Current Industrial Ecology News and Events | Page 25

Current Industrial Ecology News and Events, Industrial Ecology News Articles.
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Ocean acidification already slowing coral reef growth
A team of scientists led by Carnegie's Rebecca Albright and Ken Caldeira performed the first-ever experiment that manipulated seawater chemistry in a natural coral reef community in order to determine the effect that excess carbon dioxide released by human activity is having on coral reefs. Their results provide evidence that ocean acidification is already slowing coral reef growth. (2016-02-24)

Bluebird's conundrum: Shack up now or hang out in mom's nest for a while?
Young male bluebirds may gain an evolutionary advantage by delaying breeding and helping out their parents' nests instead, according to new research led by Caitlin Stern of the Santa Fe Institute. (2016-02-24)

Consumers have huge environmental impact
You won't make big cuts in your environmental impact by taking shorter showers or turning out the lights. The real environmental problem, a new analysis has shown, is embodied in the things you buy. (2016-02-24)

Optimizing biofuel production from algae using carbon dioxide emissions
The combustion of fossil fuels drives the world's energy production, but it also emits carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases. In recent years, researchers have worked to cultivate alternative, renewable energy sources, including using algae-based systems. Now, a team reports in ACS' journal Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research an optimized way of producing biofuel from algae that also removes CO2 emissions from the environment. (2016-02-24)

Ocean acidification slowing coral reef growth
Research at One Tree Island Research Station proves ocean acidification resulting from carbon dioxide emissions is slowing coral reef growth. In the first experiment to manipulate the chemistry of seawater in the ocean, researchers brought the pH of a reef on the Great Barrier Reef Island closer to what it would have been in pre-industrial times. The team included Ph.D. candidate at the University of Sydney Kennedy Woolfe and leading climate scientist Ken Caldeira. (2016-02-24)

Climate change takes from the poor, gives to the rich, study finds
Fish and other important resources are moving toward the Earth's poles as the climate warms, and wealth is moving with them, according to a new paper by scientists at Rutgers, Princeton, Yale, and Arizona State universities. (2016-02-24)

Temperature changes wreak ecological havoc in deforested areas, CU-Boulder study finds
The newly-exposed edges of deforested areas are highly susceptible to drastic temperature changes, leading to hotter, drier and more variable conditions for the forest that remains, according to new research from the University of Colorado Boulder. (2016-02-23)

How climate change may be impacting the world's tropical forests
New research suggests that multi-year droughts will significantly alter the structure, composition, and dynamics of second-growth tropical forests, which have re-grown after cessation of agricultural activity or a major disturbance such as fire. (2016-02-22)

New model may improve population management of species facing local extinction
By developing a new model, researchers have provided the first detailed mortality estimates for male African lions. A comparison of two populations, including the one of Cecil, exposed the signature that human impact leaves on male lion mortality. (2016-02-22)

Large-scale environmental variation affects reproduction and survival of plants
A new analysis looks at how rates of reproduction and survival of 26 shrub species with fire-dependent life cycles in the Cape Floristic Region in South Africa respond to environmental variation. (2016-02-22)

New tool helps model forest traits and evolution
Researchers have developed plant, a software framework, to investigate how plant species differing in traits may be able to coexist with one another. (2016-02-22)

Deception and trickery are rife in natural world, scientist says in new book
In 'Cheats and Deceits: How Animals and Plants Exploit and Mislead,' which launches next week, Dr. Martin Stevens explains the science behind how species mimic other objects or organisms in the environment for protection, trick others into rearing their young, lure prey to their death, and deceive potential mates for reproduction. (2016-02-19)

California's ecological abundance
UCSB researchers contributed chapters to 'Ecosystems of California,' an integrated assessment of each major ecosystem in the state (2016-02-18)

Are conservation efforts for coral reefs misguided?
A recent global analysis indicates that more than half of coral reefs are located less than 30 minutes from the nearest human settlement, but these reefs are receiving less protection than reefs located farther away from people. (2016-02-16)

Wide and stubborn variations in longevity across Europe over past 20 years
Wide and stubborn variations in longevity have persisted across Europe over the past 20 years, indicates research published online in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health. (2016-02-15)

