Current Natural Disasters News and Events | Page 25

Current Natural Disasters News and Events, Natural Disasters News Articles.
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NC State vets lead way in disaster response for animals
Most people can picture the first responders who come to the rescue in the wake of a natural disaster. But who provides emergency help for the dogs, cats and horses that people love? North Carolina State University's College of Veterinary Medicine is helping to fill the need through a unique initiative that requires all of its students to receive disaster training, providing a new generation of leaders in veterinary medicine and disaster response. (2009-12-08)

Major impacts of climate change expected on mental health
Leading mental health researchers from the Institute of Psychiatry at King's College London are warning that some of the most important health consequences of climate change will be on mental health. The researchers say that climate change has the potential to have significant negative effects on those with pre-existing serious mental illness, but that there is also likely to be an increase in the overall burden of mental disorder worldwide. (2009-12-03)

UCLA gets $4.8 million to create Preparedness and Emergency Response Research Center
The UCLA School of Public Health has received a grant from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention totaling $4.8 million over four years to create a Preparedness and Emergency Response Research Center. The PERRC will facilitate research to strengthen and improve the ability of federal, state and local public health agencies to prepare for, respond to, and recover from natural and human-induced disasters -- including terrorism. (2009-10-13)

Coal-mining hazard resembles explosive volcanic eruption, study shows
Worldwide, thousands of workers die every year from mining accidents, and instantaneous coal outbursts in underground mines are among the major killers. But although scientists have been investigating coal outbursts for more than 150 years, the precise mechanism is still unknown. (2009-10-01)

Study of hospital relocation provides insights to aid in disaster planning
Restricting elective surgeries, limiting incoming transfers and enhancing the efficiency of the discharge process helped one major hospital reduce capacity before a relocation without interrupting emergency or trauma services, according to a report in the September issue of Archives of Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. Similar principles could help hospitals absorb patients in the aftermath of a disaster, the authors observe. (2009-09-21)

Plastic surgeons should be part of disaster relief planning, response
When a terrorist bomb explodes, a tornado rips through a town, a hurricane devastates a region, or wildfires ravage homes and businesses, plastic surgeons are not typically atop the list of emergency responders. (2009-09-10)

Designing probiotics that ambush gut pathogens
At the Society for General Microbiology's meeting at Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, today (Sept. 8), Professor James Paton and colleagues from the University of Adelaide explained how they had made probiotics by adding molecular mimics of host cell receptors onto the surface of harmless bacteria. These can bind to the toxins produced by bacterial infections in the human gut, preventing the toxins from interacting with receptors on host intestinal cells and causing disease. (2009-09-07)

Managing disasters with high-tech imaging could save lives
Improving disaster response is one of the goals of the Information Products Laboratory for Emergency Response, a partnership between Rochester Institute of Technology and the University at Buffalo. The collaboration will foster research to improve disaster mitigation planning, real-time response and recovery efforts, and to create potential business opportunities for industry. The incubator is being funded by a $600,000 grant from the National Science Foundation. (2009-08-19)

Guam Navy and University of Guam partner to conserve native tree
The University of Guam has completed the establishment of a conservation planting of Guam's endangered fadang tree on the island of Tinian. Guam Navy has funded the entire project and provided access to their lands in northern Tinian for implementing this important effort to help stave off the ongoing threats to survival of the species. (2009-08-17)

New insights into the 'smell of death' could help recover bodies in disasters and solve crimes
In an advance toward the first portable device for detecting human bodies buried in disasters and at crime scenes, two Penn State forensic scientists report early results from a project to establish the chemical fingerprint of death. Acertaining a profile of the chemicals released from decomposing bodies could lead to an electronic device that could determine the time elapsed since death quickly, accurately, and onsite. (2009-08-16)

New insights into the 'smell of death' could help recover bodies in disasters and solve crimes
In an advance toward the first portable device for detecting human bodies buried in disasters and at crime scenes, scientists are reporting early results from a project to establish the chemical fingerprint of death. The study could also lead to an electronic device that could determine the time elapsed since death quickly, accurately and onsite. It is scheduled for presentation in August at the 238th National Meeting of the American Chemical Society in Washington, D.C. (2009-08-16)

