Current Muscle News and Events | Page 23

Current Muscle News and Events, Muscle News Articles.
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Glutamate plays previously unknown role in neuromuscular development
In a new finding, University at Buffalo and Johns Hopkins researchers have shown in mice that glutamate plays a vital role in controlling how muscles and nerves are wired together during development. (2016-10-03)

PolyU study reveals minimalist shoes increase leg and foot muscles
In a recent study conducted by The Hong Kong Polytechnic University and the Harvard Medical School, running in minimalist shoes can increase leg and foot muscle volume, indicating its potential application in rehabilitation program. (2016-10-02)

Scientists find culprit responsible for calcified blood vessels in kidney disease
Scientists have implicated a type of stem cell in the calcification of blood vessels that is common in patients with chronic kidney disease. The research will guide future studies into ways to block minerals from building up inside blood vessels and exacerbating atherosclerosis, the hardening of the arteries. (2016-09-08)

Linking RNA structure and function
MIT biologists have discovered how an enigmatic type of RNA helps to control cell fate. (2016-09-08)

Placenta in females, muscle mass in males: The dual heritage of a virus
It is known that genes inherited from ancient retroviruses are essential to the placenta in mammals, a finding to which scientists in the Laboratoire Physiologie et Pathologie Moleacuteculaires des Retrovirus Endogenes et Infectieux contributed. Today, the same scientists reveal a new chapter in this story: these genes of viral origin may also be responsible for the more developed muscle mass seen in males. Their findings are published on Sept. 2, 2016, in PLOS Genetics. (2016-09-02)

CrossFitters need rest too, study finds
Are you a fitness enthusiast? If so, moderation and appropriate rest periods may be the key to healthier exercise, as consecutive CrossFit-style workouts could impair the immune system by affecting inflammatory proteins. (2016-09-01)

A new key in fighting Kennedy's disease
If a disease affects motoneurons, cells that control voluntary muscle activity, researchers should focus their efforts on motoneurons to find potential treatments, right? Not always. (2016-08-31)

Special nerve cells cause goose bumps and nipple erection
The sympathetic nerve system has long been thought to respond the same regardless of the physical or emotional stimulus triggering it. However, in a new study from Karolinska Institutet published in the Nature Neuroscience, scientists show that the system comprises different neurons that regulate specific physiological functions, such as erectile muscle control. (2016-08-29)

Zika virus detected in newborn until 2 months after birth
Physicians at the Santa Casa de Misericordia and researchers from the Institute of Biomedical Sciences at University of São Paulo describe the case of a baby born with Zika infection in January 2016, who remained infected by the virus even two months and one week after birth. This is the first reported case of prolonged Zika infection in newborns. (2016-08-24)

Surgery that restores hand and elbow function in quadriplegics is underused
A surgery for quadriplegics called tendon transfer can significantly improve hand and elbow function, but the procedure is greatly underused, according to an article in the journal Hand Clinics by Loyola Medicine hand surgeon Michael S. Bednar, M.D., F.A.A.O.S. (2016-08-23)

MDI Biological Laboratory scientists awarded patent for potential new heart disease drug
The US Patent and Trademark Office has announced that it will grant a patent to MDI Biological Laboratory scientists Voot P. Yin, Ph.D., and Kevin Strange, Ph.D., and their collaborator Michael Zasloff, M.D., Ph.D., for use of the small molecule MSI-1436 to stimulate the repair and regeneration of heart tissue damaged by injuries such as a heart attack. (2016-08-23)

Scientists challenge recommendation that men with more muscle need more protein
Sports nutrition recommendations may undergo a significant shift after research from the University of Stirling has found individuals with more muscle mass do not need more protein after resistance exercise. (2016-08-22)

UH researchers are pioneering tools for heart regeneration
University of Houston biologists are developing strategies to help regenerate heart muscle cell formation. Supported by grants from the American Heart Association, assistant professor of biochemistry Yu Liu and his team have uncovered new regulators of heart formation that are easier to deliver into human bodies, and thus have a shorter path to clinical use. Their findings are published in the Aug. 8 early edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. (2016-08-09)

