Current Incarceration News and Events | Page 7

Current Incarceration News and Events, Incarceration News Articles.
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Prison punishes more people than just the inmates
More people live behind bars in the United States than in any other country, but the American prison system punishes more than just its inmates -- it also takes a toll on the health of friends and loved ones left behind. (2009-04-22)

Former inmates have increased risk of high blood pressure
Young adults who have been incarcerated appear more likely to have high blood pressure and left ventricular hypertrophy, an enlarging of the heart muscle that is a common consequence of hypertension, according to a report in the April 13 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. They also appear less likely to have access to regular medical care than those who have not been incarcerated. (2009-04-13)

Wait times for surgical repair of hernias among infants and young children
Longer wait times for surgical repair of inguinal hernias in infants and young children under the age of 2 were associated with more emergency department visits and a greater risk of incarcerated hernia, found a study published in CMAJ. (2008-11-03)

UCLA issues new report on Prop. 36
The effectiveness of substance abuse treatment provided under voter-approved Proposition 36, which calls for treatment instead of jail for nonviolent offenders, is being undermined by budget cuts, people not completing treatment, and increased arrests for drug and property crimes. (2008-10-14)

Bulging prison system called massive intervention in American family life
The mammoth increase in the United States' prison population since the 1970s is having profound demographic consequences that disproportionately affect black males. (2008-08-03)

HIV and illicit drug use -- a new way forward?
The United Nations needs to rethink its strategy on dealing with HIV and illicit drugs this year, concludes a comment published in this week's edition of the Lancet, authored by Joanne Csete, Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, and Daniel Wolfe, Open Society Institute, New York. (2008-05-29)

Mental disorders cost society billions in unearned income
Major mental disorders cost the nation at least $193 billion annually in lost earnings alone, according to a new study funded by the National Institutes of Health's National Institute of Mental Health. (2008-05-07)

Prisoner HIV program leads to continuum of medical care after release
By linking HIV positive prisoners to community-based medical care prior to release through an innovative program called Project Bridge, 95 percent of ex-offenders were retained in health care for a year after being released from incarceration, according to researchers from the Miriam Hospital. (2008-05-07)

Healing precedes a positive future for indigenous Australians
The Australian Government should form a National Indigenous Healing Foundation to provide compensation to the stolen generations. (2008-04-20)

As graduation rates go down, school ratings go up
A new study by researchers at Rice University and the University of Texas-Austin finds that Texas' public school accountability system, the model for the national No Child Left Behind Act, directly contributes to lower graduation rates. Each year Texas public high schools lose at least 135,000 youth prior to graduation -- a disproportionate number of whom are African-American, Latino and English-as-a-second-language students. (2008-02-14)

UCLA develops new model to predict the spread of a 'super-bug' in L.A. county jail
Researchers at UCLA have developed a mathematical model that mimics a particularly nasty and ongoing outbreak in the Los Angeles County Jail (among others) of the flesh eating bacteria Staphylococcus aureus. (2007-08-15)

Medical residents unclear about TB guidelines
US medical residents are not proficient at diagnosing and managing tuberculosis, according to a report published in the online open access journal, BMC Infectious Diseases. (2007-08-01)

Murder and the operations researcher
The criminal justice system, often the subject of political controversy, gains major insights from the unbiased analytical tools that operations researchers introduced beginning with the President's Crime Commission in the 1960s, according to a career retrospective by the winner of the Stockholm Prize in Criminology. (2007-03-01)

New research reveals historic 1990s US crime decline
According to new research by a UC Berkeley law professor, the U.S. crime rate dropped dramatically during the 1990s, producing the longest and deepest crime decline since World War II. (2007-02-16)

Physicians need to be advocates for prisoners' health
Physicians are an essential component of correctional institutions and have a responsibility to advocate for effective and humane treatment for inmates. This is the view expressed in a commentary published in the January 11 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine by Scott A. Allen, M.D., and Josiah D. Rich, M.D., M.P.H., physicians at the Center for Prisoner Health and Human Rights at the Miriam Hospital and Brown Medical School. (2007-01-10)

Adolescent arrest history influences risk of acquiring HIV
Adolescents with a history of arrest are at greater risk for HIV infection than adolescents with no arrest history, according to a new study published in the November issue of Drug and Alcohol Dependence. Researchers from the Bradley Hasbro Children's Research Center and Brown Medical School attribute higher rates of substance abuse, sexual risk behaviors and mental-health issues to the increased risk of infection. (2006-11-14)

Study sheds light on how young adult children of immigrants assimilate
While the vast majority of young adult children of immigrants experience upward economic and social mobility, a new study finds that a significant minority are suffering from lower levels of education, lower incomes, higher birth rates and higher levels of incarceration. Furthermore, it is the U.S.-born children of Mexican, Haitian and West Indian immigrants who experience these problems in the largest proportions. (2006-10-04)

NIDA announces recommendations to treat drug abusers, save money and reduce crime
The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), National Institutes of Health, today released a landmark scientific report showing that effective treatment of drug abuse and addiction can save communities money and reduce crime. Principles of Drug Abuse Treatment for Criminal Justice Populations outlines some of the proven components for successful treatment of drug abusers who have entered the criminal justice system, leading to lower rates of drug abuse and criminal activity. (2006-07-25)

Prisons not adapting to needs of aging inmate population
The prison inmate population is aging rapidly, but prisons have not yet adapted to the physical and mental needs of geriatric prisoners, according to a study conducted by researchers at the San Francisco VA Medical Center. (2006-03-13)

Relationship between incarceration and race disparities in US HIV rates explored
There may be a relationship between incarceration and race disparities in American HIV rates, Yale researchers report in the Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved. (2005-12-12)

