Current Invisibility Cloak News and Events

Current Invisibility Cloak News and Events, Invisibility Cloak News Articles.
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Topology-optimized thermal cloak-concentrator
Cloaking a concentrator in thermal conduction via topology optimization. A simultaneous cloaking and concentrating of heat flux is achieved through topology optimization, a computational structural design methodology. (2020-09-24)

Less flocking behavior among microorganisms reduces the risk of being eaten
When algae and bacteria with different swimming gaits gather in large groups, their flocking behaviour diminishes, something that may reduce the risk of falling victim to aquatic predators. This finding is presented in an international study led from Lund University in Sweden. (2020-08-24)

Black women often ignored by social justice movements
Black women are often less likely to be associated with the concept of a 'typical woman' and are viewed as more similar to Black men than to white women, which may lead to some anti-racist and feminist movements failing to advocate for the rights of Black women, according to new research published by the American Psychological Association. (2020-07-13)

VR and AR devices at 1/100 the cost and 1/10,000 the thickness in the works
Professor Junsuk Rho of the departments of mechanical engineering and chemical engineering and doctoral student in mechanical engineering Gwanho Yoon at POSTECH with the research team at Korea University have jointly developed moldable nanomaterials and a printing technology using metamaterials, allowing the commercialization of inexpensive and thin VR and AR devices. (2020-05-19)

Scientists identify promising immunotherapy combination for pediatric brain cancer
Scientists at Sanford Burnham Prebys have discovered that combining immunotherapy with a drug called tumor necrosis factor (TNF) eradicated a deadly type of pediatric brain tumor in mice. The discovery, published in Nature Neuroscience, is expected to lead to a clinical trial to test the benefits of the treatment in patients. The findings also hold implications for other cancers that do not respond to immunotherapy. (2020-05-18)

New invisibility concept and miniaturization of photonic circuits using ultrafast laser
Thanks to its unique three-dimensional manufacturing capacity, ultrafast laser writing is a prime candidate to meet the growing demand for the miniaturization of photonic circuitry, e.g., for scaling up optical quantum computers capacity. Towards this goal, scientists from Canada discovered a phenomenon related to the material electronic resonance that allows a much greater miniaturization of the laser written devices. Surprisingly, the new phenomenon allows other intriguing applications such as a new concept of invisibility. (2020-05-07)

Researchers pave the way to designing omnidirectional invisible materials
Researchers at the Universitat Politècnica de València (UPV), belonging to the Nanophotonics Technology Center, have taken a new step in designing omnidirectional invisible materials. At their laboratories, they have discovered a new fundamental symmetry in the laws of electromagnetism, acoustics and elasticity: A temporal supersymmetry. This finding has been published in the Nature Communications journal. (2020-05-07)

Virtualized metamaterials opens door for acoustics application and beyond
Scientists from the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST) have realized what they called a virtualized acoustic metamaterial, in digitizing material response to an impulse response stored in a software program. (2020-03-03)

The invisibility cloak of a fungus
The human immune system can easily recognize fungi because their cells are surrounded by a solid cell wall of chitin and other complex sugars. Researchers at Münster University found out that a fungal pathogen, Cryptococcus neoformans, uses an enzyme to hide from the human immune system. The study was published in the journal ''PNAS''. (2020-02-05)

Light therapy for immune cells helps with side effects of cancer therapy
A frequent side effect of cancer immunotherapies can probably be stopped by light activation of immune cells, as researchers at the Medical Center -- University of Freiburg have shown. (2020-01-20)

Craigslist linked to 15% increase in drug abuse facilities, 6% increase in overdose deaths
New research in the INFORMS journal Management Science looks at the influence online platforms have on the rising illegal drug epidemic. This study shows drug abuse treatment admissions and overdose deaths have increased since the founding of Craigslist. (2019-11-18)

Cretan tomb's location may have strengthened territorial claim
Examining the position occupied by tombs in their landscape in Prepalatial Crete gives us new insights into the role played by burial sites, mortuary practices and the deceased in the living society. (2019-10-09)

Study champions inland fisheries as rural nutrition hero
Researchers from MSU and the FAO synthesize new data and assessment methods to show how freshwater fish feed poor rural populations in many areas of the world. (2019-09-26)

