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Current Oral Contraceptives News and Events, Oral Contraceptives News Articles.
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Aphthous ulcers: Causes of mucosal inflammation are unclear
A painful inflamed lesion on the oral mucosa, which often seems to be burning at the periphery: every third individual has at one point had such a lesion -- an aphthous ulcer. Often they resolve after a brief period of time. In 2 to 10 percent of patients these lesions are recurrent and require medical treatment. (2014-10-22)

Proper dental care linked to reduced risk of respiratory infections in ICU patients
New research shows vulnerable patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) who received enhanced oral care from a dentist were at significantly less risk for developing a lower respiratory tract infection, like ventilator-associated pneumonia, during their stay. The study was published in the November issue of Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America. (2014-10-22)

Cigarette purchases, accompany prescription refills at pharmacies
Patients using medication to treat asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, high blood pressure and using oral contraceptives often purchased cigarettes while filling prescriptions at pharmacies. (2014-10-20)

Obstetrician/gynecologist publishes book on contraception for medically challenging patients
Rebecca H. Allen, M.D., M.P.H., an obstetrician/gynecologist with expertise in family planning at Women & Infants Hospital of Rhode Island and an assistant professor of obstetrics and gynecology at The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, has published a book that offers advice on how to meet the contraceptive needs of women with chronic medical problems. 'Contraception for the Medically Challenging Patient' was edited in collaboration with Carrie A. Cwiak, M.D., M.P.H., Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Emory University School of Medicine, Altanta, Ga. (2014-10-15)

CWRU dental survey finds dental anxiety leads cause for moderate sedation
Dental anxiety can be so extreme for some patients that a simple cotton swab on the gums makes them flinch. And others, fearful of pain, simply avoid seeing the dentist, according to a new study by Case Western Reserve University dental researchers on when and how to use sedatives during dental procedures. (2014-10-14)

Oral health problems in elite athletes 'must be addressed'
Poor oral health affecting athletes' general health and performance shows 'no signs of improvement' and must be remedied, say a group of UCL-led health experts and sporting bodies. In a consensus statement published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine, the authors call for action to tackle poor oral health among athletes. They say that simple measures such as encouraging better brushing and flossing could provide the same marginal performance gains as expensive physical therapies. (2014-10-13)

High carb diet, acidic sports drinks and eating disorders take toll on athletes' teeth
A high carb diet, acidic sports drinks and a heightened risk of eating disorders are taking their toll on athletes' teeth, says a Consensus Statement on mouth health and elite sport performance, published online in the British Journal of Sports Medicine. (2014-10-13)

Oral drug reduces formation of precancerous polyps in the colon, UB researchers find
Inflammatory cells in the colon, or polyps, are very common after the age of 50. The average 60-year-old has an estimated 25 percent chance of having polyps. Most polyps are benign, but some will develop into colon cancer. Now, an oral drug has successfully treated chronic, precancerous inflammation in the intestine in an animal study. (2014-10-13)

Treating C. diff infection with oral, frozen encapsulated fecal material
A preliminary study has shown the potential of treating recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (a bacterium that is one of the most common causes of infection of the colon) with oral administration of frozen encapsulated fecal material from unrelated donors, which resulted in an overall rate of resolution of diarrhea of 90 percent, according to a study published in JAMA. The study is being released early online to coincide with its presentation at IDWeek 2014. (2014-10-11)

Tobacco use associated with increased risk of oral HPV-16 infection
Study participants who reported tobacco use or had higher levels of biomarkers of tobacco exposure had a higher prevalence of the sexually transmitted infection, oral human papillomavirus type 16, according to a study in the Oct. 8 JAMA, a theme issue on infectious disease. (2014-10-07)

Researchers find link between tobacco use and viral infection that causes oral cancers
Johns Hopkins scientists have shown a strong association between tobacco use or exposure and infection with oral human papillomavirus type 16, the sexually transmitted virus responsible for mouth and throat cancers worldwide. The numbers of such cancers have increased 225 percent in the United States over the past two decades. (2014-10-07)

Sleeping in dentures doubles the risk of pneumonia in the elderly
Today, the International & American Associations for Dental Research published a paper titled 'Denture wearing during sleep doubles the risk of pneumonia in very elderly,' by lead researcher Toshimitsu Iinuma. Poor oral health and hygiene are increasingly recognized as major risk factors for pneumonia among the elderly. To identify modifiable oral health-related risk factors, Iinuma and a team of researchers investigated associations between a constellation of oral health behaviors and incidences of pneumonia in the community-living of elders. (2014-10-07)