Helper molecule reverses degeneration of muscle in mouse model of tissue aging, wasting
Maintaining proper levels of an essential helper molecule is crucial for optimal muscle function. Some athletes are already taking supplements to increase synthesis of this compound, called NAD, with the hopes of reversing the natural decay associated with aging of the mitochondria, the cell's powerhouses. However, this is the first study to directly investigate the consequences of NAD deficiency on muscle function. (2016-08-09)

Scientists discover potential avenue to treating type 2 diabetes at early stages
Researchers at the Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute have identified a new potential target for drugs to prevent type 2 diabetes. A paper published today in the Journal of Clinical Investigation shows that blocking a cellular glucose sensor in muscle improves insulin responsiveness. (2016-08-08)

Study identifies new pathways involved in development of insulin resistance
This month in the JCI, a study led by Daniel Kelly at the Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute determined that the transcription factor MondoA regulates key pathways controlling glucose uptake and fat accumulation in muscle cells. (2016-08-08)

Olfactory receptors discovered in bronchi
Researchers from Bochum identified two types of olfactory receptors in the muscle cells of human bronchi. One of the receptors reacts to the fruity scent amyl butyrate. If the odorant binds to the receptor, the muscles relax and the bronchi dilate -- a potential approach for asthma therapy. The team from Ruhr-Universität Bochum has published their findings together with colleagues from various clinics in Bochum, Cologne and Herne in the journal 'Frontiers in Physiology.' (2016-08-08)

New study: Montmorency tart cherry juice found to aid recovery of soccer players
Montmorency tart cherry juice may be a promising new recovery aid for soccer players following a game or intense practice. A new study published in Nutrients found Montmorency tart cherry juice concentrate aided recovery among eight semi-professional male soccer players following a test that simulated the physical and metabolic demands of a soccer game. (2016-08-04)

New microfluidic chip replicates muscle-nerve connection
MIT engineers have developed a microfluidic device that replicates the neuromuscular junction -- the vital connection where nerve meets muscle. The device, about the size of a US quarter, contains a single muscle strip and a small set of motor neurons. Researchers can influence and observe the interactions between the two, within a realistic, three-dimensional matrix. (2016-08-03)

Heritability of thoracic spine curvature
Researchers from the Harvard affiliated Hebrew SeniorLife Institute for Aging Research recently published a study in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, suggesting that hyperkyphosis may be heritable, or passed on from parents to offspring. (2016-08-02)

Scientist develops gene therapy for muscle wasting
A discovery by Washington State University scientist Dan Rodgers and collaborator Paul Gregorevic could save millions of people suffering from muscle wasting disease. (2016-07-26)

Embryonic gene Nanog reverses aging in adult stem cells
In a series of experiments at the University at Buffalo, the embryonic stem cell gene Nanog kicked into action dormant cellular processes that are key to preventing weak bones, clogged arteries and other telltale signs of growing old. (2016-07-25)

Osteopathic manipulation can improve pain in postpartum women
Preliminary results demonstrate that osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) helps reduce acute pain in postpartum women, regardless of whether they delivered vaginally or via cesarean. The study results published today The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association. (2016-07-25)

New gene therapy prevents muscle wasting associated with cancer
A new gene therapy could be used to prevent the loss of muscle mass and physical strength associated with advanced cancer (2016-07-22)

Gene controls regeneration of injured muscle by adult stem cells
A key gene enables the repair of injured muscle throughout life, according to a study in mice led by researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center. (2016-07-21)

Regenerative medicine improves strength and function in severe muscle injuries
Patients with severe muscle loss surgically implanted with bioscaffolds derived from pig tissue showed significant improvement in strength and range of motion, as well as evidence for skeletal muscle regeneration. (2016-07-21)

Exercise as effective as surgery for middle aged patients with knee damage
Exercise therapy is as effective as surgery for middle aged patients with a common type of knee injury known as meniscal tear (damage to the rubbery discs that cushion the knee joint), finds a study in The BMJ this week. (2016-07-20)

