Current Neurosurgery News and Events | Page 4

Current Neurosurgery News and Events, Neurosurgery News Articles.
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Helmet use associated with reduced risk of cervical spine injury during motorcycle crashes
Despite claims that helmets do not protect the cervical spine during a motorcycle crash and may even increase the risk of injury, researchers from the University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics in Madison found that, during an accident, helmet use lowers the likelihood of cervical spine injury (CSI), particularly fractures of the cervical vertebrae. (2018-03-06)

Amyloid protein transmission through neurosurgery
Amyloid beta pathology -- protein deposits in the brain - might have been transmitted by contaminated neurosurgical instruments, suggests a new UCL-led study. For the paper, published in Acta Neuropathologica, researchers studied the medical records of four people who had brain bleeds caused by amyloid beta build-up in brain blood vessels. All four people had undergone neurosurgery two or three decades earlier as children or teenagers, raising the possibility that amyloid beta deposition may be transmissible. (2018-02-15)

University of Pennsylvania researchers conduct comprehensive evaluation of patients with concussion-like symptoms following reports of audible phenomena in Cuba
A comprehensive evaluation by clinical researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania identified a neurological syndrome that left US government personnel serving in Havana, Cuba with persistent memory and thinking dysfunction, as well as vision and balance problems after hearing unusual noises in their homes or hotel rooms. The team published their findings in JAMA. (2018-02-15)

Workplace stress can take a toll on your brain surgeon, too
A new study by the Keck School of Medicine of USC finds that two-thirds of neurosurgeons experience burnout during training, and stressors at work are partly to blame. (2018-02-09)

Machine learning techniques generate clinical labels of medical scans
Researchers used machine learning techniques, including natural language processing algorithms, to identify clinical concepts in radiologist reports for CT scans. (2018-01-31)

Aspiration as good as stent retrievers for removing large-vessel clots in stroke patients
ADAPT, an aspiration technique pioneered at the Medical University of South Carolina, is non-inferior to stent retrievers for mechanical thrombectomy in stroke patients with large-vessel clots, according to the preliminary results of the COMPASS trial reported at the International Stroke Conference on Jan. 25, 2018. (2018-01-25)

Two surgical approaches equal in treating infection-caused hydrocephalus
Implanting a shunt or endoscopically reducing intracranial pressure and reducing fluid production are equally effective in treating infants with hydrocephalus caused by brain infections, according to an international team of researchers, but endoscopy may have fewer down-the-line complications. (2017-12-20)

Direct amygdala stimulation can enhance human memory
The findings are the first example of electrical brain stimulation in humans giving an event-specific boost to memory lasting until the next day, the scientists say. (2017-12-18)

MRI scans predict patients' ability to fight the spread of cancer
A simple, non-invasive procedure that can indicate how long patients with cancer that has spread to the brain might survive and whether they are likely to respond to immunotherapy has been developed by researchers in Liverpool. (2017-12-12)

Promising target for treating brain tumors in children
Findings published in Oncotarget offer new hope for children with highly aggressive brain tumors like atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT) and medulloblastoma. Previously, the authors of the study have shown that an experimental drug that inhibits polo-like kinase 4 (PLK4) stopped pediatric brain tumor growth in vitro. (2017-11-27)

Is there a difference in patient outcomes if a surgeon is involved in overlapping surgeries?
Overlapping surgery, defined as a surgeon's involvement in two operations scheduled at the same or overlapping times, appeared safe for patients undergoing neurosurgery. (2017-11-08)

Cancer trial led by University of Minnesota Medical School's Dr. Clark Chen shows promise
New data from a Phase I clinical trial led by Clark Chen, M.D., Ph.D., Lyle French Chair in Neurosurgery and Head of the University of Minnesota Medical School Department of Neurosurgery shows more than a quarter of patients with recurrent high-grade glioma, a form of brain cancer, were alive more than three years after treatment. (2017-10-27)

Barrow researchers use novel imaging to predict spinal degeneration
Research by a Barrow Neurological Institute neurosurgery team on novel imaging technique assessment of patients with lumbar spine degeneration was published in the Aug. 28 issue of PLOS ONE. (2017-10-19)

