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Growing human brain cells in the lab
Gladstone scientists develop a cost-effective technology to produce large quantities of human brain cells in two simple steps. (2017-10-10)
When the brain's wiring breaks
Among all the bad things that can happen to the brain when it is severely jolted - in a car accident, for example - one of the most common and worrisome is axon damage. (2017-10-10)
New insight into how brain cells die in Alzheimer's and FTD
Removal of a regulatory gene called LSD1 in adult mice induces changes in gene activity that that look unexpectedly like Alzheimer's. (2017-10-09)
Making fat mice lean: Novel immune cells control neurons responsible for fat breakdown
The biological causes underlying obesity have been under intense scrutiny with studies suggesting a link between the nervous and the immune systems. (2017-10-09)
Cannabidiol benefits and mechanisms shown in mouse study of Dravet syndrome
Cannabidiol, a non-intoxicating derivative from cannabis, has been shown to reduce seizures and autism-like behaviors in a mouse model of a genetic disorder, Dravet syndrome. (2017-10-09)
Folding of the cerebral cortex -- identification of important neurons
Folds in the cerebral cortex in mammals are believed to be indispensable for higher brain functions but the mechanisms underlying cortical folding remain unknown. (2017-10-05)
Key component of respiratory center identified
Star-shaped cells called astrocytes are much more than simple support cells in the brain. (2017-10-05)
Brain study reveals how insects make beeline for home
Scientists have discovered how the wiring of bees' brains helps them plot the most direct route back to their hive. (2017-10-05)
Improvement of the genetic decoding of neurodevelopmental disorders
A team from ULB, HUDERF and (IB)² improves the genetic decoding of neurodevelopmental disorders. (2017-10-05)
Study pokes holes in fetal alcohol hypothesis
A new study published in the journal Brain Behavior and Immunity appears to challenge the theory that cells in the brain's immune system are the culprit behind the neurological damage that occurs in children exposed to alcohol while in the womb. (2017-10-04)
Neuroscientists find 'gatekeeper' in itching sensations plays no role in pain transmission
A neurotransmitter study in mice found that BNP is involved in relaying itching sensations but not pain. (2017-10-03)
Why do we fall asleep when bored?
University of Tsukuba researcher discovers why we have the tendency to fall asleep in the absence of motivating stimuli, i.e., when bored. (2017-09-29)
New proton 'starter' for optogenetics
Researchers described a new optogenetic tool -- a protein called NsXeR, which belongs to the class of xenorhodopsins. (2017-09-29)
New mouse model replicates an underlying cause of intellectual disability
Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine have developed the first mice that lack the Upf3b gene, providing a new model for studying its underlying role in intellectual disabilities and neurodevelopmental disorders. (2017-09-29)
Parkinson's disease involves degeneration of the olfactory system
Scientists discover the anatomical link for the loss of smell in Parkinson's disease. (2017-09-28)
Breakdown of brain cells' metabolic collaboration linked to Alzheimer's disease
Researchers have discovered that impairing a critical partnership between brain cells can lead to neurodegeneration. (2017-09-28)
Pass the salt: Mapping the neurons that drive salt cravings
A team of scientists in the Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, have shed new light on the process. (2017-09-27)
Move towards 'holy grail' of computing by creation of brain-like photonic microchips
Scientists have made a crucial step towards unlocking the 'holy grail' of computing -- microchips that mimic the way the human brain works to store and process information. (2017-09-27)
Researchers from KAIST and NTU Singapore unlock Parkinson's disease
A KAIST research team has identified a new mechanism that causes the hallmark symptoms of Parkinson's disease, namely tremors, rigidity, and loss of voluntary movement. (2017-09-27)
Pigeons better at multitasking than humans
Pigeons are capable of switching between two tasks as quickly as humans -- and even more quickly in certain situations. (2017-09-26)
Discovered: Gene associated with schizophrenia risk regulates early brain development
A gene associated with the risk of schizophrenia regulates critical components of early brain development, according to a new study led by researchers from Penn State University. (2017-09-25)
KAIST-NTU researchers overturn the theory of Parkinson's disease
A KAIST research team has identified a new mechanism that causes the hallmark symptoms of Parkinson's disease, namely tremors, rigidity, and loss of voluntary movement. (2017-09-25)
Neuron types in brain are defined by gene activity shaping their communication patterns
In a major step forward, scientists at CSHLtoday publish a discovery about the molecular-genetic basis of neuronal cell types. (2017-09-21)
Your neurons register familiar faces, whether you notice them or not
When people see an image of a person they recognize particular cells light up in the brain. (2017-09-21)
Faulty cell signaling derails cerebral cortex development, could it lead to autism?
