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Current Morphology News and Events

Current Morphology News and Events, Morphology News Articles.
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Multifunctional nano-sized drug carriers based on reactive polypept(o)ides
In cooperation with researchers from the University of Tokyo and Gutenberg Research Awardee Prof. (2017-09-13)
New tool for cell-free therapy based on artificial membrane vesicles
Scientists at Kazan Federal University's Institute of Fundamental Medicine and Biology, led by Professor Albert Rizvanov, have shown that artificial membrane vesicles generated by cytochalasin B treatment of human cells retain angiogenic activity. (2017-09-12)
Researchers report better way to create organic bioelectronics
Researchers with the University of Houston and Pennsylvania State University have reported a new fabrication technique for biocompatible neural devices that allow more precise tuning of the electrical performance of neural probes, along with improved properties for drug delivery. (2017-08-24)
Farming, cheese, chewing changed human skull shape
The advent of farming, especially dairy products, had a small but significant effect on the shape of human skulls, according to a recently published study from anthropologists at UC Davis. (2017-08-24)
Epigenetics may explain how Darwin's finches respond to rapid environmental change
Epigenetics may explain how Darwin's finches respond to rapid environmental changes, according to new research published in the open access journal BMC Evolutionary Biology. (2017-08-23)
New drug targets for a rare kidney and liver disease
(Osaka, Japan) In a joint international study, researchers from Osaka University have partnered with research groups from the United States and Spain to uncover how mutations in a single gene called PKHD1 lead to symptoms associated with a rare kidney and liver disease, ARPKD (autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease). (2017-08-23)
University of Stirling team discovers new plant in Shetland
Scientists at the University of Stirling have discovered a new type of plant growing in Shetland -- with its evolution only having occurred in the last 200 years. (2017-08-16)
The unexpected source of tuna's fin finesse
The precise control that tuna have of their fins for tight turns and movement while swimming is aided by hydraulic activity of the lymphatic system, a new study reveals. (2017-07-20)
Mutation speeds up sperm of zebra finches
Gene inversion gives reproductive advantage to zebra finches. (2017-07-17)
Ancient plankton-like microfossils span 2 continents
Large, robust, lens-shaped microfossils from the approximately 3.4 billion-year-old Kromberg Formation of the Kaapvaal Craton in eastern South Africa are not only among the oldest elaborate microorganisms known, but are also related to other intricate microfossils of the same age found in the Pilbara Craton of Australia, according to an international team of scientists. (2017-07-13)
How humans transformed wild wheat into its modern counterpart
A sophisticated sequencing study reveals genetic changes that emerged in wheat as it became domesticated by agricultural societies in the Fertile Crescent, roughly 10,000 years ago. (2017-07-06)
Highly nitrogen and sulfur dual-doped carbon microspheres for supercapacitors
A facile two-step synthetic strategy was proposed to synthesize nitrogen and sulfur co-doped carbon microsphere (NSCM). (2017-07-06)
Study finds automated embryo assessment system more accurate than that of embryologists
Embryo quality has long been considered the main determinant of implantation and pregnancy in IVF. (2017-07-04)
Two knees or not two knees: The curious case of the ostrich's double kneecap
Ostriches are the only animals in the world to have a double-kneecap, but its purpose remains an evolutionary mystery. (2017-07-02)
Ancient retrovirus embedded in the human genome helps fight HIV-1 infection
Researchers from Kumamoto University in Japan have found that a human endogenous retrovirus family, HERV-K, interferes with the replication and infectivity of HIV-1. (2017-06-27)
Researchers developed nanoparticle based contrast agent for dual modal imaging of cancer
Dual modal imaging which shares the advantages of two imaging modalities such as magnetic resonance imaging and optical imaging, has the ability to produce images with higher spatial resolution and higher sensitivity. (2017-06-20)
Imaging helps to spot fake ancient daggers
Collectors have become increasingly interested in weapons from ancient Asia and the Middle East. (2017-06-12)
Pigments by design
Researchers have discovered how to tune the optical and electrical properties of a synthetic polymer similar to melanin, a natural pigment that's the primary factor affecting skin color. (2017-06-08)
The first of our kind
New finds of fossils and stone tools from the archaeological site of Jebel Irhoud, Morocco, push back the origins of our species by one hundred thousand years and show that by about 300 thousand years ago important changes in our biology and behaviour had taken place across most of Africa. (2017-06-07)
Researchers reveal bioelectric patterns guiding worms' regenerative body plan after injury
Researchers have succeeded in permanently rewriting flatworms' regenerative body shape by resetting their internal bioelectric pattern memory, causing even normal-appearing flatworms to harbor the 'code' to regenerate as two-headed worms. (2017-05-23)
Loss of airway blood vessels is associated with risk of death in smokers without COPD
In a new study, CT-measured vascular pruning -- the diminution of distal pulmonary blood vessels (vessels on the outer edges of the lungs) -- was associated with increased risk of death in smokers without chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). (2017-05-23)
Three-dimensional direction-dependent force measurement at the subatomic scale
Osaka University and collaborators have developed a new atomic force microscopy (AFM) technique that can measure the three-dimensional force fields of atoms. (2017-05-10)
Bravery may cost fish their lives
Fish that show bravery often become prey themselves, whereas shyer individuals survive to a greater extent. (2017-05-04)