Scientists: Think more broadly to predict wildlife climate change survival
In a paper published this week in the journal Trends in Ecology and Evolution, Dr. Regan Early, a lecturer in Conservation Biology at the University of Exeter, and colleagues from Portugal, Canada and Sweden, say scientists are largely ignoring the species characteristics that could tell them the most when it comes to calculating the probability of how well species will be able to survive environmental change. (2016-02-15)

Stability in ecosystems: Asynchrony of species is more important than diversity
Whether an animal or plant community remains stable does not depend on diversity alone: asynchrony across the species is also a crucial factor. The more asynchronous the species in an ecosystem fluctuate in their abundances, the less likely it becomes unstable. As a result, diversity takes second place in terms of the factors to be considered in the context of ecosystem stability. Scientists spearheaded by the TU Munich and TU Darmstadt have published these findings in the journal Nature Communications. (2016-02-12)

One Ecosystem Journal: Innovation in ecology and sustainability research publishing
Focused on the fields of ecology and sustainability, One Ecosystem is an innovative open access scholarly journal that goes beyond the conventional research article publication. Launched in January 2016, the new journal is now open for submissions ranging across the entire research cycle, including data, models, methods, workflows, results, software, perspectives and policy recommendations. (2016-02-10)

Why not recycled concrete?
From paper towels to cups to plastic bottles, products made from recycled materials permeate our lives. One notable exception is building materials. Why can't we recycle concrete from our deteriorating infrastructure for use as material in new buildings and bridges? It's a question that a team of researchers at the University of Notre Dame is examining. (2016-02-10)

Identifying plant and animal DNA switches much faster and cheaper
Ecological epigenetics has now been further advanced thanks to the development of a new research technique. 'This technique is cheaper and faster and enables research that was previously impossible to conduct.' The time has come to look at how important epigenetic changes really are for dealing with climate change, plagues and other stress-factors. The research team led by the Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW) is publishing its technique in the scientific journal Nature Methods. (2016-02-09)

Online shopping might not be as green as we thought
A study by researchers in the Delaware Center for Transportation provides insight into the impacts of home shopping on vehicle operations and greenhouse gas emissions. (2016-02-05)

Journal publishes doctoral candidate's findings on beetle promiscuity
Elizabeth Droge-Young's research focused on four possibilities: that mating benefits the female beetles by providing them with moisture; with nutrients in the ejaculate; with proteins that support egg laying; or with additional sperm. The findings led her to conclude that it was the need for additional moisture that fed the beetles' drive to mate so frequently -- even to the point where they would sometimes coerce a reluctant male. (2016-02-03)

Pharmaceutical residues increasingly disrupt aquatic life: A hidden global change
Let's forget about the climate for a minute. Largely hidden from public view, another global change is causing increasing disruption. Residues of medicines in water can kill aquatic animals and play havoc with their food web and reproductive cycle. An international team of researchers led by the Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW) makes an urgent case for better wastewater treatment and biodegradable pharmaceuticals. (2016-02-02)

Major storm events play key role in biogeochemistry of watersheds
A new Yale-led study finds that heavy weather events cause an inordinate amount of organic material to bypass headwater systems, pushing them downstream into larger rivers and coastal waters and inland basins -- with profound implications for water quality through the watershed. (2016-02-01)

How maths solves problems for industry
The use of maths research in the UK to solve problems for business and industry is highlighted in a new book co-edited by academics at the University of Strathclyde. (2016-01-26)

The way to learn
A well-known songbird, the great tit, has revealed its genetic code, offering researchers new insight into how species adapt to a changing planet. Their initial findings suggest that epigenetics -- what's on rather than what's in the gene -- may play a key role in the evolution of memory and learning. And that's not just true for birds. An international research team led by the Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW) and Wageningen University will publish these findings in Nature Communications on Monday. (2016-01-25)

Louisiana Tech University engineering professor receives state professionalism award
Dr. Beth Hegab, lecturer for industrial engineering and program coordinator for engineering and technology management at Louisiana Tech University, has received the 2016 Engineering Faculty Professionalism Award from the Louisiana Engineering Foundation. (2016-01-22)

