Current Neurosurgery News and Events | Page 21

Current Neurosurgery News and Events, Neurosurgery News Articles.
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Many patients who resume driving after head injury may not be fit to drive
Many patients who return to driving after traumatic brain injury report problems which can significantly affect their ability to drive, finds a study in Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry. (2001-05-30)

Progenitor cells can have protective effect against brain trauma
Penn researchers have found that transplanted neural progenitor cells can restore brain function and lessen further brain damage in rats. Their findings demonstrate the ability of progenitor cells, grown in culture, to restore cognitive and motor function while rescuing brain cells from the cumulative effects of traumatic brain injury. (2001-05-14)

Penn researchers explain the mechanics behind the delayed effects of brain trauma; findings may chart paths to therapeutic relief
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania Medical Center have determined how calcium ions fill neurons following head trauma, causing long-term memory dysfunction. They have found that a rapid flow of sodium ions through damaged sodium channels triggers the calcium influx. Their study also suggests a possible course of therapeutic treatment. (2001-03-27)

Robot-assisted brain surgery is feasible says Penn researcher surgical system designed for space is practical for Earthbound use
The Robot-Assisted Microsurgery (RAMS) prototype is a surgical tool first developed for space use and later refined as an instrument for microsurgery. Peter D. LeRoux, MD, a neurosurgeon at the University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, reports on the feasibility of RAMS in brain surgery in the March issue of Neurosurgery. (2001-03-12)

Who suffers from stress? who does not
Michael Meaney, a McGill neurobiologist, has shown that rat pups which received more licking from the mother had more modest responses to stress, a trait which lasted through adult age. On the contrary, less frequently licked rat pups were more reactive to stress all their lives. (2001-02-14)

Those who are regularly sleeping during the day may be at increased risk of stroke
If you sleep more than eight hours a night, snore or regularly are drowsy during the day, you may be at an increased risk of stroke, University at Buffalo researchers have found. (2001-02-14)

Regular cocaine use may be responsible for 1-in-4 non-fatal heart attacks in young people, study finds
One quarter of non-fatal heart attacks among persons under the age of 45 in the United States can be attributed to regular cocaine use, scientists at the University at Buffalo's Toshiba Stroke Research Center have found. The study findings appear in the January issue of Circulation. (2001-01-28)

Some epilepsy drugs taken during pregnancy may impair brain development
Certain epilepsy drugs taken during pregnancy may impair children's normal brain development. Around one in three people taking anti-epileptics is a woman of reproductive age, and it is estimated that one in 250 pregnancies will be exposed to anti-epileptic drugs. (2000-12-19)

Depression in later life may be caused by hardened arteries
Some late-life depression is likely to be caused by narrowing and hardening of the brain arteries rather than any chemical or emotional imbalance. Depression is predicted to become the second leading cause of disability worldwide by 2020. It is currently the fourth. (2000-12-19)

Depression in later life may be caused by hardening of the arteries
Some late-life depression is likely to be caused by narrowing and hardening of the brain arteries rather than any chemical or emotional imbalance, reports research in the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry. (2000-12-18)

Human trial for spinal injury treatment launched by Purdue, IU
The first human clinical trial of a new treatment for spinal cord injuries was announced today by the Purdue School of Veterinary Medicine and the Indiana University School of Medicine. The two institutions also reported that an Indianapolis donor has made a major commitment to support their joint paralysis research effort. (2000-11-19)

Brain size in premature infants significantly smaller than full-term babies
Brain scans of children born prematurely show key areas of the brain are much smaller than those of children born at full-term, a study by Yale researchers has found.The study published in the October 18 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association is believed to be the first time brain volume is measured in children born prematurely. (2000-10-16)

September tipsheet from Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
1) Researchers clone gene linked to Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 10 and epilepsy; 2) Coronary calcium scan may help identify Type 1 diabetics at high risk for heart disease; 3) New pediatric neurosurgery program launched; 4) NEJM article reports that testosterone patch improves sexual function in surgically postmenopausal women; 5) Researchers shed new light on mechanisms causing neurodegeneration; 6) First lung- liver transplant in western U.S. (2000-09-27)