New clues on stem cell transplant rejection revealed in study
'The role of mitochondria has been largely ignored in the field of regenerative medicine, but earlier efforts in our lab suggested that they may affect the outcome of stem cell transplants,' said Tobias Deuse, M.D., the Julien I.E. Hoffman Chair in Cardiac Surgery at UCSF and lead author of the new study, published Aug. 19 in Nature Biotechnology. (2019-08-19)

Artificial intelligence (AI) designs metamaterials used in the invisibility cloak
The research group of Prof. Junsuk Rho, Sunae So and Jungho Mun of Department of Mechanical Engineering and Department of Chemical Engineering at POSTECH developed a design with a higher degree of freedom which allows to choose materials and to design photonic structures arbitrarily by using Deep Learning. (2019-07-14)

Fruit bats can transform echoes into images
A new Tel Aviv University study finds that fruit bats actually integrate vision and echolocation to flourish in the dead of night. (2019-06-26)

Dashing the dream of ideal 'invisibility' cloaks for stress waves
Some have dreamt of the perfect cloak to make buildings impervious to stress waves caused by bombs, earthquakes or other calamities. Sorry, researchers are now dashing the dream. But there's still hope. They also say it's possible to make imperfect, real-world cloaks that will actually do some good by adding significant partial protection against some common earthquake waves. (2019-06-07)

Visible public health leadership needed to boost vaccine coverage
Public health expert Professor John Ashton is calling for local directors of public health to provide visible leadership to address the recent systematic deterioration of vaccine coverage levels. Writing in the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, he describes recent falls in the uptake of other preventative programs, including bowel, breast and cervical cancer and aortic aneurysm. (2019-06-05)

New flatland material: Physicists obtain quasi-2D gold
Researchers from the MIPT Center for Photonics and 2D Materials have synthesized a quasi-2D gold film, showing how materials not usually classified as two-dimensional can form atomically thin layers. The study shows that by using monolayer molybdenum disulfide as an adhesion layer, quasi-2D gold can be deposited on an arbitrary surface. (2019-05-23)

Sexuality continues to change and develop well into adulthood, finds study
A new study has shown that traditional labels of 'gay', 'bisexual' and 'straight' do not capture the full range of human sexuality, and whether a person is attracted to the same, or opposite sex can change over time. (2019-05-02)

Lifetime flu vaccine?
Another year, another flu vaccine because so far scientists haven't managed to make a vaccine that protects against all strains of flu. A new approach could end that ritual and protect against deadly pandemic flu. (2019-04-26)

Scientists are world's firsts to reproduce complete copy of 'anti-tumour antibiotic'
After 20 years of dedicated research, scientists have cracked the chemical code of an incredibly complex 'anti-tumour antibiotic' known to be highly effective against cancer cells as well as drug-resistant bacteria, and have reproduced it synthetically in the lab for the first time. (2019-04-24)

Photonics: The curious case of the disappearing cylinders
A pair of researchers at Tokyo Tech describes a way of making a submicron-sized cylinder disappear without using any specialized coating. Their findings could enable invisibility of natural materials at optical frequency and eventually lead to a simpler way of enhancing optoelectronic devices, including sensing and communication technologies. (2019-04-22)

Cancer exports molecular 'saboteurs' to remotely disarm immune system
Immunotherapy drugs known as checkpoint inhibitors have revolutionized cancer treatment: many patients with malignancies that until recently would have been considered untreatable are experiencing long-term remissions. Now, UC San Francisco researchers have identified a surprising phenomenon that may explain why many cancers don't respond to these drugs, and hints at new strategies to unleash the immune system against disease. (2019-04-04)

Face it. Our faces don't always reveal our true emotions
When it comes to reading a person's state of mind, visual context -- as in background and action -- is just as important as facial expressions and body language, according to a new study from the University of California, Berkeley. (2019-02-25)

Drug hobbles deadly liver cancer by stifling protein production
In laboratory experiments, UC San Francisco researchers successfully beat back the growth of aggressive liver cancers using a surprising new approach. Traditionally, targeted cancer therapies aim to disable proteins borne of cancer-driving genes. Instead, the UCSF scientists prevented these proteins, including those that shield tumors from the immune system, from being built in the first place. (2019-01-14)

