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Current Infectious Diseases News and Events, Infectious Diseases News Articles.
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Cancer drug may treat sepsis, other uncontrollable immune responses to infection
Results from laboratory experiments and mouse studies suggest that small doses of drugs from a specific class of approved cancer medications called topoisomerase 1 (top1) inhibitors may protect against the overwhelming immune response to infection that sometimes leads to sepsis, a bacterial condition that kills as many as 500,000 people in the United States each year. (2016-04-29)
Ebola virus genome provides clues to repeated disease 'flare-ups' in Western Africa
Ebola virus samples taken from Liberian patients in June 2015 are genetically similar to other Ebola virus sequences from Western Africa, according to research published today in Science Advances. (2016-04-29)
Putting antibiotic-resistant bacteria and the immune system under 'surveillance'
A team led by Boston College biologist Tim van Opijnen has been awarded a $10-million National Institutes of Health grant to study the relationship between antibiotic-resistant bacteria and the immune system. (2016-04-28)
Ways of reducing the transmission of infectious diseases in transport hubs
Transport plays a major role in the spread of transmissible diseases. (2016-04-27)
Single antibody infusions provide durable protection against HIV-like virus in monkeys
A single antibody infusion can protect monkeys against infection with an HIV-like virus for up to 23 weeks, researchers have found. (2016-04-27)
Study: Answer to antibiotic-resistant infections could already be on the market
The rise of antibiotic resistant bacterial pathogens is an increasingly global threat to public health. (2016-04-26)
Microbial cooperation in the intestine
Brigham and Women's Hospital investigators, in collaboration with colleagues at Boston Children's Hospital, report on a rare example of cooperation between different species of bacteria in the intestine. (2016-04-25)
International pediatric research meeting showcases cutting-edge discoveries on children's health
Researchers will present thousands of original research abstracts and posters on children's health at the Pediatric Academic Societies (PAS) 2016 Meeting in Baltimore, including new research on the Zika virus, the impact of lead poisoning in Flint, Mich., sports-related concussions, autism, media, e-cigarettes, and marijuana exposure in states that have made it legal. (2016-04-22)
Discovery could lead to better asthma treatment
Scientists have made a discovery that could lead to improved treatment for asthma sufferers. (2016-04-21)
New honorary doctors at Karolinska Institutet 2016
The Board of Research at Karolinska Institutet, Sweden, has appointed three new honorary doctors -- Sir Richard Peto, Bob Langer and Alimuddin Zumla -- who will have their doctorates formally conferred at a ceremony in the Stockholm City Hall on May 13, 2016. (2016-04-21)
Infectious outbreaks must be combatted strategically, Dartmouth-HHS experts argue
New funding is not enough to guarantee success against emerging infectious diseases around the world. (2016-04-21)
Parts of Europe may be exposed to dengue outbreaks
Global travel and climate change increase the risk for epidemics of the mosquito-borne dengue virus, and potentially other climate-sensitive infectious diseases, spreading into temperate areas. (2016-04-20)
'Dirty mouse' may model human immune system more accurately, NIH-funded study suggests
Medical interventions that work well when tested in mouse models can fail when they advance to safety and efficacy testing in humans. (2016-04-20)
NIH study finds factors that may influence influenza vaccine effectiveness
Currently, seasonal flu vaccines are designed to induce high levels of protective antibodies against hemagglutinin (HA), a protein found on the surface of the influenza virus that enables the virus to enter a human cell and initiate infection. (2016-04-19)
Montana State offering live stream of vaccine expert panel
Montana State University is hosting the Maurice Hilleman Vaccine Symposium on April 23 and will be streaming the event live on the web. (2016-04-19)
Joint European research into the herpes virus
Fifteen Ph.D. students now have the opportunity to improve their skills via the EDGE project. (2016-04-19)
New study: Significant health impacts from extreme weather linked to climate change in South Pacific
As weather events turn more frequent and more extreme in the 21st century, a new study published today in the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene details the public health impacts after devastating flooding on a South Pacific island, and provides graphic evidence of the risk facing island populations and their health systems worldwide. (2016-04-18)
New antibiotic stewardship guidelines focus on practical advice for implementation
Preauthorization of broad-spectrum antibiotics and prospective review after two or three days of treatment should form the cornerstone of antibiotic stewardship programs to ensure the right drug is prescribed at the right time for the right diagnosis. (2016-04-14)
Wayne State receives $2.5 million NIH grant to shape next generation of antibiotics
Researchers at Wayne State University recently received a $2.5 million grant from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases of the National Institutes of Health for a study that aims to shape the next generation of antibiotics for the treatment of multidrug-resistant diseases. (2016-04-14)
Animal study paints picture of the earliest immune responses to HIV
New research in monkeys exposed to SIV, the monkey equivalent of HIV, suggests that the virus spreads rapidly in the body and triggers early host responses that suppress antiviral immunity, thus promoting viral replication. (2016-04-13)
Current hepatitis C virus testing guidelines miss too many cases, study suggest
A review of blood samples for nearly 5,000 patients seen at The Johns Hopkins Hospital Emergency Department suggests that federal guidelines for hepatitis C virus screening may be missing up to a quarter of all cases and argues for updated universal screening. (2016-04-13)
