Current Maternal Mortality News and Events | Page 25

Current Maternal Mortality News and Events, Maternal Mortality News Articles.
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Far 'over-the-hill' lies the plateau of human mortality
Above age 105, the rise in risk of death by age slows -- and even plateaus -- according to a new study, one that provides valuable insight into one of the most fundamental questions of human aging; Is there a fixed maximum lifespan for humans? (2018-06-28)

Study debunks notion that large chunks of Medicare go to lost causes
Around 25 percent of Medicare spending in the US occurs in the last year of people's lives. This is sometimes discussed as a questionable use of resources: Is society throwing large amounts of medical treatment at some patients in a futile, if noble, effort to extend lives that are bound to end soon? A new study co-authored by an MIT health care economist offers a resounding answer: No. (2018-06-28)

The odds of living to 110-plus level out -- once you hit 105
The chances of reaching the ripe old age of 110 are within reach -- if you survive the perilous 90s and make it to 105 when death rates level out, according to a study of extremely old Italians led by the University of California, Berkeley, and Sapienza University of Rome. (2018-06-28)

Adhering to Paris Agreement climate goal could significantly decrease heat-related summer deaths
As much of the UK and Europe swelters under heatwave conditions, new research led by scientists from the University of Bristol has produced compelling evidence that loss of life through increased heat stress during heatwaves can be limited if we stabilise climate at the lower of the Paris Agreement climate goals. (2018-06-27)

Lynxes in danger
A new study suggests that humans are putting pressure on the population of these big cats in the Germany-Czech Republic-Austria border area. (2018-06-26)

Risk of autism increased in children of mothers with diabetes
The risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) was increased in children of mothers with the three main types of diabetes that complicate pregnancy, findings that add new information on type 1 diabetes and extend what is already known about type 2 and gestational diabetes. (2018-06-23)

Causes of subsequent death for patients after nonfatal opioid overdose
Adults who survive an opioid overdose are at high risk of dying during the year after the incident of substance use-associated diseases, suicide and other medical conditions. (2018-06-20)

Risks of cancer and mortality by average lifetime alcohol intake
The risk of mortality, and of developing a number of cancers, is lowest in light drinkers consuming an average of less than one drink per day across their lifetime, and the risk of some cancers increases with each additional drink per week, according to a new study, published this week in PLOS Medicine by Andrew Kunzmann of Queen's University Belfast, and colleagues. (2018-06-19)

22,000-year-old panda from cave in Southern China belongs to distinct, long-lost lineage
Researchers who've analyzed ancient mitochondrial (mt)DNA isolated from a 22,000-year-old panda found in Cizhutuo Cave in the Guangxi Province of China -- a place where no pandas live today -- have revealed a new lineage of giant panda. The report, published in Current Biology on June 18, shows that the ancient panda separated from present-day pandas 144,000 to 227,000 years ago, suggesting that it belonged to a distinct group not found today. (2018-06-18)

Plant-based diets improve cardiometabolic risk factors in diabetes patients
New review in the journal Clinical Nutrition finds that plant-based diets improve cardiometabolic risk factors in those with type 2 diabetes. (2018-06-18)

ICU telemedicine reduces interhospital ICU transfers of critically ill patients
A new study in the journal CHEST® examined transfers of ICU patients to acute care centers before and after the VA implemented its Tele-ICU program. Investigators found that hospitals using Tele-ICU support experienced a greater reduction in transfers of ICU patients to other facilities than hospitals that did not use the services. Additionally, mortality did not change when more patients were treated locally through Tele-ICU. (2018-06-15)

Screening for aortic aneurysms in older men questioned
Screening programs for aortic aneurysms in the abdomen is now being questioned in a study published in The Lancet. As the condition becomes less common, general ultrasound scans for 65-year-old men may do more harm than good, the researchers assert. (2018-06-15)

Sepsis-3 criteria 'preferable' in prognostication of critically ill patients
Researchers from the University of Ottawa sought to compare the prognostic accuracy of the Sepsis-3 septic shock criteria with the SIRS-based septic shock criteria for prediction of in-hospital mortality among patients hospitalized with suspected infection, receiving a RRT assessment for acute deterioration. (2018-06-14)