Prisoners should have access to proven HIV prevention methods
HIV prevention methods known to work in prisoner populations are rarely made available to this community, states a Comment in this week's issue of The Lancet. (2005-11-24)

Risk factors for tuberculosis and homelessness often overlap in US
Risk factors for tuberculosis in the United States overlap with many of the risk factors associated with persistent homelessness, including being male or having a history of incarceration or substance abuse, according to a report in the June 8 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on tuberculosis. (2005-06-07)

Study depicts peril, hope for children of jailed mothers
For a young child whose mother is imprisoned, life's prospects are predictably grim. But a new study, the first empirical examination of the attachment relationships of young children whose mothers are in prison, suggests that simple interventions may prevent a downward social spiral for a rapidly growing and vulnerable population. (2005-05-19)

Children of incarcerated mothers exhibit poor attachment to caregivers, mothers
This is the first study to empirically demonstrate that children of incarcerated mothers generally have insecure relationships with their mothers and caregivers. Of the 54 children studied whose mothers were in prison, 63 percent had insecure relationships with their mothers and caregivers. Children were more likely to have secure relationships with their caregivers if they were living in a stable environment. These findings highlight the need for stable, continuous placements for children with incarcerated mothers. (2005-05-17)

Dialogue & personal example work best for parents in drug talks with teens
Parents can more effectively advise teens about alcohol and drug use if, first, they try dialogue instead of lecture and, second, they set an everyday example, rather than give the one-time drug sermon, according to a Penn State researcher. (2005-02-11)

Adolescent gamblers often suffer psychiatric problems
The younger a person is when they begin to gamble, the more likely they are to develop psychiatric and substance use problems. (2004-11-10)

Health issues may affect grandmothers who are primary caregivers
Grandmothers who are caregivers to grandchildren are more prone to stress and depressive symptoms than non-caregivers according to the latest research by Case Western Reserve University's Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing. Carol Musil, associate professor of nursing at Case, is leading an ongoing National Institutes of Health-funded study which examines the effects of caregiving on the health of 450 Ohio grandmothers, as well as how it impacts their families. (2004-11-10)

Gambling among adolescents and young adults associated with psychiatric problems
Adolescents and young adults who gamble are more likely than nongamblers to have substance use disorders and psychiatric problems, according to an article in the November issue of The Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. (2004-11-01)

Call for randomised criminal-justice trials
A scientific approach to test the validity of criminal-justice interventions before they become implemented is proposed by the author of a Viewpoint in this week's issue of The Lancet. The article provides details of how court-based randomisation could be put into practice. (2004-10-14)

Report: US criminal justice system unfair, unjust for Hispanics
Hispanics are overrepresented in the nation's criminal justice system, with Hispanic defendants imprisoned three times as often and detained before trial for first-time offenses almost twice as often as whites, despite being the least likely of all ethnic groups to have a criminal history, a report released today has found. (2004-10-14)

Recreational gambling appears to be associated with good health in older adults
There appears to be an association between recreational gambling and good health among elderly persons, unlike younger recreational gamblers, according to a Yale study. (2004-09-09)

Prison stigma leads to poor health for African American men
The Justice Policy Institute (2002) estimated that between 1980 and 2000, three times as many African American men went to prison than to universities and colleges. A study published in the Journal of Nursing Scholarship supports that following release from prison, men in this demographic group need steady jobs and stable homes to prevent imminent health problems, yet find it extremely difficult to do so. (2004-09-01)

'It is time to stop putting children second in the UK and USA'
The lead editorial this week focuses on the rights of children and is critical of the UK House of Lords amendment for failing to recommend the outlawing of the smacking of children, and of the USA for the detention of children with psychiatric illness. (2004-07-15)

More young black men have done prison time than served in the military or earned a college degree
Being jailed in federal or state prisons has become so common for African Americans today that more young black men in the United States have done time than have served in the military or earned a college degree, according to a new study. (2004-05-24)

More young black men have done prison time than military service or earned college degree
Being jailed in federal or state prisons has become so common today that more young black men in the United States have done time than have served in the military or earned a college degree, according to a new study. (2004-05-20)

Newer drugs appear to stem violent behavior
Researchers at Duke University Medical Center have found that a new generation of medications called (2004-04-12)

Male injecting-drug users at greater risk of drug-related death
A study of injecting-drug users in Scotland in this week's issue of THE LANCET highlights how men-and all injectors over 34 years of age-have the highest drug-related mortality risk. The study also focuses on the need for drug-related deaths to be assessed in relation to the estimated number of injecting-drug users (rather than overall population data) for reliable conclusions to be drawn about regional or age-related drug-related mortality risk. (2003-09-18)

MEDIA ALERT: World-renowned experts in suicide prevention to meet this week
New research findings and state-of-the-art overviews related to suicide as a significant public health threat will be featured during the American Association of Suicidology's 2003 Conference April 24-26 (with pre-conference workshops on April 23) in Santa Fe, New Mexico. World-renowned experts in suicide, with attendees gathering from across the U.S. and over a dozen countries, will discuss suicide in teens and college students, the elderly, minorities, alcohol and gambling addicts, police and military and more. (2003-04-22)

HIV-positive inmates say they frequently have unprotected sex before, after release
Inmates infected with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, engaged in unprotected sex both before imprisonment and after their release at (2003-02-11)

HIV/AIDS education for women in jail could reduce epidemic nationally
Providing HIV and AIDS education to female jail detainees could reduce the HIV and AIDS epidemic in the United States and should become a national public health priority, Northwestern University study recommends. (2002-04-29)

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