Current Motivation News and Events | Page 19

Current Motivation News and Events, Motivation News Articles.
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Discovery of a 'drug anticipation' brain signal
In studies with rats, researchers have distinguished a burst of the brain chemical dopamine from a reward-related brain region that is associated with anticipating the delivery of cocaine. The finding, publishing in the May 19 issue of Neuron, reveals the brain signal that likely underlies the fundamental motivation to obtain such drugs, said the scientists. Thus, the finding may give clues to the basic brain mechanism that causes drug-seeking behavior, they said. (2005-05-18)

Intrinsic motivation doesn't exist, researcher says
While some psychologists still argue that people perform better when they do something because they want to - rather than for some kind of reward, such as money -- Steven Reiss suggests we shouldn't even make that distinction. (2005-05-09)

Staying positive when helping a child with homework stimulates motivation
Your child has a homework assignment, doesn't understand it and is acting helpless. So what's a parent to do? Help, but stay loving and make the process fun, say researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. (2005-03-14)

Ten-minute emergency room intervention for problem drinkers
Emergency room practitioners can be successfully trained in two hours to counsel problem drinkers in a 10-minute intervention. (2005-03-02)

Using the internet's power and anonymity to reduce problem drinking
Computers, and the internet, have become an integral part of North American life, whether located at home, school or the workplace. At least 80 percent of internet (2005-02-14)

Preschoolers' motivation and temperament relate to attention skills
Attention in young children may be more complicated than we think. New research has found that children who have trouble paying attention exhibit different motivation patterns and temperament characteristics than children who don't have problems paying attention. The findings suggest that temperament, motivation and attention are interrelated. Tests that assess school readiness, therefore, may need to be reexamined. (2005-02-10)

Expert panel calls for raising the bar in treating schizophrenia
A panel of experts says doctors treating patients with schizophrenia should be targeting symptoms beyond hallucinations and delusions, and focus in on the common, but often overlooked, symptoms of depression and anxiety, as well as the inability to think clearly. (2004-12-20)

Is fitness your New Year's resolution? You need professional help
If one of your New Year's resolutions is to start a fitness regimen, you might want to seek professional help. A study by McMaster University's Department of Kinesiology has found that people who are new to an exercise activity perform better when goals are set by a fitness professional rather than by themselves. This speaks to the important role health and fitness professionals play in increasing confidence and motivation among people starting an exercise program. (2004-12-09)

Should medical students have earlier contact with patients?
Allowing medical students to interact with patients earlier in their medical course would better prepare them for their future role as a doctor, suggest researchers in this week's BMJ. (2004-10-07)

Researchers find chemosignal that encourages women's sexual desire
Breastfeeding women and their infants produce a substance that increases sexual desire among other women, according to research at the University of Chicago. (2004-10-06)

Excessive TV, lack of safe play space, raise obesity risk for young black girls
Too much television and too few recreational opportunities mean not enough physical activity and a higher risk of obesity for young black girls, a new study says. (2004-09-10)

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
Story ideas include a look at the mechanisms of mate-searching in C. elegans - a genetic model for sex drive in a simple invertebrate, and the recruitment of the rod pathway by cones in the absence of rods. (2004-08-25)

Pain common side effect of depression
Physical symptoms are nearly as common as emotional ones in patients suffering from depression, according to Indiana University School of Medicine research published in the August issue of the Journal of General Internal Medicine. (2004-08-24)

Policy makers need to rethink obesity message
Policymakers and health professionals must think about motivation as well as information when they promote the benefits of a healthy lifestyle, according to social psychologist Dr Gregg Maio, who will be addressing a high-level conference on Choosing Health? - Tackling Obesity in London today. (2004-05-06)

Mount Holyoke researcher studies how low-income urban youths' science aspirations develop
Becky Wai-Ling Packard, assistant professor of psychology and education, at Mount Holyoke College, is studying three interconnected topics: the social negotiations of educational and career aspirations, including how the students' science and technology aspirations develop over time and across social contexts; the nature of effective mentoring strategies, including ways students and teachers can optimize students' access to mentors; and patterns of science and technology learning and motivation across contexts. (2004-03-17)

Bigger isn't always better--especially if you're a rodent
Voles are pedestrians, too, and need just as much help crossing the road as the big animals, says new research from the University of Alberta. (2004-03-15)

Adolescent rodents experience milder hangover effects than do adult rodents
Prior research shows that adolescent animals are more sensitive to chronic alcohol exposure, with more pronounced alcohol-related memory problems and brain damage than adult animals. A recent study has found that adolescent rodents are less sensitive to the unpleasant consequences of an alcohol-related hangover, as measured by anxiety. Such a lack of aversive effects could help establish a persisting cycle of drinking in adolescents, leading to a future of alcohol-related problems. (2004-01-14)

Bridging the gap between genetics and motivations to drink alcohol
People's alcohol expectations are known to influence their likelihood of developing alcohol problems. New research has found that a person's genetic makeup may influence their motivation to drink, leading to behaviors that increase the risk for alcoholism. Particularly important motivations involve drinking to relieve social anxiety and improve mood. (2004-01-14)

Brain study shows some animals crave exercise
Like junkies without drugs, mice without running wheels crave what they lack, suggesting that some animals can develop an addiction for exercise. (2003-12-01)

Exercise for elders: It's never too late
Older Americans need more motivation to exercise regularly, say a series of studies published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine. (2003-10-08)

