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Current Infants News and Events, Infants News Articles.
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3D images reveal how infants' heads change shape during birth
Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), scientists have captured 3D images that show how infants' brains and skulls change shape as they move through the birth canal just before delivery. (2019-05-15)
How much language are unborn children exposed to in the womb?
The different soundscapes of NICUs has recently attracted interest in how changes in what we hear in our earliest days might affect language development in the brain. (2019-05-14)
Early term infants less likely to breastfeed
A new, prospective study provides evidence that 'early term' infants (those born at 37-38 weeks) are less likely than full-term infants to be breastfeed within the first hour and at one month after birth. (2019-05-14)
Quieter intensive care units may translate to better outcomes for infants in new study
Excessive noise is widely known to have negative effects on health, and children in neonatal intensive care units are among the most vulnerable. (2019-05-13)
Older fathers put health of partners, unborn children at risk, Rutgers study finds
Men who delay starting a family have a ticking 'biological clock' -- just like women -- that may affect the health of their partners and children, according to Rutgers researchers. (2019-05-12)
Milk expression within 8 hours associated with lactation success for VLBW infants in NICU
A study led by physician researchers at Boston Medical Center has shown that first milk expression within eight hours of giving birth is associated with the highest probability of mothers of very low-birth-weight infants being able to provide milk throughout hospitalization in the neonatal intensive care unit. (2019-05-09)
Apgar scores 'within the normal range' linked to higher risks of illness and death
Apgar scores of 7, 8, and 9 (considered to be within the normal range) are associated with higher risks of illness and even death in newborns, finds a large study from Sweden published by The BMJ today. (2019-05-07)
New study finds high rates of formula use with low-income infants, recommends changes
New research by George Mason University's College of Health and Human Services found high rates of non-exclusive breastfeeding and early infant formula introduction. (2019-05-02)
New noninvasive ventilation strategy allows preterm infants to breathe freely
Preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) face heightened risks of death, critical illness, and prolonged hospitalization, particularly if they progress to develop acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). (2019-05-01)
Caffeine prevents PGE1-induced disturbances in respiratory neural control
Researchers propose PGE exerts adenosine-mediated effects on brainstem mechanisms of respiratory control, which may lead to destabilization of breathing in human infants undergoing treatment for congenital heart disease. (2019-04-29)
Ohio collaborative improves care of opioid-exposed infants
An Ohio Perinatal Quality Collaborative initiative has had a major impact on the care of opioid-exposed infants. (2019-04-29)
Breastfeeding boosts metabolites important for brain growth
Micro-preemies who primarily consume breast milk have significantly higher levels of metabolites important for brain growth and development, according to sophisticated imaging conducted by an interdisciplinary research team at Children's National. (2019-04-27)
Early lipids boost brain growth for vulnerable micro-preemies
Dietary lipids, already an important source of energy for tiny preemies, also provide a much-needed brain boost by significantly increasing global brain volume as well as increasing volume in regions involved in motor activities and memory, according to research presented during the Pediatric Academic Societies 2019 Annual Meeting. (2019-04-27)
Parents of older, healthier newborns with less social support less resilient
Parents of older, healthier newborns with less social support were less resilient during their child's neonatal intensive care unit stay, a finding that correlates with more symptoms of depression and anxiety, according to Children's research presented during the Pediatric Academic Societies 2019 Annual Meeting. (2019-04-27)
Eat, sleep and console tool decreases length of stay and post natal use of opiates
A new quality improvement tool called Eat, Sleep and Console shows consistent signs of improved care of opioid-exposed newborns in neonatal intensive care units. (2019-04-27)
In HIE, lower heart rate variability signals stressed newborns
In newborns with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, lower heart rate variability correlates with autonomic manifestations of stress shortly after birth, underscoring the importance of this reading as a valuable biomarker, according to Children's research presented during the Pediatric Academic Societies 2019 Annual Meeting. (2019-04-27)
Looking for 'help' signals in the blood of newborns with HIE
Measuring a number of biomarkers over time that are produced as the body responds to inflammation and injury may help to pinpoint newborns who are more vulnerable to suffering lasting brain injury due to disrupted oxygen delivery and blood flow, according to research presented during the Pediatric Academic Societies 2019 Annual Meeting. (2019-04-27)
Children's NICU slashes unintended extubation rates by 60% over 10 years
A quality-improvement project at the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) at Children's National that included standardized taping methods, bedside review of events within 72 hours and reducing how often newborns received chest X-rays reduced unintended extubations by 60% over 10 years and saved an estimated $1.5 million per year, according to research published online April 26, 2019, in Pediatrics. (2019-04-26)
Disorders of sexual development may be more common in newborns than previously thought
Ambiguous genitalia in newborns may be more common than previously thought, according to a study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of the Endocrine Society. (2019-04-24)
A speedier pipeline to diagnosing genetic diseases in seriously ill infants
Building on previous research, scientists have made improvements to an artificial intelligence pipeline used to diagnose genetic diseases via blood samples obtained from gravely ill infants in a San Diego-based children's hospital. (2019-04-24)
Study finds improved WIC food packages reduced obesity risk for children
A decade ago, the federal government overhauled nutrition standards for food packages in its primary food assistance program for young mothers and their children. (2019-04-23)
Is state medicaid expansion associated with changes in low birth weight, preterm births?
