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Current Modern Human News and Events, Modern Human News Articles.
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Shortening tails gave early birds a leg up
A radical shortening in the bony tails of birds that lived over 100 million years ago freed the legs to evolve in new ways and enabled an explosive radiation of early bird species, a new study shows. (2013-08-14)

Research examines hip-hop and social movement
Research on hip-hop music and social movements is presented at the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting. (2013-08-12)

Scientists have found new evidence to show how early humans migrated into Europe
Humans originated in Africa. But what route did they take as they began to disperse around the world 60,000 years ago? A new professor at the University of Huddersfield has played a key role in finding the answer to one of the most fundamental questions in the history of mankind. (2013-08-12)

Neandertals made the first specialized bone tools in Europe
New finds demonstrate: Neandertals were the first in Europe to make standardized and specialized bone tools -- which are still in use today. (2013-08-12)

'Digging up' 4-billion-year-old fossil protein structures to reveal how they evolved
Very little is known about how and when over the course of evolution 3-D protein structures arose. In a new study, researchers resurrected four-billion-year-old Precambrian proteins in the laboratory and gained novel insights into protein evolution by analyzing their X-ray crystal structures. This method has revealed a remarkable degree of structural similarity among proteins since life first evolved on this planet, and represents a powerful and novel approach to explore the evolution of protein structures. (2013-08-08)

New proto-mammal fossil sheds light on evolution of earliest mammals
A newly discovered fossil reveals the evolutionary adaptations of a 165-million-year-old proto-mammal, providing evidence that traits such as hair and fur originated well before the rise of the first true mammals. The biological features of this ancient mammalian relative, named Megaconus mammaliaformis, are described by scientists from the University of Chicago in the Aug. 8 issue of Nature. (2013-08-07)

Trouble waking up? Camping could set your clock straight
If you have trouble going to sleep at night and waking up for work or school in the morning, a week of camping in the great outdoors might be just what you need. That's according to evidence reported on August 1 in Current Biology, a Cell Press publication, showing that humans' internal biological clocks will tightly synchronize to a natural, midsummer light-dark cycle, if only they are given the chance. (2013-08-01)

Hot flashes? Thank evolution
A study of mortality and fertility patterns among seven species of wild apes and monkeys and their relatives, compared with similar data from hunter-gatherer humans, shows that menopause sets humans apart from other primates. (2013-07-29)

Extinct ancient ape did not walk like a human, study shows
UT anthropologists find Miocene ape was physically incapable of walking habitually on two legs. (2013-07-25)

Bad night's sleep? The moon could be to blame
Many people complain about poor sleep around the full moon, and now a report appearing in Current Biology, a Cell Press publication, on July 25 offers some of the first convincing scientific evidence to suggest that this really is true. The findings add to evidence that humans -- despite the comforts of our civilized world -- still respond to the geophysical rhythms of the moon, driven by a circalunar clock. (2013-07-25)

Bad sleep around full moon is no longer a myth
Many people complain about poor sleep around full moon. Scientists at the University of Basel in Switzerland now report evidence that lunar cycles and human sleep behavior are in fact connected. The results have been published in the journal Current Biology. (2013-07-25)

Mystery of before 370 Ma coral-stromatoporoid reef disappearing from the planet Earth
A new study shows that blooming and invading of bacteria and algae and their triggering cumulative environmental effects played an important role for before 370 Ma (Late Devonian F-F transition) coral-stromatoporoid reef disappearing from the planet earth. This study has been published in SCIENCE CHINA Earth Sciences, 2013, No.7. (2013-07-24)

Irish potato famine-causing pathogen even more virulent now
The plant pathogen that caused the Irish potato famine in the 1840s lives on today with a different genetic blueprint and an even larger arsenal of weaponry to harm and kill plants. (2013-07-18)

