Current Motivation News and Events | Page 18

Current Motivation News and Events, Motivation News Articles.
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Theme party at the APS annual convention
A hallmark of the Association for Psychological Science convention is the theme program: An assortment of invited addresses, a roundtable discussion of distinguished panelists and a poster session on the latest research in one of the most fascinating areas in psychological research. (2007-05-17)

Can personality be changed?
Carol Dweck, a leading expert in motivation and personality psychology, will be this year's keynote speaker at the 19th annual convention of the Association for Psychological Science taking place May 24-27 in Washington, D.C. (2007-05-08)

Nighthawks -- Convenience or necessity?
Convenience, value for recruiting, and efficiency were named as key factors in radiologists' use of (2007-05-04)

Research on the color red shows definite impact on achievement
The color red can affect how people function: Red means danger and commands us to stop in traffic. Researchers at the University of Rochester have now found that red also can keep us from performing our best on tests. (2007-02-28)

New study demonstrates nicotine's role in smoking behavior
A new study from the Center for Addiction and Mental Health and the National Institutes of Health reveals that nicotine use is highly addictive in primates. This study is the first of its kind to evaluate the motivational value of nicotine in experimentally naive monkeys. This study was conducted at NIH under the leadership of Dr. Bernard Le Foll, CAMH Scientist and Head of the Translational Addiction Research Laboratory and associate professor at the University of Toronto. (2007-02-27)

The influence of the menstrual cycle on the female brain
French CNRS researcher, with NIH, has identified the influence variation in the estrogen cycle has on the female brain. For the first time, scientists have identified the neural networks involved in processing reward-related functions modulated by female gonadal steroid hormones. This was published on the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA Web site Jan. 29, 2007. (2007-02-26)

Fixed versus growth intelligence mindsets: It's all in your head, Dweck says
Stanford psychologist Carol Dweck says that people's self-theories about intelligence have a profound influence on their motivation to learn. People who have a (2007-02-16)

Students who believe intelligence can be developed perform better
Two studies that followed junior high students have demonstrated that students who believe intelligence can be developed may improve their math achievement. In each study, which each involved two groups of 12-year-olds, one group believed that intelligence could be expanded. This group in both studies showed improvement in math achievement over time. The findings underscore the importance of students' beliefs about their efforts and the need to strengthen motivation and achievement. (2007-02-07)

Sensitivity to rejection based on appearance bad for mental, physical health
Three new studies by a University at Buffalo psychologist offer the first known evidence that some people anxiously expect that they will be rejected by others because of their physical appearance, and that this sensitivity, if not mitigated, has serious implications for their mental and physical health. (2007-01-25)

A reason why video games are hard to give up
Kids and adults will stay glued to video games this holiday season because the fun of playing actually is rooted in fulfilling their basic psychological needs. Psychologists at the University of Rochester, in collaboration with Immersyve Inc., a virtual environment think tank, asked 1,000 gamers what motivates them to keep playing. The results published in the journal Motivation and Emotion this month suggest that people enjoy video games because they find them intrinsically satisfying. (2006-12-26)

All itches not created equal -- Different parts of brain activated depending on cause
Different reactions in the brain to two common allergy triggers -- allergens (pollen and dust) and histamine (allergy cells within the body caused by foods, drugs or infection) -- may shed some light on the itch-scratch cycle. Allergen-induced itch intensity ratings were higher compared to histamine and perception of itch and changes in blood flow were significantly greater when allergen induced. Itch intensity and changes in blood flow were perceived to exist for significantly longer periods. (2006-12-06)

New agreement questions NHS relation with industry
The Department of Health's new clinical trials agreement raises questions about the NHS's relation with the drug industry, says an editorial published in BMJ Online today. Following the tragedy of the TGN1412 trial, the Department of Health announced last month that a model clinical trials agreement has been finalized. This provides a template that can be used by all NHS trusts for any clinical trial, without modification. (2006-11-16)

