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Current Nuclear Energy News and Events, Nuclear Energy News Articles.
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Shedding light on the energy-efficiency of photosynthesis
A new study led by researchers at the University of California, Davis, suggests that photorespiration wastes little energy and instead enhances nitrate assimilation, the process that converts nitrate absorbed from the soil into protein. (2018-07-02)

Organizing a cell's genetic material from the sidelines
A tremendous amount of genetic material must be packed into the nucleus of every cell--a tiny compartment. One of the biggest challenges in biology is to understand how certain regions of this highly packaged DNA can be called upon so that the genes encoded in them can be ''turned on'' and used to manufacture RNA and proteins. New work sheds light on this process with implications for age-related diseases and organ decay. (2018-06-28)

Sandia light mixer generates 11 colors simultaneously
A multicolor laser pointer you can use to change the color of the laser with a button click -- similar to a multicolor ballpoint pen -- is one step closer to reality thanks to a new tiny synthetic material made at Sandia National Laboratories. Research on the new light-mixing metamaterial was published in Nature Communications earlier today. (2018-06-28)

SNMMI 65th Annual Meeting sets the stage for a revolution in precision medicine
More than 5,000 physicians, technologists, scientists and exhibitors gathered for the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging's 65th Annual Meeting, held June 23-26 in Philadelphia. With nuclear medicine playing a growing role in providing precision medicine, theranostics (combining diagnostic imaging and targeted radionuclide therapy) were an important focus throughout the meeting. (2018-06-28)

Atomic movie of melting gold could help design materials for future fusion reactors
Researchers at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have recorded the most detailed atomic movie of gold melting after being blasted by laser light. The insights they gained into how metals liquefy have potential to aid the development of fusion power reactors, steel processing plants, spacecraft and other applications where materials have to withstand extreme conditions for long periods of time. (2018-06-28)

Electrospun sodium titanate speeds up the purification of nuclear waste water
Electrospun sodium titanate speeds up the purification of water based on selective ion exchange -- effectively extracts radio-active strontium. (2018-06-27)

Probing nobelium with laser light
Sizes and shapes of nuclei with more than 100 protons were so far experimentally inaccessible. Laser spectroscopy is an established technique in measuring fundamental properties of exotic atoms and their nuclei. For the first time, this technique was now extended to precisely measure the optical excitation of atomic levels in the atomic shell of three isotopes of the heavy element nobelium. This was reported by an international team lead by scientists from GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung. (2018-06-27)

Fluciclovine PET/CT locates recurrent prostate cancer and advises management
The addition of fluorine-18 (18F)-fluciclovine positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) to the diagnostic work-up of patients with biochemical recurrence of prostate cancer locates previously undetected lesions and changes treatment management for the majority of patients, according to a clinical trial report presented at the 2018 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI). (2018-06-26)

Early treatment of advanced prostate cancer with radioligand therapy prolongs life
Research presented at the 2018 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI) demonstrates for the first time the benefit of providing earlier lutetium-177 (177Lu) prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) radioligand therapy to patients with metastatic prostate cancer. Until now, this therapy has only been used in patients with end-stage disease. (2018-06-26)

SNMMI image of the year: PSMA PET imaging of theranostic for advanced prostate cancer
Studies of patients with metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer have demonstrated high response rates to radionuclide therapy targeting PSMA with the radionuclide lutetium-177. At the SNMMI Annual Meeting, researchers reported on a phase II prospective trial. Men who had exhausted conventional therapies were screened using gallium-68-PSMA11 PET imaging. Those with high PSMA-expression had 177Lu-PSMA617 therapy and experienced high response rates, which is clearly shown in the figure selected as the 2018 SNMMI Image of the Year. (2018-06-26)

Of hearts and giants: Moving a cardiac regulatory protein to the right place
An international research team revealed a nuclear localization role for a conserved short stretch of a cardiac muscle regulator. Mutations within the RSRSP stretch of RBM20 cause the left ventricle to enlarge and weaken, and were shown to interrupt nuclear transport of RBM20, preventing it from controlling a giant spring-like protein of cardiac muscle cells. The findings and animal model developed will pave the way for greater understanding of dilated cardiomyopathy. (2018-06-26)

