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Current Nuclear Reactor News and Events, Nuclear Reactor News Articles.
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Laser uranium enrichment technology may create new proliferation risks
A new laser-based uranium enrichment technology may provide a hard-to-detect pathway to nuclear weapons production, according to a forthcoming paper in the journal Science & Global Security by Ryan Snyder, a physicist with Princeton University's Program on Science and Global Security. (2016-06-27)

Radioactive cesium fallout on Tokyo from Fukushima concentrated in glass microparticles
New research shows that most of the radioactive fallout which landed on downtown Tokyo a few days after the Fukushima accident was concentrated and deposited in non-soluble glass microparticles, as a type of 'glassy soot.' These results are announced at the Goldschmidt geochemistry conference in Yokohama, Japan. (2016-06-26)

Sweden's 100 percent carbon-free emissions challenge
The Swedish power supply is largely free of carbon emissions. Indeed, it is mainly based on a combination of hydroelectric and nuclear power combined with power exchange with neighboring Scandinavian countries. A study published in EPJ Plus investigates the possibility of replacing nuclear power with wind power, which is by nature intermittent. According to the study, this would finally lead to a reduction in the use of hydroelectricity if the annual consumption remained constant. (2016-06-21)

Loyola study reveals how HIV enters cell nucleus
Loyola University Chicago scientists have solved a mystery that has long baffled HIV researchers: How does HIV manage to enter the nucleus of immune system cells? The discovery, reported in the journal PLOS Pathogens, could lead to effective new drugs to treat HIV/AIDS. (2016-06-21)

£4.5m 'Lab in a bubble' project could improve cancer care
A £4.5million University of Strathclyde project to produce bubble-sized 'laboratories' could boost cancer treatment, medical imaging and industrial processes. (2016-06-21)

Scientists seek new physics using ORNL's intense neutrino source
Soon to be deployed at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory is an experiment to explore new physics associated with neutrinos. The Precision Oscillation and Spectrum Experiment, or PROSPECT, is led by Yale University and includes partners from 14 academic and governmental institutions. The DOE High Energy Physics program will support the experiment at the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR), a DOE Office of Science User Facility at ORNL. (2016-06-17)

USU engineering faculty receive $5.8 million in nuclear energy research grants
Two professors of mechanical engineering at Utah State University will receive grants from the US Department of Energy totaling $5.8 million for nuclear energy research. (2016-06-16)

PET/CT imaging of prostate cancer proves accurate biopsy guide
Prostate cancer is the leading cancer among men, second only to skin cancer. With surgical removal at the frontline of defense, oncologists are considering prostate-specific molecular imaging at the point of initial biopsy and pre-operative planning to root out the full extent of disease, researchers revealed at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging. (2016-06-15)

SNMMI Image of the Year: Novel PET imaging shows tau buildup link to neurodegeneration
Positron emission tomography with three different radiotracers can now measure amyloid plaques, tau tangles and metabolic activity in the brains of living Alzheimer's patients. This multimodal study shows significant correlation between increased tau and decreased metabolic activity in the brain -- a clear sign of neurodegeneration -- reveal researchers at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging. (2016-06-15)

New 3-D printed polymer can convert methane to methanol
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientists have combined biology and 3-D printing to create the first reactor that can continuously produce methanol from methane at room temperature and pressure. (2016-06-15)

Victor Flambaum becomes new GRC Fellow at Mainz University
Professor Victor Flambaum, head of the Department of Theoretical Physics at the University of New South Wales in Australia, has been appointed a new Fellow of the Gutenberg Research College. He took up a post in late May 2016 at the Helmholtz Institute Mainz and the Institute of Physics at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, where he will be putting together a small research team over the coming years. (2016-06-14)

CT-based calculations improve accuracy of PET for cancer patients
Cancer patients often experience significant fluctuations in weight and lean body mass (LBM). Neglecting to account for these changes can prevent clinicians from obtaining precise data from molecular imaging, but a new method of measuring LBM takes changes in individual body composition into account for better staging of disease and therapy monitoring, say researchers at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI). (2016-06-14)

Novel portable diagnostic tool pairs optical and gamma imaging
Bigger isn't always better, especially when it comes to a new and surprisingly portable molecular imaging system that combines optical imaging at the surface level and scintigraphy, which captures the physiological function of what lies beneath, announced developers at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI). (2016-06-14)

