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Current Infectious Disease News and Events, Infectious Disease News Articles.
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Mosquito-borne virus may lead to severe brain infection
The mosquito-borne virus chikungunya may lead to severe brain infection and even death in infants and people over 65, according to a new study that reviewed a chikungunya outbreak on Reunion Island off the coast of Madagascar in 2005-2006. The study is published in the Nov. 25, 2015, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. (2015-11-25)

Pre-travel advice does not reduce the risk of falling ill while traveling
Traveling abroad involves risk of illnesses and carriage of antibiotic resistant bacteria, especially among students. Illnesses such as travelers' diarrhea and respiratory tract infections are most common. Even if travelers follow the travel medicine clinics' advice on how to reduce risks during travel, the risk of falling ill is not reduced. This according to a dissertation at Umeå University in Sweden. (2015-11-24)

Evolution of severely immunosuppressed HIV patients depends on the immunologic and virologic response
A study with nearly 2,300 severely immunocompromised HIV patients and led by researchers from the Bellvitge University Hospital and IDIBELL concludes that even in the worst scenario if patients recover immunologic response recovers or decreases viral load, or only one of the two things, the patient is able to control the disease. The work was published in the Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. (2015-11-23)

UEA leads first systematic review of Ebola risks
Looking after people with late-stage Ebola at home puts people at greatest risk of catching it themselves -- according to research from the University of East Anglia. (2015-11-22)

$2.5 million grant funds study of how infectious diseases become epidemics
Kansas State University researchers are part of a team funded by US and UK agencies to identify and control infectious human, animal, and plant diseases. (2015-11-18)

'Good' mozzie virus might hold key to fighting human disease
Australian scientists have discovered a new virus carried by one of the country's most common pest mosquitoes. The new virus -- known as Parramatta River virus -- infects only mosquitoes and doesn't pose any direct health risks to people, according to University of Queensland (UQ) and University of Sydney researchers. (2015-11-17)

Responding to 'C. diff' -- concerted action needed to control health care-related infection
Appropriate use of antibiotics is a critical step toward controlling the ongoing epidemic of health care-related Clostridium difficile infection, according to a special article in the November issue of Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice. The journal, affiliated with the National Foundation for Infectious Diseases, the journal is published by Wolters Kluwer. (2015-11-16)

Computer model reveals deadly route of Ebola outbreak
A research team led by Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health mapped the spread of the 2014-2015 Ebola outbreak in Sierra Leone, providing the most detailed picture to date on the disease spread and identifying two critical opportunities to control the epidemic. The novel statistical method gives health authorities a new tool to plan interventions to contain future outbreaks in real time, and not just of Ebola. (2015-11-10)

Using copper to prevent the spread of respiratory viruses
New research has found that copper can effectively help to prevent the spread of respiratory viruses, which are linked to severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS). (2015-11-10)

Self-rated health predicts immune response to the common cold
It turns out that we may be the best forecasters of our own health. New research from Carnegie Mellon University psychologists shows that a simple self-rating of health accurately predicts susceptibility to the common cold in healthy adults aged 18-55 years. Published in Psychosomatic Medicine, the study -- led by CMU's Sheldon Cohen -- indicates that low self-rated-health is associated with poorer immune system competence. (2015-11-09)

UGA researchers identify essential component of antiviral defense
Infectious disease researchers at the University of Georgia have identified a signaling protein critical for host defense against influenza infection. The findings, recently published in PLoS Pathogens, shed light on how a single component of the body's defense system promotes effective immunity against viral infections -- particularly respiratory viruses -- that affect mucosal sites. (2015-11-06)

Scottish university scientist behind successful rapid-detection Ebola test
A rapid-detection Ebola test developed by international scientists has been deployed in Senegal and Guinea following a highly effective pilot project. Dr. Manfred Weidmann, from the University of Stirling, Scotland was part of a Wellcome Trust project led by the Pasteur Institute of Dakar. They developed a sophisticated point-of-care saliva test, all contained within a suitcase-sized mobile laboratory. A test evaluation of 928 samples showed it performs exceptionally well under field conditions. (2015-11-06)

Vaccine against respiratory syncytial virus shows promise in early trial
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health researchers say a new candidate vaccine against respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) made with a weakened version of the virus shows great promise at fighting the disease, the leading cause of hospitalization for children under the age of one in the US. (2015-11-04)

