Current Information Systems News and Events

Current Information Systems News and Events, Information Systems News Articles.
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New research explores the thermodynamics of off-equilibrium systems
Arguably, almost all truly intriguing systems are ones that are far away from equilibrium -- such as stars, planetary atmospheres, and even digital circuits. But, until now, systems far from thermal equilibrium couldn't be analyzed with conventional thermodynamics and statistical physics. In a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters, physicist David Wolpert of the Santa Fe Institute presents a new hybrid formalism to overcome these limitations. (2020-11-11)

Making a case for organic Rankine cycles in waste heat recovery
In a recent research paper, published in the Energy journal, City, University of London's Dr Martin White says cascaded organic Rankine cycle systems could improve the way in which environmentally-friendly power is generated from waste heat. (2020-11-11)

Theoreticians show which quantum systems are suitable for quantum simulations
A joint research group led by Prof. Jens Eisert of Freie Universität Berlin and Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin (HZB) has shown a way to simulate the quantum physical properties of complex solid state systems. This is done with the help of complex solid state systems that can be studied experimentally. The study was published in the renowned journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS). (2020-10-27)

Focused efforts needed to help health IT reach its promise
Most health systems have adopted electronic health records and other health information technology over the past decade, yet the performance of health systems across the US continues to lag. A new study finds that leveraging the technology to improve the quality of health care will require significant and sustained effort by health systems. (2020-10-27)

Avoiding environmental losses in quantum information systems
New research published in EPJ D has revealed how robust initial states can be prepared in quantum information systems, minimising any unwanted transitions which lead to losses in quantum information. (2020-09-28)

Laser loop couples quantum systems over a distance
For the first time, researchers have succeeded in creating strong coupling between quantum systems over a greater distance. They accomplished this with a novel method in which a laser loop connects the systems, enabling nearly lossless exchange of information and strong interaction between them. In the scientific journal Science, the physicists from the University of Basel and University of Hanover reported that the new method opens up new possibilities in quantum networks and quantum sensor technology. (2020-05-07)

Integrated crop-livestock systems in paddy fields: New strategies for flooded rice nutrition
Integrated crop-livestock system brings more sustainability to flooded rice. (2020-04-09)

Biomimetic optics: Effective substitute for eyes
Scientists at University of Tyumen (UTMN) have presented a large-scale study of biomimetic optics, liquid elements that effectively imitate eye functions for use in various fields of industry and medicine, as well as in biochemical and biometric analysis. (2020-02-06)

Scientists find common approach to self-organization problem
An international group of scientists, with the participation of University of Tyumen (UTMN), has presented an overview of cluster systems research, offering a fresh and generalized approach to the problem of self-organization. An article about this was published today by the world's oldest scientific magazine, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A. (2020-02-05)

Computer servers now able to retrieve data much faster
Computer scientists at the University of Waterloo have found a novel approach that significantly improves the storage efficiency and output speed of computer systems. (2020-01-30)

New research uses optical solitons in lasers to explore naturally-occurring supramolecules
Researchers have collaborated to gain insight into naturally-occurring molecular systems using optical solitons in lasers. Optical solitons are packets of light that are bound together and move at a constant speed without changing shape. (2020-01-10)

Patients at risk because NHS hospitals using different record-keeping systems
A major survey of medical record keeping in the NHS has revealed critical deficiencies that could risk patients' safety. (2019-12-05)

Black holes sometimes behave like conventional quantum systems
A group of Skoltech researchers led by Professor Anatoly Dymarsky have studied the emergence of generalized thermal ensembles in quantum systems with additional symmetries. As a result they found that black holes thermalize the same way ordinary matter does. The results of their study were published in Physical Review Letters (2019-11-05)

New Pd-based initiating systems for C1 polymerization of diazoacetates
Two new Pd-based initiating systems for C1 polymerization of diazoacetates were reported: Pd(nq)2/borate (nq = naphthoquinone, borate = NaBPh4) and [Pd(cod)(Cl-nq)Cl/borate] [cod = 1,5-cyclooctadiene, Cl-nq = 2,3-dichloro-1,4-naphthoquinone]. The former exhibited high activity, affording poly(alkoxycarbonylmethylene)s with high molecular weights in high yields. The latter was effective for controlling the stereostructure of the resulting polymers. (2019-10-23)

