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Current Newborns News and Events, Newborns News Articles.
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Scientists show MRI predicts the efficacy of a stem cell therapy for brain injury
Scientists at Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute and Loma Linda University Health have demonstrated the promise of applying magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to predict the efficacy of using human neural stem cells to treat a brain injury -- a first-ever 'biomarker' for regenerative medicine that could help personalize stem cell treatments for neurological disorders and improve efficacy. The study was published in Cell Reports. (2020-05-12)

Researchers unlock TB vaccine puzzle in findings that could save millions of newborns
An international research team has identified the mechanism behind one of science's most enduring mysteries: what makes the 100-year-old tuberculosis (TB) vaccine so effective at preventing newborn deaths from diseases other than TB? (2020-05-06)

COVID-19 and pregnancies: What we know
Amid the rapidly evolving global coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic that has already had profound effects on public health and medical infrastructure across the globe, many questions remain about its impact on child health. New research published in the Journal of Clinical Virology indicates that the vulnerability of neonates and children and their role in the spread of the virus (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 [SARS-CoV-2]) should be included in preparedness and response plans. (2020-04-27)

Immune responses hint why some children get milder RSV infections than others
By studying a cohort of 190 children, a research team has discovered important clues that could help explain why some children with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infections get mild cases while others get more severe disease and require hospitalization. (2020-04-22)

Breastfeeding may lead to fewer human viruses in infants
Even small amounts of breastmilk strongly influences the accumulation of viral populations in the infant gut and provides a protective effect against potentially pathogenic viruses, according to researchers who examined hundreds of babies in a study from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. (2020-04-14)

Newborns infected with COVID-19 in China experienced mild symptoms
Researchers have identified a total of four cases of newborn babies with COVID-19 infection in China. In all cases the babies experienced only mild symptoms with none requiring intensive care or mechanical ventilation according to research published in in the European Respiratory Journal today (Thursday). (2020-04-08)

Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA): Newborn screening promises a benefit
The earliest possible diagnosis and treatment of infantile SMA through newborn screening leads to better motor development and less need for permanent ventilation as well as fewer deaths. (2020-04-06)

Infants born to mothers with COVID-19 in China
This study examined the medical records of 33 newborns born to women with COVID-19. (2020-03-26)

Artificial intelligence for very young brains
Montreal's CHU Sainte-Justine children's hospital and the √ČTS engineering school pool their expertise to develop an innovative new technology for the segmentation of neonatal brain images. (2020-03-26)

A gene defect associated with a severe canine lung disease identified
A severe hereditary lung disease has been described in Finnish Airedale Terriers with a failure to thrive during the first days of lives. Finnish researchers discovered the underlying gene defect in the LAMP3 gene, which may also be associated with the lung problems of certain newborn babies. (2020-03-25)

Chinese case study suggests COVID-19 is not transmitted from pregnant mothers to newborns
A paper in the journal Frontiers in Pediatrics reported that four infants born to mothers infected with COVID-19 did not show signs of inheriting the viral disease. Two of the four babies did experience some minor medical complications that doctors could not connect to the coronavirus. This is the second published report out of China that suggests COVID-19 is not transmitted from mother to child. (2020-03-16)

Validating a better way to stratify BPD risk in vulnerable newborns
Factoring in the total number of days that extremely preterm infants require supplemental oxygen and tracking this metric for weeks longer than usual improves clinicians' ability to predict respiratory outcomes according to bronchopulmonary dysplasia severity, finds research led by Children's National Hospital. (2020-03-11)

AI may help spot newborns at risk for most severe form of blinding disease
An artificial intelligence (AI) device that has been fast-tracked for approval by the Food and Drug Administration may help identify newborns at risk for aggressive posterior retinopathy of prematurity (AP-ROP). AP-ROP is the most severe form of ROP and can be difficult to diagnose in time to save vision. (2020-03-04)

App detecting jaundice may prevent deaths in newborns
A smartphone app that allows users to check for jaundice in newborn babies simply by taking a picture of the eye may be an effective, low-cost way to screen for the condition, according to a pilot study led by UCL and UCLH. The study found that a new screening method quantifying the yellowness of the eye can be as effective at detecting more severe jaundice as costly screening devices recommended for use in the UK. (2020-03-02)

