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Current Nuclear Weapons News and Events, Nuclear Weapons News Articles.
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USU engineering faculty receive $5.8 million in nuclear energy research grants
Two professors of mechanical engineering at Utah State University will receive grants from the US Department of Energy totaling $5.8 million for nuclear energy research. (2016-06-16)

PET/CT imaging of prostate cancer proves accurate biopsy guide
Prostate cancer is the leading cancer among men, second only to skin cancer. With surgical removal at the frontline of defense, oncologists are considering prostate-specific molecular imaging at the point of initial biopsy and pre-operative planning to root out the full extent of disease, researchers revealed at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging. (2016-06-15)

SNMMI Image of the Year: Novel PET imaging shows tau buildup link to neurodegeneration
Positron emission tomography with three different radiotracers can now measure amyloid plaques, tau tangles and metabolic activity in the brains of living Alzheimer's patients. This multimodal study shows significant correlation between increased tau and decreased metabolic activity in the brain -- a clear sign of neurodegeneration -- reveal researchers at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging. (2016-06-15)

Victor Flambaum becomes new GRC Fellow at Mainz University
Professor Victor Flambaum, head of the Department of Theoretical Physics at the University of New South Wales in Australia, has been appointed a new Fellow of the Gutenberg Research College. He took up a post in late May 2016 at the Helmholtz Institute Mainz and the Institute of Physics at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, where he will be putting together a small research team over the coming years. (2016-06-14)

CT-based calculations improve accuracy of PET for cancer patients
Cancer patients often experience significant fluctuations in weight and lean body mass (LBM). Neglecting to account for these changes can prevent clinicians from obtaining precise data from molecular imaging, but a new method of measuring LBM takes changes in individual body composition into account for better staging of disease and therapy monitoring, say researchers at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI). (2016-06-14)

Novel portable diagnostic tool pairs optical and gamma imaging
Bigger isn't always better, especially when it comes to a new and surprisingly portable molecular imaging system that combines optical imaging at the surface level and scintigraphy, which captures the physiological function of what lies beneath, announced developers at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI). (2016-06-14)

FDG PET evaluates immunotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer
Non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC) have a collective reputation for not responding very well to chemotherapy. Researchers at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI) are presenting a means of evaluating an immunotherapy that fights off NSCLC by strengthening a patient's own immune system. (2016-06-13)

Molecular imaging of neuroendocrine tumors optimizes radiotherapy dose
Aggressive neuroendocrine cancer is something of a dark horse -- a rare, elusive and persevering force linked to discouraging long-term survival rates. Researchers at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI) are presenting a molecular imaging technique that allows oncologists to set patients' radiotherapy doses right at that critical limit of delivering the most powerful kill to neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) while protecting vulnerable vital organs. (2016-06-13)

A new material can clear up nuclear waste gases
An international team of scientists at EPFL and the US have discovered a material that can clear out radioactive waste from nuclear plants more efficiently, cheaply, and safely than current methods. (2016-06-13)

PET points to tau protein as leading culprit in Alzheimer's
Alzheimer's is a devastating and incurable disease marked by beta-amyloid and tau protein aggregations in the brain, yet the direct relationship between these proteins and neurodegeneration has remained a mystery. New molecular imaging research is revealing how tau, rather than amyloid-deposition, may be more directly instigating neuronal dysfunction, say presenters at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI). (2016-06-13)

Efficient hydrogen production made easy
Understanding how to use a simple, room-temperature treatment to drastically change the properties of materials could lead to a revolution in renewable fuels production and electronic applications. (2016-06-13)

H. William Strauss, M.D., receives 2016 Benedict Cassen Prize
H. William (Bill) Strauss, M.D., F.A.C.N.M., was awarded the Benedict Cassen Prize, often considered the Nobel Prize of nuclear medicine, during the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging. This honor is given every two years by the Education and Research Foundation for Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging to a living scientist or physician-scientist whose work has led to a major advance in basic or clinical nuclear medicine science. (2016-06-13)

PET detects neuroinflammation in multiple sclerosis
The triggers of autoimmune inflammation in multiple sclerosis (MS) have eluded scientists for many years, but molecular imaging is bringing researchers closer to identifying them, while providing a means of evaluating next-generation therapies for MS, say researchers introducing a study at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging. (2016-06-12)

Pretargeted radioimmunotherapy may eliminate colorectal cancer
An emerging cancer therapy has colorectal tumors surrounded. Presenters at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging are unveiling a novel radioimmunotherapy that combines a cancer-seeking antibody with potent radionuclide agents, resulting in complete remission of colorectal cancer in mouse models. (2016-06-12)

