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Current Juvenile Offenders News and Events, Juvenile Offenders News Articles.
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Assessing the cost of juvenile arthritis
A new study examined direct medical costs of children with JIA and found that the economic impact was substantial. (2007-01-31)

Offenders unlikely to seek help when experiencing mental distress
Offenders' lack of trust in medical professionals means many may not seek help when they are experiencing mental distress, says a new BMJ study. (2007-01-11)

JDRF applauds important passage of the Stem Cell Research Enhancement Act of 2007
The Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation, the world's largest charitable funder of type 1 diabetes research, applauded today's important vote to expand federal funding for human embryonic stem cell research with the passage of H.R. 3 -- the Stem Cell Research Enhancement Act of 2007. (2007-01-11)

Physicians need to be advocates for prisoners' health
Physicians are an essential component of correctional institutions and have a responsibility to advocate for effective and humane treatment for inmates. This is the view expressed in a commentary published in the January 11 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine by Scott A. Allen, M.D., and Josiah D. Rich, M.D., M.P.H., physicians at the Center for Prisoner Health and Human Rights at the Miriam Hospital and Brown Medical School. (2007-01-10)

Anchovy fishing continues to be in a risk situation
The preliminary results of the JUVENA06 scientific campaign, undertaken by AZTI-Tecnalia over the months of September and October 2006 and financed jointly by the Basque Government's Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food and the Maritime Fisheries General Secretariat at the Spanish Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, showed that the numbers of new-generation anchovies born last Spring have been insufficient for the recovery of the population. Consequently, anchovy fishing continues to be in a risk situation. (2006-12-18)

Volcanic blast likely killed and preserved juvenile fossil plesiosaur found in Antarctica
Amid 70-mile-an-hour winds and freezing Antarctic conditions, an American-Argentine research team has recovered the well-preserved fossil skeleton of a juvenile plesiosaur -- a marine reptile that swam the waters of the Southern ocean roughly 70 million years ago. (2006-12-11)

Street robbery is not just for the money
Financial gain is far from being the only motivation for violent street robbery in the UK. It is often carried out because of a sheer desire to fight, to put right perceived injustice, to increase (2006-11-28)

Employers who perform background checks hire more black workers
A new study in the current issue of the Journal of Law and Economics finds that employers who choose to perform criminal background checks end up hiring more black workers -- especially black men. Employers who systematically check criminal background during the hiring process are 8.4 percentage points more likely to have hired a black applicant into their most recently filled position. (2006-11-21)

Sleep apnea treatment curbs aggression in sex offenders
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) affects up to 20 percent of men in Western cultures, five percent of whom experience significant physical symptoms. A study published in Journal of Forensic Sciences finds that sex offenders who suffer from OSA experience more harmful psychological symptoms than do sex offenders with normal sleep patterns. (2006-11-16)

Adolescent arrest history influences risk of acquiring HIV
Adolescents with a history of arrest are at greater risk for HIV infection than adolescents with no arrest history, according to a new study published in the November issue of Drug and Alcohol Dependence. Researchers from the Bradley Hasbro Children's Research Center and Brown Medical School attribute higher rates of substance abuse, sexual risk behaviors and mental-health issues to the increased risk of infection. (2006-11-14)

Adolescent but not adult hamsters are more aggressive on low dose of fluoxetine
New research offers tantalizing clues as to why some teenagers taking common anti-depressants may become more aggressive or kill themselves. The research is published in the October Behavioral Neuroscience, which is published by the American Psychological Association (APA). (2006-10-15)

Salmon farms kill wild fish, study shows
New research confirms that sea lice from fish farms kill wild salmon. Up to 95 percent of the wild juvenile salmon that migrate past fish farms die as a result of sea lice infestation from the farms. The results of the research have been published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. (2006-10-02)

How did bilaterally symmetric flowers evolve from radially symmetric ones?
How did bilaterally symmetric flowers evolve from radially symmetric ones? To address this important question, geneticists Francisco Perfectti and Juan Pedro M. Camacho, and ecologist José M. Gómez (Universidad de Granada, Spain) explored how different flower shapes affected plant fitness in natural populations of Erysimum mediohispanicum, a Mediterranean herb. (2006-10-02)

