Current Neurosurgery News and Events

Current Neurosurgery News and Events, Neurosurgery News Articles.
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Yale scientists repair injured spinal cord using patients' own stem cells
Intravenous injection of bone marrow derived stem cells (MSCs) in patients with spinal cord injuries led to significant improvement in motor functions, researchers from Yale University and Japan report Feb. 18 in the Journal of Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery. (2021-02-22)

Dr. Frederick Boop presents at the ISPN 2020 Virtual Meeting
Understanding the molecular biology of brain tumors is key to prognosis and treatment said Le Bonheur Neuroscience Institute Co-Director Frederick Boop, MD, in his presentation ''How Molecular Biology Impacts Clinical Practice'' at the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery (ISPN) 2020 Virtual Meeting. (2021-02-17)

Study reveals neurons responsible for rapidly stopping behaviors, actions
For the first time in humans, investigators at Cedars-Sinai have identified the neurons responsible for canceling planned behaviors or actions--a highly adaptive skill that when lost, can lead to unwanted movements. (2021-02-03)

X-StopĀ® vs Laminectomy for lumbar spinal stenosis: Quality of life and cost-effectiveness
A randomized controlled trial of the X-StopĀ® interspinous distractor device and open laminectomy in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis. Both procedures improved the patients' quality of life; however, overall, laminectomy gave patients a better quality of life and was also more cost-effective. (2021-02-02)

Scientists identify individual neurons responsible for complex social reasoning in humans
Until now, how neurons represent another individual's belief and thoughts was unknown. Prior to undergoing planned neurosurgery, patients agreed to perform brief behavioral tasks as neuroscientists recorded the activity of individual neurons. The study revealed the basic cellular mechanism involved in a fundamental cognitive process vital to successful social interactions. Now researchers have a framework to investigate disorders in which social behavior is affected. (2021-01-27)

Stimulating brain pathways shows origins of human language and memory
Scientists have identified that the evolutionary development of human and primate brains may have been similar for communication and memory. (2021-01-25)

Increased blood flow during sleep tied to critical brain function
Our brains experience significant changes in blood flow and neural activity during sleep, according to Penn State researchers. Such changes may help to clean out metabolic brain waste that builds up during the day. (2021-01-18)

Common brain malformation traced to its genetic roots
Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have shown that Chiari 1 malformation can be caused by variations in two genes linked to brain development, and that children with large heads are at increased risk of developing the condition. (2020-12-28)

How our brains track where we and others go
As COVID cases rise, physically distancing yourself from other people has never been more important. Now a new UCLA study reveals how your brain navigates places and monitors someone else in the same location. (2020-12-23)

Automatic deep-learning AI tool measures volume of cerebral ventricles on MRIs in children
Researchers from multiple institutions in North America have developed a fully automated, deep-learning (DL), artificial-intelligence clinical tool that can measure the volume of cerebral ventricles on magnetic resonance images (MRIs) in children within about 25 minutes. (2020-12-01)

Retinas: New potential clues in diagnosing, treating Alzheimer's
A study led by the Cedars-Sinai Department of Neurosurgery has identified certain regions in the retina - the lining found in the back of the eye - that are more affected by Alzheimer's disease than other areas. The findings may help physicians predict changes in the brain as well as cognitive deterioration, even for patients experiencing the earliest signs of mild impairment. (2020-11-17)

Does the human brain resemble the Universe?
An astrophysicist of the University of Bologna and a neurosurgeon of the University of Verona compared the network of neuronal cells in the human brain with the cosmic network of galaxies... and surprising similarities emerged (2020-11-16)

Do neurosurgeons face sexual harassment in their profession?
Describes sexual harassment in the profession of neurosurgery based on questionnaire results. (2020-11-10)

Glioblastoma nanomedicine crosses into brain in mice, eradicates recurring brain cancer
A new synthetic protein nanoparticle capable of slipping past the nearly impermeable blood-brain barrier in mice could deliver cancer-killing drugs directly to malignant brain tumors, new research from the University of Michigan shows. (2020-11-10)

COVID-19 linked to worse stroke outcomes
People who experience strokes while infected with COVID-19 appear to be left with greater disability after the stroke, according a study led by UCL and UCLH researchers. (2020-11-05)

Neurosurgeons and malpractice suits
To determine the frequency of medical malpractice suits among neurosurgeons and neurosurgeons' reactions when faced with the prospect of such lawsuits, three researchers from The Netherlands surveyed members of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons. The results of the survey can be found in this article. (2020-11-01)

Breakthrough blood test developed for brain tumors
Genetic mutations that promote the growth of the most common type of adult brain tumors can be accurately detected and monitored in blood samples using an enhanced form of liquid biopsy developed by researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH). (2020-10-14)

Eyeglass-attached display device provides fluoroscopic guidance during spine surgery
Researchers from Tokyo tested a device that, when attached to everyday eyeglasses, displays fluoroscopic images used for surgical guidance directly to the surgeon. The device allowed the surgeon to focus on operative tasks more efficiently and resulted in a slightly shorter length of surgery and less exposure to radiation than use of a fluoroscopic monitor in the OR. (2020-10-13)

Pan-microbial study implicates a potential culprit in a pediatric brain disorder in Uganda
Researchers have identified a new species of bacteria that may contribute to the dangerous buildup of brain fluid after infections in newborns, according to their analysis of 100 infants in Uganda. (2020-09-30)

Predicting poor pain control following elective spine surgery
Researchers at the University of Calgary have developed and validated a clinical prediction scale that can be used to determine which patients are more likely to experience inadequate pain control following elective spine surgery. (2020-09-15)