Peter S. Conti, M.D., Ph.D., receives SNMMI 2016 Paul C. Aebersold Award
Peter S. Conti, M.D., Ph.D., FACNP, FACR, professor of radiology, pharmaceutical sciences and biomedical engineering, and director of the Molecular Imaging Center, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, has been named the 2016 recipient of the prestigious Paul C. Aebersold Award. Conti was presented the award by the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging during its annual meeting, held June 11-15 in San Diego, Calif. (2016-06-12)

Ross McDougall, M.D., Ch.B., Ph.D., receives SNMMI 2016 Georg Charles de Hevesy Award
Ross McDougall, M.D., Ch.B., Ph.D., professor emeritus of radiology and medicine at Stanford University, Stanford, Calif., has been named this year's recipient of the Georg Charles de Hevesy Nuclear Pioneer Award for his contributions to nuclear medicine. McDougall was presented the award by the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging at its 2016 Annual Meeting, held June 11-15 in San Diego, Calif. (2016-06-12)

Blood test predicts success of neuroendocrine cancer therapy
Malignant neuroendocrine tumors are relatively rare, notoriously difficult to treat, and associated with poor long-term survival. According to research presented at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, an investigative blood test could predict how patients will respond to peptide receptor radionuclide therapy before they commit to a course of treatment. (2016-06-12)

PET/CT reveals adaptations of the alcoholic brain
Alcoholism is a devastating disorder that too often leads to a perpetual cycle of abuse. An emerging molecular imaging technique may provide a way to break that cycle. It could signal patients' heightened risk and lead to targeted drug treatments that reduce the compulsion to drink, say researchers presenting at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging. (2016-06-12)

At the LHC, charmed twins will soon be more common than singles
In the range of energies penetrated by the LHC accelerator, a new mechanism of the creation of particles is becoming more prominent, say scientists from the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Krakow. The comparison between theoretical predictions and test data leaves no doubt: the energy in collisions is now so great that some of the elementary particles, mesons containing charm quarks, are beginning to emerge in pairs as often as single ones - and even more often. (2016-06-08)

Predicting advanced prostate cancer outcomes with NaF-PET/CT
A recent pilot study reported in the June issue of The Journal of Nuclear Medicine found that sodium fluoride (Na-F-18) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (NaF-PET/CT) accurately detects bone metastases in patients with advanced prostate cancer, and follow-up scans over time correlate clearly with clinical outcomes and patient survival. (2016-06-07)

Study of 81,000 adults examines mental illness, gun violence and suicide
People with serious mental illnesses who use guns to commit suicide are often legally eligible to purchase guns, despite having a past record of an involuntary mental health examination and brief hospitalization, according to a new Duke Health analysis. (2016-06-06)

A new energy source within the cells
Scientists at the Centre for Genomic Regulation in Barcelona, Spain, find evidence of a new energy source within cell nucleus. Their results, which are published in Science, shed light on how in exceptional situations cells can reprogram gene expression and point at a new player for targeted cancer medicine. (2016-06-02)

Cell insights shed light on how muscle-wasting disease takes hold
Insights into how our cells control muscle development could aid understanding of muscular dystrophy and other inherited diseases. (2016-06-02)

New clues found to immune system's misfiring in autoimmune diseases
A person's genetic makeup plays a role in autoimmune diseases that develop when the body is attacked by its own immune system. But little is known about how immune cells are pushed into overdrive. Now, in new research that points to potential therapeutic targets for autoimmune diseases, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have identified genetic master switches that turn up -- or down -- the activity of specific types of immune cells. (2016-06-02)

Pick me! Pick me! How genes are selected to create diverse immune cell receptors
Use of a new technique developed at the Babraham Institute has allowed researchers to take an in-depth look at the gene shuffling process that is responsible for our body's ability to recognise a vast range of foreign agents such as disease-causing microorganisms (pathogens). Failure in this process lies at the heart of a variety of immunodeficiency diseases and is also relevant to the decline in immune function observed with age. (2016-06-02)

New approach to nuclear structure, freely available
The atomic nucleus is highly complex. Understanding this complexity often requires a tremendous amount of computational power. In a new study published in EPJ A, Susanna Liebig from Forschungszentrum J├╝lich, Germany, and colleagues propose a new approach to nuclear structure calculations. The results are freely available to the nuclear physicists' community so that other groups can perform their own nuclear structure calculations, even if they have only limited computational resources. (2016-06-01)

Amid terror threats, new hope for radiation antidote
Researchers have identified promising drugs that could lead to the first antidote for radiation exposure that might result from a dirty bomb terror attack or a nuclear accident such as Chernobyl. (2016-05-31)