Money: It's more than an incentive according to University of Minnesota researcher
Why are some people more self-sufficient than others? Why are some people more willing to volunteer or help out than others? What makes some people seem stand-offish, while others move right in and help? Research conducted by Kathleen Vohs, assistant professor of marketing at the Carlson School of Management, University of Minnesota, demonstrates that money -- more specifically, people's exposure to the concept of money -- can start to answer these questions. The research is published in the November 17 issue of Science. (2006-11-16)

Stanford's Carstensen to receive GSA's 2006 Distinguished Career Contribution to Gerontology Award
The Gerontological Society of America has chosen Laura L. Carstensen of Stanford University to receive its 2006 Award for the Distinguished Career Contribution to Gerontology. This prize is given annually to an individual whose theoretical contributions have helped bring about a new synthesis and perspective or have yielded original and elegant research designs addressing a significant problem in the literature. (2006-11-14)

Altered perception of reward in human cocaine addiction
People addicted to cocaine have an impaired ability to perceive rewards and exercise control due to disruptions in the brain's reward and control circuits, according to a series of brain-mapping studies and neuropsychological tests conducted at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory. (2006-10-15)

'No time to exercise' is no excuse
A new study, published in the Journal of Physiology, shows that short bursts of very intense exercise -- equivalent to only a few minutes per day -- can produce the same results as traditional endurance training. (2006-09-18)

Weight worries affect women's motivation to stay smoke-free after pregnancy
Although many women quit smoking during pregnancy, the majority will resume smoking after having a baby. Results of a University of Pittsburgh study suggest that women's worries about weight may decrease their motivation to remain smoke-free postpartum. The study is published in the October issue of the Annals of Behavioral Medicine. (2006-09-15)

Location, location, location!
By discovering that particular rat brain neurons combine or (2006-08-16)

Mapping the neural landscape of hunger
The compelling urge to satisfy one's hunger enlists structures throughout the brain, as might be expected in a process so necessary for survival. But until now, studies of those structures and of the feeding cycle have been only fragmentary -- measuring brain regions only at specific times in the feeding cycle. (2006-08-16)

Brain's 'gambling circuitry' identified
From gamblers playing blackjack to investors picking stocks, humans make a wide range of decisions that require gauging risk versus reward. However, laboratory studies have not been able to unequivocally determine how the very basic information-processing (2006-08-02)

Novelty aids learning
Exposure to new experiences improves memory, according to research by UCL (University College London) psychologists and medical doctors that could hold major implications for the treatment of memory problems. The study, published in Neuron on August 3, concludes that introducing completely new facts when learning, significantly improves memory performance. (2006-08-02)

Hard-working at school, sluggish at home
This study found that students' conscientiousness predicts how much effort they put into homework. Students' beliefs about how well they will perform, interest in the subject, and how relevant they think the assignment also predicts their homework behavior. The data was collected through questionnaires from 2,712 fifth, seventh and ninth graders about homework. The findings emphasize that students' homework efforts may improve if beliefs in success, interest, and sense that assignments are useful are increased. (2006-07-13)

Fitting software to students
Some students (2006-07-12)

Fatigue a lasting problem after liver transplantation
A new study on fatigue experienced by patients after undergoing liver transplantation found that it is a major problem that does not tend to improve with the passage of time. Liver transplant patients experience physical fatigue and reduced activity rather than mental fatigue and reduced motivation. (2006-06-01)

Beauty and the beholder: Why pretty faces don't always help sales
Beautiful young models are used to sell everything from computer processors to motor oil. But is it really effective to use a pretty face to market something that has nothing to do with physical attractiveness? New research from the June issue of the Journal of Consumer Research argues that an attractive model can actually negatively influence product perception if the model is irrelevant to the quality of the product and the consumer had a very high interest in the product to being with. (2006-05-08)

The brain's motivation station
The prospect of a paycheck, good grade, or promotion wonderfully concentrates the mind, and researchers have now identified the brain circuitry responsible for such reward-motivated learning. In an article in the May 4, 2006, Neuron, Alison Adcock and colleagues report brain-scanning studies in humans that reveal how specific reward-related brain regions (2006-05-03)