Edmonton Protocol clinical trial shows islet transplantation shows promising results
The Edmonton Protocol clinical trial, led by University of Alberta researcher Dr. James Shapiro, shows islet transplantation is a promising procedure for certain patients with severe Type 1 Diabetes. This research is published in the September 28, 2006 edition of The New England Journal of Medicine. (2006-09-27)

Landmark study of islet transplantation reveals potential benefits in uncontrolled type 1 diabetes
The results of the world's first multicenter clinical trial of islet transplantation, published in the September 28, 2006 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine, have confirmed the technique's potential benefits in patients with difficult-to-control type 1 (or (2006-09-27)

Binge-drinking teenagers at greater risk of violence
Teenagers who drink alcohol are at higher risk of becoming victims of violence, a Cardiff University study has found. (2006-09-27)

Meet the earliest baby girl ever discovered
The find of an australopithecus afarensis child will help to answer important questions concerning human evolution. (2006-09-21)

Oldest juvenile skeleton discovered will help piece together human development
Discovery of a nearly intact 3.3 million year-old juvenile skeleton is filling an important gap in understanding the evolution of a species thought to be among the earliest direct ancestors to humans, says William Kimbel, a paleoanthropologist with ASU's Institute of Human Origins. Kimbel is part of the team that studied the skeleton of an approximately three-year-old female Australopithecus afarensis, the same species as the well-known Lucy, from Dikika, Ethiopia. (2006-09-20)

Transplant cures rats' type 2 diabetes without need for immune suppression drugs
An approach proven to cure a rat model of type 1 or juvenile-onset diabetes also works in a rat model of type 2 or adult-onset diabetes, according to a new report from researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. (2006-09-12)

NIH/NIDA issues new guidelines to save communities money while treating drug abuse
The National Institute on Drug Abuse, a division of the National Institutes of Health, recently released a landmark report containing 13 specific principles and recommendations to rehabilitate drug offenders and ultimately provide substantial financial savings to communities. (2006-08-24)

What determines body size?
How does a growing organism determine what its final body size will be? In the moth Manduca sexta, also known as the tobacco hornworm and recognizable by its distinctive blue-green caterpillar, adult body size is largely determined at the end of larval life, when the caterpillar has reached it final weight and is about to metamorphose into a moth. (2006-08-01)

Study shows hope for ridding lakes of clawed invader
The rusty crayfish -- a voracious, bullying exotic that has visited ecological havoc on numerous Wisconsin lakes -- may have finally met its match. (2006-07-31)

NIDA announces recommendations to treat drug abusers, save money and reduce crime
The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), National Institutes of Health, today released a landmark scientific report showing that effective treatment of drug abuse and addiction can save communities money and reduce crime. Principles of Drug Abuse Treatment for Criminal Justice Populations outlines some of the proven components for successful treatment of drug abusers who have entered the criminal justice system, leading to lower rates of drug abuse and criminal activity. (2006-07-25)

UIC researchers link maternal smoking during pregnancy to behavior problems in toddlers
A University of Illinois at Chicago study published in the July/August issue of the journal Child Development reveals a link between smoking during pregnancy and very early child behavior problems. (2006-07-13)

Does psychological treatment for adult sex offenders work?
Psychological treatment for adult sex offenders can reduce reoffending rates but does not provide a cure, say experts in an editorial in this week's BMJ. (2006-06-30)

Studies show that rockfish thrive with offshore platforms as their home base
While some observers consider offshore oil and gas platforms to be an eyesore, new data shows they are performing a critical function for marine life. For the first time, scientists have documented the importance of platforms as nursery habitat for some species of rockfishes on the California coast. Two articles documenting the importance of the platforms are published in the current issue of Fisheries Bulletin, with lead authors from the University of California, Santa Barbara. (2006-06-29)

Global crime experts to meet in Liverpool
The world's leading criminal profilers will meet at the University of Liverpool next week to discuss new ideas on the handling of dangerous lawbreakers. Delegates at the international conference will address the behaviour of terrorists, sex offenders and football hooligans, as well as the increasing threat of gun culture. (2006-06-23)