Silicon Valley Energy Summit
Stanford University's annual Silicon Valley Energy Summit delivers insights on the latest sustainable energy technologies, corporate practices, market trends and emerging government policies. More than 400 people from the world's largest IT companies, Silicon Valley startups, investment funds, utilities, government, environmental organizations and research institutions attend. The lunchtime debate on the need for a nuclear power renaissance will be webcast live at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uuJodGvyLzM (2016-05-31)

PROSPECT experiment will search for sterile neutrinos, thanks to DOE grant
Buoyed by a $3 million federal grant, a Yale University-led experiment will explore key questions about the tiny particles called neutrinos -- and potentially improve the way we monitor and safeguard nuclear reactors in the process. The US Department of Energy grant from the Office of High Energy Physics will be used to build a first-of-its-kind, short-distance detection device for the Precision Oscillation and Spectrum Experiment. (2016-05-31)

Lev P. Vinnik wins top honor in seismology
Seismological Society of America will present its highest honor, the 2016 Harry Fielding Reid Medal, to Lev P. Vinnik, Professor at the Institute of Physics of the Earth of the Russian Academy of Sciences, at its annual meeting 18-20 April 2017 in Denver, Colorado. (2016-05-24)

Ambitious experiments cast light on far reaches of periodic table
A study of newly made chemical compounds is giving scientists a fresh understanding of an elusive element. (2016-05-23)

Fukushima nuclear accident is 'wake-up call' for US to improve monitoring of spent fuel pools
The 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident should serve as a wake-up call to nuclear plant operators and regulators on the critical importance of measuring, maintaining, and restoring cooling in spent fuel pools during severe accidents and terrorist attacks, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. (2016-05-20)

Avoiding mixtures of different mitochondria leads to effective mitochondrial replacement
Scientists at The NYSCF Research Institute discovered an important biological phenomenon in human cells that will help scientists design safer treatments to prevent mitochondrial diseases. NYSCF first pioneered a technique, mitochondrial replacement therapy (MRT), in 2012 to prevent inheritance of these devastating and debilitating diseases. Now, scientists at the NYSCF Research Institute are working to hone this technique and understand the biological processes that would impact patients as this process is brought into clinical trials. (2016-05-19)

Photon collisions: Photonic billiards might be the newest game!
When one snooker ball hits another, both spring away from each other in an elastic manner. In the case of two photons a similar process -- the elastic collision -- has never been observed. Physicists from the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Polish Academy of Sciences have shown, however, that such a process does not only occur, but even could soon be registered in heavy ion collisions at the LHC accelerator. (2016-05-19)

'Piggybacking' mitochondrial DNA can compromise mitochondrial replacement therapy
Mitochondrial replacement therapy shows promise for preventing the inheritance of mitochondrial DNA diseases. However, small amounts of mitochondrial DNA can sometimes hitch a ride with the transferred nucleus, and a study publishing May 19 in Cell Stem Cell shows that this DNA can override the mitochondria in the donor cell. The findings may call into question the beneficial effect of nuclear transfer for mitochondrial replacement therapy. (2016-05-19)

Pioneer of hormone action awarded the Gregory Pincus Medal
Pierre Chambon, M.D., founder of the Institute of Genetics and Molecular and Cell Biology in Strasbourg, France, and an internationally prominent biomedical researcher, was named the recipient of the Gregory Pincus Medal by UMass Medical School. (2016-05-18)

Cooling, time in the dark preserve perovskite solar power
A new study has found both the cause and a solution for the pesky tendency of perovskite solar cells to degrade in sunlight, a research breakthrough potentially removing one roadblock to commercialization for this promising technology. (2016-05-17)

Towards decommissioning Fukushima: 'Seeing' boron distribution in molten debris
Japanese researchers have mapped the distribution of boron compounds in a model control rod, paving the way for determining re-criticality risk within the reactor. (2016-05-17)

Big data, 3-D printing and robots: Marine Corps Commandant touts ONR S&T
Commandant of the Marine Corps (CMC) Gen. Robert B. Neller recently visited the Office of Naval Research (ONR) to get a close-up look at some of the latest technologies being developed for the US Marine Corps -- from autonomous systems to virtual reality training devices. (2016-05-10)

Nuclear physics' interdisciplinary progress
The theoretical view of the structure of the atom nucleus is not carved in stone. Particularly, nuclear physics research could benefit from approaches found in other fields of physics. Reflections on these aspects were just released in a new type of rapid publications in the new Letters section of EPJ A, which provides a forum for the concise expression of more personal opinions on important scientific matters in the field. (2016-05-10)

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