Current Open Access News and Events

Current Open Access News and Events, Open Access News Articles.
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Tobacco exposure in kids, risk of increased blood pressure
Researchers investigated whether children and adolescents who smoked or lived with a smoker had an increased risk of elevated blood pressure. (2021-02-23)

Trauma admissions during COVID-19 pandemic in LA county
Researchers examined changes in trauma admissions throughout Los Angeles County during the COVID-19 pandemic in California. (2021-02-22)

Low-quality maternal diet during pregnancy may be associated with late-childhood obesity
Eating a low quality diet, high in foods and food components associated with chronic inflammation, during pregnancy may be associated with an increased risk of obesity and excess body fat in children, especially during late-childhood. The findings are published the open access journal BMC Medicine. (2021-02-21)

Symptoms months after COVID-19
Persistent symptoms among adults with COVID-19 up to nine months after illness onset were analyzed in this study. (2021-02-19)

Mental health, substance use, suicidal ideation during COVID-19 pandemic
This survey study compared patterns of mental health concerns, substance use and suicidal ideation during June and September of the COVID-19 pandemic and examined at-risk demographic groups. (2021-02-19)

Including racial/ethnic minorities, females, older adults in vaccine trials
Using data from completed interventional vaccine trials from 2011 to 2020, researchers examined whether racial/ethnic minority groups, females and older adults were underrepresented in U.S.-based vaccine clinical trials. (2021-02-19)

Local and national restrictions in England reduced contacts in small and varied ways
The imposition of various local and national restrictions in England during the summer and autumn of 2020 gradually reduced contacts between people, but these changes were smaller and more varied than during the lockdown in March, according to a study published in the open access journal BMC Medicine. (2021-02-18)

Association of armed guards, severity of school shootings
Researchers examined the association between the presence of an armed guard on scene and the severity of shootings at schools kindergarten through high school. (2021-02-16)

Role of diet in risk of colorectal cancer
Researchers examined the strength of the evidence from published meta-analyses of observational studies that looked at the association between diet and the risk of colorectal cancer. (2021-02-16)

Internet access spending in public schools increases test scores, but also disciplinary problems
In a new study from the University of Notre Dame, researchers quantify how school district connectivity increases test scores, but underscore the dark side of technology -- increased behavior problems. (2021-02-16)

Posttraumatic stress after natural disasters
Data from four studies of children and adolescents exposed to major U.S. hurricanes were pooled to examine posttraumatic stress symptoms after those events and the factors associated with them. (2021-02-15)

Limited transmission of Covid-19 from open schools but teachers were affected
In Sweden, upper-secondary schools moved online while lower-secondary schools remained open during the spring of 2020. A comparison of parents with children in the final year of lower-secondary and first year of upper-secondary school shows that keeping the former open had limited consequences for the overall transmission of the virus. However, the infection rate doubled among lower-secondary teachers relative to upper-secondary ones. (2021-02-12)

Effect of high-dose zinc, ascorbic acid supplementation vs usual care on symptom length, reduction among ambulatory patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection
These findings suggest that treatment with zinc, ascorbic acid or both doesn't affect SARS-CoV-2 symptoms. (2021-02-12)

Pediatric hospital admissions in 2020 compared with decade before COVID-19
Pediatric admissions to U.S. hospitals decreased last year across an array of pediatric conditions and some may represent unmet needs in pediatric care during the COVID-19 pandemic. (2021-02-12)

Variations in sensitivity of serological tests among individuals infected with SARS-CoV-2
This observational study investigated the sensitivity of antibody tests to detect previous SARS-CoV-2 infection using existing clinical data across the University of California Health system. (2021-02-12)

SARS-CoV-2 screening using CRISPR-based methods
This observational study assessed CRISPR-based methods for screening to detect SARS-CoV-2 among asymptomatic college students. (2021-02-11)

Factors associated with racial differences in deaths among nursing home residents with COVID-19 in US
This observational study describes differences in the number of COVID-19 deaths by nursing home racial composition and examines the factors associated with these differences. (2021-02-10)

Endovascular aneurysm repair linked to higher readmission rates
Ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (rAAA) are responsible for nearly 2% of all deaths in U.S. men over the age of 65. Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has emerged as a newer and less invasive alternative to open repair for rAAA. But researchers from the University of Missouri School of Medicine have discovered that while EVAR is more commonly utilized for rAA, the odds of hospital readmission after EVAR are 1.5 times higher compared to traditional open repair. (2021-02-10)

More deaths in England and Scotland may be due to obesity and excess body fat than smoking
Obesity and excess body fat may have contributed to more deaths in England and Scotland than smoking since 2014, according to research published in the open access journal BMC Public Health. (2021-02-10)

Disparities in SARS-CoV-2 testing in Massachusetts during COVID-19 pandemic
To mitigate subsequent waves of COVID-19, allocating testing resources to locations of greatest need is important. Researchers in this study examined the alignment of testing to epidemic intensity in Massachusetts. (2021-02-09)

Sonoporation: Underlying mechanisms and applications in cellular regulation
Sonoporation: Underlying Mechanisms and Applications in Cellular Regulation https://doi.org/10.15212/bioi-2020-0028 Announcing a new article publication for BIO Integration journal. In this review article the authors Yue Li, Zhiyi Chen and Shuping Ge from First Affiliated Hospital of University of South China, Hengyang, China and Tower Health and Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, USA summarize current state of the art applications of microbubble-cell interactions and sonoporation effects to cellular functions. (2021-02-09)