Hospital ratings systems get low grades from experts
Experts have turned the tables on hospital rating systems and graded the rating systems on their strengths and weaknesses. Most got low grades. This is the first time hospital rating systems are rigorously compared. Ratings often offer conflicting, confusing results and do not provide an accurate picture, experts said. 'A lot of the so-called 'top hospitals' identified by some rating systems are not places that most physicians would refer their patients to,' said the lead author. (2019-08-14)

New technique uses power anomalies to ID malware in embedded systems
Researchers have developed a technique for detecting types of malware that use a system's architecture to thwart traditional security measures. The new detection approach works by tracking power fluctuations in embedded systems. (2019-04-25)

SUTD uncovers the power of dynamically rewiring swarm robotic systems
Studies on the collective behavior of a swarm of land robots showed that a specific number of interactions among units is required to produce an optimal collective response. (2019-04-05)

Exposing flaws in metrics for user login systems
How good is the research on the success or failure of the system that verifies your identity when you log into a computer, smartphone or other device? Chances are it's not good, and that's a major security and privacy issue that should be fixed, according to a Rutgers University-New Brunswick study that proposes a novel solution. (2019-02-26)

Why forgetting at work can be a good thing
Psychologists and information scientists at the University of Münster have looked at how digital information systems support daily work and why it can be a good for us to forget certain things. The results of their study have been published in the Ergonomics journal. (2019-02-07)

Quantifying how much quantum information can be eavesdropped
Summary The most basic type of quantum information processing is quantum entanglement. In a new study published in EPJ B, Zhaonan Zhang from Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an, China, and colleagues have provided a much finer characterisation of the distributions of entanglement in multi-qubit systems than previously available. These findings can be used in quantum cryptography to estimate the quantity of information an eavesdropper can capture regarding the secret encryption key. (2019-01-28)

Just seven photons can act like billions
A system made of just a handful of particles acts just like larger systems, allowing scientists to study quantum behaviour more easily. (2018-09-10)

Physician burnout: Resilience training is only part of the solution
Although many health systems have turned to resilience training as a solution to physician burnout, quality/safety researcher Alan Card, Ph.D., MPH, argues that such training alone is not enough. (2018-05-14)

What's the best way to accelerate: Muscles or springs?
A new study has pinpointed principles that are common in the mechanical systems that animals, plants, fungi and machines use to maximize kinetic energy delivery. (2018-04-26)

Systems approaches to optimizing deep brain stimulation therapies in Parkinson's disease
Systems biologists, physicists, and engineers have intensively worked at computational tools to analyze, predict, and optimize the effects of deep brain stimulation (DBS) to treat chronic neurological diseases. (2018-03-21)

Study identifies shortcomings young patients with type 2 diabetes transition to adult care
Youth-onset type 2 diabetes is increasing globally as a result of pediatric obesity. (2018-03-12)

Study: Involving the public in water policies is key to successful municipal water systems
Informing residents about local water issues and involving them in local water policies are the keys to building healthy and resilient city water systems, according to a Portland State University study. (2018-02-19)

A pair of RNA scissors with many functions
Arming CRISPR/Cas systems with an enzyme that also controls the translation of genetic information into protein. (2018-02-07)

How small does your rice pudding need to get when stirring jam into it?
Have you ever tried turning the spoon back after stirring jam into a rice pudding? It never brings the jam back into the spoon. This ever-increasing disorder is linked to the notion of entropy. In a study published in EPJ Plus, Loris Ferrari from the University of Bologna, Italy, demystifies the clash between two theories of entropy by analysing the practical consequences in two well-defined size systems, with a view to confirming them experimentally. (2017-12-22)

New way to write magnetic info could pave the way for hardware neural networks
Researchers have shown how to write any magnetic pattern desired onto nanowires, which could help computers mimic how the brain processes information. (2017-11-20)

