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A change in perspective could be all it takes to succeed in school
Knowing the right way to handle stress in the classroom can make the difference between success and failure for the millions of students going back to school this fall, new research shows. Researchers found that a hormone released in response to stress, can either be tied to a student's poor performance on a math test or contribute to success, depending on the frame of mind of the student going into the test. (2011-08-09)

NYU neuroscientists identify how the brain remembers what happens and when
New York University neuroscientists have identified the parts of the brain we use to remember the timing of events within an episode. The study enhances our understanding of how memories are processed and provides a potential roadmap for addressing memory-related afflictions. (2011-08-04)

Have we met before? Scientists show why the brain has the answer
Have you ever been approached by someone whose face you recognise but whose name you can't remember? Neuroscientists at the University of Bristol have identified the reasons behind why we are, at times, unable to link a face to a name. (2011-08-04)

National survey reveals widespread mistaken beliefs about memory
A new survey reveals that many people in the US -- in some cases a substantial majority -- think that memory is more powerful, objective and reliable than it actually is. Their ideas are at odds with decades of scientific research. (2011-08-03)

New research might help people suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder
Researchers at the University of Bristol have discovered a mechanism in the brain that explains for the first time why people make particularly strong, long-lasting memories of stressful events in their lives. (2011-08-01)

Caltech researchers create the first artificial neural network out of DNA
Researchers at Caltech have now taken a major step toward creating artificial intelligence -- not in a robot or a silicon chip, but in a test tube. The researchers are the first to have made an artificial neural network out of DNA, creating a circuit of interacting molecules that can recall memories based on incomplete patterns, just as a brain can. (2011-07-20)

Memories may skew visual perception
Vanderbilt University psychologists have found that our visual perception can be contaminated by memories of what we have recently seen, impairing our ability to properly understand and act on what we are currently seeing. (2011-07-19)

UWM research offers hope for treatment of cocaine addiction
UWM researchers discovered that a common beta blocker, used to treat people with hypertension, has shown to be effective in preventing the brain from retrieving memories associated with cocaine use in animal-addiction models. Cocaine is one of the worst drug addictions to kick, with about 80 percent of those trying to quit experiencing a relapse within six months. (2011-07-15)

Study demonstrates how memory can be preserved -- and forgetting prevented
A new study by researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center suggests that specific brain areas actively orchestrate competition between memories, and that by disrupting targeted brain areas through transcranial magnetic stimulation, you can preserve memory -- and prevent forgetting. (2011-07-08)

Gene study offers clues on memory puzzle
Scientists have shed light on why it is easier to learn about things related to what we already know than it is to learn about unfamiliar things, according to a new study. (2011-07-08)

London bombing memories explored
Six years on from the devastating July 7 London bombings and in the wake of the inquest into the attacks, a special issue of the journal Memory Studies, published by SAGE, explores new research into our collective memories of this tragic event. (2011-07-06)

The biology behind alcohol-induced blackouts
Neuroscientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have identified the brain cells involved in alcohol-related blackouts and the molecular mechanism that appears to underlie them. Alcohol interferes with key receptors in the brain, which in turn manufacture steroids that inhibit long-term potentiation, a process that strengthens the connections between neurons and is crucial to learning and memory. (2011-07-06)

New research shows that we control our forgetfulness
Have you heard the saying (2011-07-05)

Thanks for the memories
Weizmann Institute scientists track brain activity as false memories are formed, revealing how social pressure can affect what we remember. (2011-06-30)

In search of the memory molecule, a key protein complex discovered
Have a tough time remembering where you put your keys, learning a new language or recalling names at a cocktail party? New research from the Lisman Laboratory at Brandeis University points to a molecule that is central to the process by which memories are stored in the brain. A paper published in the June 22 issue of the Journal of Neuroscience describes the new findings. (2011-06-22)

Restoring memory, repairing damaged brains
Scientists have developed a way to turn memories on and off -- literally with the flip of a switch. Using an electronic system that duplicates the neural signals associated with learning, they replicated the brain function in rats associated with long-term learned behavior, even when the rats had been drugged to forget. (2011-06-17)

A better way to remember
Scientists and educators alike have long known that cramming is not an effective way to remember things. With their latest findings, researchers at the RIKEN Brain Science Institute in Japan, studying eye movement response in trained mice, have elucidated the neurological mechanism explaining why this is so. Published in the Journal of Neuroscience, their results suggest that protein synthesis in the cerebellum plays a key role in memory consolidation, shedding light on the fundamental neurological processes governing how we remember. (2011-06-17)

Fear boosts activation of young, immature brain cells
Scientists have long known that fear and highly emotional experiences lead to incredibly strong memories. A new study by UC Berkeley's Daniela Kaufer and colleagues describes one way by which emotions can affect memory: The brain's emotional center, the amygdala, induces the hippocampus, a relay hub for memory, to generate new neurons. In a fearful situation, these newborn neurons are activated by the amygdala, providing a (2011-06-14)

Drug may help overwrite bad memories
Recalling painful memories while under the influence of the drug metyrapone reduces the brain's ability to re-record the negative emotions associated with them, according to a study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. The study by a team of University of Montreal researchers at the Centre for Studies on Human Stress of Louis-H. Lafontaine Hospital challenges the theory that memories cannot be modified once they are stored in the brain. (2011-05-27)

Drug may help overwrite bad memories
Recalling painful memories while under the influence of the drug metyrapone reduces the brain's ability to re-record the negative emotions associated with them. (2011-05-25)

