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New clues point to relief for chronic itching
Studying mice, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. (2018-04-17)
ALS treatment delays disease and extends life in rats
Investigators at Cedars-Sinai are exploring a new way to treat amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) by transplanting specially engineered neural cells into the brain. (2018-04-17)
Scientists discover hidden structure of enigmatic 'backwards' neural connections
The long-standing mystery of the organisation of 'backwards' connections in the visual system has been solved. (2018-04-16)
Grafted brain organoids provide insight into neurological disorders
Salk scientists improve the growth of three-dimensional brain models to better understand autism, dementia, schizophrenia. (2018-04-16)
'Striosome' neurons in the basal ganglia play a key role in learning
Researchers at OIST have successfully isolated and recorded the activity of a subset of neurons in the striatum in the brain, shedding light on one mechanism underlying learning and decision making in animals. (2018-04-16)
Innate immune adaptor TRIF confers neuroprotection in ALS
Researchers led by Nagoya University report that deficiency of the innate immune adaptor TIR domain-containing adaptor inducing interferon-β (TRIF) significantly shortens survival time and accelerates disease progression of ALS mice. (2018-04-15)
Alzheimer plaque affects different brain cells differently
Amyloid beta, a protein linked with Alzheimer's disease, has different properties in different cell types in the brains of fruit flies. (2018-04-13)
The neurons the power parenting
Harvard researchers have described, for the first time, how separate pools of neurons control individual aspects of parenting behavior in mice. (2018-04-12)
The neural circuitry of parental behavior
HHMI scientists have deconstructed the brain circuits that control parenting behavior in mice, and identified discrete sets of cells that control actions, motivations, and hormonal changes involved in nurturing young animals. (2018-04-11)
Thin, flexible polymers record 'conversations' deeper in the brain with less injury-risk
Researchers at the University of Southern California Viterbi School of Engineering have developed thin, flexible polymer-based materials for use in microelectrode arrays that record activity more deeply in the brain and with more specific placement. (2018-04-11)
Deciphering the 'mosaic' of the brain
Scientists' discovery sheds new light on how neurodegenerative diseases might occur. (2018-04-10)
Researchers locate circadian clock that controls daily rhythms of aggression
Synchronized by light and darkness, the circadian clock exerts control over wake/sleep cycles, body temperature, digestion, hormonal cycles and some behavior patterns. (2018-04-09)
Scientists fix genetic risk factor for Alzheimer's disease in human brain cells
In a new study published in Nature Medicine, Gladstone researchers revealed how apoE4 confers its risk for Alzheimer's disease in human brain cells. (2018-04-09)
Overlapping mechanisms in HIV cognitive disorders and Alzheimer's disease
A protein involved in Alzheimer's disease (AD) may be a promising target for treating neurological disorders in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients, suggests a study published in JNeurosci of rat neurons and brain tissue from deceased humans. (2018-04-09)
Printed thermo-plasmonic heat patterns for neurological disorder treatment
A KAIST team presented a highly customized neural stimulation method. (2018-04-06)
When kids' autistic brains can't calm down
One third of children who have autism spectrum disorder also have epilepsy. (2018-04-05)
Older adults grow just as many new brain cells as young people
Researchers show for the first time that healthy older men and women can generate just as many new brain cells as younger people in a study that appears on April 5 in the journal Cell Stem Cell. (2018-04-05)
Mutation of worm gene, swip-10, triggers age-dependent death of dopamine neurons
Looking at dopamine neurons in a tiny worm's brain, scientists have identified a novel pathway that sustains the health of these cells. (2018-04-04)
Nanoparticles may cause DNA damage to brain cells across a cellular barrier
New research by scientists shows that when cellular barriers are exposed to metal nanoparticles, cellular messengers are released that may cause damage to the DNA of developing brain cells. (2018-04-04)
Adult-onset neurodegeneration has roots in early development
The roots of a progressive degenerative disease begin much earlier than previously thought, according to a recent Northwestern Medicine study. (2018-03-30)
Monkeys' brains synchronize as they collaborate to perform a motor task
Scientists have previously shown that when one animal watches another performing a motor task, such as reaching for food, mirror neurons in the motor cortex of the observer's brain start firing as though the observer were also reaching for food. (2018-03-29)
Researchers increase understanding of coarse-to-fine human visual perception