Cancer medicine: New, improved, expensive and exploited?
Two studies published in the October 2014 issue of Health Affairs by a University of Chicago health economist examine spending on oral anti-cancer drugs as well as a federal program designed to help the poor, which researchers say instead helps hospitals boost profits. (2014-10-06)

Kids' oral language skills can predict future writing difficulties
Children's future writing difficulties can be identified before they even learn how to begin writing, according to a new study by professor Phaedra Royle and postdoctoral fellow Alexandra Marquis of the University of Montreal. (2014-10-03)

Osteoporosis treatment may also benefit breast cancer patients
Treatment approaches to reduce the risk of bone metastasis associated with breast cancer may be one step closer to becoming a reality. According to a study led by the MUHC, findings show that medication used to treat bone deterioration in post-menopausal women may also slow skeletal metastasis caused from breast cancer. This study, published in the JNCI, is among the first to link bisphosphonate use with improved survival in women with breast cancer. (2014-10-02)

To improve oral health of adults with developmental disabilities, support caregivers
The first large-scale study in the US to investigate at-home oral care for adults with developmental disabilities suggests that future policy initiatives should focus on improving sources of support for caregivers, in addition to addressing access to care. Led by researchers at Tufts University, the study is published in The Journal of the American Dental Association. (2014-10-01)

Teen pregnancies, abortions plunge with free birth control
Teens who received free contraception and were educated about the pros and cons of various birth control methods were dramatically less likely to get pregnant, give birth or get an abortion compared with other sexually active teens. (2014-10-01)

Targeted combination therapy halts disease, extends life in advanced melanoma patients
A world-first study in today's New England Journal of Medicine heralds the efficacy of a targeted combination drug therapy after reporting major declines in the risk of disease progression and death in people with metastatic melanoma. (2014-09-29)

Severe periodontitis: Sixth most prevalent health condition in the world
IADR/AADR have published a paper titled 'Global Burden of Periodontitis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Regression.' The manuscript, by lead researcher Wagner Marcenes is published in the OnlineFirst portion of the IADR/AADR Journal of Dental Research. The study's findings underscore the enormous public health challenge posed by severe periodontitis and are a microcosm of the epidemiologic transition to non-communicable diseases occurring in many countries. (2014-09-26)

Skirt size increase linked to 33 percent greater postmenopausal breast cancer risk
Going up a skirt size over a period of 10 years between your mid 20s and mid 50s is linked to a 33 percent greater risk of developing breast cancer after the menopause, finds a large observational study published in the online journal BMJ Open. (2014-09-24)

Unusual immune cell needed to prevent oral thrush, Pitt researchers find
An unusual kind of immune cell in the tongue appears to play a pivotal role in the prevention of thrush, according to the researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine who discovered them. The findings, published online today in the Journal of Experimental Medicine, might shed light on why people infected with HIV or who have other immune system impairments are more susceptible to the oral yeast infection. (2014-09-08)

Widely used depression drug associated with dental implant failure
IADR/AADR have published a paper titled 'SSRIs and the Risk of Osseointegrated Implant Failure - A Cohort Study.' Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors, the most widely used drugs for the treatment of depression, have been reported to reduce bone formation and increase the risk of bone fracture. Since osseointegration is influenced by bone metabolism, this study investigates the association between SSRIs and the risk of failures in osseointegrated implants. (2014-09-03)

AF mortality and morbidity high at 1 year despite good anticoagulant use
Mortality and morbidity of atrial fibrillation (AF) patients remains high at one year despite good use of oral anticoagulants, according to the one year follow-up of the Atrial Fibrillation General Pilot Registry. The findings were presented for the first time at ESC Congress 2014 today by registry chairperson professor Gregory Lip. (2014-08-31)

First recommendations on all new oral anticoagulants in pulmonary embolism published
The first recommendations on the use of all new oral anticoagulants in pulmonary embolism are published today in new ESC Guidelines. The guidelines are launched at ESC Congress by professors Stavros V. Konstantinides and Adam Torbicki. (2014-08-30)

UTHealth researchers find up to 3,000 times the bacterial growth on hollow-head toothbrushes
Solid-head power toothbrushes retain less bacteria compared to hollow-head toothbrushes, according to researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston School of Dentistry. (2014-08-28)

Study shows steep decline in tooth loss, increase in socioeconomic disparities
The International and American Associations for Dental Research have published a paper titled 'Projections of US Edentulism Prevalence Following Five Decades of Decline.' This study, by lead researcher Gary Slade, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA, follows edentulism, tooth loss, over the last hundred years and highlights the numbers of people losing teeth and requiring dentures. (2014-08-21)

