class of spiral polypeptides targets one thing no bacterium can live without: an outer membrane. The polypeptides act as bacterial hole-punchers, perforating the bacterial membrane until the cell falls apart. The antimicrobial agents are dressed for their mission in positively charged shells that let them travel in body fluids, protected from interacting with other proteins, and also attract them to bacterial membranes. (2015-10-28)

Fear-based appeals effective at changing attitudes, behaviors after all
Fear-based appeals appear to be effective at influencing attitudes and behaviors, especially among women, according to a comprehensive review of over 50 years of research on the topic, published by the American Psychological Association. (2015-10-22)

University of Houston research would keep energy flowing
Traditional cybersecurity efforts are often reactive and fail to anticipate where hackers will strike and how. An initiative from the Department of Energy would change that for pipelines, the electric grid and other systems that make up the nation's critical energy infrastructure. (2015-10-20)

Study: Alaskan boreal forest fires release more carbon than the trees can absorb
A new analysis of fire activity in Alaska's Yukon Flats finds that so many forest fires are occurring there that the area has become a net exporter of carbon to the atmosphere. This is worrisome, the researchers say, because arctic and subarctic boreal forests like those of the Yukon Flats contain roughly one-third of the Earth's terrestrial carbon stores.The research is reported in the journal Nature Climate Change. (2015-10-19)

Catalyst combining reactivity and selectivity could speed drug development
Chemists have long believed that inserting nitrogen -- a beneficial ingredient for making many pharmaceuticals and other biologically active molecules -- into a carbon-hydrogen bond requires a trade-off between catalyst reactivity and selectivity. But a new manganese-based catalyst developed by University of Illinois chemists has given researchers both in one efficient, lower-cost package. (2015-10-15)

COMPASS method points researchers to protein structures
Searching for the precise, complexly folded three-dimensional structure of a protein can be like hacking through a jungle without a map: a long, intensive process with uncertain direction. University of Illinois researchers developed a new approach, dubbed COMPASS, that points directly to a protein's likely structure using a combination of advanced molecular spectroscopy techniques, predictive protein-folding algorithms and image recognition software. (2015-10-15)

In a negative emotional climate, romantic partners may miss attempts to warm things up!
A new University of Illinois study reports that when conflict occurs in romantic relationships, the negative emotional climate that results hinders a person's ability to recognize their partner's attempts to reach out to them. (2015-10-13)

UI Cancer Center, Governors State to address cancer disparities in south suburbs
The University of Illinois Cancer Center and Governors State University have received a joint four-year, $1.5 million grant from the National Cancer Institute to help both institutions conduct community-based research to reduce cancer-related health disparities in Chicago's south suburbs. (2015-10-13)

Health care, research failing to adapt to US's growing multiracial population
Health care, research failing to adapt data collection methods to the growing multiracial population in the US. (2015-10-12)

New centers help health workers fight deadly infections
The University of Illinois at Chicago has been selected as one of six research centers in the US to help develop a comprehensive new strategy to control Ebola and other emerging infectious diseases in health facilities. (2015-10-05)

Paper: Civic participation can bridge social-class segregation
Good news for the Leslie Knopes, Lisa Simpsons and other civic-minded strivers of the world: new research from a University of Illinois expert in social network analysis indicates that people who participate in voluntary civic organizations such as school PTAs, religious or leisure groups strengthen their ties to high-status people and accrue significantly better social cachet than their less-outgoing peers. (2015-10-05)

Brightness-equalized quantum dots improve biological imaging
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have introduced a new class of light-emitting quantum dots (QDs) with tunable and equalized fluorescence brightness across a broad range of colors. This results in more accurate measurements of molecules in diseased tissue and improved quantitative imaging capabilities. (2015-10-05)

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