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Current Neurons News and Events, Neurons News Articles.
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New study reveals contrasts in how groups of neurons function during decision making
A new study in mice trained to perform a sound identification task in a virtual reality maze reveals contrasts in how groups of neurons in different regions of the brain function during decision making. (2017-07-19)
Low-dose diazepam can increase social competitiveness
EPFL scientists have discovered how low-dose anxiolytics increase the social competitiveness of high-anxious individuals by boosting the energy output of mitochondria in an area of the mammalian brain that controls motivation and reward. (2017-07-18)
New study of brain circuits finds key links to symptoms of depression
Scientists have linked specific wiring in the brain to distinct behavioral symptoms of depression. (2017-07-17)
UTA mechanical engineer publishes findings that show blasts cause cavitation in the brain
Ashfaq Adnan, an associate professor of mechanical engineering at The University of Texas at Arlington, and his postdoctoral associate Yuan Ting Wu recently published research findings in Nature's Scientific Reports revealing that if battlefield blasts may cause cavitation in the brain's perineuronal nets, which, in turn, may collapse and cause neuronal damage. (2017-07-17)
Mapping behavior in the fruit fly brain
One of the primary missions of neuroscience is to make connections between particular neurons in the brain and specific behaviors. (2017-07-13)
Artificial intelligence helps build brain atlas of fly behavior
Scientists at HHMI's Janelia Research Campus created comprehensive brain maps linking different groups of neurons to specific behaviors, using a machine-learning program that annotated more than 225 days of videos of flies -- a feat that would have taken humans some 3,800 years. (2017-07-13)
A neural switch for becoming alpha male
Researchers have identified a neural circuit in the brains of mice that plays a role in social dominance. (2017-07-13)
Synapses in the brain mirror the structure of the visual world
The research team of Professor Sonja Hofer at the Biozentrum, University of Basel, has discovered why our brain might be so good at perceiving edges and contours. (2017-07-12)
Discovery of brain-like activity in immune system promises better disease treatments
The Australian National University (ANU) has led the discovery of brain-like activity in the immune system that promises better treatments for lymphoma, autoimmune diseases and immunodeficiency disorders, which collectively affect millions of people globally. (2017-07-12)
Why does prenatal alcohol exposure increase the likelihood of addiction?
One of the many negative consequences when fetuses are exposed to alcohol in the womb is an increased risk for drug addiction later in life. (2017-07-07)
Study offers clue to memory formation in the brain
In a new study published on July 5 in Neuron, a research group led by Professor CAO Peng of the Institute of Biophysics (IBP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences provides some clues as to memory formation in the brain. (2017-07-06)
New study identifies gene that could play key role in depression
Depression affects more than 300 million people annually. Now, a new study has pinpointed how one particular gene plays a central role -- either protecting from stress or triggering a downward spiral, depending on its level of activity. (2017-07-06)
Neuroscientists call for more comprehensive view of how brain forms memories
Neuroscientists from the University of Chicago argue that research on how memories form in the brain should consider activity of groups of brain cells working together, not just the connections between them. (2017-07-05)
Mice lacking a sense of smell stay thin
Mice engineered to lack a sense of smell lose weight on a high-fat diet, researchers report July 5 in the journal Cell Metabolism. (2017-07-05)
Smelling your food makes you fat
UC Berkeley researchers developed ways to temporarily eliminate the sense of smell in adult mice, and discovered that those mice that lost smell could eat a high-fat diet and stay a normal weight, while littermates that retained the sense of smell ballooned to twice normal weight. (2017-07-05)
The secret connection between anxiety and sleep
You may have experienced sleepless nights when you were anxious, stressed or too excited. (2017-07-01)
Overactive scavenger cells may cause neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's
For the first time, researchers at the University of Zurich have demonstrated a surprising effect of microglia, the scavenger cells of the brain: If these cells lack the TDP-43 protein, they not only remove Alzheimer's plaques, but also synapses. (2017-06-30)
Pain neuron may protect fungal inflammation and bone destruction
Scientists discovered unexpected functions of pain neuron. Pain neuron may inhibit fungi-induced osteo-inflammation via CGRP-Jdp2 axis. (2017-06-29)
Study illustrates how the cortex assigns credit for causality
New research in the Journal of Neuroscience affirms a key role for neurons in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in the crucial learning task of determining what caused a desired result. (2017-06-28)
UA researcher paves way for promising treatment for hot flashes