LSU professor develops integrated storm surge and hurricane wave modeling capabilities
Q. Jim Chen, LSU associate professor of civil and environmental engineering and recipient of one of the National Science Foundation's most prestigious awards, the NSF Career Grant, leads a research group tasked with helping our coastal communities better prepare for hurricanes and other inevitable events that come with living near the coast. (2009-08-12)

Sichuan earthquake caused significant damage to giant panda habitat
When the magnitude 8 Sichuan earthquake struck southern China in May 2008, it left more than 69,000 people dead and 4.3 million homeless. Now ecologists have added to these losses an assessment of the earthquake's impact on biodiversity. In an article in Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment e-view, researchers show that more than 23 percent of the pandas' habitat in the study area was destroyed, and fragmentation of remaining habitat could hinder panda reproduction. (2009-07-27)

Scientists assess flooding and damage from 2008 Myanmar cyclone
Tropical cyclone Nargis made landfall in the Asian nation of Myanmar on May 2, 2008, causing the worst natural disaster in the country's recorded history. In the July 2009 issue of the journal Nature Geoscience, researchers report on a field survey done three months after the disaster to document the extent of the flooding and resulting damage. (2009-07-17)

Media tend to doomsay when addressing environmental issues
This study, undertaken by researchers from the University of the Basque Country, analyzes the role played by the media in creating and spreading a stance regarding the protection of the environment, sustainable development and natural heritage. (2009-07-08)

Seasonal hunger devastating and under-recognized
Most of the world's acute hunger and undernutrition occurs not in conflicts and natural disasters but in the annual (2009-06-29)

Penn State researchers receive $1.2 million MURI grant
The Center for Network-Centric Cognition and Information Fusion in Penn State's College of Information Sciences and Technology received a Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative Award for (2009-06-29)

NCAR teams with Inter-American Development Bank to help Latin America prepare for climate change
NCAR is teaming up with the Inter-American Development Bank to launch a far-reaching program to help Latin American and Caribbean nations prepare for the impacts of global warming. (2009-06-25)

Officials commend UH's leadership in creation of ship channel security district
The University of Houston is being credited with playing a pivotal role in the creation of the Houston Ship Channel Security District, which was approved unanimously by Harris County Commissioners Court on Tuesday morning. (2009-06-11)

Sharing surgical lessons from the Canadian field hospital in Afghanistan
Lessons learned at the Canadian-run military hospital in Kandahar, Afghanistan could help surgeons prepare for civilian disasters, according to a London, Ontario physician who has served two tours at the hospital. Dr. Vivian McAlister is a professor in the Department of Surgery at the Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry at the University of Western Ontario and a general surgeon at the London Health Sciences Center. (2009-05-27)

Scientists document fate of oil slicks from natural seeps
Twenty years ago, the oil tanker Exxon Valdez was exiting Alaska's Prince William Sound when it struck a reef in the middle of the night. What happened next is considered one of the nation's worst environmental disasters: 10.8 million gallons of crude oil spilled into the pristine Alaskan waters, eventually covering 11,000 square miles of ocean. (2009-05-13)

Terrorist attacks provoke surge in alcohol and drug use
Nearly one in 12 people exposed to terrorism report increased use and misuse of alcohol, according to researchers at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health and the University of Michigan. In a study published in the June issue of the journal Addiction, investigators combined data from 31 studies conducted in the aftermath of such incidents as the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the Oklahoma City Bombings of 1995 and the Intifada uprisings in Israel. (2009-05-11)

Mini helicopters as disaster helpers
In the aftermath of an earthquake or chemical incident, every minute counts: the rescue team has to quickly gain an overview. Mini helicopters can help in future, investigating collapsed buildings from the inside, singly or as a swarm. (2009-05-06)

Comparing Mars to Earth: Catastrophe and history
This GSA Special Paper focuses on the catastrophic events that have influenced both Mars and Earth and is part of the ongoing search for the correct balance between catastrophic and uniformitarian processes. The book aims to (2009-05-01)

A glimpse of future GMES Sentinel-1 radar images
A newly initiated campaign marks an important step in preparing for how data from the Sentinel-1 European Radar Observatory will be used for applications such as land-cover mapping and crop management. Sentinel-1 is the first of the five missions that ESA is developing for the GMES initiative. (2009-04-23)

Mangroves save lives in storms, study of 1999 super cyclone finds
A new study of storm-related deaths from a super cyclone that hit the eastern coast of India in 1999 finds that villages shielded from the storm surge by mangrove forests experienced significantly fewer deaths than villages that were less protected. (2009-04-14)