How do cells recover their shape after being subjected to external forces?
Human cells show deformation under the influence of external forces. But how do they recover their original shape afterwards? This mechanism, which is important in medicine and biology, has been described for the first time by FAU researchers and their international colleagues in an article in the journal Nature Materials. (2016-07-20)

Protein found to bolster growth of damaged muscle tissue
Biologists have found that a protein that plays a key role in the lives of stem cells can bolster the growth of damaged muscle tissue, a step that could contribute to treatments for muscle degeneration caused by old age or muscular dystrophy. (2016-07-19)

Researchers build a crawling robot from sea slug parts and a 3-D printed body
Researchers at Case Western Reserve University have combined tissues from a sea slug with flexible 3-D printed components to build 'biohybrid' robots to manage different tasks than an animal or purely manmade robot could. (2016-07-18)

Lighter weights just as effective as heavier weights to gain muscle, build strength
New research from McMaster University is challenging traditional workout wisdom, suggesting that lifting lighter weights many times is as efficient as lifting heavy weights for fewer repetitions. It is the latest in a series of studies that started in 2010, contradicting the decades-old message that the best way to build muscle is to lift heavy weights. (2016-07-12)

Study explains how a protein deficiency causes spinal muscular atrophy
Research that reveals what goes wrong in SMA and suggests that a mild version of the same genetic defect may protect relatives against infection, which could explain why SMA is a relatively common disease. (2016-07-11)

Milestone study on pomegranate anti-aging mechanism reported by Amazentis SA and EPFL
Amazentis SA, an innovative life sciences company applying scientific breakthroughs in nutrition to manage health conditions linked to aging, announced today a collaborative publication in Nature Medicine with the Ecole Polytechnique Federale Lausanne, demonstrating that the Company's lead product candidate, urolithin A, improves mitochondrial and muscle function, resulting in enhanced muscle strength and endurance during aging. Amazentis is presently evaluating urolithin A in a first human clinical trial with results expected in 2017. (2016-07-11)

Nanotech 'tattoo' can map emotions and monitor muscle activity
A new temporary 'electronic tattoo' developed by Tel Aviv University that can measure the activity of muscle and nerve cells researchers is poised to revolutionize medicine, rehabilitation, and even business and marketing research. (2016-07-11)

Injured muscles 'shocked' back to health
A recent study in rats suggests that acoustic shock waves could speed up a muscle's healing process. This technique could help injured athletes to return to training and be able to compete more quickly than just with traditional methods. (2016-07-06)

Why do aged muscles heal slowly?
As we age, the function and regenerative abilities of skeletal muscles deteriorate, which means it is difficult for the elderly to recover from injury or surgery. New work demonstrates that a protein called b1-integrin is crucial for muscle regeneration. The findings provide a promising target for therapeutic intervention to combat muscle aging or disease. (2016-07-05)

Protein target may block deadly arterial remodeling in pulmonary hypertension
Pulmonary hypertension is a highly lethal disease that transforms the thin, flexible vasculature of the lungs into thick, dysfunctional blood vessels that can kill. (2016-07-05)

Scientific breakthrough may limit damage caused by heart attacks
The discovery of a key control point in controlling the formation of new blood vessels in the heart could lead to new drugs that minimize the damage caused by heart attacks. (2016-06-30)

Researchers get $1.1M in NIH funds to study exercise affects on chronic health conditions
The National Institutes of Health has awarded grants totaling more than $1 million to two researchers in the School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis to study the effects of exercise on health conditions affecting millions of Americans. (2016-06-30)

USC researchers use gelatin instead of the gym to grow stronger muscles
USC researcher Megan L. McCain and colleagues have devised a way to develop bigger, stronger muscle fibers. But instead of popping up on the bicep of a bodybuilder, these muscles grow on a tiny scaffold or 'chip' molded from a type of water-logged gel made from gelatin. First authors Archana Bettadapur and Gio C. Suh describe these muscles-on-a-chip in a new study published in Scientific Reports. (2016-06-30)

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