In a recent study published in Neuron, Dr. WANG Wei's lab at the Institute of Neuroscience of the Chinese Academy of Sciences revealed an unexpected neural clustering preserving visual acuity from V1 into V4, enabling the spatiotemporal separation of processing local and global features along the hierarchy. (2018-03-29)
Revolutionary brain-mapping technique provides new blueprint for cortical connections
Researchers used MAPseq, a revolutionary brain mapping method, to make a discovery that will force neuroscientists to rethink how areas of the cortex communicate with one another. (2018-03-28)
Brain-wide tracing of single neurons reveals breadth of information transfer from visual cortex
An international collaboration of neuroscientists have today published a paper in Nature demonstrating the breadth of neural communication in visual cortex using a combination of methods for tracing the projections of individual neurons across the brain. (2018-03-28)
Honeybees may unlock the secrets of how the human brain works
Sheffield academics have discovered honeybee colonies adhere to the same laws as the brain when making collective decisions. (2018-03-27)
Remake, refill, reuse: Recycling at the synapse revealed
OIST Researchers have shown that the speed of neurotransmitter recycling at the synapse is determined by the refilling speed of vesicles. (2018-03-26)
Ultrathin endoscope captures neurons firing deep in the brain
Researchers have developed an endoscope as thin as a human hair that can image the activity of neurons in the brains of living mice, giving researchers access to areas that cannot be seen with microscopes or other types of endoscopes. (2018-03-26)
Light is enough to peer through a mouse skull
Having selected proper light waves, researchers have demonstrated a more than 10-fold improvement of light energy delivery to targets that are too deeply embedded to visualize with current optical imaging. (2018-03-26)
Why does sleep become disrupted in old age?
The brain maintains its ability to generate local neural oscillations during sleep throughout the lifespan, according to a study of young and old mice published in JNeurosci. (2018-03-26)
Dissecting artificial intelligence to better understand the human brain
In the natural world, intelligence takes many forms. It could be a bat using echolocation to expertly navigate in the dark, or an octopus adapting its behavior to survive in the deep ocean. (2018-03-25)
The brain learns completely differently than we've assumed since the 20th century
Based on experimental evidence physicists publish revolutionary new theory on brain learning that contradicts the most common assumption in neuroscience, will transform our understanding of brain function, and open new horizons for advanced deep learning algorithms. (2018-03-23)
Brain's tiniest blood vessels trigger spinal motor neurons to develop
A new study has revealed that the human brain's tiniest blood vessels can activate genes known to trigger spinal motor neurons, prompting the neurons to grow during early development. (2018-03-23)
The mouse brain can prioritize hunger by suppressing pain when survival is at stake
Different behaviors are often studied in isolation, leaving unanswered questions about how the brain processes needs and prioritizes behaviors to ensure survival. (2018-03-22)
Using simplicity for complexity -- new research sheds light on the perception of motion
A team of biologists has deciphered how neurons used in the perception of motion form in the brain of a fly -- a finding that illustrates how complex neuronal circuits are constructed from simple developmental rules. (2018-03-22)
From signal propagation to consciousness: New findings point to a potential connection
Researchers have discovered a novel mechanism through which information can be effectively transmitted across many areas in the brain -- a finding that offers a potentially new way of understanding how consciousness arises. (2018-03-22)
Being hungry shuts off perception of chronic pain
Finding food is a necessary survival skill, but so is avoiding pain. (2018-03-22)
The quest for neuronal origins
The cerebral cortex consists of a large diversity of neurons, each displaying specific characteristics in terms of molecular, morphological and functional features. (2018-03-21)
A new way of thinking about tau kinetics, an essential component of Alzheimer's disease
Alzheimer's disease is most often characterized by two different pathologies in the brain: plaque deposits of a protein called beta-amyloid and tangles of another protein called tau. (2018-03-21)
Link between 2 key Alzheimer's proteins explained
Alzheimer's disease is characterized by clumps of two proteins -- amyloid beta and tau -- in the brain, but the link between the two has never been entirely clear. (2018-03-21)
Immune cells in the retina can spontaneously regenerate
Immune cells called microglia can completely repopulate themselves in the retina after being nearly eliminated, according to a new study in mice from scientists at the National Eye Institute (NEI). (2018-03-21)
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