Novel nuclear medicine approach shows promise for treating wide array of cancerous tumors
A novel nuclear medicine approach is showing great promise for precision treatment of solid tumors in many types of cancer--including lung, breast, pancreas and ovarian in adults and glioma, neuroblastoma and sarcoma in children. The research was presented today at the SNMMI 2018 Annual Meeting, June 23-26 in Philadelphia. (2018-06-25)

Long-lasting radionuclide therapy for advanced neuroendocrine tumors proves effective
A first-in-human study presented at the 2018 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI) demonstrates the benefits and safety of a new, long-lasting type of radionuclide therapy for patients with advanced, metastatic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). (2018-06-25)

New nuclear medicine technique could help tackle brain disease
A new molecular imaging method can monitor the success of gene therapy in all areas of the brain, potentially allowing physicians to more effectively tackle brain conditions such as Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease and multiple sclerosis. The research was presented today at the SNMMI 2018 Annual Meeting, June 23-26 in Philadelphia. (2018-06-25)

New theranostic strategy developed for precise tumor diagnosis and therapy
A novel, intelligent theranostic agent for precise tumor diagnosis and therapy has been developed that remains as small molecules while circulating in the bloodstream, can then self-assemble into larger nanostructures in the tumor, and be activated by the tumor microenvironment for therapy guided by photoacoustic imaging. The research was presented at the 2018 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI). (2018-06-25)

Combining targeted radionuclide therapy and immunotherapy could improve melanoma survival
Research presented at the 2018 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI) shows that combining targeted radionuclide therapy with immunotherapy could improve the survival of patients with metastatic melanoma. (2018-06-24)

Novel nuclear medicine probe will help assess new drugs for neurodegenerative diseases
New nuclear medicine tracers could help medical researchers find a cure for Alzheimer's and other neurodegenerative diseases. The research was presented today at the SNMMI 2018 Annual Meeting, June 23-26 in Philadelphia. (2018-06-24)

Novel PET tracer successfully images cardiovascular infections
A novel positron emission tomography (PET) tracer has been developed that can accurately image cardiovascular infections, which are extremely dangerous and have a high fatality rate. The research was presented at the 2018 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI). (2018-06-23)

Improved PSMA-targeting agent more effective for prostate cancer diagnosis/therapy in mice
Research presented at the 2018 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI) demonstrates a potentially more effective method of imaging and treating prostate cancer that modifies a prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-targeted radioligand by adding an albumin-binding Evans blue (an azo dye) derivative. (2018-06-23)

Enhanced detection of nuclear events, thanks to deep learning
A deep neural network running on an ordinary desktop computer is interpreting highly technical data related to national security as well as -- and sometimes better than -- today's best automated methods or even human experts. The research probes incredibly complex data sets filled with events called radioactive decays. (2018-06-21)

When fluid flows almost as fast as light -- with quantum rotation
Quark-gluon plasma is formed as a result of high energy collisions of heavy ions. After a collision, for a dozen or so yoctoseconds this most perfect of all known fluids undergoes rapid hydrodynamic expansion with velocities close to the velocity of light. Scientists, associated with the IFJ PAN and the GSI, has presented a new model describing these extreme flows. For the first time effects resulting from the fact that the particles creating the plasma carry spin, are taken into account. (2018-06-21)

The world's tiniest first responders
Amid the rise of CRISPR and genome editing, scientists are still learning more about DNA repair and its significance in aging and diseases such as cancer. (2018-06-20)

Nuclear power shutdowns won't spike power prices
Despite economic woes that could shutter two of Pennsylvania's nuclear power plants -- which generate 6 percent of the state's power -- power prices will remain steady due to low natural gas prices, according to Seth Blumsack, associate professor of energy policy and economics, Penn State. (2018-06-19)

Study confirms beetles exploit warm winters to expand range
A new study by Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists and colleagues confirms that increasing minimum winter temperatures allow beetles to expand their range but reveals that overcrowding can put the brakes on population growth. (2018-06-19)

Scientists show that drugs targeting tumor metabolism will not stop Natural Killer cells
The scientists discovered that while glutamine is a key fuel for many tumors, it is not so for natural killer cells. This highlights the therapeutic potential for targeting glutamine metabolism to treat cancer as any drugs that do this will not hinder our cancer-killing NK cells. (2018-06-14)