FDG PET evaluates immunotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer
Non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC) have a collective reputation for not responding very well to chemotherapy. Researchers at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI) are presenting a means of evaluating an immunotherapy that fights off NSCLC by strengthening a patient's own immune system. (2016-06-13)

Molecular imaging of neuroendocrine tumors optimizes radiotherapy dose
Aggressive neuroendocrine cancer is something of a dark horse -- a rare, elusive and persevering force linked to discouraging long-term survival rates. Researchers at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI) are presenting a molecular imaging technique that allows oncologists to set patients' radiotherapy doses right at that critical limit of delivering the most powerful kill to neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) while protecting vulnerable vital organs. (2016-06-13)

A new material can clear up nuclear waste gases
An international team of scientists at EPFL and the US have discovered a material that can clear out radioactive waste from nuclear plants more efficiently, cheaply, and safely than current methods. (2016-06-13)

PET points to tau protein as leading culprit in Alzheimer's
Alzheimer's is a devastating and incurable disease marked by beta-amyloid and tau protein aggregations in the brain, yet the direct relationship between these proteins and neurodegeneration has remained a mystery. New molecular imaging research is revealing how tau, rather than amyloid-deposition, may be more directly instigating neuronal dysfunction, say presenters at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI). (2016-06-13)

H. William Strauss, M.D., receives 2016 Benedict Cassen Prize
H. William (Bill) Strauss, M.D., F.A.C.N.M., was awarded the Benedict Cassen Prize, often considered the Nobel Prize of nuclear medicine, during the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging. This honor is given every two years by the Education and Research Foundation for Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging to a living scientist or physician-scientist whose work has led to a major advance in basic or clinical nuclear medicine science. (2016-06-13)

PET detects neuroinflammation in multiple sclerosis
The triggers of autoimmune inflammation in multiple sclerosis (MS) have eluded scientists for many years, but molecular imaging is bringing researchers closer to identifying them, while providing a means of evaluating next-generation therapies for MS, say researchers introducing a study at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging. (2016-06-12)

Pretargeted radioimmunotherapy may eliminate colorectal cancer
An emerging cancer therapy has colorectal tumors surrounded. Presenters at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging are unveiling a novel radioimmunotherapy that combines a cancer-seeking antibody with potent radionuclide agents, resulting in complete remission of colorectal cancer in mouse models. (2016-06-12)

Peter S. Conti, M.D., Ph.D., receives SNMMI 2016 Paul C. Aebersold Award
Peter S. Conti, M.D., Ph.D., FACNP, FACR, professor of radiology, pharmaceutical sciences and biomedical engineering, and director of the Molecular Imaging Center, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, has been named the 2016 recipient of the prestigious Paul C. Aebersold Award. Conti was presented the award by the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging during its annual meeting, held June 11-15 in San Diego, Calif. (2016-06-12)

Ross McDougall, M.D., Ch.B., Ph.D., receives SNMMI 2016 Georg Charles de Hevesy Award
Ross McDougall, M.D., Ch.B., Ph.D., professor emeritus of radiology and medicine at Stanford University, Stanford, Calif., has been named this year's recipient of the Georg Charles de Hevesy Nuclear Pioneer Award for his contributions to nuclear medicine. McDougall was presented the award by the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging at its 2016 Annual Meeting, held June 11-15 in San Diego, Calif. (2016-06-12)

Blood test predicts success of neuroendocrine cancer therapy
Malignant neuroendocrine tumors are relatively rare, notoriously difficult to treat, and associated with poor long-term survival. According to research presented at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, an investigative blood test could predict how patients will respond to peptide receptor radionuclide therapy before they commit to a course of treatment. (2016-06-12)

PET/CT reveals adaptations of the alcoholic brain
Alcoholism is a devastating disorder that too often leads to a perpetual cycle of abuse. An emerging molecular imaging technique may provide a way to break that cycle. It could signal patients' heightened risk and lead to targeted drug treatments that reduce the compulsion to drink, say researchers presenting at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging. (2016-06-12)

Provisional names announced for superheavy elements 113, 115, 117, and 118
The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry Inorganic Chemistry Division has published a Provisional Recommendation for the names and symbols of the recently discovered superheavy elements 113, 115, 117, and 118. (2016-06-08)

At the LHC, charmed twins will soon be more common than singles
In the range of energies penetrated by the LHC accelerator, a new mechanism of the creation of particles is becoming more prominent, say scientists from the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Krakow. The comparison between theoretical predictions and test data leaves no doubt: the energy in collisions is now so great that some of the elementary particles, mesons containing charm quarks, are beginning to emerge in pairs as often as single ones - and even more often. (2016-06-08)