Halving the risk of infection following surgery
New analysis by the University of Leeds and the University of Bern of more than 14,000 operations has found that using alcoholic chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) halves the risk of infection in certain types of surgery when compared to the more commonly used povidone-iodine (PVI). (2020-09-11)

Glasgow Coma Scale: A simple tool to use when verbal component scores are missing
The authors created a simple and practical tool for use in assessing impaired consciousness in the clinical setting when the verbal component of the Glasgow Coma Scale is missing. (2020-09-08)

Clot permeability linked to first-attempt success of aspiration thrombectomy
A multicenter study reports that clot perviousness, or permeability - the ability for contrast used during the initial imaging workup to seep through a clot, as estimated by CT imaging - is associated with ''first-pass success'' in large vessel occlusion (LVO) strokes initially treated with an aspiration thrombectomy approach. LVO stroke treatment success using a stent retriever-first approach to remove the brain vessel blockage was less dependent on clot perviousness. (2020-08-11)

Penn's 'Enhanced Recovery' program significantly reduces post-op opioid use
Penn Medicine researchers found that when an ''Enhanced Recovery After Surgery'' protocol was employed--which optimizes patients' surgical care before, during, and after surgery--the majority of patients did not need opioids for pain management at one, three, and six months after elective spinal and peripheral nerve surgery. (2020-08-06)

Gender gaps in surgical specialties may take decades to close
Among the largest resident specialties in the US, little progress has been made in closing the gender gap, with most of the largest residencies demonstrating a less than 1 percent increase in women trainees per year. (2020-07-29)

Machine learning accurately predicts who's who in the health care workforce
Until recently, economists, policy makers and workforce experts have relied on outdated and inaccurate snapshots of the US physician workforce, making it especially difficult to predict the need and availability of health care services across the country. In this study, Wingrove et al examine how machine learning algorithms may allow for more real-time, accurate descriptions of the medical workforce. (2020-07-14)

New treatment strategy may benefit patients with brain cancer
A team led by investigators at Massachusetts General Hospital has uncovered a potentially promising strategy to treat gliomas with mutations in the IDH genes. (2020-06-30)

Coronavirus linked to stroke in otherwise healthy young people
Preliminary observations suggest a high incidence of COVID-19 in stroke patients, including younger patients who were otherwise healthy. (2020-06-04)

New study reveals areas of brain where recognition and identification occur
Using ''sub-millimeter'' brain implants, researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), have been able to determine which parts of the brain are linked to facial and scene recognition. (2020-06-04)

Study shows patients with hemorrhagic brain disease have disordered gut microbiomes
A new study shows that people with a rare genetic disease that causes bleeding in the brain have gut microbiomes distinct from those without the disease. Moreover, it is the molecules produced by this bacterial imbalance that cause lesions to form in the brains of these patients. (2020-05-27)

Study: Ultra-thin fibres designed to protect nerves after brain surgery
The drug nimodipine could prevent nerve cells from dying after brain surgery. Pharmacists at Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), in cooperation with neurosurgeons at University Hospital Halle (Saale) (UKH), have developed a new method that enables the drug to be administered directly in the brain with fewer side effects. Their findings were published in the ''European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics''. (2020-05-27)

University of Minnesota researchers study radiation resistance in brain cancer cells
In a vertical climb to avoid collision with a towering mountain, a plane ejects cargo to gain altitude. Investigators at the University of Minnesota showed that cancer cells perform similar feats in escaping the killing effects of radiation. (2020-05-14)

Safe tackling, padded helmets lower head injuries in youth football
Middle school football players greatly reduce the chance of head injuries if they wear padded helmets and use safe tackling and blocking techniques, according to Rutgers researchers. (2020-03-04)

Novel use of robotics for neuroendovascular procedures
The advanced technology has the potential to change acute stroke treatment. (2020-03-02)

Tumor blood vessel detection by a gripping force feedback system
Avoiding unnecessary bleeding during neuroendoscopic surgeries is crucial. When blood vessel location in a tumor cannot be visually confirmed, unintentional damage to the vessel and subsequent bleeding may occur. We propose a method for tumor blood vessel detection using a surgical robot system equipped with a force sensor in the gripper. Using this method, pulsation of a simulated artery inside a simulated tumor was detected by the force sensor, displayed as a gripping force wave. (2020-02-19)

Study uncovers unexpected connection between gliomas, neurodegenerative diseases
New basic science and clinical research identifies TAU, the same protein studied in the development of Alzheimer's, as a biomarker for glioma development. (2020-01-22)

Epilepsy study shows link between brain activity and memory
A new Cedars-Sinai study reveals how memory and abnormal brain activity are linked in patients with epilepsy who often report problems with memory. The data show that abnormal electrical pulses from specific brain cells in these patients are associated with a temporary kind of memory disruption called transient cognitive impairment. (2020-01-06)

New imaging system and artificial intelligence algorithm accurately identify brain tumors
Study finds novel method of optical imaging combined with artificial intelligence accurately diagnoses brain tumors in real time. (2020-01-06)

Spine surgery is safe in patients of advanced age
Japanese spine surgeons conducted a multicenter prospective study of spine surgeries performed in patients 80 years of age and older. Although the perioperative complication rate was high -- 20%, there were no major systemic complications and no deaths. The surgeons conclude that spine surgery is safe in this age group. (2019-12-17)

Researchers discover the origin and evolution of a famous concept of the brain
Eye-opening research by neurosurgeons from Barrow Neurological Institute and Montreal Neurological Institute has produced the foremost investigation of the origin and evolution of perhaps the most famous concept devised in neurobiology--the homunculus of neurosurgeon Wilder Penfield. (2019-12-09)

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