Nanocarriers in the enhancement of therapeutic efficacy of natural drugs
https://doi.org/10.15212/bioi-2020-0040 Announcing a new article publication for BIO Integration journal. In this review article the authors Xiuling Li, Shunung Liang, Chee Hwee Tan, Shuwen Cao, Xiaoding Xu, Phei Er Saw and Wei Tao from Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, China and Center for Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA discuss the potential benefits of four plants endogenous to China and the enhancement of their therapeutic efficacy by nanotechnology intervention. (2021-02-09)

Comparison of demand for drugs for COVID-19 treatment, other drugs early in pandemic in Italy
The National Health Service in Italy provides universal coverage to citizens but because no approved drug was available for COVID-19, patients received potentially effective drugs, participated in clinical trials, accessed compassionate drug use programs or self-medicated. This study evaluated changes in drug demand during the early phase of the COVID-19 outbreak in Italy compared with the period before the outbreak. (2021-02-08)

Assessment of SARS-CoV-2 and risk factors associated with COVID-19 among outpatients in Virginia
Researchers assessed what percentage of the Virginia population had been exposed to SARS-CoV-2 after the first wave of COVID-19 infections in the U.S. (2021-02-08)

Factors, rate of nurse burnout in US
Researchers estimated the rate of nurse burnout in the United States and the factors associated with leaving or considering leaving their jobs due to burnout. (2021-02-04)

COVID-19 outcomes among individuals living with, without HIV in New York State
COVID-19 outcomes including hospitalization and in-hospital death were compared between people living with or without diagnosed HIV in New York State. (2021-02-03)

Assessment of suicide in Japan during COVID-19 pandemic compared with previous years
Researchers assessed potential changes in suicide rates associated with the COVID-19 pandemic in Japan through November 2020 and performed analyses by sex, age group, and occupational status. (2021-02-02)

Public attitudes about COVID-19 in response to President Trump's social media posts
Researchers used near real-time social media data to capture the public's changing COVID-19-related attitudes when former President Trump was infected. (2021-02-01)

Forty years of coral spawning captured in one place for the first time
Efforts to understand when corals reproduce have been given a boost thanks to a new resource that gives scientists open access to more than forty years' worth of information about coral spawning. Led by researchers at Newcastle University, UK, and James Cook University, Australia, the Coral Spawning Database (CSD) for the first time collates vital information about the timing and geographical variation of coral spawning. (2021-01-29)

Association of social, demographic factors with COVID-19 cases, death rates in US
Researchers investigated the association between county-level social risk factors and COVID-19 cases and deaths, as well as weekly changes in cumulative cases and mortality, using publicly available data sets as of July 29, 2020. (2021-01-29)

Association between unemployment insurance, food insecurity among people who lost jobs during COVID-19 pandemic in US
This study investigated how unemployment insurance and a $600 per week federal supplement to unemployment insurance were associated with food insecurity among people in low- and middle-income households who lost jobs during the COVID-19 pandemic. (2021-01-29)

Racial, ethnic differences in diagnostic imaging at children's hospitals emergency departments
Researchers examined if the use of diagnostic imaging for children receiving care in pediatric emergency departments in the United States differs by race and ethnicity. (2021-01-29)

Outcomes of COVID-19 among hospitalized health care workers in North America
This study finds that being a health care worker isn't associated with poorer outcomes among patients hospitalized with COVID-19. (2021-01-28)

Conditions among patients with COVID-19 four months after hospital discharge
This study among patients in Italy suggests that despite virological recovery, a sizable proportion of patients with COVID-19 experienced respiratory, functional or psychological conditions months after hospital discharge. (2021-01-27)

Examining oncology clinical trials launched before, during COVID-19 pandemic
Researchers evaluated the association between the pandemic and clinical research and development by studying the initiation of oncology clinical trials over time. (2021-01-27)

Prevalence, risk factors associated with self-reported psychological distress among children, adolescents during COVID-19 pandemic in China
Survey data from school-age children and adolescents in Guangdong province, China, were used to assess self-reported psychological distress associated with the COVID-19 pandemic. (2021-01-26)

CT imaging features of patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus
CT Imaging Features of Patients Infected with 2019 Novel Coronavirus https://doi.org/10.15212/bioi-2020-0038 Announcing a new publication for BIO Integration journal. In this opinion article the authors Tianhong Yao, Huirong Lin, Jingsong Mao, Shuaidong Huo and Gang Liu from Xiamen University, Xiamen, China discuss CT imaging features of patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus. (2021-01-26)

Seasonal respiratory virus activity before, after statewide COVID-19 shelter-in-place order in Northern California
The association of a shelter-in-place order with lower rates of seasonal respiratory viral activity was examined in this study. (2021-01-25)

Flowery diets help predatory insects help farmers keep pests in check
Predatory insects have been shown to live longer when they have access to nectar and pollen, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Copenhagen. Thus, flowers don't just benefit insects, they help farmers farm sustainably. Predatory insects are skilled pest controllers whose hunting reduces the need for agricultural pesticides. (2021-01-22)

Suicide-related internet searches during early stages of COVID-19 pandemic
This study monitored suicide-related internet search rates during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States and researchers report searches for suicide decreased during that time. Although this study cannot independently confirm that changes in search rates were caused by changes in population-level suicide rates, it showed that COVID-19 may have been inversely associated with population suicide trends between March and July 2020. (2021-01-21)

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