The Heart of Leonardo
Our contemporary understanding of the human heart and its workings is at the cutting edge of modern medical and biological research. However, we still struggle to fully decipher the complexities of the normal and diseased heart. Leonardo Da Vinci's heart studies represent the pinnacle of his anatomical endeavors. A new book, The Heart of Leonardo, features all of Leonardo's drawings on the heart and its physiology, accompanied by translations of his accompanying notes. (2013-07-17)

Royal Holloway University awarded £1.3m for television technology research
Why do old television programs look so strange and formal? And how has technology made modern shows such as Big Brother possible? Research at Royal Holloway University will explore these questions in a £1.3m study -- the first of its kind in the UK - into the history of television technology since 1960. (2013-07-11)

Did Neandertals have language?
A recent study suggest that Neandertals shared speech and language with modern humans. (2013-07-09)

Scientists decode the genomic sequence of 700,000-year-old horse
Scientists decode the genomic sequence of 700,000-year-old horse. (2013-07-02)

Risk factors affect the incidence of childhood pneumonia in modern urban apartment?
Using coal or wood as cooking fuel in rural areas was considered a major cause of pneumonia. A recent study investigated the risk factors of pneumonia in modern apartments in an urban area of China. The results improve the understanding of high risk pneumonia in modern apartments in China. This study has been published in CHINESE SCIENCE Bulletin, 2013. (2013-06-30)

Yukon gold mine yields ancient horse fossil
When University of Alberta researcher Duane Froese found an unusually large horse fossil in the Yukon permafrost, he knew it was important. Now, in a new study in Nature, this fossil is rewriting the story of equine evolution as the ancient horse has its genome sequenced. (2013-06-26)

Risk factors affect the incidence of childhood pneumonia in modern urban apartment?
Using coal or wood as cooking fuel in rural area was considered as major cause of Pneumonia. A recent study investigated the risk factors of pneumonia in modern apartment in urban area of china. The results improve the understanding of high risk pneumonia in modern apartments in China. This study has been published on CHINESE SCIENCE Bulletin, 2013. (2013-06-22)

Stone Age technological and cultural innovation accelerated by climate
According to a study by the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, the University of Cardiff and the Natural History Museum in London, technological innovation during the Stone Age occurred in fits and starts and was climate-driven. Abrupt changes in rainfall in South Africa 40,000 to 80,000 years ago triggered the development of technologies for finding refuge and the behavior of modern humans. This study was recently published in Nature Communications. (2013-06-18)

Genome decoding of the medieval leprosy pathogen
From skeletons and biopsies, an international team of scientists was successful in reconstructing a dozen medieval and modern genomes of the leprosy-causing bacteria Mycobacterium leprae. (2013-06-14)

Controlling magnetic clouds in graphene
Wonder material graphene can be made magnetic and its magnetism switched on and off at the press of a button, opening a new avenue towards electronics with very low energy consumption. (2013-06-12)

New archaeogenetic research refutes earlier findings
When did modern humans settle in Asia and what route did they take from mankind's African homeland? A University of Huddersfield professor has helped to provide answers to both questions. But he has also had to settle a controversy. (2013-06-11)

Bone tumor in 120,000-year-old Neandertal discovered
The first-known definitive case of a benign bone tumor has been discovered in the rib of a young Neandertal who lived about 120,000 years ago in what is now present-day Croatia. The bone fragment, which comes from the famous archaeological cave site of Krapina, contains by far the earliest bone tumor ever identified in the archaeological record. (2013-06-07)

Discovery of oldest primate skeleton helps chart early evolution of humans, apes
An international team of researchers has announced the discovery of the world's oldest known fossil primate skeleton, an animal that lived about 55 million years ago and was even smaller than today's smallest primate, the pygmy mouse lemur. This new fossil illuminates a pivotal event in primate and human evolution: the divergence between the lineage leading to modern monkeys, apes, and humans and the branch leading to living tarsiers--small, nocturnal tree-dwelling primates. (2013-06-05)

