Current Oil Spills News and Events | Page 25

Current Oil Spills News and Events, Oil Spills News Articles.
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Catalysts for heavy oil extraction developed at Kazan University
The catalysts speed up heavy oil extraction under the conditions of in-situ combustion. (2016-02-01)

Oil fires in Libya continue
The oil refinery fires in Libya that were started by attacks on oil terminals in Libya in very early January continue. (2016-01-28)

Where is the oil in the gulf? FSU researcher takes a look
A Florida State University researcher and his team have developed a comprehensive analysis of oil in the Gulf of Mexico and determined how much of it occurs naturally and how much came from the 2010 Deepwater Horizon spill. And more importantly, their data creates a map, showing where the active natural oil seeps are located. (2016-01-25)

In Gulf of Mexico, microbes thrive above natural oil seeps
In the water above natural oil seeps in the Gulf of Mexico, where oil and gas bubbles rise almost a mile to break at the surface, scientists have discovered something unusual: phytoplankton, tiny microbes at the base of the marine food chain, are thriving. (2016-01-25)

Increasing oil's performance with crumpled graphene balls
Crumpled graphene balls self-disperse in oil to reduce friction and protect engines better than commercial lubricants. (2016-01-25)

Tecnalia develops legume protein-based films and coatings
The main aim of the European LEGUVAL project is to valorise the by-products of the legume processing industry, which are currently discarded, so that they can be used to prepare plastic materials for agriculture, packaging and automotive applications. (2016-01-20)

Fatty acids from GM oilseed crops could replace fish oil
Oil from genetically modified (GM) oil seed crops could replace fish oil as a primary source of the beneficial omega 3 fatty acid EPA -- according to new research from the University of East Anglia. Researchers studied the effect in mice of consuming feed enriched with oil from glasshouse-grown genetically engineered Camelina sativa, developed at the agricultural science center Rothamsted Research. The results show that the benefits were similar to those derived from fish oils. (2016-01-20)

Vegetables fried with olive oil have more healthy properties than boiled ones
Researchers from the University of Granada confirm that frying in Extra Virgin Olive Oil is the best way of increasing the effects of phenols, antioxidants whose consumption prevents chronic degenerative pathologies such as cancer, diabetes or macular degeneration The aim of this research, published in Food Chemistry magazine, was to compare which cooking method improves the antioxidant capacity and the amount of phenolic compounds of vegetables used in the Mediterranean diet (potato, pumpkin, tomato and eggplant) the most. (2016-01-20)

HKU scientists discover a drought tolerance gene that may help plants fight against global warming
he Chye Lab at HKU has identified a gene from the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana which encodes an acyl-CoA-binding protein (ACBP). The gene, designated as ACBP2, can confer drought tolerance in transgenic Arabidopsis. Overexpression of ACBP2 (i.e. increase in ACBP2 protein in the plant) in these transgenic lines promoted stomatal closure, reduced water loss and enhanced drought tolerance. (2016-01-15)

Study: Can essential oils help children with autism?
Parents often use essential oils on their children with autism to help them remain calm and sleep better. A scientific study is underway at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center`s Nisonger Center to see if there are actual benefits. (2016-01-11)

Researchers film beautiful flower formations inside artificial cell membranes
Every day all over the world, researchers work with artificial cell membranes. Despite the fact that they are so widely used, they still hold secrets. Now University of Southern Denmark researchers reveal how beautiful flower formations bloom and wither inside artificial cell membranes. (2016-01-11)

Study: Second-generation biofuels can reduce emissions
Second-generation biofuel crops like the perennial grasses Miscanthus and switchgrass can efficiently meet emission reduction goals without significantly displacing cropland used for food production, according to a new study. Researchers from the University of Illinois and collaborators published their findings in the inaugural edition of the journal Nature Energy. The researchers call it the most comprehensive study on the subject to date. (2016-01-11)

Researchers study 'hidden' pollutants in Gulf of Mexico from BP oil spill
More than 100 chemicals known as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons exist, but the EPA tracks only 16. A University of Central Florida researcher believes many of these untracked, more toxic compounds remain beneath the seafloor, long after the BP oil spill. A grant will allow him to identify these hidden pollutants in the Gulf of Mexico. (2016-01-07)

