Current Methane News and Events | Page 25

Current Methane News and Events, Methane News Articles.
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BU researchers identify extensive methane leaks under streets of Boston
Earlier this year, Boston University researchers and collaborators conducted a mobile greenhouse gas audit in Boston and found hundreds of natural gas leaks under the streets and sidewalks of Greater Boston. Nathan Phillips, associate professor of geography and environment and director of BU's Center for Environmental and Energy Studies, and his research partners will present these and related findings at NOAA's Earth System Research Laboratory Global Monitoring Annual Conference, May 17-18 in Boulder, Colo. (2011-05-13)

CU method projected to meet DOE cost targets for solar thermal hydrogen fuel production
A report commissioned by the US Department of Energy has concluded that a novel University of Colorado Boulder method of producing hydrogen fuel from sunlight is the only approach among eight competing technologies that is projected to meet future cost targets set by the federal agency. (2011-05-12)

NASA project eyes climate change in Greenland -- with a third eye on Mars
Indiana University Bloomington scientists will use knowledge about methane production by cold-weather microbes on Earth to help NASA zero in on evidence for similar, carbon-based microbes that could have evolved on Mars, the Jovian moon Europa, or Saturn's Enceladus. (2011-05-11)

Methane levels 17 times higher in water wells near hydrofracking sites
A study by Duke University researchers has found high levels of leaked methane in well water collected near shale-gas drilling and hydrofracking sites. The scientists collected and analyzed water samples from 68 private groundwater wells across five counties in northeastern Pennsylvania and New York. (2011-05-09)

Mars Express sees deep fractures on Mars
Newly released images from ESA's Mars Express show Nili Fossae, a system of deep fractures around the giant Isidis impact basin. Some of these incisions into the martian crust are up to 500 meters deep and probably formed at the same time as the basin. (2011-05-06)

Cold case: Siberian hot springs reveal ancient ecology
Exotic bacteria that do not rely on oxygen may have played an important role in determining the composition of Earth's early atmosphere, according to a theory that UChicago researcher Albert Colman is testing in the scalding hot springs of a volcanic crater in Siberia. (2011-04-26)

Hydrocarbons in the deep Earth
A computer modeling study published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences shows that at deep Earth pressures and temperatures, longer hydrocarbons may be formed from the simplest one, the methane molecule. (2011-04-18)

Scientists finely control methane combustion to get different products
Scientists find that combustion of methane using two gold atoms at room temperature yields ethylene, while at lower temperatures it yields formaldehyde. (2011-04-14)

Hydrocarbons in the deep earth
A new computational study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences reveals how hydrocarbons may be formed from methane in deep Earth at extreme pressures and temperatures. The thermodynamic and kinetic properties of hydrocarbons at high pressures and temperature are important for understanding carbon reservoirs and fluxes in Earth. (2011-04-14)

Natural gas from shale contributes to global warming
Natural gas extracted from shale formations has a greater greenhouse gas footprint -- in the form of methane emissions -- than conventional gas, oil and coal over a 20 year period. This calls into question the logic of its use as a climate-friendly alternative to fossil fuels, according to Robert Howarth and colleagues, from Cornell University in New York. Their work is published online in Springer's journal, Climatic Change Letters. (2011-04-12)

Researchers ID microbe responsible for methane from landfills
Researchers have long known that landfills produce methane, but had a hard time figuring out why -- since landfills do not start out as a friendly environment for the organisms that produce methane. New research from North Carolina State University shows that one species of microbe is paving the way for other methane producers. (2011-04-06)

Cassini spacecraft observes seasonal rains on Titan
As spring continues to unfold on Saturn, April showers on the planet's largest moon, Titan, have brought methane rain to its equatorial deserts, as revealed in images captured by NASA's Cassini spacecraft. (2011-03-17)

Northern peatlands a misunderstood player in climate change
University of Alberta researchers have determined that the influence of northern peatlands on the prehistorical record of climate change has been over estimated, but the vast northern wetlands must still be watched closely as the planet grapples with its current global warming trend. (2011-03-15)

