Current Mayo Clinic News and Events | Page 25

Current Mayo Clinic News and Events, Mayo Clinic News Articles.
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Low hormone levels linked to obesity in teens
Obese teenagers already show signs of hormonal differences from normal-weight peers that may make them prone to weight gain, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. (2016-05-24)

Chemo, radiation, surgery combo boosts survival for pancreatic cancer patients
In roughly one-third of pancreatic cancer patients, tumors have grown around the pancreas to encompass critical blood vessels. Conventional wisdom has long held that surgery to remove the tumors is rarely an option, and life expectancies are usually measured in months. (2016-05-24)

Crowdsourcing contest using data from people, dogs advances epileptic seizure forecasting
It might sound like a riddle: What do you get when you combine one online contest, two patients, five dogs and 654 data scientists? (2016-05-24)

Knowledge of positive Cologuard test improves colonoscopy performance
An endoscopist's knowledge of a positive Cologuard test improves colonoscopy performance, according to a poster presentation at last week's Digestive Disease Week conference. (2016-05-23)

Enhanced arginine metabolism may counteract inflammation pathways in asthma
In this month's issue of the JCI, research led by Serpil Erzurum at the Cleveland Clinic indicates that increased arginine levels in asthmatic individuals may support metabolic pathways that counteract airway inflammation. (2016-05-23)

Brain scans of dementia patients with coprophagia showed neurodegeneration
Coprophagia, eating one's feces, is common in animals but rarely seen in humans. Mayo Clinic researchers reviewed the cases of a dozen adult patients diagnosed with coprophagia over the past 20 years and found that the behavior is associated with a wide range of neuropsychiatric disorders, particularly neurodegenerative dementias. The findings are published in the Journal of Neurology. (2016-05-19)

Differences in individuals' immune responses linked to flu vaccine effectiveness
For the first time, scientists have identified how differences in individuals' immune responses might be linked to the effectiveness of the seasonal influenza vaccination program. The findings are published in the journal, Immunology. (2016-05-17)

Around-the-clock monitoring may unmask hypertension in African-Americans
Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, a device which measures blood pressure around-the-clock may help identify African-Americans who have 'masked' or undetected high blood pressure. African-Americans with any masked hypertension had twice the risk of developing clinic hypertension when compared to those who had both normal clinic and normal out-of-office blood pressure. (2016-05-16)

Risk factors identified for readmission to hospital following esophagectomy
Researchers at Mayo Clinic have identified risk factors for unplanned readmissions following esophageal resection. The results of their new study provide complete follow-up data for all patients undergoing esophagectomy at a high volume center over a one-year period in order to identify risk factors associated with unplanned readmissions. Karen J. Dickinson, M.D., presents the results of this research at the 96th AATS Annual Meeting on behalf of the Thoracic Surgery Research Team at Mayo Clinic. (2016-05-16)

Motivational interviewing may reduce COPD readmissions
Motivational interviewing, a goal-oriented, client-centered counseling style for eliciting behavior change used in health coaching, is a feasible intervention that may reduce short-term readmissions for COPD patients. The study, which was presented at the ATS 2016 International Conference, is the first available randomized study to demonstrate the feasibility and effectiveness of the intervention. (2016-05-15)

Study finds non-narcotic nerve block controls children's pain, shortens hospital stays
A Mayo Clinic study has found an effective way to control pain following minimally invasive surgery to correct a congenital condition called pectus excavatum. Children are sent home with catheters that infuse a non-narcotic nerve-blocking drug called a paravertebral blockade. Use of the blocks shortens hospital stays and reduces opioid use after surgery. (2016-05-15)

'OB Nest': A novel approach to prenatal care
'OB Nest': Just the name may bring warm feelings to parents and prospective parents. However, at Mayo Clinic, it's much more than a name. It's a new way that Mayo Clinic is providing prenatal care. And, families say they are thrilled with the process. (2016-05-13)

Mayo Clinic joins the National Microbiome Initiative
The Mayo Clinic Center for Individualized Medicine joined the National Microbiome Initiative sponsored by the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. In support of the National Microbiome Initiative Mayo Clinic is committed to establishing a Microbiome Clinic, offering clinical services, diagnostics and patient education. (2016-05-13)

