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Current Infectious Diseases News and Events

Current Infectious Diseases News and Events, Infectious Diseases News Articles.
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'Intensive' beekeeping not to blame for common bee diseases
More 'intensive' beekeeping does not raise the risk of diseases that harm or kill the insects, new research suggests. (2019-07-17)
How kissing as a risk factor may explain the high global incidence of gonorrhoea
In 2016, there were 87 million people diagnosed with gonorrhoea, the most antibiotic resistant of all the STIs. (2019-07-17)
Gut microbes protect against neurologic damage from viral infections
Gut microbes produce compounds that prime immune cells to destroy harmful viruses in the brain and nervous system, according to a mouse study published today in eLife. (2019-07-16)
Singapore scientists uncover mechanism behind development of viral infections
A team of researchers from the SingHealth Duke-NUS Academic Medicine Centre's Viral Research and Experimental Medicine Centre (ViREMiCS) found that immune cells undergoing stress and an altered metabolism are the reasons why some individuals become sick from viral infections while others do not, when exposed to the same virus. (2019-07-16)
Political support, strong public health systems key to eliminating measles outbreaks worldwide
Strong political support and strong public health systems are necessary to combat measles outbreaks, which are growing in frequency around the world, argue public health experts in a commentary in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). (2019-07-15)
A legal framework for vector-borne diseases and land use
Vector-borne diseases -- caused by parasites, viruses, and bacteria transmitted by insects and animals -- account for more than 17% of all infectious diseases on Earth. (2019-07-15)
Persistent HIV in central nervous system linked to cognitive impairment
Many people with HIV on antiretroviral therapy (ART) have viral genetic material in the cells of their cerebrospinal fluid, and these individuals are more likely to experience memory and concentration problems, according to a NIAID-funded study published in the Journal of Clinical Investigation. (2019-07-15)
Mad cow disease: A computational model reveals the mechanism of replication of prions
An article published in the journal PLOS Pathogens reports a realistic computational model for the structure and mechanism of replication of prions, infectious agents responsible for mad cow disease and other neurodegenerative disorders of human and animals. (2019-07-11)
Greater prevalence of anal cancer precursors for women living with HIV than prior reports
The prevalence of anal high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL), which precede anal cancer, is much higher in women living with HIV than previously reported, a multi-site, national study involving hundreds of patients has found. (2019-07-11)
Old protein, new tricks: UMD connects a protein to antibody immunity for the first time
How can a protein be a major contributor in the development of birth defects, and also hold the potential to provide symptom relief from autoimmune diseases like lupus? (2019-07-09)
Scientists identify new virus-killing protein
A new protein called KHNYN has been identified as a missing piece in a natural antiviral system that kills viruses by targeting a specific pattern in viral genomes, according to new findings published today in eLife. (2019-07-09)
Novel method identifies patients at risk for HIV who may benefit from PrEP strategies
Researchers have demonstrated the effectiveness of using algorithms that analyze electronic health records to help physicians identify patients at risk for HIV who may benefit from preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP), which significantly reduces the risk of getting HIV. (2019-07-08)
Combining antibiotics, researchers deliver one-two punch against ubiquitous bacterium
By combining two well-established antibiotics for the first time, a scientific team led by Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and Louis Stokes Cleveland VA Medical Center has delivered a 'double whammy' against the pervasive Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a potentially deadly form of bacteria that is a major source of hospital-based infections. (2019-07-08)
Medication linked to increased risk of inflammatory bowel disease
Medications that target tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα), a protein involved in inflammation, have revolutionized the management of certain autoimmune diseases, but paradoxically, these agents might provoke the development of other autoimmune conditions. (2019-07-03)
Can we feed 11 billion people while preventing the spread of infectious disease?
