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Current Neurobiology News and Events, Neurobiology News Articles.
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Human Brain Transplantation Protocol Approved To Reverse Nerve And Brain Damage
Scientists at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center are ready to start a human treatment protocol that can reverse nerve and brain damage caused by stroke, Parkinson's disease, epilepsy and spinal cord injuries. The treatment involves removal and regeneration of carefully targeted brain cells, which are then re-introduced into the patient, where growth continues and the brain is repaired. (1998-10-30)

Same Parts Of Brain Move Eyes And Shift Attention
If you've ever tried to sneak a peak at someone without them knowing, you may be surprised to learn that the parts of the brain that control eye movements are the same as those that shift attention. Researchers in St. Louis reached this conclusion using functional magnetic resonance imaging. (1998-10-23)

Lupus Foundation Of America Awards Summer Internship To Student Working At Wistar Institute
Su-jean Seo has been awarded the Lupus Foundation of America's Gina Finzi Memorial Student Summer Fellowship. It will support her work on the antigens targeted in autoimmune diseases such as lupus, which she is conducting in Dr. Jan Erikson's laboratory in Wistar's Tumor Immunology Program. (1998-07-07)

'Auditory Scene Analysis' Helps Find Mates
It's a problem faced by people joining noisy cocktail parties and midshipman fish seeking mates: How to cut through the racket and find Mr. Right? Now Cornell University biologists who study a homely fish that hums say they have a clue. The auditory portion of the midbrain uses the acoustic qualities of all the noise to isolate one signal it is programmed to recognize as potentially interesting -- at least in midshipman fish and possibly in people. (1998-06-25)

Neurons Control Brain Immunity: Neurotrophins As Regulators Of Antigen-Presentation In Microglial Cells
Recent work from the Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology in Martinsried/Germany demonstrates that neurons can control microglial antigen presentation via the p75 neurotrophin receptor and thus regulate brain immunity (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 95, Issue 10, May 12 1998). (1998-06-08)

Toxic Protein That Interferes With Brain Signals May Trigger Onset Of Alzheimer's Disease
Researchers at Northwestern University have discovered new, highly toxic proteins that disrupt brain mechanisms for learning and memory and which may set off the progression of Alzheimer's disease. (1998-05-25)

Gravity-Sensing System In Inner Ear Will Be Studied On Neurolab Space Shuttle Flight
When the space shuttle mission begins this month, a group of researchers from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis will be inside NASA's Kennedy Space Center. But instead of tracking Columbia's white plume on takeoff, they will be glued to monitors that will reveal how four toadfish handle the flight. (1998-04-16)

Understanding Dyslexia
Summary of Public Lecture given by Vice President of British Dyslexia Association, Professor Margaret Snowling at the Edinburgh Science Festival on the neurological basis of dyslexia. (1998-04-07)

Peutz-Jeghers Disease Gene Identified: Enzyme Loss Causes Polyps And Cancer
Scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology in Martinsried and the University of Würzburg have unravelled the molecular cause of the autosomal-dominantly inherited Peutz-Jeghers syndrome which is characterized by gastrointestinal polyps, brown melanin spots around the lips, and a high risk for various tumors (Nature Genetics January 1, 1998). (1998-01-01)

How The Brain Maintains Balance: New Insights Into Vestibular Compensation
The National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD), Anniversary Lecture will be held on Friday, November 7, 1997, at 10 a.m. in Lister Hill Auditorium, NIH, Bethesda, MD. The lecture, entitled (1997-10-29)

Exercise Reduces Stress Effects And Depressive Symptoms In Clock Gene Mouse
Northwestern researchers found that chronic stress influenced daily activity rhythms during the time Clock gene mice were exposed to stress and that it induced depressive-like behavioral changes which persisted for weeks after stressful conditions had been removed. Changes in rhythms and behavior were more pronounced in animals without access to running wheels. (1997-10-25)

Female Fireflies Lure Males For Defense Chemical
The characteristic light flashes that summon male fireflies of the genus Photinus could come from female Photinus fireflies. Just as likely, the signaling females are from a different genus. The femmes fatales fireflies are luring unrelated males close enough to eat them. The males contain defensive chemicals that females need to repel predators, such as spiders. (1997-08-26)

Duke Researchers Discover New Molecular Pathway For Sculpting Brain Circuits
Nerve growth factors are more than just a kind of elixir for the brain, as is now thought, according to findings by neuroscientists from Duke University Medical Center. Instead, growth factors actually oppose one another in some cases, shaping neural networks in the brain in response to experience and learning (1997-05-23)

First Circadian Clock Gene Cloned In Mammals
Scientists at Northwestern University have cloned and identified a gene for the circadian clock in a mouse, the first such gene to be identified at the molecular level in a mammal.The gene is a transcription factor, meaning that it turns on other genes. The CLOCK protein also containes regions that bind to DNA and that link with other proteins. (1997-05-16)

First Circadian Clock Gene Identified And Cloned In Mammals
Scientists affiliated with the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Center for Biological Timing have identified and cloned a gene for the biological clock in a mouse, the first such gene to be identified at the molecular level in a mammal (1997-05-15)

Pacman In The Brain: Protein Chews Up Vital Memory Chemical
What does the human brain have in common with a popular video game and a carnivorous flower? A team from Israelâs Weizmann Institute and Franceâs Pasteur Institute found that proteins used by the brain to absorb glutamate both look and act like strikingly like Pacman or the Venus flytrap (1997-02-25)

How Birds Sing
In a finding with implications to human speech acquisition, University of Chicago researchers have shown how a birdâs brain controls singing and demonstrated for the first time that structures higher up in the brain directly control the more abstract information, while the component bits are managed by lower brain centers (1996-09-27)

Human-Like Ability, Categorical Perception, Found In Insects
Humans and other (1996-09-13)

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