Directly observed therapy does not help fight tuberculosis
Directly observed therapy (DOT) has no quantitatively important effect on cure rates or treatment completion in people receiving treatment for tuberculosis (TB). So concludes a systematic review of randomized controlled trials conducted in low-, middle-, and high-income countries. (2006-04-18)

Mega-brands have mega influence on dietary behavior
Familiar brands of foods maintain a strong grip on us because consumers, food companies, and supermarkets are intertwined in a symbiotic relationship that yields benefits for all three, reports Jim Tillotson, a professor of food policy and international business at the Friedman School at Tufts. (2006-04-17)

NHS cash crisis will delay national bowel screening programme, warns expert
The NHS financial crisis will delay the government's bowel cancer screening programme, which is due to begin this week, warns a senior doctor in this week's BMJ. (2006-03-30)

Smoking cessation delivered at-home proves effective
A new study suggests that incorporating smoking cessation counseling into home-based medical care is an effective and feasible way to help people break the habit. Furthermore, counseling that focuses on a patient's motivation to quit is more successful than following standard cessation guidelines. The study is published in a recent issue of Preventive Medicine by researchers at The Miriam Hospital's Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine. (2006-03-01)

Unplanned quit attempts more likely to succeed
Unplanned attempts to stop smoking are more likely to succeed than planned ones, concludes a study published online by the BMJ today. (2006-01-26)

Euclid returns to maths lessons
Knowing how a mathematical theory developed improves a pupil's understanding of it. This is the conclusion of Dutch researcher Iris van Gulik, who investigated how the history of mathematics can help pupils to learn this subject. (2005-12-19)

New study finds anabolic steroids may be addictive
A new study designed to test whether androgenic-anabolic steroids may be addictive found that hamsters exposed to the compounds demonstrated addictive behavior over time. This research is one of the first studies to examine the potential for anabolic steroid addiction. (2005-12-13)

Personal fulfillment may motivate adolescents to be physically active
Adolescents are most likely to report personal fulfillment as the strongest motivation to be physically active. Personal fulfillment motivation should be considered when designing physical activity promotion programs for youth, according to a study in the December issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. (2005-12-05)

Grabbing addiction by the tail
Canadian scientists have developed some molecular trickery that is helping to reduce the drug craving of drug-addicted rats. The researchers have crafted a peptide that mimics a portion of the tail of the glutamate receptor and, once inside a neuron, serves as a decoy to prevent loss of glutamate receptors. (2005-11-24)

New study suggests the 'buddy system' wins results for African-American women and exercise
A new University of Cincinnati study that surveyed the exercise habits of African-American women is published in the July-August issue of the American Journal of Health Behavior. (2005-09-06)

Nicotine exposure can increase motivation to respond for food weeks after the last exposure
A study provides insight into one of the most vexing issues relating to smoking cessation, one that discourages many people from attempting to quit smoking, the prospect of weight gain. (2005-08-31)

Depression linked to previously unknown dopamine regulator
Researchers from Harvard Medical School have found a molecule that is unexpectedly involved in dopamine signaling, and in a manner that supports the potential of dopamine as an alternative target for treating depression. The results provide evidence that there is a molecular link between impaired dopamine signaling and depression, which affects 16 percent of the adult population in the United States. The research appears in the July 29 issue of Cell. (2005-07-28)

After-school programs may foster academic achievement
Children who are highly engaged in after-school programs can improve their reading, academic motivation, and expectations for their own success when compared to children whose after-school care includes that of babysitters, relatives, and time alone. This study focused on ethnically diverse, economically disadvantaged children enrolled in three Northeast public schools. These results are relevant in light of growing numbers of children enrolled in after-school programs, and policy issue of how to fund these programs. (2005-07-14)

Brain scan study of smokers reveals signature of craving
Not all smokers are alike when it comes to cravings, and a new study conducted by researchers at Duke University Medical Center suggests the difference may lie in their brains' sensitivity to drug cues. (2005-06-28)

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