Rutgers selected to co-lead Homeland Security research center
The United States Department of Homeland Security has selected Rutgers University as the co-lead for a new DHS Center of Excellence to conduct research into the technological issues involved with maintaining homeland security. Rutgers and its co-lead, Purdue University, will together receive up to $5 million per year over a period of six years, for an anticipated total of as much as $30 million. (2009-04-01)

The key to good foreign aid: Research highlights aid achievements in Solomon Islands
Health aid contributes 60 percent of funding to the Solomon Islands. The Islands have considerable health concerns including a double burden of both infectious and chronic diseases. This, coupled with damages from natural disasters, political instability and tensions between ethnic groups means most Islands in the Pacific, rely heavily on donations and externally funded programs. According to Australian research conducted in the Solomon Islands, simple cooperation between agencies and local governments is the key to good health care aid. (2009-03-15)

Seismological Society of America honors Coloradan David Wald for public service
Throughout his career, David Wald, Ph.D, has expanded the reach and application of seismic data through development of widely-used programs such as ShakeMap and (2009-03-12)

Fowl soil additive breaks down crude oil
It is an unlikely application, but researchers in China have discovered that chicken manure can be used to biodegrade crude oil in contaminated soil. Writing in the International Journal of Environment and Pollution the team explains how bacteria in chicken manure break down 50 percent more crude oil than soil lacking the guano. (2009-03-03)

An angry heart can lead to sudden death, Yale researchers find
Before flying off the handle the next time someone cuts you off in traffic, consider the latest research from Yale School of Medicine researchers that links changes brought on by anger or other strong emotions to future arrhythmias and sudden cardiac arrests, which are blamed for 400,000 deaths annually. (2009-02-24)

Atmospheric scientists trace the human role in Indonesian forest fires
Severe fires in Indonesia -- responsible for some of the worst air quality conditions worldwide -- are linked not only to drought, but also to changes in land use and population density, according to a new study in Nature Geoscience led by Robert Field of the University of Toronto. (2009-02-22)

Defying the disaster: Researcher explores resilient housing
Researchers at North Carolina State University are determining ways to speed the return of residents to their homes in the wake of natural disasters. The first step is providing better, more accessible information about available tools and technologies to homeowners, builders, architects and others says Dr. Dave Tilotta, associate professor of wood products at NC State. (2009-02-19)

Aerosols -- their part in our rainfall
Aerosols may have a greater impact on patterns of Australian rainfall and future climate change than previously thought, according to leading atmospheric scientist, CSIRO's Dr. Leon Rotstayn. (2009-02-17)

Aerosols -- their part in our rainfall
Aerosols may have a greater impact on patterns of Australian rainfall and future climate change than previously thought, according to leading atmospheric scientist, CSIRO's Dr. Leon Rotstayn. (2009-02-12)

Natural selection is not the only process that drives evolution
Why have some of our genes evolved rapidly? It is widely believed that Darwinian natural selection is responsible, but research led by a group at Uppsala University, suggests that a separate neutral (nonadaptive) process has made a significant contribution to human evolution. Their results have been published today in the journal PLoS Biology. (2009-01-26)

Disabled and other vulnerable groups more susceptible to terrorism fears
Research has shown that certain marginalized groups -- including the mentally ill, the disabled and ethnic minorities such as African-Americans and Latinos -- fare worse than others in the aftermath of natural disasters, suffering disproportionate impoverishment, injuries and fatalities. Now a new study has found that they also experience greater terrorism-related fears and make more behavioral changes based on those fears -- such as avoiding certain activities -- than others. (2009-01-21)

Study finds link between political corruption and FEMA money
Where natural disasters strike, political corruption is soon to follow, say the authors of a new study in the Journal of Law and Economics. But it's not the wind and rain that turns good folks bad; it's the money that floods in afterwards from the Federal Emergency Management Agency. (2008-12-11)

Study shows major pain research funding decline at NIH
Federal funding for pain research is declining sharply, more than 9 percent a year since 2003, according to a new study published in the Journal of Pain. Pain research, as a result, now accounts for only 0.6 percent of all grants awarded by the National Institutes of Health, despite the high prevalence of chronic pain in the US. (2008-12-11)

Chinese forest project could reduce number of environmental disasters
A study published in Journal of the American Water Resources Association states that the (2008-11-24)

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