This observational study examined whether state Medicaid expansion under the Affordable Care Act was associated with changes in low birth weight and preterm birth both overall and by race/ethnicity. (2019-04-23)
Pregnant women with type 1 diabetes are at risk of giving birth prematurely
Pregnant women with type 1 diabetes are at increased risk of delivering their baby prematurely. (2019-04-23)
Soft bedding poses grave danger to sleeping babies, study shows
Almost 70% of babies who died from sleep-related suffocation between 2011 and 2014 did so because of soft bedding, a new study reveals. (2019-04-22)
Mode of delivery alters infants' gut microbiota and this may impact respiratory health in first year of life
New research being presented at this year's European Congress of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases (ECCMID) in Amsterdam, the Netherlands (April 13-16), suggests that mode of delivery influences the development of the microbial composition of the gut (i.e. the gut microbiota) in infants, independently of a mother's use of antibiotics. (2019-04-12)
Microbiome of baby's first stool is associated with overweight at age 3 years
New research presented at this year's European Congress of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases (ECCMID) in Amsterdam, Netherlands (April 13-16) shows that the early microbiome (population of gut bacteria) in newborn babies is able to predict the risk of the child subsequently becoming overweight. (2019-04-12)
To lower childhood obesity, don't sugarcoat the facts about sweet drinks
A new study at Columbia University suggests that giving pregnant women and new mothers the facts about the health risks of drinking sugary beverages may help reduce childhood obesity. (2019-04-09)
An EEG to assess a baby's developmental risk?
Does exposure to stress early in life affect a baby's brain development, and is there a way to single out babies who might benefit from early intervention? (2019-04-08)
Neurodevelopment of 2-month-old infants shows effect of maternal stress
A study of 70 mothers and their infants suggests that the impact of maternal stress on neurodevelopment is detectable by electroencephalography (EEG) at 2 months of age. (2019-04-08)
Identifying a key player in gut defense development
Scientists have identified a protein critical to the immune system development and antibody production in mice, which could contribute to understanding the gut defense mechanism in infants. (2019-04-07)
Integrating infant mental health into the neonatal intensive care unit
Psychotherapists attend to mental health needs of NICU families, specifically focusing on the developing relationship between babies and parents. (2019-04-03)
Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk that your baby will become obese
Using discarded foreskins from circumcisions, researchers were able to identify a potential cellular mechanism that connects a mother's smoking while pregnant with an increased risk of offspring obesity later in life (2019-03-29)
Most precise measurements of sickle cell disease building blocks could lead to new treatments
In a breakthrough study of sickle cell disease, biomedical engineers in the University of Minnesota College of Science and Engineering have revealed that the building blocks of the disease are much less efficient at organizing than previously thought. (2019-03-28)
Artificial womb technology breaks its 4 minute mile
A major advancement in pioneering technology based around the use of an artificial womb to save extremely premature babies is being hailed as a medical and biotechnological breakthrough. (2019-03-26)
Pediatric health researchers offer insights for RSV vaccine
In healthy adults, RSV, or respiratory syncytial virus, feels like the common cold with a runny nose, chest congestion and cough. (2019-03-26)
Study focuses on link between child feeding and health among Marshallese immigrants
A recent study of child-feeding habits among Marshallese in Arkansas is a step toward lowering rates of obesity, diabetes and heart disease, which affect this population at higher rates than the US population in general. (2019-03-26)
Compared to sustained inflations for extremely premature infants, standard treatment prevails
Preterm infants must establish regular breathing patterns at delivery. For extremely preterm infants requiring resuscitation at birth, a ventilation strategy involving two sustained inflations, compared with standard intermittent positive pressure ventilation, did not reduce the risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia or death at 36 weeks postmenstrual age. (2019-03-26)
Mothers of fussy babies at higher risk of depressive symptoms
As FDA approval of the first postpartum depression drug hits the news, study looks at how infant fussiness and a baby's level of prematurity may influence the severity of maternal depressive symptoms. (2019-03-25)
Study examines racial segregation, inequality of care in NICUs
This observational study looked at the extent of racial segregation and inequality of care for very low-birth-weight and very preterm infants at neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) across the United States. (2019-03-25)
Outcomes for smallest infants born weighing less than 400 grams
This observational study adds to information about outcomes for the smallest infants born weighing less than 400 grams, which is less than a pound. (2019-03-25)
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