Identification of role for proteins in children's muscle disease could open up new treatment options
A study presented by Mrs. Elisabeth Elst today shows for the first time that a protein - heat shock protein 60 (HSP60) - that is present in chronic inflammations, triggers a response by T-cells (a type of white blood cells that plays a part in the body's own immune response) in children with juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM). (2006-06-22)

4x4 drivers more likely to flout mobile phone and seat belt laws
Drivers of four wheel drive vehicles are more likely to flout laws regarding mobile phones and seat belts than drivers of other cars, finds a study published on today. (2006-06-22)

Tocilizumab study offers new hope for children with arthritis
A new study has confirmed significant improvements after treatment with tocilizumab amongst children with systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sJIA), who do not tolerate or have an inadequate response to conventional therapies. Professor Shumpei Yokota presented the encouraging results of the first double-blind, placebo controlled trial for tocilizumab at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology in Amsterdam today (Thursday 22 June). (2006-06-22)

Hormone's role in insects could give insight for cancer treatment, malnutrition
New research shows that in the caterpillar of the tobacco hawkmoth, tissues called imaginal discs, which give rise to structures such as the legs and eyes, form and grow despite severe starvation unless a substance called juvenile hormone is present. (2006-06-01)

Disparities among children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
A study examined the relationship between patient health insurance coverage (as an indicator of socioeconomic status) and disease outcomes for children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis and found that those on Medicaid had significantly lower health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and higher disability. (2006-05-26)

Baylor researchers develop 'bubble' technique for potential treatment of Type I diabetes
Baylor Researchers have developed a novel technique using microscopic (2006-05-22)

Giant deep-sea tubeworm's meal ticket comes in as a skin infection
Giant tubeworms that thrive near undersea hydrothermal vents obtain all of their nourishment from symbiotic bacteria living inside their bodies. But each worm must acquire these microbial partners after birth, and biologists had incorrectly presumed that young worms simply eat the bugs they need. Uncovering a novel mechanism of symbiont acquisition, researchers at Penn State and the University of Vienna have shown that the symbiotic bacteria infect tubeworm larvae through their skin. (2006-05-19)

Childhood arthritis raises risk of broken bones
Childhood arthritis increases the risk of fractures, particularly during adolescence, according to a large study of British patient records. The researchers say that more targeted treatments promoting bone health would benefit patients with childhood-onset arthritis throughout their lifespan. In addition to raising the risk of fracture during childhood, the researchers also found that childhood-onset arthritis potentially heightens fracture risk after age 45. (2006-05-08)

Protowings may have helped bird ancestors cover rough terrain
An article by Kenneth P. Dial and two co-authors in the May 2006 issue of BioScience summarizes experimental evidence indicating that ancestral protobirds incapable of flight could have used their protowings to improve hindlimb traction and thus better navigate steep slopes and obstructions. (2006-05-01)

Gene needed for butterfly transformation also key for insects like grasshoppers
New University of Washington research shows that a regulatory gene named broad, known to be necessary for development of insects that undergo complete metamorphosis, also is key for the maturation of insects that have incomplete metamorphosis. (2006-04-26)

LIAI scientists make major finding on potential cure for type 1 diabetes
A major finding, which represents an important step toward a potential cure for type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes, has been made by a research team at the La Jolla Institute for Allergy & Immunology (LIAI). The team, led by Matthias von Herrath, MD, an internationally recognized expert on the molecular basis of type 1 diabetes, used a combinatorial treatment approach in laboratory mice and found it reversed recent onset type 1 diabetes in the majority of animals tested. (2006-04-20)

'Scent of a woman' tells male redback spiders to find a mate
If men think finding a nice partner to settle down and raise children with is tough, consider the plight of the male Australian redback spider. Instead of personality conflicts, spats over in-laws and financial worries, imagine that immediately after the first time you have sex, your partner -- who is 100 to 200 times your body weight -- will eat you alive. (2006-04-05)

Anger and sadness frame how we respond to a terrorist attack
The emotions we face after an attack help determine our thoughts about the terrorists. (2006-03-28)

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