A new article published in Nature Sustainability describes how the increase in population and the need to feed everyone will give rise to human infectious disease, a situation the authors of the paper consider 'two of the most formidable ecological and public health challenges of the 21st century.' (2019-07-02)
Environmentally friendly control of common disease infecting fish and amphibians
Aquatic organisms in marine systems and freshwaters are threatened by fungal and fungal-like diseases globally. (2019-07-01)
Epidemiological review on emerging & re-emerging parasitic infectious diseases in Malaysia
Re-emerging infectious diseases are those that were once a health problem in a particular region or a country and are now emerging again. (2019-06-28)
New method reveals how well TB antibiotics reach their targets
Scientists have developed a new technique that enables them to visualise how well antibiotics against tuberculosis (TB) reach their pathogenic targets inside human hosts. (2019-06-27)
Long delays prescribing new antibiotics hinder market for needed drugs
US hospitals wait over a year on average to begin prescribing newly developed antibiotics, a delay that might threaten the supply or discourage future development of needed drugs, according to a University of Wisconsin-Madison study. (2019-06-26)
Climate warming could increase malaria risk in cooler regions
Malaria parasites develop faster in mosquitoes at lower temperatures than previously thought, according to researchers at Penn State and the University of Exeter. (2019-06-26)
Video games offer clues to help curb animal disease outbreaks
As Asia and Europe battle African swine fever outbreaks, UVM research shows how farmers' risk attitudes affect the spread of infectious animal diseases and offers a first-of-its kind model for testing disease control and prevention strategies. (2019-06-25)
New hypothesis links habitat loss and the global emergence of infectious diseases
Auburn University researchers have published a new hypothesis that could provide the foundation for new scientific studies looking into the association of habitat loss and the global emergence of infectious diseases. (2019-06-24)
New clues on tissue damage identified in rheumatoid arthritis and lupus
Research supported by the Accelerating Medicines Partnership (AMP) on Rheumatoid Arthritis and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (RA/SLE) provides new insights into tissue damage for these autoimmune conditions. (2019-06-18)
How certain antibiotic combinations could defeat 'superbugs'
In hospitalized patients with bacterial infections, heteroresistance is more widespread than previously appreciated. (2019-06-17)
NIAID scientists develop 'mini-brain' model of human prion disease
Scientists have used human skin cells to create what they believe is the first cerebral organoid system, or 'mini-brain,' for studying sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). (2019-06-14)
New insight could improve maternal vaccines that also protect newborns
Duke researchers describe a previously unidentified route for antibodies to be transferred from the mother to the fetus, illuminating a potential way to capitalize on this process to control when and how certain antibodies are shared. (2019-06-13)
Early-season hurricanes result in greater transmission of mosquito-borne infectious disease
The timing of a hurricane is one of the primary factors influencing its impact on the spread of mosquito-borne infectious diseases such as West Nile Virus, dengue, chikungunya and Zika, according to a study led by Georgia State University. (2019-06-13)
Half of Ebola outbreaks undetected
An estimated half of Ebola virus disease outbreaks have gone undetected since it was discovered in 1976, according to research published in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases. (2019-06-13)
Researcher identifies adjuvant that prevents vaccine-enhanced respiratory disease in RSV
A unique adjuvant, a substance that enhances the body's immune response to toxins and foreign matter, can prevent vaccine-enhanced respiratory disease, a sickness that has posed a major hurdle in vaccine development for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), according to a study led by the Institute for Biomedical Sciences at Georgia State University. (2019-06-12)
Xpert Ultra test for diagnosing TB now included in Cochrane Review
Tuberculosis causes more deaths globally than any other infectious disease and is a top 10 cause of death worldwide. (2019-06-10)
NIH HIV experts prioritize research to achieve sustained ART-free HIV remission
Achieving sustained remission of HIV without life-long antiretroviral therapy (ART) is a top HIV research priority, according to a new commentary in JAMA by experts at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health. (2019-06-06)
Are American Zika strains more virulent than Pacific and Asian strains?
Over recent years, Zika virus (ZIKV) has spread eastward from Africa and Asia, leading to an epidemic in the Americas. (2019-06-06)
Immune cells play unexpected role in early tuberculosis infection
A class of immune cells called innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) mediates the body's initial defense against TB, according to a report published online today in Nature. (2019-06-05)
Many kids with pneumonia get unnecessary antibiotics, chest X-rays
Preschool children with community-acquired pneumonia often receive unnecessary tests and treatment at outpatient clinics and emergency departments, according to a nationally representative study led by Todd Florin, M.D., MSCE, from Ann & Robert H. (2019-06-04)
NIH-supported study reveals a novel indicator of influenza immunity
A study of influenza virus transmission in Nicaraguan households reveals new insights into the type of immune responses that may be protective against influenza virus infection, report investigators. (2019-06-03)
Public health leaders call for new efforts to promote vaccination acceptance
On Thursday, an international coalition of public health leaders including CUNY SPH Dean Ayman El-Mohandes and Senior Scholar Scott Ratzan issued a statement asserting its commitment to vaccine acceptance around the world and to eliminating vaccine-preventable diseases, including childhood diseases such as measles, mumps, and rubella. (2019-05-30)
Understanding why virus can't replicate in human cells could improve vaccines
The identification of a gene that helps to restrict the host range of the modified vaccinia virus Ankara (MVA) could lead to the development of new and improved vaccines against diverse infectious agents, according to a study published May 30, 2019 in the open-access journal PLOS Pathogens by Bernard Moss of the National Institutes of Health, and colleagues. (2019-05-30)
Manuka honey to kill drug-resistant bacteria found in cystic fibrosis infections
Manuka honey could provide the key to a breakthrough treatment for cystic fibrosis patients following preliminary work by experts at Swansea University. (2019-05-29)
Experimental drug completely effective against Nipah virus infection in monkeys
The experimental antiviral drug remdesivir completely protected four African green monkeys from a lethal dose of Nipah virus, according to a new study in Science Translational Medicine from National Institutes of Health scientists and colleagues. (2019-05-29)
Coat of proteins makes viruses more infectious and links them to Alzheimer's disease
New research from Stockholm University and Karolinska Institutet shows that viruses interact with proteins in the biological fluids of their host which results in a layer of proteins on the viral surface. (2019-05-27)
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