Eggs, butter, milk -- memory is not just a shopping list
Often, the goal of science is to show that things are not what they seem to be. But now, in an article which will be published in an upcoming issue of Perspectives on Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, a veteran cognitive psychologist exhorts his colleagues in memory research to consult the truth of their own experience. (2011-05-23)

As time goes by, it gets tougher to 'just remember this'
The older we get, the more difficulty we seem to have remembering things. We reassure ourselves that our brains' (2011-05-13)

Infantile amnesia: Gauging children's earliest memories
Previous research has established that adults experience infantile amnesia -- an inability to recall the earliest years of their lives. Now a new longitudinal study of 140 children ages 4 to 13 explores infantile amnesia in children. In the study, children were asked to recall their earliest memories. Younger children showed more change in recalling earliest memories over time; older children showed more consistency in recalling earliest memories over time. (2011-05-11)

Faking it: Can ads create false memories about products?
People who read vivid print advertisements for fictitious products actually come to believe they've tried those products, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research. (2011-05-09)

Electrical oscillations found to be critical for storing spatial memories in brain
Biologists at UC San Diego have discovered that electrical oscillations in the brain, long thought to play a role in organizing cognitive functions such as memory, are critically important for the brain to store the information that allows us to navigate through our physical environment. (2011-04-28)

Can traumatic memories be erased?
Can veterans of war, rape victims and people who have seen horrific crimes some day have the traumatic memories that haunt them weakened in their brains? In a new study, UCLA life scientists report a discovery that may make the reduction of such memories a reality. (2011-04-27)

Psychologists ask how well -- or badly -- we remember together
Several years ago, Suparna Rajaram noticed a strange sort of contagion in a couple she was close to. One partner acquired dementia -- and the other lost the nourishing pleasures of joint reminiscence. (2011-04-27)

Good eggs: NIST nanomagnets offer food for thought about computer memories
NIST magnetics researchers colored lots of eggs recently. Bunnies might find the eggs a bit small, but these (2011-04-27)

Patients appear to adjust and learn to cope with loss or reduced sense of smell
Most patients who have a reduced ability to smell or detect odors seem to attach less importance to the sense of smell in their daily lives than people with a normal olfactory function, according to a report in the April issue of Archives of Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. (2011-04-18)

Pitt-led researchers create super-small transistor, artificial atom powered by single electrons
A Pitt-led team reports in Nature Nanotechnology a single-electron transistor with a central component -- an island only 1.5 nanometers in diameter -- that operates with the addition of only one or two electrons. The transistor, named SketchSET, provides a building block for new, more powerful computer memories, advanced electronic materials, and the basic components of quantum computers that could solve problems so complex that all of the world's computers working together for billions of years could not crack them. (2011-04-18)

Scripps Research scientists identify mechanism of long-term memory
Using advanced imaging technology, scientists from the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute have identified a change in chemical influx into a specific set of neurons in the common fruit fly that is fundamental to long-term memory. (2011-04-13)

When the pressure is on, product experts can get facts wrong: UBC study
Buying a new car, camera or computer? New research from the Sauder School of Business at the University of British Columbia shows that seeking advice from expert acquaintances to choose between models of merchandise might not always be good idea. (2011-04-12)

Older age memory loss tied to stress hormone receptor in brain
Scientists have shed new light on how older people may lose their memory with a development that could aid research into treatments for age-related memory disorders. Many believe that stress is bad for our brains especially as we get older. Now researchers have shown how two receptors in older brains react to a stress hormone called cortisol, which has been linked to increasing forgetfulness as we age. (2011-04-06)

Research discovers how marijuana affects the way the brain processes emotional information
Drugs like marijuana act on naturally occurring receptors in the brain called cannabinoid receptors. However, the mechanisms by which these drugs produce their sensory and mood altering effects within the brain are largely unknown. Research led by Steven Laviolette at the University of Western Ontario has now identified a critical brain pathway responsible for the effects of cannabinoid drugs on how the brain processes emotional information. The findings, are published in the Journal of Neuroscience. (2011-04-05)

New insight into 'aha' memories
Weizmann Institute scientists have found a clue to explain why things we learn in a flash of sudden insight stick better in our memory. (2011-03-31)

Getting a grasp on memory
After showing how blocking a protein in the brain can erase memories, Weizmann Institute scientists have now applied the same protein to boost memory in rats. (2011-03-31)

Think you'll ace that test? Think again, then start studying
We hold many beliefs about memory -- for instance, if you study more, you learn more. We are also constantly making judgments about particular instances of learning and remembering -- I'll never forget this party! That was easy to understand. I'll ace it on the test. (2011-03-22)

Buying a new product: When is it better to ask a novice rather than an expert?
If you're considering a purchase, you might want to avoid asking an expert's advice. According to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research, experts have a hard time recalling product features -- especially if they feel they need to explain their logic. (2011-03-17)

As we sleep, speedy brain waves boost our ability to learn
Scientists have long puzzled over the many hours we spend in light, dreamless slumber. But a new study from the University of California, Berkeley, suggests we're busy recharging our brain's learning capacity during this traditionally undervalued phase of sleep, which can take up half the night. (2011-03-08)

Human stem cells transformed into key neurons lost in Alzheimer's
Northwestern Medicine researchers for the first time have transformed a human embryonic stem cell into a critical neuron that dies early in Alzheimer's disease and is a major cause of memory loss. This ability to reprogram stem cells and grow a limitless supply of the neurons will enable a rapid wave of drug testing, allow researchers to study why the neurons die and could potentially lead to transplanting the new neurons into people with Alzheimer's. (2011-03-04)

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