New pediatric neurosurgery program at Cedars-Sinai focuses on children's brain tumors, other nervous system disorders
Responding to a growing need for highly specialized care of pediatric brain tumors and other central nervous system disorders, Cedars-Sinai's Maxine Dunitz Neurosurgical Institute has launched a state-of-the-art and comprehensive Pediatric Program for Neurosurgery. The program is led by pediatric neurosurgeon, Moise Danielpour, M.D., one of a handful of pediatric neurosurgeons in the world who performs in utero surgery for myelomeningocele spinal cord defect. (2000-09-20)

Parkinsons brain implant treatment leaves no damage
A postmortem study at the Hospital of the Univeristy of Pennsylvania demonstrates that deep brain stimulation (DBS) used to suppress tremors in Parkinson's disease causes no anatomical damage to the brain. DBS, which involves brain implantation, has become the treatment of choice when tremors are essential and medically intractable. (2000-09-10)

Just the wrong snap of the head at high speed can induce coma, Penn researchers find
Working with miniature swine, and replicating the forces of car crashes, University of Pennsylvania researchers have discovered that loss of consciousness is related to the axis of head rotation. They also found that the more rapid the speed at impact, the longer the coma lasts. (2000-07-20)

Disability in head injury patients much greater than expected
Disability in patients admitted to hospital with a head injury is far higher than expected because previous work has not studied properly representative patient groups and because classification on arrival at hospital underestimates later problems. Support and rehabilitation after discharge are also inadequate, according to a study in this week's BMJ. (2000-06-15)

New cancer therapy: Developed in Boston, licensed in Britain -- Oxford Biomedica to put p450 gene to the test in clinical trials
A promising new weapon against cancer, developed by scientists at Boston University, Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH), and the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, has begun clinical trials at Oxford BioMedica, a British company specializing in the application of gene-based therapeutics. (2000-06-04)

Doctors should look for drug misuse in young patients with stroke
The growing pandemic of cocaine use in Western society is providing increasing evidence of its association with intracerebral haemorrhage. In this week's BMJ, Andrew McEvoy and colleagues warn doctors to be alert both for drug misuse and an underlying vascular cause in cases of young patients with haemorrhagic stroke. (2000-05-11)

Smoking in later life linked to impaired intellect
Smoking in later life seems to be linked to intellectual impairment over the age of 65, suggests research in the Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry. Some previous studies have suggested that smoking may protect against Alzheimer's disease and dementia, both of which are associated with aging. (2000-04-17)

When is a severe head injury patient well enough to go home?
A group of Toronto researchers have found a way to more accurately predict recovery of (2000-03-26)

Study by UB neurosurgeons finds that cigarette smoking is linked to size of brain aneurysms
Cigarette smoking appears to increase the risk for developing large brain aneurysms in patients who are predisposed to these life-threatening, blood-vessel malformations, a study headed by researchers in the University at Buffalo Department of Neurosurgery has shown. (2000-03-01)

Danger of epilepsy after being hit by a golf ball
A hazard of playing or watching golf is being hit by the occasional stray ball while on the course. But a brief report in the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Pyschiatry shows that golf balls travelling at speed can inflict more than just severe bruising, such as epilepsy. (2000-01-24)

'Stealth Station' imaging tool helps University of Maryland surgeons treat tumors deep within the brain
Doctors at the University of Maryland Medical Center are using a powerful new imaging tool that enables them to perform difficult brain and sinus surgeries with more safety and precision. The Medical Center has the most advanced version of this breakthrough technology, known as the Stealth Station. (2000-01-03)

Cedars-Sinai Maxine Dunitz Neurosurgical Institute announces partnership with imaging technology leader
Through an agreement to become the Carl Zeiss Company's exclusive West Coast research center for image-guided surgery, neurosurgeons at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center's Maxine Dunitz Neurosurgical Institute will help shape the next generations of surgical imaging devices. (1999-12-14)

Orphan drug funds to be used in testing new treatment for a rare but deadly form of stroke
Johns Hopkins scientists, using funds from a Food and Drug Administration Orphan Drug Award, will test a new way of treating intracerebral hemorrhage with intraventricular extension, a disorder that often hits younger people and African-Americans. (1999-11-18)