New studies reveal Italian cheese, alcohol, and sleep impact blood pressure
High blood pressure, or hypertension, affects one-third -- or 70 million -- US adults. It is responsible directly or indirectly for more than 350,000 deaths -- about 1,000 per day -- annually in the US. From May 13-17, 2016, members of the medical community will gather in NYC for the 31st Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Society of Hypertension to discuss hundreds of new studies, state-of-the-art diagnostic tools and new treatments for hypertension. (2016-05-13)

ASU, White House to investigate mysteries of the microbiome
The White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) announced today a new National Microbiome Initiative (NMI) to foster the integrated study of microbiomes across different ecosystems. Helping lead the initiative is Dr. Ferran Garcia-Pichel, dean of natural sciences in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences at Arizona State University and founding director of the Biodesign Center for Fundamental and Applied Microbiomics. (2016-05-13)

Mayo Clinic endocrinologist honored for obesity research
The World Obesity Federation, representing scientific and medical obesity research globally, has named Michael Jensen, M.D., a Mayo Clinic endocrinologist and obesity researcher, as the winner of its 2016 clinical research award. Dr. Jensen, who is internationally regarded for his research into how the body metabolizes food and creates fat, accepted the Willendorf Award for Scientific Excellence during recent International Conference on Obesity in Vancouver, Canada. (2016-05-12)

Diabetes drug found no better than placebo at treating NAFLD
A diabetes medication described in some studies as an effective treatment for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) works no better than a placebo, report researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine, after conducting the first randomized, double-blind, controlled clinical trial of sitagliptin, an oral antihyperglycemic marketed by Merck & Co. under the name Januvia. (2016-05-12)

New PSA test examines protein structures to detect prostate cancers
A promising new test is detecting prostate cancer more precisely than current tests, by identifying molecular changes in the prostate specific antigen (PSA) protein, according to Cleveland Clinic research presented at the American Urological Association annual meeting. (2016-05-11)

Same-day HIV treatment improves health outcomes, BU study finds
A clinical trial of same-day initiation of antiretroviral therapy for HIV patients in South Africa led to a higher proportion of people starting treatment and to better health outcomes, according to a new study led by a Boston University School of Public Health researcher. (2016-05-11)

Study examines use of telemedicine among rural medicare beneficiaries
Although the number of Medicare telemedicine visits increased more than 25 percent a year for the past decade, in 2013, less than 1 percent of rural Medicare beneficiaries received a telemedicine visit, according to a study appearing in the May 10, 2016 issue of JAMA. (2016-05-10)

Highlights of Mayo Clinic studies at 2016 American Urological Association Annual Meeting
Mayo Clinic physicians will present findings on several studies at the 2016 American Urological Association Annual Meeting, to be held May 6-10 in San Diego. They will be available to discuss their research and findings with reporters covering the conference. (2016-05-10)

Experts decipher the disease behind one of the world's most famous paintings
It is one of the most famous paintings in American history: Christina's World, by Andrew Wyeth. The subject in the painting suffered from a mysterious disorder, which has never been diagnosed. Now, a neurologist has come up with a diagnosis. (2016-05-06)

Analysis of more than 1.5 million people finds meat consumption raises mortality rates
A review of large-scale studies involving more than 1.5 million people found all-cause mortality is higher for those who eat meat, particularly red or processed meat, on a daily basis. Conducted by physicians from Mayo Clinic in Arizona, 'Is Meat Killing Us?' was published today in the Journal of the American Osteopathic Association. (2016-05-05)

Research collaboration IDs serum biomarkers that predict preclinical IBD development and complications
Years before inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is diagnosed and symptoms exist, biomarkers are already circulating that can help predict risk not only of disease development but also of complications. (2016-05-05)

Testing non-breast cancer genes in high-risk women leaves more questions than answers
Running large, multi-gene sequencing panels to assess cancer risk is a growing trend in medicine as the price of the technology declines and more precise approaches to cancer care gain steam. The tests are particularly common among breast and ovarian cancer patients. However, questions remain about the growing list of mutations and their suspected, but unproven association with breast and ovarian cancer risk. (2016-05-05)

Research suggests diabetes drug acts differently from previous theories
A Mayo Clinic study suggests laboratory findings do not tell the whole story of how the diabetes drug metformin works to limit the level of glucose in the blood. The researchers found that metformin does not limit the action of the hormone glucagon, specifically glucagon-stimulated glucose production from the liver. The article appears in the journal Cell Reports. (2016-05-05)