ORNL research finds magnetic material could host wily Weyl fermions
An elusive massless particle could exist in a magnetic crystal structure, revealed by neutron and X-ray research from a team of scientists led by the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the University of Tennessee. (2016-06-07)

Predicting advanced prostate cancer outcomes with NaF-PET/CT
A recent pilot study reported in the June issue of The Journal of Nuclear Medicine found that sodium fluoride (Na-F-18) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (NaF-PET/CT) accurately detects bone metastases in patients with advanced prostate cancer, and follow-up scans over time correlate clearly with clinical outcomes and patient survival. (2016-06-07)

A new energy source within the cells
Scientists at the Centre for Genomic Regulation in Barcelona, Spain, find evidence of a new energy source within cell nucleus. Their results, which are published in Science, shed light on how in exceptional situations cells can reprogram gene expression and point at a new player for targeted cancer medicine. (2016-06-02)

Cell insights shed light on how muscle-wasting disease takes hold
Insights into how our cells control muscle development could aid understanding of muscular dystrophy and other inherited diseases. (2016-06-02)

Pick me! Pick me! How genes are selected to create diverse immune cell receptors
Use of a new technique developed at the Babraham Institute has allowed researchers to take an in-depth look at the gene shuffling process that is responsible for our body's ability to recognise a vast range of foreign agents such as disease-causing microorganisms (pathogens). Failure in this process lies at the heart of a variety of immunodeficiency diseases and is also relevant to the decline in immune function observed with age. (2016-06-02)

New approach to nuclear structure, freely available
The atomic nucleus is highly complex. Understanding this complexity often requires a tremendous amount of computational power. In a new study published in EPJ A, Susanna Liebig from Forschungszentrum Jülich, Germany, and colleagues propose a new approach to nuclear structure calculations. The results are freely available to the nuclear physicists' community so that other groups can perform their own nuclear structure calculations, even if they have only limited computational resources. (2016-06-01)

PROSPECT experiment's search for sterile neutrinos garners $3 million DOE grant
An experiment led by Yale University with partners from four US Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratories, including Brookhaven National Laboratory, and 10 universities will explore key questions about elusive particles called neutrinos with potential application for improving nuclear reactor safety. (2016-06-01)

Amid terror threats, new hope for radiation antidote
Researchers have identified promising drugs that could lead to the first antidote for radiation exposure that might result from a dirty bomb terror attack or a nuclear accident such as Chernobyl. (2016-05-31)

Silicon Valley Energy Summit
Stanford University's annual Silicon Valley Energy Summit delivers insights on the latest sustainable energy technologies, corporate practices, market trends and emerging government policies. More than 400 people from the world's largest IT companies, Silicon Valley startups, investment funds, utilities, government, environmental organizations and research institutions attend. The lunchtime debate on the need for a nuclear power renaissance will be webcast live at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uuJodGvyLzM (2016-05-31)

PROSPECT experiment will search for sterile neutrinos, thanks to DOE grant
Buoyed by a $3 million federal grant, a Yale University-led experiment will explore key questions about the tiny particles called neutrinos -- and potentially improve the way we monitor and safeguard nuclear reactors in the process. The US Department of Energy grant from the Office of High Energy Physics will be used to build a first-of-its-kind, short-distance detection device for the Precision Oscillation and Spectrum Experiment. (2016-05-31)

Individual quality trumps reproductive tradeoffs in ducks
Not all ducks are created equal. In female Wood Ducks, variation in individual quality is what matters for breeding success and survival, according to the results of a new long-term study being published in The Auk: Ornithological Advances. (2016-05-25)

Lev P. Vinnik wins top honor in seismology
Seismological Society of America will present its highest honor, the 2016 Harry Fielding Reid Medal, to Lev P. Vinnik, Professor at the Institute of Physics of the Earth of the Russian Academy of Sciences, at its annual meeting 18-20 April 2017 in Denver, Colorado. (2016-05-24)

Ambitious experiments cast light on far reaches of periodic table
A study of newly made chemical compounds is giving scientists a fresh understanding of an elusive element. (2016-05-23)

Fukushima nuclear accident is 'wake-up call' for US to improve monitoring of spent fuel pools
The 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident should serve as a wake-up call to nuclear plant operators and regulators on the critical importance of measuring, maintaining, and restoring cooling in spent fuel pools during severe accidents and terrorist attacks, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. (2016-05-20)

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