Penn physicists develop scalable method for making graphene
New research from the University of Pennsylvania demonstrates a more consistent and cost-effective method for making graphene, the atomic-scale material that has promising applications in a variety of fields, and was the subject of the 2010 Nobel Prize in Physics. (2011-03-02)

Measuring methane
Recently, scientists developed a methane release measuring technique as way of tracking the discharge of the gas. This is part of a collaborative research study conducted by researchers from Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada's Lethbridge Research Centre, the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, and the University of Melbourne in Australia. (2011-03-01)

This microbe's for you: Brewery waste becomes scientific fodder for producing liquid biofuels
Gaining new insight into how efficiently the microbes in large bioreactors produce methane from brewery waste, Cornell scientists hope to use their new knowledge to shape these microbial communities to produce liquid biofuels and other useful products. (2011-02-28)

Study finds massive flux of gas, in addition to liquid oil, at BP well blowout in Gulf
A new University of Georgia study that is the first to examine comprehensively the magnitude of hydrocarbon gases released during the Gulf of Mexico oil discharge has found that up to 500,000 tons of gaseous hydrocarbons were emitted. The authors conclude that such a large gas discharge could result in small-scale zones of (2011-02-13)

Surprise hidden in Titan's smog: Cirrus-like clouds
Now, thin, wispy clouds of ice particles, similar to Earth's cirrus clouds, are being reported by Carrie Anderson and Robert Samuelson at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md. The findings, published Feb. 1 in Icarus, were made using the Composite Infrared Spectrometer on NASA's Cassini spacecraft. (2011-02-03)

Rare meteorites reveal Mars collision caused water flow
Exactly a century after the first discovery of a rare meteorite sample, University of Leicester team uses it to reveal new insights into water on the red planet. (2011-02-02)

Climate tax on meat and milk results in less greenhouse gases
A climate tax corresponding to €60/ton CO2eq on meat and milk could reduce greenhouse gas emissions from European agriculture by around seven percent. If the land made available is used for bioenergy production, the decrease in emissions can be six times greater. This is shown by the researchers Kristina Mohlin, Stefan Wirsenius and Fredrik Hedenus, University of Gothenburg, Sweden, in an article published in the scientific journal Climatic Change. (2011-01-25)

New reactor paves the way for efficiently producing fuel from sunlight
Using a common metal most famously found in self-cleaning ovens, Sossina Haile hopes to change our energy future. The metal is cerium oxide -- or ceria -- and it is the centerpiece of a promising new technology developed by Haile and her colleagues that concentrates solar energy and uses it to efficiently convert carbon dioxide and water into fuels. (2011-01-19)

Cardiff scientists make hydrocarbon breakthrough using gold catalyst
Researchers from Cardiff University are opening up a new way of using hydrocarbon feedstocks to make a range of valuable products. (2011-01-13)

UCSB, Texas A&M scientists find methane gas concentrations have returned to near-normal levels
Calling the results (2011-01-06)

Freshwater methane release changes greenhouse gas equation
An international team of scientists has released data indicating that greenhouse gas uptake by continents is less than previously thought because of methane emissions from freshwater areas. (2011-01-06)

NOAA-led team measures atmosphere's self-cleaning capacity
The atmosphere's capacity for cleansing itself of air pollutants is more stabe than previously thought, says a NOAA-led study appearing online in Science today. (2011-01-06)

Household sewage: Not waste, but a vast new energy resource
In a finding that gives new meaning to the adage, (2011-01-05)

Milestone: A methane-metal marriage
UA scientists have inserted metal atoms into methane gas molecules and obtained a detailed structure of the resulting molecule. The discovery could be a key step in making hydrocarbons available to chemical production and broadening our understanding of how nature uses metals in the molecules of living organisms. (2010-12-22)