Therapies against biowarfare subject of $7.6 million Defense grant to Pitt vaccine scientists
The US Department of Defense has awarded a $7.6 million grant to a collaborative group of scientists in the University of Pittsburgh Center for Vaccine Research for groundbreaking work that could lead to countermeasures against bioterrorism attacks. (2015-11-04)

Scarlet fever making a comeback
An international study led by University of Queensland researchers has tracked the re-emergence of a childhood disease which had largely disappeared over the past 100 years. Researchers at UQ's Australian Infectious Diseases Centre have used genome sequencing techniques to investigate a rise in the incidence of scarlet fever-causing bacteria and an increasing resistance to antibiotics. (2015-11-04)

How to model the immune system - 10 billion components at a time
The complexity of the human immune response has been difficult to characterize on a 'big picture' level, but researchers at the Virginia Bioinformatics Institute at Virginia Tech have written the book on how it can be done. (2015-11-03)

Professor receives grant to seek a cure for a leading cause of death in children under 5
Lesly Temesvari, an Alumni Distinguished Professor and Fulbright Scholar in Clemson University's biological sciences department, has been awarded a two-year, $290,400 grant from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health. (2015-11-03)

Penn study blocks Ebola virus budding by regulating calcium signaling
A new study led by researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine showed that blocking a calcium-signaling pathway could inhibit not only the Ebola virus, but also Marburg, Lassa and Junin viruses, all sources of deadly infections. (2015-10-30)

Studies raise questions about impact of statins on flu vaccination in seniors
A new pair of studies suggests that statins, drugs widely used to reduce cholesterol, may have a detrimental effect on the immune response to influenza vaccine and the vaccine's effectiveness at preventing serious illness in older adults. Published in The Journal of Infectious Diseases, the findings, if confirmed by additional research, may have implications for flu vaccine recommendations, guidelines for statin use around the time of vaccination, and future vaccine clinical trials in seniors. (2015-10-29)

$5.8 million NIH contract to Saint Louis University to fund 'omics' research
Saint Louis University's Vaccine Center is one of two sites in the nation selected by the NIH to conduct omics research on infectious diseases. (2015-10-29)

Three deadly bacteria families responsible for nearly 60 percent of meningococcal cases
Scientists at Oxford University have identified the key groups of bacteria responsible for the majority of meningococcal disease cases in England and Wales over the past 20 years. (2015-10-28)

RI Hospital researcher confirms praziquantel safe after first trimester
Rhode Island Hospital researchers confirmed that praziquantel to treat schistosomiasis is safe to give pregnant women after the first trimester. The finding could prove critical to the care of pregnant and lactating women with schistosomiasis who are denied praziquantel. The study was published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases. (2015-10-27)

How parasites take a bigger bite
A team of international scientists led by the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre uncovered an important mechanism behind Leishmania, a deadly parasitic disease transmitted by sandflies. In a new study published today in Cell Reports, researchers described how key molecules known as exosomes, boost the process by which the Leishmania parasite infects humans and other mammals. These findings could lead to the development of new potential vaccine targets and diagnostic tools. (2015-10-22)

TIME Magazine's Ebola doctor in first US appearance: What's needed for next epidemic
Ebola doctor and a TIME Magazine Person of the Year Jerry Brown, MD, will make a first public appearance in the United States. He will be part of an Ebola summit gathering at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine in Cleveland, conveying insights from the frontlines of the Ebola pandemic in Liberia, the current status of the disease in that country, and what the world needs to learn from the West Africa Ebola experience. (2015-10-20)

From good to bad with a copper switch
They turn into bad prions, but no one knew how. Now a group of SISSA scientists has finally identified the mechanism underlying the pathological transformation of prion proteins: it all depends on a metal, copper, and its bond with the protein. The findings have just been published in Scientific Reports. (2015-10-20)

Superbug infection greatest increase in children ages 1-5
Children are becoming infected with the highly fatal antibiotic resistant bacteria CRE at a much higher rate than the recent past, according to a data analysis by researchers at Rush University Medical Center. The study was published in the Centers for Disease Control's publication Emerging Infectious Diseases on Oct. 14. (2015-10-20)