Head trauma damages DNA repair mechanism
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania Medical Center have shown for the first time that brain trauma alters the specific pathways for recognizing DNA damage and initiating the DNA repair process. (1999-07-09)

Cellular Implants Explored For Brain Trauma
University of Pennsylvania Medical Center researchers are studying how implanted hNT cells might improve brain function in an injured rat. (1999-05-24)

Long-Term Study Shows That Surgical Skill And Other Factors Affect Survival Rates In Children With Brain Tumors
In a study led by Paul M. Zeltzer, M.D., a neurooncology specialist at Cedars-Sinai's Maxine Dunitz Neurosurgical Institute, doctors at 40 medical centers and children's hospitals nationwide have found that in treating children who have certain malignant brain tumors, a (1999-03-01)

High School Athlete Undergoes Surgery For Rare "Sweaty Palms" Disorder; Earns State Title, Spot On University Team Six Weeks Later
Hyperhidrosis, excess sweating of hands, underarms and feet, is a rare but psychologically devastating disorder. A 17- year-old tennis player from Irvine, Calif., improved her game and the quality of her life after undergoing a simple surgical procedure with Dr. Martin Cooper, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center. (1999-02-11)

Radically New Type Of Surgery Tested On First Patient
Neurosurgeons have performed the first human magnetic surgery. (1998-12-22)

New Insights On Sequence of Cell Death After Brain Injury: Understanding Cellular Events After Brain Trauma Could Lead To Better Therapies
How the brain responds to injury is poorly understood. Looking at a particular pattern of cell death called apoptosis, researchers at the University of Pennsylvania Medical Center have discovered that in the rat this kind of deleterious cellular destruction continues deeper in the brain for weeks after the initial trauma. (1998-08-01)

Drug Prevents Hearing Loss Caused By Brain Tumor Therapy
Researchers have found an antidote to hearing loss caused by chemotherapy for inoperable brain tumors. A dose of sodium thiosulfate significantly reduced hearing loss in patients undergoing blood-brain barrier therapy, a technique used to get chemotherapy drugs past the brain's natural barrier to foreign substances. (1998-07-07)

Jefferson Researchers Use Gene Therapy To Treat Rare, Inherited Brain Disease
Researchers at Jefferson Medical College are for the first time attempting to use gene therapy to treat Canavan disease, a rare, fatal metabolic brain disorder. A team of neurosurgeons is treating a four-year-old Illinois girl at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia. (1998-03-18)

First Maryland Patient Gets New Device To Control Seizures
A 27-year-old Carroll County woman finally hopes to gain some control over her epileptic seizures with a new device implanted in her chest that sends electrical impulses to her brain via a nerve in her neck. In a surgical procedure at the University of Maryland Medical Center on December 15, Erinn Elizabeth Farver became the first person in Maryland to receive the new device, called a vagus nerve stimulator. (1997-12-17)

Penn Researchers Prove Smoking Increases Risk Of Brain Complication
Researchers have demonstrated, for the first time, a scientific link between smoking cigarettes and cerebral blood-vessel damage. In a report to be published in the September 1997 issue of the Journal of Neurosurgery, the scientists have shown that smoking increases one's risk of cerebral vasospasm following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. (1997-07-18)

Major Downsizing Of The Physician Workforce Will Be Needed
Researchers at the Health Resources and Services Administration's Bureau of Health Professions estimate the specialty-specific reductions or downsizing of the physician workforce that would be required if the nation is to maintain the physician specialtyto population ratios that exist today--a third for specialists and one fifth for primary care physicians. (1997-05-01)

Brain Cooling Proved Effective in Treatment Of Head Trauma
Moderate cooling of the brain is the first new treatment shown to be effective for severe brain trauma according to a University of Pittsburgh Medical Center study published this week in the New England Journal of Medicine. Researchers believe this finding will change the way such injuries are treated in the first crucial hours (1997-02-19)

Growth Factors Improve Accuracy Of Regenerating Nerve Cells
Researchers at Duke University Medical Center have demonstrated that the addition of two naturally occurring growth factors significantly improved the ability of severed nerve fibers to reconnect with a high degree of accuracy (1996-04-29)

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