As the embryonic brain develops, a complex cascade of cellular events occur, starting with progenitors -- the originating cells that generate neurons and spur proper cortex development. (2017-09-20)
The brain at work: Spotting half-hidden objects
The human and non-human primate brain is remarkable in recognizing partially hidden objects. (2017-09-19)
Research redefines proteins' role in the development of spinal sensory cells
A recent study led by Samantha Butler at the Eli and Edythe Broad Center of Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Research at UCLA has overturned a common belief about how a certain class of proteins in the spinal cord regulate the formation of nervous system cells -- called neurons -- during embryonic development. (2017-09-19)
Learning and unlearning to fear: The two faces of noradrenaline
Emotional learning can create strong memories and powerful emotional responses, but flexible behavior demands that these responses be inhibited when they are no longer appropriate. (2017-09-18)
Controlling movement like a dimmer switch
New research published in The Journal of Neuroscience identifies a motor pathway between the forebrain and brainstem that works like a dimmer switch to regulate swimming speed in the sea lamprey -- a primitive, jawless fish with an eel-like body studied by neuroscientists as a model of the vertebrate nervous system. (2017-09-18)
Tug of war between Parkinson's protein and growth factor
Alpha-synuclein, a sticky and sometimes toxic protein involved in Parkinson's disease, blocks signals from the growth factor BDNF, adding to evidence that alpha-synuclein is a pivot for brain cell damage. (2017-09-18)
Memory decline after head injury may be prevented by slowing brain cell growth
Rutgers scientists say a new study indicates that the excessive burst of new brain cells after a traumatic head injury that researchers have traditionally believed helped in recovery could instead lead to epileptic seizures and long-term cognitive decline. (2017-09-15)
Obese inducing brain mechanism
The research group of Professor Masaharu Noda, Associate Professor Takafumi Shintani, and a graduate student Satoru Higashi of the National Institute for Basic Biology (NIBB) demonstrated that protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor type J (PTPRJ) inhibits leptin signaling and that induction of PTPRJ in the hypothalamus is a cause of leptin resistance. (2017-09-14)
The neurons that will quench your thirst
Scientists have identified a subgroup of neurons in mice that drive a critical instinct -- thirst. (2017-09-14)
Partnership for a healthy brain
Salk scientists find interaction between two key proteins regulates development of neurons. (2017-09-14)
3-D protein structure offers insight into rapid communication by brain cells
New HHMI research reveals how three proteins help brain cells synchronize the release of chemical signals. (2017-09-13)
Body's own defense against ALS actually drives disease progression at later stages
Columbia scientists have discovered that one of the body's natural defenses against amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) -- a cellular 'clean-up process' called autophagy -- suppresses disease progression early on, but in later stages advances the disease's deadly spread through the spinal cord. (2017-09-11)
Study offers a new mindset in the search for stroke therapies
UNSW researchers have identified a promising new avenue to explore in the search for stroke treatments, after translating findings from Alzheimer's disease. (2017-09-07)
Human skin cells transformed directly into motor neurons
In new research, scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. (2017-09-07)
A new learning rule for memory formation and storage revealed
Researchers now report a new learning mechanism in the brain that calls into question the widely accepted view of how memories are formed and stored. (2017-09-07)
Interrupting Parkinson's disease
Scientists have identified a toxic cascade that leads to neuronal degeneration in patients with Parkinson's disease and figured out how to interrupt it, reports a study to be published Sept. (2017-09-07)
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