Earliest look at newborns' visual cortex reveals the minds babies start with
Within hours of birth, a baby's gaze is drawn to faces. Now, brain scans of newborns reveal the neurobiology underlying this behavior, showing that as young as six days old a baby's brain appears hardwired for the specialized tasks of seeing faces and seeing places. (2020-03-02)

Clinical factors during pregnancy related to congenital cytomegalovirus infection
A group led by researchers from Kobe University has illuminated clinical factors that are related to the occurrence of congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in newborns. They revealed that fever or cold-like symptoms during pregnancy, and threatened miscarriage or threatened premature labor in the second trimester were associated with CMV infection in newborns. (2020-02-28)

Quitting smoking during the first trimester of pregnancy still puts the baby at risk
Although quitting smoking during the first trimester of pregnancy reduces the risk of low birth weight, it isn't enough to protect the unborn child from being born shorter and with smaller brain size, a new study from the University of Eastern Finland shows. The study looked at 1.4 million mother-child pairs in Finland. (2020-02-26)

About 8% of West Virginia babies are exposed to alcohol shortly before birth
About 8 percent of West Virginia newborns are exposed to alcohol two to four weeks before birth, according to a new study. (2020-02-20)

Whooping cough evolving into a superbug
Whooping cough bacteria are becoming smarter at colonising and feeding off unwitting hosts -- whether they have been vaccinated or not -- strengthening calls for a new vaccine, according to UNSW researchers. (2020-01-15)

When pregnant moms are stressed out, babies' brains suffer
Knowing that your unborn fetus has congenital heart disease causes such pronounced maternal stress, anxiety and depression that these women's fetuses end up with impaired development in key brain regions before they are born, according to research published online Jan. 13, 2020, in JAMA Pediatrics. (2020-01-13)

Directly measuring function in tiny hearts
The amount of blood the heart pumps in one minute can be directly measured safely in newborns by monitoring changes in blood velocity after injecting saline, indicates the first clinical study of direct cardiac output measurement in newborns. (2020-01-08)

A mother's bugs
Newborn mice derive protective antibodies from their mothers' microbiota. Antibodies derived from mothers' microbiota ward off both localized and widespread systemic infections by the bacterium E. coli. Study points to the role of maternal microbes in offspring protection and neonatal immunity. Findings can inform development of microbe-based therapies against infectious diarrhea in infants. (2020-01-08)

Single dose of antibodies can knock out HIV in newborns
A single dose of an antibody-based treatment can prevent HIV transmission from mother to baby, new nonhuman primate research suggests for the first time. The findings are being published in the journal Nature Communications. This is the first time a single dose of broadly neutralizing antibodies given after viral exposure has been found to prevent infection in nonhuman primate newborns. (2020-01-07)

Does timing matter for initiating HIV therapy in infants?
Results of a trial in newborns with HIV who started antiretroviral therapy within 14 days of birth showed that about 75 percent attained viral suppression on ART; but only 52 percent sustained suppression on ART. Success was similar in infants starting ART less than two days old (51%) and in infants starting therapy between 2 and 14 days after birth (54%). Very early ART on its own is unlikely to lead to remission. (2020-01-07)

False negatives: Delayed Zika effects in babies who appeared normal at birth
Colombian infants exposed to Zika virus in the womb showed neurodevelopmental delays as toddlers, despite having 'normal' brain imaging and head circumference at birth, a finding that underscores the importance of long-term neurodevelopmental follow-up for Zika-exposed infants, according to a cohort study published online Jan. 6, 2020, in JAMA Pediatrics. (2020-01-06)

Zika vaccine protects both mom and fetus, but mom needs a higher dose when pregnant
Researchers from The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston showed, for the first time, that a single, higher dose of vaccination to a pregnant mouse safely protects both her and her fetus from the Zika virus. The researchers found that a single, less potent dose was not enough to protect the fetus. The findings are currently available in Nature Communications. (2019-12-12)

Immediate treatment with antiretroviral therapy helps infants with HIV
As part of an international collaborative effort, investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital conducted immunological and virological testing on newborns in Botswana, finding that initiating antiretroviral therapy immediately, rather than waiting a few weeks, provided measurable benefits for infants born with HIV. (2019-11-27)

Early antiretroviral treatment shrinks the HIV reservoir in infected infants
Starting antiretroviral therapy within hours of birth drastically shrinks the reservoir of HIV virus -- an important step in efforts to cure infections -- and improves antiviral immune responses in newborns with HIV, shows a two-year study of a unique cohort of ten infants in Botswana. (2019-11-27)

