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Current Neurons News and Events, Neurons News Articles.
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Why developing nerve cells can take a wrong turn
Loss of ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme leads to impediment in growth of nerve cells / Link found between cellular machineries of protein degradation and regulation of the epigenetic landscape in human embryonic stem cells (2020-06-03)
Development of a novel approach 'Tracing Retrogradely the Activated Cell Ensemble'
The neural circuitry teams at DANDRITE and PROMEMO introduce a novel approach in their latest publication, which selectively labels sensory inputs that are activated by a defined stimulus and directed to a region of interest in the brain. (2020-06-02)
Stanford team develops an inexpensive technique to show how decisions light up the brain
A technique called COSMOS will help researchers understand how our brains work and aid in the development of new drugs. (2020-06-02)
Like a treasure map, brain region emphasizes reward location
In a study in rats, MIT neuroscientists found that a brain region called the lateral septum encodes spatial information with a special emphasis on the location of the reward. (2020-06-01)
When astrocytes attack: Stem cell model shows possible mechanism behind neurodegeneration
A new study published today in Neuron led by The New York Stem Cell Foundation (NYSCF) Research Institute's Valentina Fossati, Ph.D., creates astrocytes - an integral support cell in the brain -- from stem cells and shows that in disease-like environments, these normally helpful cells can turn into neuron-killers. (2020-06-01)
Squid studies illuminate neural dysfunction in ALS; suggest new route to therapy
Yuyu Song of Harvard Medical School was a Grass Fellow at the Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) when she took advantage of a powerful research organism in neuroscience, the local squid, to start asking how a mutant protein associated with familial ALS behaves under controlled conditions. (2020-06-01)
Estrogen's role in the sex differences of alcohol abuse
Fluctuating estrogen levels may make alcohol more rewarding to female mice, according to new research in JNeurosci. (2020-06-01)
Your brain needs to be ready to remember?
What happens in the hippocampus even before people attempt to form memories may impact whether they remember. (2020-06-01)
Does estrogen influence alcohol use disorder?
A new study from researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago shows that high estrogen levels may make alcohol more rewarding to female mice. (2020-06-01)
New gut-brain link: How gut mucus could help treat brain disorders
Gut bacterial imbalance is linked with many neurological disorders. Now researchers have identified a common thread: changes in gut mucus. (2020-05-29)
How toxic protein spreads in Alzheimer's disease
Toxic versions of the protein tau are believed to cause death of neurons of the brain in Alzheimer's disease. (2020-05-29)
Revealing how flies make decisions on the fly to survive
Many insects process visual information to make decisions about controlling their flying skills and movements- flies must decide whether to pursue prey, avoid a predator, maintain their flight trajectory or land based on their perceptions. (2020-05-28)
Restoring nerve-muscle communication in ALS
A new study finds that restoring the protein SV2 in a genetic form of ALS can correct abnormalities in transmission and even prevent cells from dying, providing a new target for future therapies. (2020-05-28)
A new potential target for the treatment of alcohol-withdrawal induced depression
Researchers from Pennsylvania State University have discovered that alcohol withdrawal impacts somatostatin neurons in key brain regions associated with emotional processing and addiction. (2020-05-27)
The first 3D map of the heart's neurons
An interdisciplinary research team establishes a new technological pipeline to build a 3D map of the neurons in the heart, revealing foundational insight into their role in heart attacks and other cardiac conditions. (2020-05-26)
Mapping the neurons of the rat heart in 3D
A team of researchers has developed a virtual 3D heart, digitally showcasing the heart's unique network of neurons for the first time. (2020-05-26)
A clue as to why it's so hard to wake up on a cold winter's morning
Do you remember the challenge of waking up on winter's cold, dark days? (2020-05-21)
Deciphering the fine neuroendocrine regulatory system during development
Researchers from the University of Tsukuba discovered that Crz is a key molecule for body size adjustment during the larval stage. (2020-05-20)
Noninvasive brain stimulation with ultrasonic waves controls monkeys' choices
Noninvasive pulses of ultrasound waves aimed at specific regions in the brains of macaque monkeys can give some control over the monkeys' choices, scientists report. (2020-05-20)
A sound treatment
University of Utah biomedical engineering assistant professor Jan Kubanek has discovered that sound waves of high frequency (ultrasound) can be emitted into a patient's brain to alter his or her state. (2020-05-20)
Scientists find evidence of link between diesel exhaust, risk of Parkinson's