Non-judgmental intervention may help binge eaters overcome disorders
A brief non-judgmental interview and feedback session designed to enhances people's motivation to change their behavior added to a self-help program appears to be effective in treating some people with two common types of eating disorders -- bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder. (2003-08-28)

What type of lens is best after cataract surgery - multifocal or monofocal? It depends, study says
Multifocal intraocular lenses improve near vision without compromising distance vision. However, patients with these intraocular lenses may experience reduced contrast sensitivity and they may see haloes around lights. (2003-08-23)

College students get better grades when they take psychological principals courses
Students at Ohio State University who took a psychology-based study skills program had higher grade point averages and were more likely to return for their next year of college than a group of similar students who didn't take the class, according to a new study. This quarter-long (10-week) class is different than many other study skills courses because, rather than just passing on common-sense tips, it is based on well-founded psychological principles. (2003-08-08)

Resistance voices from WW2 throw new light on 21st Century terrorism
The memories of Polish migrants who resisted Nazism in France during World War Two have been recorded and analysed in ESRC-sponsored research which aims to throw new light on what draws people into modern- day terrorism. This research is published today as part of the ESRC's Social Science Week. (2003-06-27)

Adolescents are neurologically more vulnerable to addictions
Yale researchers have found that adolescents are more vulnerable than any other age group to developing addictions because the regions of the brain that govern impulse and motivation are not yet fully formed. (2003-06-18)

New research says better social skills not nicotine patches help smokers quit
New research by psychologists at the University of Warwick into why people smoke reveals that neurotic smokers and introverts find it hardest to kick the habit and says that carefully tailored treatment, including training to enhance social skills and counselling, could help smokers give up. (2003-05-06)

Higher pain tolerance in males can't be bought
Men's higher tolerance for pain is not just macho posturing but has a physiological underpinning, suggests a study in which subjects were given a monetary incentive to keep their hand submerged in ice water. (2003-04-09)

NIDA to host two-day neuroscience symposium
The National Institute on Drug Abuse is hosting a symposium, (2003-03-26)

Perfectionism and sport: Achieving success the healthy way
Every athlete dreams of the perfect performance, but how that perfectionism is attained is critical, says a University of Alberta researcher. Dr. John Dunn, a sport psychologist at the U of A, researches motivation theory and found that athletes who perceive undue pressure from parents and coaches will suffer in the long run. (2003-01-22)

Bupropion may help schizophrenic patients quit smoking
Smokers diagnosed with schizophrenia had higher smoking cessation rates when treated with bupropion than with a placebo, according to a study led by Dr. Tony George at Yale University. Bupropion is a medication used to help people quit smoking and to treat depression. (2003-01-13)

Task force issues new diet counseling recommendations
Just in time for New Year's resolutions to kick in, a health care task force convened by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services announced this week that there is good evidence that extended behavioral counseling can help patients who are at known risk for heart disease and other chronic illnesses. (2003-01-02)

Psychiatry receives grant establishing Conte Center to study molecular and cellular mood mechanisms
UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas has received a $9 million, five-year grant from the National Institutes of Health to establish a Silvio O. Conte Center for the Neuroscience of Mental Illness. (2002-12-10)

Chattanooga chemistry teacher wins regional award
Chemistry teacher Joey Hatcher Gaby of Tyner Academy in Chattanooga, Tenn., will be honored Nov. 15 by the American Chemical Society for outstanding high school chemistry teaching. (2002-11-05)

Computer games draw more women
Adolescent boys are not the only ones playing computer games. In fact, says Dr. T.L. Taylor, assistant professor of communication at North Carolina State University, recent trends show increasing numbers of girls and women enjoying games on their computers as well. (2002-08-13)

Computerized phone chats can motivate couch potatoes
Automated telephone calls may be able to promote behavior change among adults who are not meeting the recommended level of 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise on most days, according to a new study. (2002-07-16)

'Cheerleader' brain signal may act as a task master, Science study suggests
Scientists have discovered a brain signal that, like an encouraging bystander at a marathon, urges us keep working at a task in order to receive a reward. If these signals are overly active, they might contribute to obsessive-compulsive disorder or drug abuse, according to the study authors. Their research appears in the journal, Science, published by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). This news release is also available in Japanese. (2002-05-30)

Brain signal boosts as monkey nears reward
Delaying gratification while working toward a goal appears to have roots in a specific brain circuit. NIMH scientists have discovered a signal in a brain area involved in motivation that strengthens as a monkey performs a task for which it has been trained to expect a reward. Thought to sustain goal-driven behavior, the signal shuts off when the reward is assured. It may go awry in disorders of reward expectation, such as OCD. (2002-05-30)

Dopamine may play role in cue-induced craving distinct from its role regulating reward effects
Dopamine has been found to play a role in conditioned cue response to food. (2002-05-28)

Biological evidence can persuade people to change unhealthy habits
When confronted with evidence of how their behavior is harming their bodies, some people will adopt healthier attitudes and lifestyles. Modifiable behaviors, such as smoking, obesity, alcohol and lack of exercise are responsible for nearly half of the leading causes of American deaths. (2002-03-19)

Sad workers may make better workers
In the past few decades, the popular belief in the area of organizational behaviour and organizational psychology has been that happy workers are better workers. However, new research at the University of Alberta shows that sad workers are more productive. (2001-06-11)

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