Germ-free lungs of newborn mice are partially protected against hyperoxia
Researchers have used a novel and first-of-its-kind newborn mouse model to study the effect of high oxygen concentrations, or hyperoxia, on lung development of newborn mice that are germ-free -- meaning no microbes colonizing their lungs. Their goal is to learn how differences in the types of microbes that already colonize human lungs at birth -- including extremely premature infants -- can protect or make an infant more susceptible to life-threatening bronchopulmonary dysplasia, or BPD. (2019-11-21)

Cholesterol, fat profiles at birth linked to psychological health at age 5
Babies born with high levels of bad cholesterol and a certain type of fat may face a heightened risk for social and psychological problems in childhood, according to new scientific findings. (2019-11-13)

Early ID of prenatal exposure to opioids, gabapentin improves timely treatment of newborns
Timely identification of newborns exposed to both opioids and gabapentin during pregnancy could mean more appropriate care for newborns experiencing withdrawal. (2019-11-13)

Infant home visiting program linked to less child abuse
Family Connects, a nurse home visiting program for newborns and their parents, is linked to substantial reductions in child maltreatment investigations in children's earliest years, according to new research from Duke University. Program participants had 44 percent lower rates of child maltreatment investigations during children's first 24 months of life, compared with parents who did not receive the program, researchers found. (2019-11-11)

Seizures in babies: UVA sheds light on why they have lifelong effects
A doctor at University of Virginia Children's is using an elegant new approach to mapping brain activity to shed light on what happens during seizures in newborns that can lead to behavioral issues and learning disabilities much later. (2019-10-30)

Maternal and newborn health improves in rural Nigeria, Ethiopia and India but inequities still exist
Community-based health programs in parts of rural Nigeria, Ethiopia and India were successful in improving health care for mothers and newborns, but inequities still exist, according to a new study in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). (2019-10-28)

Clinical trial in Japan focuses on avoiding cow's milk formula to supplement breastfeeding
A randomized clinical trial in Japan with about 300 newborns looked at whether avoiding cow's milk formula to supplement breastfeeding would decrease risks of sensitization to cow's milk protein or food allergy, including cow's milk allergy. (2019-10-21)

New insights into how to protect premature babies from common brain disorder
Premature babies have delicate brain tissue that is prone to bleeding and can result in post-hemorrhagic hydrocephalus, a dangerous condition that leads to excess fluid accumulation and brain dysfunction. Now, scientists from Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute have identified a new disease mechanism and potential molecular drug target that may protect premature newborns from developing the brain disorder. The study was published in Science Advances. (2019-10-09)

Antibiotic-resistant bacteria spread by washing machine
Antibiotic-resistant pathogens can be spread via washing machines. This has been proven by hygienists at the University of Bonn for a children's hospital in which a Klebsiella oxytoca type was repeatedly transmitted to newborns. Fortunately, no dangerous infection occurred. The source was a washing machine used to launder the clothes of the newborns. This case draws attention, especially as antibiotic-resistant bacteria could also be transmitted in households with people who need nursing care. (2019-09-30)

Analyses of newborn babies' head odors suggest importance in facilitating bonding
A team led by Kobe University Professor Mamiko Ozaki has become the first to identify the chemical makeup of the odors produced by newborn babies' heads. The results shed more light on the olfactory importance of newborns' heads in mother-baby and kin recognition. They also developed a non-invasive and stress-free method of sampling these odors directory from heads of the babies. Research into these odors can hopefully be utilized in the prevention of issues such as infant neglect and attachment disorders. (2019-09-27)

Your energy-efficient washing machine could be harboring pathogens
For the first time ever, investigators have identified a washing machine as a reservoir of multidrug-resistant pathogens. The pathogens, a single clone of Klebsiella oxytoca, were transmitted repeatedly to newborns in a neonatal intensive care unit at a German children's hospital. The transmission was stopped only when the washing machine was removed from the hospital. (2019-09-27)

Prolonged antibiotic treatment may alter preterm infants' microbiome
Treating preterm infants with antibiotics for more than 20 months appears to promote the development of multidrug-resistant gut bacteria, suggests a study funded by the National Institutes of Health. The research appears in Nature Microbiology. (2019-09-09)

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