IDRI, Sanofi Pasteur team with philanthropy to develop new model for vaccine development
In an effort to accelerate timelines and decrease development costs of life-saving vaccines, the Infectious Disease Research Institute and Sanofi Pasteur today announce the establishment of the Global Health Vaccine Center of Innovation, to be headquartered at IDRI in Seattle. This project is funded in part by a grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. (2015-10-15)

Drug-resistant E. coli continues to climb in community health settings
Drug-resistant E. coli infections are on the rise in community hospitals, where more than half of US patients receive their health care, according to a new study from Duke Medicine. (2015-10-13)

Fungi at root of plant drugs that can help, or harm, sick monarch butterflies
Previously, biologists discovered that butterflies use plant toxins as a drug to cure their offspring of parasitic infections. Now they've dug a little deeper and found that the fungi associated with the roots of milkweed plants change both the nutritional and medicinal chemistry of milkweed leaves. (2015-10-13)

Antibiotic stewardship reduces C. diff in hospitalized children
Hospitalized children were three times less likely to become sick with Clostridium difficile (C. diff), a serious bacterial infection that can occur after prolonged antibiotic use, following implementation of an antibiotic stewardship program, a new study found. These programs reduce the misuse of antibiotics and therefore C. diff, and also result in antibiotic cost savings, according to research being presented at IDWeek 2015™. (2015-10-09)

Salmonella unmasked as major killer of young children in Africa
Invasive Salmonella infections in sub-Saharan Africa are a major cause of child illness and deaths, a new body of research into this usually overlooked infectious disease has revealed. In the West, Salmonella is commonly thought of as a bacterium responsible for relatively benign cases of food poisoning. However, a supplement to the leading infectious diseases journal Clinical Infectious Diseases published today now exposes the unacceptable toll of sickness and death caused by invasive Salmonella infections in sub-Saharan Africa. (2015-10-08)

Cleaning hospital rooms with chemicals, UV rays cuts superbug transmissions
In a hospital, what you can't see could hurt you. Healthcare facilities continue to battle drug-resistant organisms such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus that loiter on surfaces even after patient rooms have been cleaned and can cause new, sometimes-deadly infections. But a new study from Duke Medicine has found that using a combination of chemicals and UV light to clean patient rooms cut transmission of four major superbugs by a cumulative 30 percent among a specific group of patients. (2015-10-07)

New centers help health workers fight deadly infections
The University of Illinois at Chicago has been selected as one of six research centers in the US to help develop a comprehensive new strategy to control Ebola and other emerging infectious diseases in health facilities. (2015-10-05)

Schools are underprepared for pandemics and natural disasters: Study
Missouri schools are no more prepared to respond to pandemics, natural disasters, and bioterrorism attacks than they were in 2011, according to a study published in the October issue of the American Journal of Infection Control, the official publication of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology. (2015-10-05)

Fourth Annual IDWeek brings together internationally-recognized infectious disease experts
Infectious disease experts nationwide will gather in Philadelphia for the 4th annual IDWeek Oct. 7-11. (2015-10-02)

Latest technology could help curb repeat Ebola crisis, experts say
Recent developments in surveillance technology could enable a swifter, more effective response to potentially deadly outbreaks of disease, and technology could help improve the response, a study has found. (2015-09-30)

How do highly social wildlife species survive disease?
Researchers will determine how sociality and infectious disease interact and influence group and population level survival in social wildlife species. (2015-09-25)

Prion disease detected soon after infection and in surprising place in mouse brains
Prion diseases -- incurable, ultimately fatal, transmissible neurodegenerative disorders of mammals -- are believed to develop undetected in the brain over several years from infectious prion protein. In a new study, NIH scientists report they can detect infectious prion protein in mouse brains within a week of inoculation. Equally surprising, the protein was generated outside blood vessels in a place in the brain where scientists believe drug treatment could be targeted to prevent disease. (2015-09-22)

Stanford team re-engineers virus to deliver therapies to cells
Researchers stripped a virus of its infectious machinery and turned its benign core into a delivery vehicle that can target sick cells while leaving healthy tissue alone. (2015-09-21)

Monitoring the microbiome in leukemia patients could reduce infections during chemotherapy
Researchers report that a patient's microbial diversity, even before they start cancer treatment, can be linked to risk of infection during induction chemotherapy. This research is presented at ASM's Interscience Conference of Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (ICAAC/ICC). (2015-09-20)

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