NUS study shows the causes of mangrove deforestation in Southeast Asia
A National University of Singapore study identified the rapid expansion of rice agriculture in Myanmar, as well as sustained conversion of mangroves to oil palm plantations in Malaysia and Indonesia, as increasing and under-recognised threats to mangrove ecosystems in Southeast Asia. (2016-01-04)

Miriam Hospital, R.I. Community Food Bank study dispels belief healthy diets are costly
Research conducted by The Miriam Hospital and The Rhode Island Community Food Bank demonstrated that -- contrary to popular belief -- healthy diets rich in fruits and vegetables are affordable. (2016-01-04)

Bigelow Laboratory scientist part of Gulf of Mexico oil spill follow-up research
Dr. Christoph Aeppli from Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences was awarded a grant to investigate the long-term effects of petroleum released during the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. Aeppli teamed with Ryan Rodgers of Florida State University and Chris Reddy of Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution to determine how the chemical composition of oil has been altered in the environment and how marine organisms may be affected by these changes. (2015-12-31)

This week from AGU: Data science, blogs from the fall meeting, and 3 new papers
This week from AGU: data science, blogs from the fall meeting, and three new papers. (2015-12-23)

Study assessed impacts of Deepwater Horizon oil spill on sea turtles
Researchers investigating the impacts of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill on sea turtles found that over 320,000 juvenile sea turtles from populations throughout the Atlantic Ocean were likely present in the northern Gulf of Mexico during the 87-day oil spill. The study, led by researchers at the University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, has important implications for international management and restoration efforts following oil spills. (2015-12-23)

Fish oil helps transform fat cells from storage to burning
Kyoto University researchers have found that fish oil transforms fat-storage cells into fat-burning cells, which may reduce weight gain in middle age. Fish oil activates receptors in the digestive tract, fires the sympathetic nervous system, and induces storage cells to metabolize fat. (2015-12-17)

New technique both enhances oil recovery and sequesters carbon dioxide
A proposed recovery technique for oil extraction developed by a Penn State-led research team not only outperforms existing drilling and recovery techniques, but also has the potential to sequester more carbon dioxide in the process. (2015-12-16)

Natural or manmade quakes? New technique can tell the difference
A study by Stanford geophysicists shows that earthquakes resulting from wastewater injection follow several indicative patterns that are starkly different from natural causes. (2015-12-16)

Shaking the nanomaterials out
Nano implies small -- and that's great for use in medical devices, beauty products and smartphones -- but it's also a problem. All these tiny particles get into our water and are difficult to remove. Now, Michigan Tech researchers Yoke Khin Yap and Dongyang Zhang have a novel and very simple way to take the nanomaterials out. (2015-12-10)

'Al dente' fibers could make bulletproof vests stronger and 'greener'
Bulletproof vests and other super-strong materials could soon become even tougher and more environmentally friendly at the same time with the help of extra firm, or 'al dente,' fibers. Researchers report in ACS' journal Macromolecules an innovative way to spin high-performance polyethylene fibers from natural fats, such as oils from olives and peanuts. (2015-12-09)

Fed. regulations should be strengthened to prepare for potential spills of diluted bitumen
The US Department of Transportation needs to modify its regulations and planning in order to strengthen preparedness for accidental spills of diluted bitumen from pipelines, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. (2015-12-08)

UM Rosenstiel school scientists awarded over $6 million to study Gulf of Mexico
MIAMI - The Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative (GoMRI) Research Board awarded over $6 million to University of Miami UM Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science researchers to study the effects of oil on the Gulf of Mexico ecosystem and public health. A total of nearly $38 million and 22 research proposals are being funded under the GoMRI program. (2015-12-08)

£4.4 million grant to develop a yeast alternative to palm oil
A multi-disciplinary team of engineers and scientists from the University of Bath and the University of York are aiming to produce the first ever yeast-derived alternative to palm oil on an industrial scale. (2015-12-07)

Breaking bread with colleagues boosts productivity
Plenty of companies invest big money to provide their employees with upscale workplace eateries or at least catered meals. But are those companies getting a good return on their investment? According to a new Cornell University study, the answer is yes. (2015-12-07)