New study identifies lead exposure risk of water pipe replacement
A new long-term simulation study confirms that partial replacement of lead pipes with copper, as could have caused serious problems in Flint, MI and Washington, D.C., more than doubles the lead released into the water supply. A partial lead and copper pipe approach to service line replacement may increase the risk of lead exposure to harmful levels, as described in the study published in Environmental Engineering Science. (2016-01-22)

Land management could help wildlife beat the challenges brought by climate change
Scientists from the University of Exeter have suggested that habitats could be controlled through various focused practices to help 'buffer' species against the worst effects of continued climate change. (2016-01-20)

Promiscuity could reduce benefits of successful mating, research shows
Males that mate with multiple partners may actually experience a reduction in paternity rates, due to sperm competition, as their partners will also mate with many other males. (2016-01-19)

Chemical study of the influence of the marine environment on historical buildings
The UPV/EHU's IBeA research group has studied by means of various analytical tools the influence that may be exerted by various marine and urban-industrial atmospheres on the state of conservation of three buildings located in different places. To do this, they studied the chemical reactions that take place in different construction materials. All this could help to design possible strategies for new restoration processes of buildings close to the sea. (2016-01-19)

Intelligent electronics to become durable, flexible and functional through new technology
With the roll-to-roll overmoulding manufacturing process developed by VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, components can be easily overmoulded into durable electronics products such as wearable sports solutions, toys and, for instance, household appliances equipped with an overmoulded solar cell. (2016-01-18)

Researchers solve long-standing ecological riddle
Researchers have found clear evidence that communities rich in species are substantially healthier and more productive than those depleted of species, once complicating factors are removed. (2016-01-14)

Preventing food waste better strategy than turning it into biogas
Efforts to find alternative sources of energy has more and more municipalities looking at biogas facilities designed to recycle food waste. But encouraging people to work harder to cut food waste instead of collecting food waste and turning it into biogas cuts energy impacts more than biogas production and use, researchers from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology have found. (2016-01-12)

Rapid, low cost laser-based technique for biomass analysis described in Industrial Biotechnology
Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy is emerging as a fast, cost-efficient method for identifying the total amount and specific compounds that comprise the inorganic component of biomass. Accurate and reliable analysis of these minerals, such as aluminum, calcium, iron, and silicon is essential, as this 'ash' can cause problems when converting biomass to hydrocarbon biofuels, as described in a study published in Industrial Biotechnology. (2016-01-11)

Dog domestication may have increased harmful genetic changes, UCLA biologists report
Dog domestication may have inadvertently led to harmful genetic changes, a UCLA-led study suggests. Domestication of dogs from gray wolves more than 15,000 years ago involved artificial selection and inbreeding. (2016-01-11)

A botanical survey to help understand change in our wild flora
Volunteers in the north-east of England have created a benchmark survey of common plants with which to identify change in the countryside, its result and causes. This survey will be used in the future to monitor the effects of climate change on plants; assess the success of conservation measures and predict future change. Its findings are published in the open-access journal Biodiversity Data Journal. (2016-01-04)

Researchers find that in race stereotypes, issues are not so black and white
Recent race-related events in Ferguson, Mo., St. Louis, Baltimore, Chicago, Charleston, S.C., and New York City -- all point to the continuing need to study and understand race relations in modern America. These events show how race and stereotypes are intertwined and can lead to explosive situations and protests. Now, three Arizona State University researchers have approached this problem by asking, why do white Americans' stereotypes of black Americans take the particular forms they do? (2015-12-28)

UGA ecologist finds another cause of antibiotic resistance
The University of Georgia's J. Vaun McArthur is concerned that there's more to the problem of antibiotic-resistant bacteria than the misuse of common medications. McArthur, a senior research ecologist, believes environmental contaminants may be partly to blame for the rise in bacterial resistance, and he tested this hypothesis in streams on the US Department of Energy's Savannah River Site. (2015-12-23)

Levin wins National Medal of Science for unraveling ecological complexity
Simon Levin, Princeton University's George M. Moffett Professor of Biology and professor of ecology and evolutionary biology, will receive a National Medal of Science, the nation's highest scientific honor. Levin will be honored at a White House ceremony in early 2016 along with eight fellow Medal of Science recipients and eight recipients of the National Medal of Technology and Innovation. (2015-12-22)

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