Youth football: How young athletes are exposed to high-magnitude head impacts
Researchers examined exposure to high-magnitude head impacts (accelerations greater than 40g) in young athletes, 9 to 12 years of age, during football games and practice drills to determine under what circumstances these impacts occur and how representative practice activities are of game activities with respect to the impacts. This type of information can help coaches and league officials make informed decisions in structuring both practices and games to reduce risks in these young athletes. (2017-10-17)

Study finds surgeries performed later in the day have more complications
A new study published in Neurosurgery finds that patients who undergo a neurosurgical procedure with surgical start times between 9 pm and 7 am are at an increased risk of developing complications compared to patients with a surgical start time earlier in the day. (2017-10-13)

Exposure to head impacts in youth football practice drills
Researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center examined differences in the number, location, and magnitude of head impacts sustained by young athletes during various youth football practice drills. Such information could lead to recommendations for football practices, including modification of some high-intensity drills in order to reduce players' exposure to head impacts and, consequently, lessen the risks of injury. (2017-09-12)

Glowing cancer tool illuminates benign, but dangerous, brain tumors during pituitary surgery
An experimental imaging tool that uses a targeted fluorescent dye successfully lit up the benign brain tumors of patients during removal surgery, allowing surgeons to identify tumor tissue, a new study from researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania shows. (2017-09-05)

Methamphetamine use linked to heightened stroke risk in the young
The stimulant methamphetamine, also popularly known as 'speed,' 'ice' and 'meth,' is linked to a heightened risk of stroke among young people, reveals a review of the available evidence, published online in the Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery & Psychiatry. (2017-08-23)

Artificial intelligence predicts dementia before onset of symptoms
Imagine if doctors could determine, many years in advance, who is likely to develop dementia. Such prognostic capabilities would give patients and their families time to plan and manage treatment and care. Thanks to artificial intelligence research conducted at McGill University, this kind of predictive power could soon be available to clinicians everywhere. (2017-08-22)

Noninvasive eye scan could detect key signs of Alzheimer's years before patients show symptoms
Cedars-Sinai neuroscience investigators have found that Alzheimer's disease affects the retina -- the back of the eye -- similarly to the way it affects the brain. The study also revealed that an investigational, noninvasive eye scan could detect the key signs of Alzheimer's disease years before patients experience symptoms. (2017-08-17)

Smoking raises risk of aneurysm recurrence after endovascular treatment
A history of smoking significantly increases the chance that survivors will experience recurrence of a brain aneurysm, according to a University of Michigan study. Researchers say it's a serious reminder about the importance of smoking cessation, especially for patients who undergo endovascular aneurysm treatment. (2017-08-16)

Clinical appearance and unusual imaging findings of pediatric ketamine overdose
Case report on a 10-month-old infant who inadvertently ingested ketamine. The paper offers detailed clinical information and unusual MRI findings. (2017-08-15)

SLU surgeons study 'awake aneurysm surgery' for better outcomes
SLU researchers are encouraged by study results which they hope can reduce the risks associated with this type of brain surgery. (2017-08-14)

Temple Hospital offering innovative approach to treat patients with complex temporal bone defects
Temple University Hospital is offering an innovative approach to treat patients with complex temporal bone defects, including conditions known as tegmen dehiscence and temporal encephalocele (TE). The temporal bones are a pair of bones that form part of the side of the skull. They perform several key structural functions, including enclosing the middle and inner ear and supporting the temple. In addition, nerves and blood vessels leading to the brain traverse the bones. (2017-08-11)

Industry to play critical role in funding neurosurgery research
With federal funding increasingly restricted, industry will play a critical role in funding neurosurgery research, according to a report by three prominent neurosurgeons in the journal World Neurosurgery. (2017-08-09)

New noninvasive method of intracranial pressure monitoring
German researchers report preliminary findings that show a noninvasive method of monitoring intracranial pressure (ICP) that could rival the gold standards of invasive intraventricular and intraparenchymal monitoring. The device uses advanced signal analysis algorithms to evaluate properties of acoustic signals that pass through the brain in order to determine ICP values. (2017-08-08)