Women will benefit from the Affordable Care Act's contraceptive coverage
Women could benefit greatly from the Affordable Care Act's mandate for contraceptive coverage, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers. (2014-08-19)

Nutrition an issue for Indigenous Australians
Nutrition has not been given enough priority in national Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health policy in recent years. This is the finding from a study published in the latest issue of Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health. (2014-08-06)

Recent use of some birth control pills may increase breast cancer risk
Women who recently used birth control pills containing high-dose estrogen and a few other formulations had an increased risk for breast cancer, whereas women using some other formulations did not, according to data published in Cancer Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research. (2014-08-01)

Researchers uncover cause of gum disease related to type 2 diabetes
Going to the dentist isn't fun for anyone, but for those with periodontal disease related to type 2 diabetes, a new research discovery published in the August 2014 issue of the Journal of Leukocyte Biology may have them smiling. (2014-07-31)

Strategies identified to improve oral contraceptive success with obese women
The findings of a new study suggest two ways to effectively address the problem that birth control pills may not work as well in obese women, compared to women of a normal body mass index. Either a higher-dose pill or skipping the 'one week off' regimen might work. (2014-07-28)

Scripps Florida scientists find genetic mutations linked to salivary gland tumors
Research conducted at the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute has discovered links between a set of genes known to promote tumor growth and mucoepidermoid carcinoma, an oral cancer that affects the salivary glands. The discovery could help physicians develop new treatments that target the cancer's underlying genetic causes. (2014-07-28)

Link between ritual circumcision procedure and herpes infection in infants examined
A rare procedure occasionally performed during Jewish circumcisions that involves direct oral suction is a likely source of herpes simplex virus type 1 transmissions documented in infants between 1988 and 2012, a literature review conducted by Penn Medicine researchers and published online in the Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society found. (2014-07-24)

Toward an oral therapy for treating Alzheimer's disease: Using a cancer drug
Currently, no cure exists for Alzheimer's disease, the devastating neurological disease affecting more than 5 million Americans. However, scientists are now reporting new progress on a set of compounds, initially developed for cancer treatment, that shows promise as a potential oral therapy for Alzheimer's. Their study appears in the American Chemical Society's Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. (2014-07-23)

Anti-pain agent shrinks oral cancers, leaves healthy tissues alone
Oral cancers strike thousands of Americans annually, inflicting pain and shortening their lives. New research out of the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio showed that an agent called capsazepine reduced the oral tumors in mice without damaging surrounding tissues. It's a hopeful start with more work to go. (2014-07-22)

New skin gel fights breast cancer without blood clot risk
A gel form of tamoxifen applied to the breasts of women with noninvasive breast cancer reduced the growth of cancer cells equally to the oral drug but with fewer side effects that deter some women from taking it. The gel is intended to minimize blood clots and uterine cancer risk. Tamoxifen is used for breast cancer prevention and for cancer treatment. (2014-07-15)

Widespread support for rapid HIV testing in dental surgeries -- new study
More than 80 per cent of oral health patients are willing to receive rapid HIV-testing in dental settings, which could help reduce the spread of the HIV according to a groundbreaking study revealed today at a Sydney University HIV Testing Symposium. (2014-07-15)

Fuel efficiency, biofuels, climate change to be explored by world's leading combustion scientists
Nearly 1,500 of the world's foremost fuels and combustion scientists and engineers will gather in San Francisco on Aug. 3-8 for the 35th International Symposium on Combustion, a biennial event sponsored by the Combustion Institute and locally organized this year by Sandia National Laboratories that will examine issues related to climate change, fuel efficiency, biofuels integration with combustion engines and other topics. (2014-07-14)

MUHC researcher unveils novel treatment for a form of childhood blindness
An international research project, led by the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre in Montreal, reports that a new oral medication is showing significant progress in restoring vision to patients with Leber congenital amaurosis. Until now, this inherited retinal disease that causes visual impairment ranging from reduced vision to complete blindness, has remained untreatable. The study is published today in the scientific journal The Lancet. (2014-07-13)

Injectable contraceptive launched in Burkina Faso to expand choice and address unmet need
Women in the West African nation Burkina Faso today have access to an additional family planning option. Sayana Press has the potential to increase access to contraception at all levels of the health system and in communities by combining a lower-dose formulation of a widely used contraceptive -- Pfizer's Depo-Provera -- with the BD Uniject injection system. (2014-07-10)

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