Carbon-rich planet: A girl's best friend?
A peculiar gas-giant planet 1200 light-years away is the first carbon-rich world ever observed. The implications are big for planetary chemistry, because without much oxygen, common rocks throughout the planet would be made of pure carbon, in forms such as diamonds or graphite. The planet's daytime temperatures of about 4700 degrees Fahrenheit make it the second-hottest planet ever measured. (2010-12-08)

Astronomers detect first carbon-rich exoplanet
A team led by a former postdoctoral researcher in MIT's Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences recently measured the first-ever planetary atmosphere that is substantially enriched in carbon. The researchers found that the carbon-to-oxygen ratio of WASP-12b, an exoplanet about 1.4 times the mass of Jupiter and located about 1,200 light years away, is greater than one. (2010-12-08)

What can ice reveal about fire?
Scientists studying a column of Antarctic ice spanning 650 years have found evidence for fluctuations in biomass burning -- the consumption of wood, peat and other materials in wildfires, cooking fires and communal fires -- in the Southern Hemisphere. (2010-12-03)

Great balls of evolution: UMass microbiologists evolve microorganisms to cooperate in new way
University of Massachusetts Amherst microbiologists Derek Lovley, Zarath Summers and colleagues report in today's issue of Science that they have discovered a new cooperative behavior in anaerobic bacteria, known as interspecies electron transfer, that could have important implications for the global carbon cycle and bioenergy. (2010-12-02)

Record-high greenhouse gas concentrations
Greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere were again greater than ever before during the history of humankind. The GAW network of the World Meteorological Organization follows atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations in various parts of the world. Higher concentrations is also measured in Finland. (2010-12-01)

Chemistry for greenhouse gases
Novel metal catalysts might be able to turn greenhouse gases like methane and carbon dioxide into liquid fuels without producing more carbon waste in the process. (2010-11-29)

Methane-powered laptops may be closer than you think
With advances in nanostructured devices, lower operating temperatures, and the use of an abundant fuel source and cheaper materials, a group of researchers led by Shriram Ramanathan at the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) are increasingly optimistic about the commercial viability of the technology. Ramanathan, an expert and innovator in the development of solid-oxide fuel cells (SOFCs), says they may, in fact, soon become the go-to technology for those on the go. (2010-11-23)

Busy microbial world discovered in deepest ocean crust ever explored
The first study to ever explore biological activity in the deepest layer of ocean crust has found bacteria with a remarkable range of capabilities, including eating hydrocarbons and natural gas, and (2010-11-19)

Novel ocean-crust mechanism could affect world's carbon budget
The Earth is constantly manufacturing new crust, spewing molten magma up along undersea ridges at the boundaries of tectonic plates. Now, scientists at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution have observed ocean crust forming in an entirely unexpected way -- one that may influence those cycles of life and carbon and, in turn, affect the much-discussed future of the world's climate. (2010-11-15)

Algeo tracks evidence of 'The Great Dying'
University of Cincinnati geologist Thomas Algeo sorts 251-million-year-old chemical evidence to understand the (2010-10-28)

Microbes may consume far more oil-spill waste than earlier thought
Microbes living at the bottom of the Gulf of Mexico may consume far more of the gaseous waste from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill than previously thought, according to research carried out within 100 miles of the spill site. (2010-10-20)

New discoveries in North America's Great Plains bring ammonites to life
New research on ammonites, a group of previously common marine invertebrates that went extinct after the Chicxuluxb impact 65 million years ago, is filling in details about the biology of these organisms. (2010-10-13)

Microscopic solutions to world's biggest problems
World class scientist professor Willy Verstraete will explain on Monday how he and his team are using bacteria to produce energy, degrade waste, clean water and kill viruses. Today we are faced with seemingly insurmountable challenges: from climate change to the need for renewable energy sources, the threat of new pandemics and a general demise in environmental quality. The role of microbes in each of these challenges is not well-known but is crucially important. (2010-10-12)

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