Light can improve perovskite solar cell performance
Publishing in Nature, EPFL scientists show how light affects perovskite film formation in solar cells, which is a critical factor in using them for cost-effective and energy-efficient photovoltaics. (2017-04-26)
Newly discovered Egyptian carnivore named after Anubis, ancient Egyptian god of underworld
Analysis of Egyptian fossils has identified a new species of extinct carnivorous mammals called hyaenodonts, according to a study published April 19, 2017, in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Matthew Borths from Ohio University, United States of America, and Erik Seiffert from University of Southern California, United States of America. (2017-04-19)
The recipe for especially efficient stomata
Scientists have identified a key element underlying the superior function of stomata -- or tiny, gas-exchanging pores -- in grasses, where stomata function more efficiently than they do in other plant types. (2017-03-16)
Changes of the cell environment are associated with certain eye diseases
In case of ischemic injury to the retina, changes occur in the protein scaffold in the environment of retinal cells, the so-called extracellular matrix. (2017-03-15)
New finds from China suggest human evolution probably of regional continuity
In their recent study, paleontologists from the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology (IVPP) and their collaborators reported two early Late Pleistocene (~105,000- to 125,000-year-old) crania from Lingjing, Xuchang, China. (2017-03-03)
Walnuts may support sperm health, according to new animal research
New animal research suggests eating a walnut-enriched diet may improve sperm quality by reducing lipid peroxidation, a process that can damage sperm cells. (2017-02-28)
Smart multi-layered magnetic material acts as an electric switch
The nanometric-size islands of magnetic metal sporadically spread between vacuum gaps display unique conductive properties under a magnetic field. (2017-02-27)
Study shows ancient humans arrived in South America in multiple waves
The findings published Wednesday (Feb. 22, 2017) in the journal Science Advances suggest that Paleoamericans share a last common ancestor with modern native South Americans outside, rather than inside, the Americas and underscore the importance of looking at both genetic and morphological evidence, each revealing different aspects of the human story, to help unravel our species' history. (2017-02-24)
Cardiomyocyte autophagia and morphological alterations
In experiments on rabbits we evaluated the intensity of cardiomyocyte autophagia by the level beclin-1 protein and morphology of the left ventricular myocardium on days 1, 3, and 5 after the onset of focal ischemia caused by ligation of the descending branch of the left coronary artery. (2017-02-20)
3-D reconstruction of skull suggests a small crocodile is a new species
A small crocodyliform dinosaur discovered in Germany's Langenberg Quarry may be a new species, according to a study published Feb. (2017-02-15)
Chimpanzee feet allow scientists a new grasp on human foot evolution
An investigation into the evolution of human walking by looking at how chimpanzees walk on two legs is the subject of a new research paper published in Journal of Human Evolution. (2017-02-08)
Highly sensitive gas sensors for volatile organic compound detection
A collaboration of researchers in Japan has developed a sensor for volatile organic compound (VOC) detection. (2017-02-01)
Oddly shaped immune cells cause fibrosis
Scientists at the Immunology Frontier Research Center (IFReC) at Osaka University, Japan, report a new group of monocytes they call SatM. (2016-12-22)
The galloping evolution in seahorses
A genome project, comprising six evolutionary biologists from Professor Axel Meyer's research team from Konstanz and researchers from China and Singapore, sequenced and analyzed the genome of the tiger tail seahorse. (2016-12-14)
New book on The Cytoskeleton from Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
'The Cytoskeleton', from CSHLPress, presents a comprehensive and up-to-date view of the cytoskeleton, cataloguing its many different components and explaining how they are functionally integrated in different cellular processes. (2016-12-09)
The song of silence
Neurons in zebra finch brains operate as a barcode reader to detect songs of the same species during learning. (2016-12-08)
Just 6 months of frequent exercise improves men's sperm quality
Sedentary men who start exercising between three and five times per week improve their sperm counts and other measures of sperm quality in just a few months, according to a new study published today in Reproduction. (2016-12-05)
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Best Science Podcasts 2017

We have hand picked the best science podcasts for 2017. Sit back and enjoy new science podcasts updated daily from your favorite science news services and scientists.
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Oliver Sipple
One morning, Oliver Sipple went out for a walk. A couple hours later, to his own surprise, he saved the life of the President of the United States. But in the days that followed, Sipple's split-second act of heroism turned into a rationale for making his personal life into political opportunity. What happens next makes us wonder what a moment, or a movement, or a whole society can demand of one person. And how much is too much?  Through newly unearthed archival tape, we hear Sipple himself grapple with some of the most vexing topics of his day and ours - privacy, identity, the freedom of the press - not to mention the bonds of family and friendship.  Reported by Latif Nasser and Tracie Hunte. Produced by Matt Kielty, Annie McEwen, Latif Nasser and Tracie Hunte. Special thanks to Jerry Pritikin, Michael Yamashita, Stan Smith, Duffy Jennings; Ann Dolan, Megan Filly and Ginale Harris at the Superior Court of San Francisco; Leah Gracik, Karyn Hunt, Jesse Hamlin, The San Francisco Bay Area Television Archive, Mike Amico, Jennifer Vanasco and Joey Plaster. Support Radiolab today at Radiolab.org/donate.
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