Fathers' early parenting quality affected by mothers
How a new mother reacts to her partner's early interactions with their baby may affect his parenting quality later on, a new study suggests. Researchers found that fathers did not perform as well as a parent to their 9-month-old child if the dads felt their partner was critical of their parenting skills six months earlier. (2018-06-11)

1.35 million children's lives saved by HiB and pneumococcal vaccines since 2000
Childhood deaths from two leading bacterial causes of pneumonia and meningitis, pneumococcus and Hib, declined sharply during the period 2000 to 2015, especially as vaccines against these pathogens were introduced in high-burden countries, according to new estimates from a team led by scientists at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. (2018-06-11)

Blood test for pregnant women can predict premature birth, Stanford-led study reports
A new blood test for pregnant women detects with 75-80 percent accuracy whether their pregnancies will end in premature birth. The technique can also be used to estimate a fetus's gestational age -- or the mother's due date -- as reliably as and less expensively than ultrasound. (2018-06-07)

Blood test may identify pregnant women at risk of premature birth
Researchers have found biomarkers in maternal blood that accurately identified pregnant women who would go on to deliver babies up to two months prematurely, an important finding as there is currently no test on the market to reliably assess which pregnancies will end with a premature birth. 15 million babies are born prematurely each year worldwide. (2018-06-07)

Exposure to smoking before and after birth linked to hearing impairment in toddlers
Exposure to tobacco smoke prenatally and postnatally was associated with hearing impairment in a Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology study of young children in Japan. (2018-06-06)

Preterm newborns sleep better in NICU while hearing their mother's voice
Hearing a recording of their mother's voice may help neonates maintain sleep while in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), according to preliminary data from a new study. (2018-06-06)

Maternal depressive emotion associated with children's sleep problems
Maternal depressive mood during the prenatal and postnatal periods is related to child sleep disturbances, according to recent pilot data from a longitudinal cohort study in kindergarten children. (2018-06-05)

Maternal fatty acid balance affects offspring obesity thorough gut microbial population
A Massachusetts General Hospital study finds that the balance between omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids in the tissues of female mammals, which previous research has suggested can impact the incidence of obesity in their offspring, may to do so through its effect on the microbial population of the infant's gastrointestinal tract. (2018-06-05)

Study finds 2.6 percent mortality rate among children hospitalized for stroke
A major international study has found that 2.6 percent of infants and children hospitalized for stroke die in the hospital. (2018-06-04)

Is exercise associated with lower risk of death for adult survivors of childhood cancer?
Vigorous exercise is associated with reductions in the risk of death among adult survivors of childhood cancer. (2018-06-03)

Study shows taking aspirin before or after coronary
New research presented at this year's Euroanaesthesia congress in Copenhagen, Denmark shows that in patients undergoing a coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, taking aspirin before and after surgery is associated with an 18 percent to 34 percent reduced mortality risk after four years. (2018-06-03)

Immunocompromised patients with sepsis may face higher mortality at hospitals treating small numbers
Immunosuppressed patients with sepsis appear more likely to die if they are treated in a hospital caring for a relatively small number of these patients, according to new research published online in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society. (2018-06-01)

Walking faster could make you live longer: research
Researchers call for walking pace to be emphasized in public health messages, as analysis of over 50,000 walkers finds a faster pace is associated with lower risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality. (2018-06-01)

Federal home visiting program can be improved to better meet needs of families
Compared with other countries, the United States often falls short on many maternal and child health outcomes. A federal program known as Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) is designed to give pregnant women and families resources to help them raise healthy children. However, a team led by researchers at the University of Missouri School of Medicine examined an aspect of the initiative and found areas that could be strengthened. (2018-05-31)

Ovarian cancer statistics, 2018
A new report from the American Cancer Society provides an overview of ovarian cancer occurrence and mortality data. (2018-05-29)