Fifteen years ago, Dr. Naomi Rance was at work when she experienced her first hot flash. (2017-06-28)
Pre-synaptic cadherin/catenin complexes stablize post-synaptic spines in vivo
A recent study conducted by Dr. YU Xiang's lab at the Institute of Neuroscience of Chinese Academy of Sciences uncovered an asymmetric role for the symmetric cadherin/catenin cell adhesion complexes in functional synapse formation in the neocortex. (2017-06-27)
Researchers examine brain region that affects drug use habits
University of Iowa researchers have identified a brain region involved in cocaine addiction. (2017-06-27)
Seizures follow similar path regardless of speed, says study
In a new study in Cell Reports, researchers at Columbia University show that the neurons of mice undergoing seizures fire off in a sequential pattern no matter how quickly the seizure propagates -- a finding that confirms seizures are not the result of neurons randomly going haywire. (2017-06-27)
A mouse's view of the world, seen through its whiskers
Neuroscientists have thoroughly mapped the touch, visual and auditory regions of the brain's cortex, but how does this sensory information get processed into our perception of the world? (2017-06-27)
Neuron-integrated nanotubes to repair nerve fibers
Carbon nanotubes exhibit interesting characteristics rendering them particularly suited to the construction of special hybrid devices -- consisting of biological issue and synthetic material -- planned to re-establish connections between nerve cells, for instance at spinal level, lost on account of lesions or trauma. (2017-06-26)
New tool to identify and control neurons
One of the big challenges in the Neuroscience field is to understand how connections and communications trigger our behavior. (2017-06-26)
Novel viral vectors deliver useful cargo to neurons throughout the brain and body
Caltech team develops new viral vectors for efficiently delivering genes to neurons throughout the body and across the blood-brain barrier (2017-06-26)
Scientists use algorithm to peer through opaque brains
A new algorithm helps scientists record the activity of individual neurons within a volume of brain tissue. (2017-06-26)
New tool offers snapshots of neuron activity
A team of MIT and Stanford University researchers has developed a way to label neurons when they become active, essentially providing a snapshot of their activity at a moment in time. (2017-06-26)
How pheromones trigger female sexual behavior
A study by a group of Japanese scientists showed how a male pheromone in mice enhances sexual behaviors in females -- and how it may enhance a different behavior, aggression, in males -- by identifying distinct neural circuits and neurons that generate a particular behavioral response to specific chemical signals. (2017-06-22)
Forgetting can make you smarter
A new review paper proposes that the goal of memory is not to transmit the most accurate information over time, but to guide and optimize intelligent decision making by only holding on to valuable information. (2017-06-21)
Neurons that regenerate, neurons that die
In a new study published in Neuron, investigators report on a transcription factor that they have found that can help certain neurons regenerate, while simultaneously killing others. (2017-06-21)
A new technique isolates neuronal activity during memory consolidation
A team belonging to the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), have discovered some basic processes underlying memory consolidation. (2017-06-21)
Parkinson's is partly an autoimmune disease, study finds
Researchers have found the first direct evidence that autoimmunity plays a role in Parkinson's disease, suggesting that immunosuppressants might play a role in treatment. (2017-06-21)
Serotonin improves sociability in mouse model of autism
Scientists at the RIKEN Brain Science Institute in Japan have linked early serotonin deficiency to several symptoms that occur in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). (2017-06-21)
New disease gene for axon degeneration identified through international gene matching
Research group from the University of Helsinki, Finland, has identified a new disease gene for early-onset axonal neuropathy and mild intellectual disability through an international research network, which was brought together by 'Tinder for geneticists'. (2017-06-20)
A diagnostic test for ALS
Researchers at VIB, KU Leuven, and UZ Leuven, in collaboration with researchers at the University of Jena, have demonstrated that measuring neurofilaments provides reliable confirmation of an ALS diagnosis. (2017-06-19)
Mapping how words leap from brain to tongue
How the brain narrows down a smorgasbord of related concepts to the one word you're truly seeking is a complicated and poorly understood cognitive task. (2017-06-19)
Distant brain regions selectively recruit stem cells
Stem cells persist in the adult mammalian brain and generate new neurons throughout life. (2017-06-16)
Egocentric hearing: Study clarifies how we can tell where a sound is coming from
A new UCL and University of Nottingham study has found that most neurons in the brain's auditory cortex detect where a sound is coming from relative to the head, but some are tuned to a sound source's actual position in the world. (2017-06-15)
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