New immune system understanding may lead to safer nanomedicines
Eliminating immunoglobulins from blood reduced ability of C3 to find and mark nanoparticles by 70-95 percent. (2019-01-14)

A little squid sheds light on evolution with bacteria
In a new study published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, an international team of researchers, led by UConn associate professor of molecular and cell biology Spencer Nyholm, sequenced the genome of this little squid to identify unique evolutionary footprints in symbiotic organs, yielding clues about how organs that house bacteria are especially suited for this partnership. (2019-01-07)

Deep-learning technique reveals 'invisible' objects in the dark
Deep-learning technique reveals transparent objects in the dark. (2018-12-12)

New technique to make objects invisible proposed
Researchers at the University of Extremadura have demonstrated the electromagnetic invisibility of objects using an alternative technique, based on filler cloaking. The novelty lies in achieving invisibility from the interior of the objects, without adding external layers. This approach brings numerous advantages and opens up new applications in optics, communications systems and bioengineering. (2018-11-26)

Researchers uncover camouflage strategy of multi-resistant bacteria
Researchers at the University of Tübingen and the German Center for Infection Research have achieved a breakthrough in the decoding of multi-resistant pathogens. (2018-11-22)

Stealth-cap technology for light-emitting nanoparticles
Scientists from the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR), in collaboration with the Monash University Australia, have succeeded in significantly increasing the stability and biocompatibility of special light-transducing nanoparticles. They have developed so-called ''upconverting'' nanoparticles that not only convert infrared light into UV-visible light, but also are water-soluble, remain stable in complex body fluids, and can be used to store medications. They have created a tool that could potentially make the fight against cancer more effective. (2018-11-13)

High-resolution MRI imaging inspired by the humble antenna
Radio frequency (RF) probes designed like by microstrip patch antennas create uniform and strong magnetic field in high frequency MRI machines, unlike convention coil and bird cage shaped coils used today. These probes, which were designed and tested at Michigan Technical University, also showed smaller radiation losses, making them competitive, even advantageous to conventional methods. (2018-10-31)

Extremely small magnetic nanostructures with invisibility cloak imaged
In novel concepts of magnetic data storage, it is intended to send small magnetic bits back and forth in a chip structure, store them densely packed and read them out later. The magnetic stray field generates problems when trying to generate particularly tiny bits. Now, researchers were able to put an 'invisibility cloak' over the magnetic structures. In this fashion, the magnetic stray field can be reduced in a fashion allowing for small yet mobile bits. (2018-10-18)

Disaster leaves unexpected impact on rural Japan's marriage migrants
The devastating 2011 tsunami that struck the northeast of Japan led to a surprising outcome -- empowering some migrant women, while further isolating others. (2018-09-04)

Missing men, missing infertility: New research flags up problem
Men are missing from fertility debates and crucial support services because they are often not included in studies and, when they are, it is usually only married, heterosexual men who are asked for data. New research, 'Missing men, missing infertility: The enactment of sex/gender in surveys in low and middle-income countries' has been completed by a team at Lancaster University in the UK. (2018-08-30)

Invisible needles
An international research group of scientists from Politecnico di Torino (Italy) and NUST MISIS (Russia) has developed a model of a new metamaterial, which will improve the accuracy of nano-sensors in optics and biomedicine by cloaking them from external radiation. The article reporting the results has been recently published in Scientific Reports, a high rank, prestigious interdisciplinary journal, edited by Nature Publishing House. (2018-08-28)

Proof-of-concept technique makes nanoparticles attractive for new medications
Researchers at University of Utah Health developed a proof-of-concept technology using nanoparticles that could offer a new approach for oral medications. (2018-08-08)

Guiding sound waves through a maze
Researchers at TU Wien are developing methods for manipulating waves in a targeted manner, so that they can move forward with almost no restriction. This method has now been implemented in an experiment. Using precisely controlled loudspeakers, it has been possible to send a sound wave through a tube containing various obstacles. Technologies like this could enable light waves to be manipulated and objects to be made invisible. (2018-07-03)

More young people active in public affairs despite negative perceptions
Fears that democratic society could be undermined because young people are not participating enough in public affairs have been dispelled by researchers at the University of Huddersfield. (2018-07-02)

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