Protein may predict response to immunotherapy in patients with metastatic melanoma
A protein called Bim may hold the clue to which patients may be successful on immunotherapy for metastatic melanoma, according to the results of a study by Mayo Clinic researchers led by senior author Haidong Dong, M.D., Ph.D., and published online in the May 5 edition of JCI Insight. (2016-05-05)

Satellites to see Mercury enter spotlight on May 9
It happens only a little more than once a decade and the next chance to see it is Monday, May 9, 2016. Throughout the US, sky watchers can watch Mercury pass between Earth and the sun in a rare astronomical event known as a planetary transit. Three NASA satellites will be providing images of the transit and one of them will have a near-live feed. (2016-05-03)

TGen SU2C melanoma dream team member receives $200,000 Sharp Award
Stand Up To Cancer (SU2C) has selected Dr. Muhammed Murtaza of the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen), paired with Dr. Antoni Ribas of UCLA, as recipients of a $200,000 SU2C Phillip A. Sharp Innovation in Collaboration Award, named for the Nobel Laureate and Chair of SU2C's Scientific Advisory Committee. The award, first established in 2014, supports opportunities for SU2C scientists from different teams to explore innovative collaborations to accelerate the development of new cancer treatments. (2016-05-02)

Focus on transitional care reduces hospital readmissions in stroke patients
A transitional stroke clinic developed by doctors and nurse practitioners at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center reduced 30-day readmission rates by 48 percent, according to a study published in the April 28 online issue of the journal Stroke. (2016-04-28)

Endocrine Society experts call for expanded screening for primary aldosteronism
The Endocrine Society today issued a Clinical Practice Guideline calling on physicians to ramp up screening for primary aldosteronism, a common cause of high blood pressure. (2016-04-26)

Aspirin may help prevent bile duct cancer
Regular use of aspirin was linked with a significantly reduced risk of developing bile duct cancer, also called cholangiocarcinoma, in a recent study. (2016-04-26)

ARRS 2016 Annual Meeting highlights award-winning electronic exhibits
More than 500 electronic exhibits representing 13 radiology subspecialties are on display this week at the American Roentgen Ray Society Annual Meeting in Los Angeles. (2016-04-19)

Aspirin use may help prevent bile duct cancer, Mayo-led study finds
A team of current and former Mayo Clinic researchers has discovered that aspirin use is associated with a significantly reduced risk of developing bile duct cancer, also called cholangiocarcinoma. The results are published in Hepatology. (2016-04-19)

Mayo clinic: Long-term benefits to the liver-kidney transplant
A new study from physicians at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, found there may be long-term benefits to simultaneous liver-kidney transplantation versus kidney transplantation alone. (2016-04-15)

Hidden genetic mutations in stem cells could undermine therapeutic benefit
For the first time, scientists have confirmed the long-standing hypothesis that as people age, they accumulate gene mutations in their mitochondria -- cells' energy source. A team led by Shoukhrat Mitalipov, Ph.D., director of the Center for Embryonic Cell and Gene Therapy at Oregon Health & Science University, has discovered that induced pluripotent stem, or iPS, cells, a type of stem cell derived from patients' skin or blood cells contain faulty mitochondrial DNA. (2016-04-14)

Low-grade brain tumors: Radiation plus chemotherapy is best treatment, trial suggests
New clinical-trial findings show that patients with a low-grade form of brain cancer who are treated with radiation plus a combination of chemotherapy drugs have better survival than patients treated with radiation alone. (2016-04-14)

Unchecked mitochondrial DNA mutations could be a problem for stem cell therapies
Mutations accumulate in human mitochondrial DNA with age, reports a study published April 14 in Cell Stem Cell. The finding has implications for potential therapies using induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells, which are generated from patient skin cells and may be used to repair damaged tissue or organs. IPS cells derived from an elderly patient's cells could contain faulty mitochondrial DNA that could undermine the iPS cells' therapeutic value. (2016-04-14)

Protective mastectomies that preserve nipple safe for women at high breast cancer risk
Protective mastectomies that preserve the nipple and surrounding skin prevent breast cancer as effectively as more invasive surgeries for women with a genetic mutation called BRCA that raises their risk of developing breast cancer, a multi-institution study led by Mayo Clinic found. (2016-04-14)

Mayo Clinic neurologist awarded prize for groundbreaking research in MS
Claudia Lucchinetti, M.D., will be awarded the 2016 John Dystel Prize for Multiple Sclerosis Research for her outstanding contributions to understanding and treating multiple sclerosis. (2016-04-13)

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