People with hepatitis C are two to five times more likely to develop certain head and neck cancers
Long associated with liver cancer and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, a study from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center reveals for the first time that the hepatitis C virus is associated with certain head and neck cancers. (2016-04-13)
Innovative partnership brings to market new tools for neglected tropical diseases
PATH and Standard Diagnostics (SD)/Alere announced today the commercial availability of two rapid diagnostic tools for onchocerciasis and lymphatic filariasis. (2016-04-11)
Neanderthals may have been infected by diseases carried out of Africa by humans
Review of latest genetic evidence suggests infectious diseases are tens of thousands of years older than previously thought, and that they could jump between species of 'hominin.' Researchers says that humans migrating out of Africa would have been 'reservoirs of tropical disease' -- disease that may have sped up Neanderthal extinction. (2016-04-10)
NIH study finds protein may be responsible for damage in eosinophilic esophagitis
Scientists have identified a protein that may be the cause of tissue damage in patients with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). (2016-04-07)
NIH launches large clinical trials of antibody-based HIV prevention
Enrollment has begun in the first of two multinational clinical trials of an intravenously delivered investigational antibody for preventing HIV infection. (2016-04-07)
HVTN and HPTN Announce initiation of antibody mediated prevention (AMP) study
The HIV Vaccine Trials Network and the HIV Prevention Trials Network today announced the initiation of HVTN 704/HPTN 085, also known as Antibody Mediated Prevention, a Phase 2b clinical trial to evaluate the safety and efficacy of VRC01, a broadly neutralizing monoclonal antibody. (2016-04-07)
San Diego to be research hub for new Human Vaccines Project
The University of California, San Diego, J. Craig Venter Institute, La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology and The Scripps Research Institute have teamed up to create the 'Mesa Consortium,' a new scientific hub for the Human Vaccines Project. (2016-04-07)
Researchers combine drugs to develop a new treatment for human parainfluenza virus
Griffith's Institute for Glycomics have made a promising discovery in the treatment and prevention of human parainfluenza virus. (2016-04-07)
Particulate vaccine delivery systems may help
Most traditional vaccines have safety and efficacy issues, whereas particulate vaccine delivery systems -- which utilize nano- or micro-particulate carriers to protect and deliver antigens--are efficient, stable, include molecules to bolster immune responses, and minimize adverse reactions due to the use of biocompatible biomaterials. (2016-04-06)
Uninfected or asymptomatic? Diagnostic tests key to forecasting major epidemics
Major epidemics such as the recent Ebola outbreak or the emerging Zika epidemic may be difficult to forecast because of our inability to determine whether individuals are uninfected or infected but not showing symptoms, according to a new study from the University of Cambridge. (2016-04-05)
NIH doctors describe severe case of Ebola virus disease
For more than a month in 2015, a multidisciplinary team at NIH treated a critically ill patient who had contracted Ebola virus disease in Sierra Leone. (2016-04-04)
Potential pathway for emergence of zoonotic malaria identified
The parasite responsible for a form of malaria now spreading from macaques to humans in South Asia could evolve to infect humans more efficiently, a step towards enhanced transmission between humans, according to a new study from Harvard T.H. (2016-04-04)
Researchers have developed successful new treatment against the deadly Junin virus
An interdisciplinary research team from The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, Mapp Biopharmaceutical Inc.; the University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences in Austria, the US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Integrated BioTherapeutics, Inc. and the Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Virales Humanas in Argentina reports that a laboratory-engineered antibody provided complete protection against the deadly Junin virus. (2016-04-04)
NIH awards 6 grants to explore how combination adjuvants improve vaccines
The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health, has awarded six grants totaling $3.1 million to researchers exploring the molecular mechanisms behind combination vaccine adjuvants -- substances that improve the effectiveness of vaccines. (2016-04-04)
Confronting diseases in Africa
The Society for Public Health Education proudly announces the publication of Health Education & Behavior's supplement, 'Noncommunicable Diseases in Africa and the Global South.' Co-edited by Collins Airhihenbuwa, PhD, and Gbenga Ogedegbe, MD, the supplement includes 13 peer-reviewed articles devoted to the rise of noncommunicable diseases in Africa and other regions in the Global South and promising solutions to prevent and reduce the prevalence of chronic diseases. (2016-04-01)
Cold-adapted attenuated polio virus -- towards a post-eradication vaccine
With only 74 cases reported worldwide in 2015, poliomyelitis eradication is in sight. (2016-03-31)
Structure of Zika virus determined
A near-atomic level map of Zika virus shows its structure to be largely similar to that of dengue virus and other flaviviruses, but with a notable difference in one key surface protein. (2016-03-31)
Seasonal influenza vaccination during pregnancy may reduce risk of stillbirth
Seasonal influenza vaccination may guard against stillbirth, a new study published in Clinical Infectious Diseases and available online suggests. (2016-03-31)
Novel vaccine strategy produces rapid and long-term protection against Chikungunya virus
New research from The Wistar Institute has demonstrated how a novel vaccine strategy that boosts the immune system by rapidly producing antibodies against CHIKV, combined with a traditional DNA-based vaccine approach, can provide both short term and long term protection against the virus. (2016-03-31)
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