A new UCLA study in zebrafish identified the process by which air pollution can damage brain cells, potentially contributing to Parkinson's disease. (2020-05-20)
Artificial pieces of brain use light to communicate with real neurons
Researchers at The University of Tokyo, University of Bordeaux and at Ikerbasque have created a way for artificial neuronal networks to communicate with biological neuronal networks. (2020-05-19)
Scientists find brain center that 'profoundly' shuts down pain
A Duke University research team has found a small area of the brain in mice that can profoundly control the animals' sense of pain. (2020-05-18)
Early visual experience drives precise alignment of cortical networks for binocular vision
Researchers identify three distinct cortical representations that develop independent of visual experience but undergo experience-dependent reshaping, an essential part of cortical network alignment and maturation. (2020-05-18)
Mother roundworms have ultra-protective instincts
University of Iowa biologists have learned animals can alert future offspring of dangers they will encounter when born. (2020-05-18)
Scientists develop noninvasive ultrasound neuromodulation technique
Researchers from the Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology (SIAT) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences developed a noninvasive ultrasound neuromodulation technique, which could potentially modulate neuronal excitability without any harm in the brain. (2020-05-14)
Significant differences exist among neurons expressing dopamine receptors
An international collaboration, which included the involvement of the research team from the Institut de Neurociències of the UAB (INC-UAB), has shown that neurons expressing dopamine D2 receptors have different molecular features and functions, depending on their anatomical localization within the striatum. (2020-05-13)
Proper synaptic joint will get you good night's sleep
An IBS research team has reported in vivo findings that a presynaptic cell adhesion molecule named PTPδ is crucial for the development of synapses in the developing brain. (2020-05-13)
Lighting the path for cells
ETH researchers have developed a new method in which they use light to draw patterns of molecules that guide living cells. (2020-05-12)
Researchers find the 'brain's steering wheel' in the brainstem of mice
In a new study in mice, neuroscientists from the University of Copenhagen have found neurons in the brain that control how the mice turn right and left. (2020-05-12)
High calcium levels in mitochondria linked to neuronal death in Alzheimer's disease
For the first time, using a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease, scientists at Massachusetts General Hospital have documented a link between raised levels of calcium in mitochondria and neuronal death in the living brain. (2020-05-12)
A 'consciousness conductor' synchronizes and connects mouse brain areas
New research from the RIKEN Center for Brain Science (CBS) shows that slow-wave brain activity, a characteristic of sleep and resting states, is controlled by the claustrum. (2020-05-11)
How to tune out common odors and focus on important ones
Quantitative biologists at CSHL have figured out how a fly brain learns to ignore overwhelmingly prevalent, mundane odors to focus on more important ones. (2020-05-11)
A role reversal for the function of certain circadian network neurons
A newly published study in Current Biology reveals surprising findings about the function of circadian network neurons that undergo daily structural change. (2020-05-07)
Exercise boosts motor skill learning via changes in brain's transmitters
Comparing the brains of mice that exercised with those that did not, UC San Diego researchers found that specific neurotransmitters switched following sustained exercise, leading to improved learning for motor-skill acquisition. (2020-05-04)
How synaptic changes translate to behavior changes
Learning changes behavior by altering many connections between brain cells in a variety of ways all at the same time, according to a study of sea slugs recently published in JNeurosci. (2020-05-04)
Improved neural probe can pose precise questions without losing parts of the answers
A technique for studying individual circuits in the brains of mice has been hampered because the light needed to stimulate neural activity briefly overwhelms the electrodes 'listening' for the response. (2020-05-01)
New targets for childhood brain tumors identified
People with the genetic condition neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) are prone to developing tumors on nervous system tissue. (2020-05-01)
Molecular basis of rare neurological disorder reveals potential treatment
Edwin Chapman has long studied how one protein triggers the release of neurotransmitters, allowing neurons to communicate. (2020-05-01)
Researchers identify unique glucose-sensing neurons that regulate blood sugar
At Baylor College of Medicine and other institutions, researchers have identified a group of unique glucose-sensing neurons in the brain and how they work together to prevent severe hypoglycemia in mice. (2020-05-01)
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