Over 120,000-year-old bone tumor in Neandertal specimen found
The first case of a bone tumor of the ribs in a Neanderthal specimen reveals that at least one Neanderthal suffered a cancer that is common in modern-day humans, according to research published June 5 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by David Frayer from the University of Kansas and colleagues from other institutions. (2013-06-05)

To improve today's concrete, do as the Romans did
In a quest to make concrete more durable and sustainable, a UC Berkeley-led team of geologists and engineers has found inspiration in the ancient Romans, whose massive concrete structures have withstood the elements for more than 2,000 years. (2013-06-04)

'Lizard King' fossil shows giant reptiles coexisted with mammals during globally warm past
At nearly six feet long and weighing upwards of 60 pounds, (2013-06-04)

Huddersfield duo publish 5th edition of Practical Psychiatry of Old Age
Professor John Wattis and Professor Steven Curran, of the University of Huddersfield, have published the latest edition of this key text on psychiatric conditions in old age. (2013-05-30)

Arctic current flowed under deep freeze of last ice age, study says
During the last ice age, when thick ice covered the Arctic, many scientists assumed that the deep currents below that feed the North Atlantic Ocean and help drive global ocean currents slowed or even stopped. But in a new study in Nature, researchers show that the deep Arctic Ocean has been churning briskly for the last 35,000 years, through the chill of the last ice age and warmth of modern times. (2013-05-29)

'Should We Eat Meat?'
Meat eating is often a contentious subject, whether considering the technical, ethical, environmental, political, or health-related aspects of production and consumption. (2013-05-23)

Monkey teeth help reveal Neanderthal weaning
Studies on monkeys at the California National Primate Research Center at UC Davis have helped US and Australian researchers calculate when a Neanderthal infant was weaned. (2013-05-23)

Origins of human culture linked to rapid climate change
Rapid climate change during the Middle Stone Age, between 80,000 and 40,000 years ago, sparked surges in cultural innovation in early modern human populations, according to new research. The research, published this month in Nature Communications, was conducted by a team of scientists from Cardiff University's School of Earth and Ocean Sciences, the Natural History Museum in London and the University of Barcelona. (2013-05-21)

Collecting DNA for human rights: How to help while safeguarding privacy
DNA databases might help identify victims of crime and human trafficking, but how do we safeguard the personal privacy of innocent victims and family members? A new report online May 15 in the Cell Press journal Trends in Genetics identifies a number of key challenges to consider as experts develop such programs. (2013-05-15)

Educating women may improve food security in Africa
African women have a key role in their families' food security. Information campaigns targeting female farmers could lead to reduced poverty and increased food security. This is the conclusion of a new doctoral thesis from the School of Business, Economics and Law at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. (2013-05-13)

New computer-based tool measures readability for different readers
Today most public services involve electronic communication, which requires that people are able to read relatively well. However, a significant number of adults cannot fully understand the texts they read for example on the internet. A new doctoral thesis from the University of Gothenburg shows that a new model called SVIT can be used as a tool to measure the readability of texts and therefore how appropriate they are for different target groups. (2013-05-13)

Brain frontal lobes not sole centre of human intelligence
Human intelligence cannot be explained by the size of the brain's frontal lobes, say researchers. (2013-05-13)

Binghamton researcher studies oldest fossil hominin ear bones ever recovered
A new study, led by a Binghamton University anthropologist and published this week by the National Academy of Sciences, could shed new light on the earliest existence of humans. The study analyzed the tiny ear bones, the malleus, incus and stapes, from two species of early human ancestor in South Africa. (2013-05-13)

Texas A&M study: Prehistoric ear bones could lead to evolutionary answers
The tiniest bones in the human body -- the bones of the middle ear -- could provide huge clues about our evolution and the development of modern-day humans, according to a study by a team of researchers that include a Texas A&M University anthropologist. (2013-05-13)

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