Each hour of delay in detecting abnormal lactates in patients with sepsis increases the odds of in-hospital death
Because of a known association between elevated lactate levels and increased mortality, sepsis guidelines mandate that lactate levels should be tested soon after the onset of sepsis. A new study in the journal CHEST® found that a significant proportion of patients with suspected sepsis do not have their lactates measured within the recommended timeframe. These patients experienced delayed antibiotic therapy and IV fluid administration, as well as increased risk of in-hospital death. (2018-05-24)

Vast majority of poor, urban women don't use prenatal vitamins before pregnancy, study shows
A study of more than 7,000 low-income, urban mothers enrolled in the Boston Birth Cohort found that fewer than 5 percent of them started folic acid supplementation and used it almost daily before pregnancy, a widely recommended public health measure designed to prevent potentially crippling birth defects. (2018-05-24)

The obesity paradox: Large study finds people hospitalized for infections are twice as likely to survive if they are overweight or obese
A study of more than 18,000 patients in Denmark, presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity in Vienna, Austria (23-26), shows that patients admitted to hospital for treatment for any infectious disease are around twice as likely to survive if they are overweight or obese. (2018-05-24)

Obese and overweight patients hospitalized with pneumonia are 20 percent to 30 percent less likely to die than normal-weight patients
New research from over 1,000 US hospitals presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity in Vienna, Austria, shows that obese and overweight patients hospitalized for pneumonia are 20-30 percent less likely to die than patients of a normal weight. (2018-05-24)

Nationwide USA data shows that overweight and obese patients are less likely to die from sepsis in hospital than patients with normal weight
Data from 3.7 million hospital admissions for sepsis from 1,000 US hospitals, presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity in Vienna, shows that patients who are overweight or obese are more likely to survive than those who are normal weight. (2018-05-24)

Can weekend sleep make up for the detriments of sleep deprivation during the week?
In a recent Journal of Sleep Research study, short, but not long, weekend sleep was associated with an increased risk of early death in individuals under 65 years of age. (2018-05-23)

New study sheds light on the opioid epidemic and challenges prevailing views about this public health crisis
A study published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine sheds new light on the sharp rise in fatal drug overdoses in recent years, one of the most severe public health challenges of our time. The study found that the growth in fatal overdoses for non-Hispanic whites (NHWs) aged 22-56 years was sufficiently large to account for the entire growth in mortality rates (MR) and years of potential life lost (YPLL) for this population from 1999 to 2015. (2018-05-22)

Projected impact on childhood mortality of austerity versus social protections in Brazil
Compared with fiscal austerity measures currently being implemented in Brazil, the maintenance of social protection could result in a reduction in childhood mortality by 8.6 percent in 2030, according to simulations published this week in PLOS Medicine by Davide Rasella of the Universidade Federal da Bahia, Brazil, and colleagues. (2018-05-22)

Brazil's austerity measures could increase avoidable child deaths, researchers find
Cutbacks to social programs in Brazil could lead to more avoidable childhood hospitalizations and deaths compared to maintaining current funding. (2018-05-22)

Mediterranean diet may blunt air pollution's ill health effects
Eating a Mediterranean diet may protect people from some of the harm of long-term exposure to air pollution, and reduce their risk of dying from heart attacks, stroke and other causes of death, according to new research presented at the ATS 2018 International Conference. (2018-05-21)

Sleep better, parent better: Study shows link between maternal sleep and permissive parenting
A new study from Kelly Tu, a human development and family studies researcher at the University of Illinois, and colleagues, looks at the link between maternal sleep and permissive parenting during late adolescence. Findings show that mothers who don't get enough sleep or who take longer falling asleep have a greater tendency to engage in permissive parenting -- parenting marked by lax or inconsistent discipline. (2018-05-21)

Avoiding the car for travel could significantly lower risk of illness and death
People who are more active when commuting to work by walking or cycling could be cutting their relative risk of developing ischaemic heart disease or stroke by 11 percent and their relative risk of dying from these diseases by 30 percent, suggests a study published in the journal Heart. (2018-05-21)

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