Distributed cooperative anti-disturbance control of multi-agent systems: An overview
Recently, a review paper concerned on recent progress in distributed cooperative anti-disturbance control (DCADC) of multi-agent systems is published by journal SCIENCE CHINA Information Sciences. Some future research topics regarding DCADC methods are also pointed out. (2017-11-13)

Researchers develop data bus for quantum computer
The quantum world is fragile; error correction codes are needed to protect the information stored in a quantum object from the deteriorating effects of noise. Quantum physicists in Innsbruck have developed a protocol to pass quantum information between differently encoded building blocks of a future quantum computer, such as processors and memories. Scientists may use this protocol in the future to build a data bus for quantum computers. The researchers have published their work in the journal Nature Communications. (2017-11-06)

How old does your computer think you are?
Computerised face recognition is an important part of initiatives to develop security systems, in building social networks, in curating photographs, and many other applications. Systems that allow a computer to estimate with precision a person's age based on an analysis of their face are discussed in the International Journal of Applied Pattern Recognition. (2017-09-27)

Controlled manipulation
Researchers around the world are looking at how they can manipulate the properties of carbon nanostructures to customise them for specific purposes; the idea is to make the promising mini-format materials commercially viable. A team at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) has now managed to selectively influence the properties of hybrid systems consisting of carbon nanostructures and a dye. (2017-08-08)

Systems medicine roadmap update published by the CASyM consortium
The development of a strategic roadmap represents a core objective of the CASyM project. Clinical needs are the main driver of this roadmap, that functions as an overarching conceptual framework and guide for citizens, policy-makers, funders, scientists, clinicians and industry. The underlying foundation of the CASyM roadmap is a framework of research priorities for developing and structuring systems medicine in Europe. (2017-07-31)

Autonomous machines edge towards greater independence
Cars that can drive autonomously have made recently made headlines. The secret to efficient learning for these machines is to define an iterative process to map out the evolution of how key aspects of these systems change over time. In a study published in EPJ B, Agustín Bilen and Pablo Kaluza from Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, Mendoza, Argentina show that these smart systems can evolve autonomously to perform a specific and well-defined task over time. (2017-06-08)

Lab mice may not be effective models for immunology research
Laboratory mice may not be effective models for studying immune responses to disease. The research, published in Nature Communications, reveals limitations of laboratory mice as immunological models. (2017-05-03)

ECDC report shows strong potential of E-health to increase vaccination coverage in Europe
Twenty one EU/EEA countries have developed or are in the process of developing systems to digitally record information about vaccination, according to a new 'ECDC survey report on immunization information systems implementation and system characteristics'. Fourteen of these countries already have a system in place, whereas innovative systems are being piloted in 7 countries. (2017-04-27)

RIT researcher gets NIST award to develop security measures for deeply-embedded systems
Mehran Mozaffari Kermani, a faculty member at Rochester Institute of Technology, recently received a grant to design security measures for computing systems that will protect wearable and implanted medical devices such as pacemakers from cyberattacks. It is work that could improve both patient safety and data integrity of deeply-embedded systems. (2017-02-09)

A systems biology perspective on molecular cytogenetics
Professor Henry Heng's team, from the medical school at Wayne State University, has published a perspective article titled A Systems Biology Perspective on Molecular Cytogenetics to address the issue. In this article, they applied the genome theory to explain why cytogenetics/cytogenomics needs a systems biology perspective, while systems biology itself needs a cytogenetic/cytogenomic based platform, since genome context (karyotype) represents a new type of genomic coding. Such 'systems inheritance,' differing from gene defined 'parts inheritance,' is the genetic blueprint. (2017-01-27)

Model driverless car regulations after drug approval process, AI ethics experts argue
Autonomous systems -- like driverless cars -- perform tasks that previously could only be performed by humans. In a new IEEE Intelligent Systems Expert Opinion piece, Carnegie Mellon University artificial intelligence ethics experts David Danks and Alex John London argue that current safety regulations do not plan for these systems and are therefore ill-equipped to ensure that autonomous systems will perform safely and reliably. (2017-01-26)

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