The chances of detecting clumps in atomic nuclei are growing
What do atomic nuclei really look like? Are the protons and neutrons they contain distributed chaotically? Or do they perhaps bind into alpha clusters, that is, clumps made up of two protons and two neutrons? In the case of several light nuclei, experimental confirmation of the individualism or family nature of nucleons will now be simpler thanks to predictions presented by Polish physicists from Cracow and Kielce. (2018-06-14)

TNT could be headed for retirement after 116 years on the job
Scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory and the US Army Research Laboratory in Aberdeen, Md., have developed a novel 'melt-cast' explosive material that could be a suitable replacement for Trinitrotoluene, more commonly known as TNT. (2018-06-14)

UTSW researchers find transport molecule has unexpected role
UT Southwestern researchers recently reported a basic science finding that might someday lead to better treatments for neurodegenerative diseases like a hereditary form of Lou Gehrig's disease. (2018-06-14)

More harm than good: Assessing the nuclear arsenal tipping point
First study of its kind shows how detrimental nuclear attack would be for the aggressor nation. (2018-06-13)

Tracking energy flow in large molecules
Scientists from EPFL and Canada have developed a novel and unambiguous way to track energy flow in polyatomic molecules at ultrashort timescales. (2018-06-13)

Seawater yields first grams of yellowcake
For the first time, researchers have created five grams of yellowcake -- a powdered form of uranium used to produce fuel for nuclear power production -- using acrylic fibers to extract it from seawater. (2018-06-13)

Turbocharge for lithium batteries
A team of material researchers from Juelich, Munich, and Prague has succeeded in producing a composite material that is particularly suited for electrodes in lithium batteries. The nanocomposite material might help to significantly increase the storage capacity and lifetime of batteries as well as their charging speed. The researchers have published their findings in the journal Advanced Functional Materials. (2018-06-11)

Ukrainian villages still suffering legacy of Chernobyl more than 30 years on
Milk in parts of Ukraine has radioactivity levels up to five times over the country's official safe limit, new research shows. (2018-06-08)

The cartography of the nucleus
A new technique creates maps of the folded structures of DNA, RNA, and proteins within the cellular nucleus, revealing elegant 'hubs' of organization. (2018-06-08)

A new way to measure energy in microscopic machines
In work at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland in College Park, researchers have devised and demonstrated a new way to measure free energy. By using microscopy to track and analyze the fluctuating motion or configuration of single molecules or other small objects, the new method can be applied to a greater variety of microscopic and nanoscopic systems than previous techniques. (2018-06-08)

Is there an end to the periodic table? MSU professor explores its limits
As the 150th anniversary of the formulation of the Periodic Table of Chemical Elements looms, a Michigan State University professor probes the table's limits in a recent Nature Physics Perspective. In 2016, four new elements were added to it: nihonium, moscovium, tennessine, and oganesson. It took a decade and worldwide effort to confirm these last four elements. And now scientists wonder: how far can this table go? (2018-06-07)

New nuclear medicine method shows promise for better detection of neuroendocrine tumors
Researchers have shown that a new nuclear medicine procedure could safely and more effectively detect cancerous gastrointestinal and pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors than current methods. The study is featured in the June issue of The Journal of Nuclear Medicine. (2018-06-06)

Novel PET imaging noninvasively pinpoints colitis inflammation
A novel positron emission tomography (PET) imaging method shows promise for noninvasively pinpointing sites of inflammation in people with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which includes ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. The University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), study is featured in the June issue of The Journal of Nuclear Medicine. (2018-06-04)

Rutgers-led research could lead to more efficient electronics
A Rutgers-led team of physicists has demonstrated a way to conduct electricity between transistors without energy loss, opening the door to low-power electronics and, potentially, quantum computing that would be far faster than today's computers. Their findings, which involved using a special mix of materials with magnetic and insulator properties, are published online in Nature Physics. (2018-06-04)

Zn-InsP6 complex can enhance excretion of radioactive strontium from the body
Researchers at Kanazawa University have found a new phenomenon that a complex of myo-inositol-hexakisphosphate (InsP6) with zinc enhances excretion of radioactive strontium from the body. (2018-06-01)

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