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Current Lung Function News and Events, Lung Function News Articles.
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Lung cell transplant boosts healing after the flu in mice
A serious case of the flu can cause lasting damage to the lungs. (2019-08-20)
Vaping impairs vascular function
Inhaling a vaporized liquid solution through an e-cigarette, otherwise known as vaping, immediately impacts vascular function even when the solution does not include nicotine, according to the results of a new study. (2019-08-20)
Nicotine-free e-cigarettes can damage blood vessels
A Penn study reveals single instance of vaping immediately leads to reduced vascular function. (2019-08-20)
Moffitt researchers discover possible new treatment strategy for lung cancer
It is estimated there will be roughly 228,000 new lung cancer cases this year, and nearly 30% of those patients will have mutations in the KRAS pathway. (2019-08-19)
Abnormal blood pressure in middle and late life influences dementia risk
In a study that spanned two and a half decades and looked at data from more than 4,700 participants, Johns Hopkins researchers have added to evidence that abnormal blood pressure in midlife persisting into late life increases the likelihood of developing dementia. (2019-08-14)
Study finds link between long-term exposure to air pollution and emphysema
Long-term exposure to air pollution was linked to increases in emphysema between 2000 and 2018, according to a new study funded by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) and the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), both part of the National Institutes of Health. (2019-08-13)
Exposure to outdoor air pollutants, change in emphysema, lung function
Whether exposure to outdoor air pollutants is associated with emphysema progression and change in lung function was the focus of this observational study. (2019-08-13)
Air pollution can accelerate lung disease as much as a pack a day of cigarettes
Air pollution -- especially ozone air pollution which is increasing with climate change -- accelerates the progression of emphysema of the lung, according to a new study led by the University of Washington, Columbia University and the University at Buffalo. (2019-08-13)
Preclinical research suggests anti-cancer effect of keto diet
It's well known that keeping blood glucose levels in check can help individuals avoid or manage diabetes, but new research led by biologists at The University of Texas at Dallas suggests that restricting blood glucose levels might also keep certain cancers at bay. (2019-08-13)
Pollutant linked to climate change accelerates lung disease
A new multicenter study at Columbia University links long-term exposure to air pollution, especially ozone, to development of emphysema, accelerating lung disease progression as much as a pack a day of cigarettes. (2019-08-13)
Moffitt researchers identify subtypes of squamous cell lung cancer
Despite improved knowledge of the molecular alterations in SCC, little is understood about how the alterations contribute to the development of the cancer and how potential vulnerabilities could be exploited to treat the disease. (2019-08-08)
Lung lining fluid key to elderly susceptibility to tuberculosis disease
Texas Biomed researchers published an article in the Journal of Infectious Diseases in July 2019. (2019-08-07)
Cancer in the oldest old: The fastest growing age group in the US
A new report looks at cancer in adults 85 and older and finds incidence and mortality trends are generally similar to those in people 65 to 84, but screening is unexpectedly high and survival is poorer. (2019-08-07)
Discovery of distinct lung cancer pathways may lead to more targeted treatments
Known for its poor prognosis, lung adenocarcinoma is the most common type of lung cancer, responsible for about 4 of 10 diagnoses, according to the National Cancer Institute. (2019-08-01)
Low level exposure to air pollution is harmful, mouse model shows
Scientists investigating the effect of air pollution on lung health, in an animal model, have concluded that even low levels of exposure can have a detrimental effect on the lungs. (2019-08-01)
Protective protein guards against DNA damage & could help target fast growing cancer cells
The discovery that an essential protein plays a protective role during cell division, could open the door to better targeted treatment of fast-growing cancer cells. (2019-07-31)
Boosting the anti-inflammatory action of the immune system
Researchers have identified a molecular switch that causes macrophages to clean up cellular debris caused by infections instead of contributing to inflammation and tissue injury. (2019-07-30)
Disruption of glucose transport to rods and cones shown to cause vision loss in RP
Ophthalmology researchers at the University of Louisville have discovered the loss of vision in RP is the result of a disruption in the flow of nourishing glucose to the rods and cones. (2019-07-30)
Girls who are more physically active in childhood may have better lung function in adolescence
A study of more than 2,300 adolescents underscores the pulmonary health benefits of physical activity. (2019-07-30)
Current challenges and next steps in treating pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome
A new review of Pediatric Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (PARDS) highlights the lack of data available for standard treatment approaches and adjunctive therapies, leading to sig-nificant variability in patient management. (2019-07-29)
Two therapeutic targets identified for deadly lung cancer
The vast majority of deadly lung cancer cases (85 percent) are termed non-small-cell lung carcinomas (NSCLCs), which often contain a mutated gene called LKB1. (2019-07-26)
Unlocking therapies for hard-to-treat lung cancers
Around 85 percent of lung cancers are classified as non-small-cell lung cancers, or NSCLCs. (2019-07-24)
Ivacaftor may reduce common infections in patients with CF
Patients with cystic fibrosis who take ivacaftor appear to have fewer respiratory infections over time than those not taking the drug, according to new research published online in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society. (2019-07-19)
Many of the deadliest cancers receive the least amount of research funding
Many of the deadliest or most common cancers get the least amount of nonprofit research funding, reports a new Northwestern Medicine study. (2019-07-18)
Shaky scaffold changes lung infrastructure
Researchers identify changes in enzymes that may contribute to lung damage in rare genetic disorder. (2019-07-17)
Study identifies potential markers of lung cancer
Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) researchers identify markers that can distinguish between major subtypes of lung cancer and can accurately identify lung cancer stage. (2019-07-16)
Hurricane disasters associated with poorer outcomes for radiotherapy patients
Lung cancer patients who had a hurricane disaster declared during radiotherapy had worse overall survival than those who completed treatment in normal circumstances. (2019-07-16)
Blood samples from the zoo help predict diseases in humans
Penguins, Asian elephants and many other animal species live in the zoos of Saarbr├╝cken and Neunkirchen. (2019-07-15)
New alternate cell growth pathway could lead to better treatments for metastatic cancers
A UCLA Dentistry led research study has found that the gene, mEAK-7, which they discovered last year, may play a key role in cancer metastasis. (2019-07-11)
How to equip the brake of immunity
Japanese scientists at Toho University in Tokyo discovered a new mechanism to generate regulatory T cells (Treg cells), lymphocytes preventing autoimmunity and excess immune responses. (2019-07-09)
Metabolic reprogramming of branched-chain amino acid facilitates drug resistance in lung cancer
Research teams led by Dr. Ji Hongbin at the Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dr. (2019-07-09)
Gut microbes protect against flu virus infection in mice
Commensal gut microbes stimulate antiviral signals in non-immune lung cells to protect against the flu virus during early stages of infection, researchers report July 2 in the journal Cell Reports. (2019-07-02)
Antibiotics weaken flu defenses in the lung
Antibiotics can leave the lung vulnerable to flu viruses, leading to significantly worse infections and symptoms, finds a new study in mice led by the Francis Crick Institute. (2019-07-02)
NLST follow up reaffirms that low dose CT reduces lung cancer mortality
The authors of the National Lung Cancer Screening Trial report on an extended analysis of the patient cohort that was followed up on after the 2011 study was published. (2019-07-01)
Gene activity database could spare thousands of mice
A comprehensive database of gene activity in mice across ten disease models, which could significantly reduce animal use worldwide, has been developed by scientists at the Francis Crick Institute, which gives a full picture of the immune response to different pathogens. (2019-06-28)
Risk prediction model may help determine if a lung nodule will progress to cancer
A risk prediction model developed using clinical and radiological features could stratify individuals presenting with a lung nodule as having high or low risk for lung cancer. (2019-06-27)
New basic understanding of how lung cancer spreads
Lung cancer cells use antioxidants, endogenous or dietary, to spread in the body by activating a protein called BACH1 and increasing the uptake and use of sugar, Swedish and American researchers report in two independent studies. (2019-06-27)
Too many antioxidants may cause lung cancer spread
A new study explains why lung cancer spreads faster in patients with certain genetic changes, and suggests that taking vitamin E, long thought of as preventive, may cause the same spread. (2019-06-27)
Evaluation of USPSTF lung cancer screening guidelines for African-American smokers
An observational study suggests the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) lung cancer screening guidelines may be too conservative for African-American smokers and that some eligibility criteria changes could result in more screenings of African-American smokers at high risk for lung cancer. (2019-06-27)
Health disparity for blacks exists within lung screening guidelines
Guidelines that determine which smokers qualify for CT scans are excluding a significant number of African Americans who develop lung cancer, according to a study released today in JAMA Oncology. (2019-06-27)
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