In the test tube instead of under the knife
Freiburg neuroscientists develop new forms of diagnosis and therapy for temporal lobe epilepsy. (2017-08-03)

Trigeminal nerve stimulation shows promise for management of traumatic brain injury
Researchers at the Feinstein Institute for Medical Research and the department of neurosurgery at the Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine, announced today that they have published a paper with research findings that could have implications for the treatment of many neurological conditions, including severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). (2017-07-28)

Using a microRNA to shift the makeup of glioblastoma subtypes
In a new study published in Cell Reports, BWH researchers examined a specific microRNA, miR-128, to help identify glioblastoma subtypes and to determine if altering the microRNA's presence in glioblastoma cells could change the tumor's subtype. (2017-07-13)

JFK's back problems -- a new look
JFK promoted an image of himself as a young, healthy, strong-bodied man. But this image belies the truth: that Kennedy's life was plagued by illnesses and he required strong medication to perform his tasks as president. This paper sheds light on JFK's back problems and how they affected his life. (2017-07-11)

Building a better blood-brain barrier model
Investigators at Brigham and Women's Hospital have developed an innovative but easily implemented approach that uses 'spheroids' to mimic the blood-brain barrier more accurately, and appears to overcome several challenges for discovering and advancing new drugs for treating brain conditions. (2017-06-06)

Pennsylvania hospital neurosurgeons perform first focused ultrasound treatment for essential tremor
John Lukens recently became the first patient in Pennsylvania to receive MR-guided Focused Ultrasound Treatment (MRgFUS) for Essential Tremor (ET). At age 61, Lukens has suffered with bilateral Essential Tremor for roughly 10 years -- a condition which left him with such significant shaking in his hands and arms that eating, shaving, and even writing with his dominant hand was very difficult. Now two weeks after the procedure, Lukens, who lives in Plymouth Meeting, Pa., says he's tremor-free in his right hand. (2017-05-15)

Hospitals must be prepared for ransomware attacks
Hospitals need to be prepared for ransomware attacks, warns a doctor in The BMJ today. (2017-05-10)

Pinpointing where seizures are coming from, by looking between the seizures
A computational approach developed at Boston Children's Hospital, described in the journal Neurosurgery, published online May 2, 2017, could enable more patients with epilepsy to benefit from surgery when medications do not help. (2017-05-02)

When Hollywood met neurosurgery
A team of computer engineers and neurosurgeons, with an assist from Hollywood special effects experts, reports successful early tests of a novel, lifelike 3-D simulator designed to teach surgeons to perform a delicate, minimally invasive brain operation. (2017-04-25)

3-D printing and Hollywood special FX bring heightened reality to surgical training
Using 3-D printing and Hollywood-style special effects, researchers constructed a neurosurgical training simulation model whose physical and functional qualities closely mimic those of the head and brain structures of an adolescent human patient. (2017-04-25)

New potential treatment for aggressive brain cancer in children
Findings present an opportunity for a precision medicine approach to brain tumor treatment. (2017-04-11)

Deep brain stimulation decreases tics in young adults with severe Tourette syndrome
A surgical procedure called deep brain stimulation that sends electrical impulses to a specific area of the brain reduces the 'tics,' or involuntary movements and vocal outbursts, experienced by young adults with severe cases of Tourette syndrome, according to new research from NYU Langone Medical Center. (2017-04-07)

Biomechanical analysis of head injury in pediatric patients
The biomechanics of head injury in youths (5 to 18 years of age) have been poorly understood. A new study reported in the Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics set out to determine what biomechanical characteristics predispose youths with concussions to experience transient or persistent postconcussion symptoms. (2017-03-28)

Neurosurgical practices must evolve and transform to adapt to rapidly changing healthcare industry
Neurosurgeons hoping to successfully navigate the rapidly changing healthcare industry must advance their strategies and adapt new ways of thinking in order to continue to thrive in an evolving environment. (2017-03-24)

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