New innovative method for delivering genes into cells
Researchers from Toyohashi Tech have developed a novel transfection method using water-in-oil droplet electroporation: a liquid droplet with exogenous DNA and cells that is suspended between electrodes in dielectric oil is exposed to a DC electric field. This technique can contribute to biomedical innovation in high-throughput screening. The authors, Assistant Professor Hirofumi Kurita and Associate Professor Rika Numano, said, 'This technique will lead to the development of cell transfection in regenerative medicine and gene therapy.' (2015-12-07)

Swimming devices could deliver drugs inside the body
A new method of guiding microscopic swimming devices has the potential to deliver drugs to a targeted location inside the body, according to new research published in Nature Communications today. (2015-12-02)

Research targets role of dispersants in cleaning up after oil spills
Researchers are looking for answers to one of the most vexing questions that followed the 2010 oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico: Did the use of chemical dispersants help or hurt efforts to clean up the oil? (2015-12-01)

Researchers from Deakin and Drexel develop super-absorbent material to soak up oil spills
In hopes of limiting the disastrous environmental effects of massive oil spills, materials scientists from Drexel University and Deakin University, in Australia, have teamed up to manufacture and test a new material, called a boron nitride nanosheet, that can absorb up to 33 times its weight in oils and organic solvents -- a trait that could make it an important technology for quickly mitigating these costly accidents. (2015-11-30)

Nuclear waste storage sites in rock salt may be more vulnerable than previously thought
Research from The University of Texas at Austin shows that rock salt, used by Germany and the United States as a subsurface container for radioactive waste, might not be as impermeable as thought. (2015-11-26)

Shedding light on oil behaviors before the next spill
A comprehensive scientific report released today by The Royal Society of Canada has concluded that there are still critical research gaps hampering efforts to both assess the environmental impacts of crude oil spills and to effectively remediate them. (2015-11-25)

A row-bot that loves dirty water
Taking inspiration from water beetles and other swimming insects, academics at the Bristol Robotics Laboratory have developed the Row-bot, a robot that thrives in dirty water. The Row-bot mimics the way that the water boatman moves and the way that it feeds on rich organic matter in the dirty water it swims in. (2015-11-23)

Researchers find new, inexpensive way to clean water from oil sands production
Researchers have developed a process to remove contaminants from oil sands wastewater using only sunlight and nanoparticles that is more effective and inexpensive than conventional treatment methods. (2015-11-23)

Study in mice suggests coconut oil can control overgrowth of a fungal pathogen in GI tract
A new study from researchers at Tufts University found that coconut oil controlled the overgrowth of a fungal pathogen called Candida albicans (C. albicans) in mice. In humans, high levels of C. albicans in the gastrointestinal tract can lead to bloodstream infections, including invasive candidiasis. The research suggests that it might be possible to use dietary approaches as an alternative to antifungal drugs in order to decrease the risk of infections caused by C. albicans. (2015-11-18)

Coconut oil shows promise in the prevention of deadly bloodstream infection
Coconut oil may be effective at combating infection with Candida albicans, according to a study published Nov. 18 in the American Society for Microbiology's new open-access journal mSphere. The study found that coconut oil consumption reduced gastrointestinal colonization by C. albicans in mice. (2015-11-18)

Moscow State University is creating technologies to develop the oil deposits of 'Bashneft'
Moscow State University is creating new technologies for the development of oil deposits of 'Bashneft'. Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU) settled a contract with PJSOC 'Bashneft' for a term of 5 years. The contract is largely devoted to the study of geomechanics -- interesting and important problem of the oil and gas industry, which investigates the stress state of the environment in the development of deposits. (2015-11-17)

Strong odor challenge of mercaptans
Pd/NHC Catalytic system, developed in the Ananikov laboratory, targeted on alternative technology of chemical utilization of organic sulfur species from crude oil. (2015-11-13)

Oil dispersants can suppress natural oil-degrading microorganisms, new study shows
The use of chemical dispersants meant to stimulate microbial crude oil degradation can in some cases inhibit microorganisms that naturally degrade hydrocarbons, according to a new study led by University of Georgia marine scientists. Their findings are based on laboratory-simulated conditions that mimic Gulf of Mexico deep waters immediately following the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. The study, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, examined microbial oil degradation in the Deepwater plume. (2015-11-09)

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