Current Pain Management News and Events | Page 25

Current Pain Management News and Events, Pain Management News Articles.
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HSS anesthesia education program sees sustainable results in Vietnam
Training local clinicians with regional anesthesia techniques has helped the Vietnamese medical community improve their approach to anesthesia care, results of a survey conducted by the Global Health Initiative at Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) indicate. (2018-05-14)

Less is more when it comes to prescription opioids for hospital patients, study finds
In a pilot study published in JAMA Internal Medicine, Yale researchers significantly reduced doses of opioid painkillers given to hospital patients. By delivering the opioids with a shot under the skin or with a pill instead of an IV, the research team found they could decrease patient exposure to the medications while also maintaining or improving pain relief, they said. (2018-05-14)

Case management reduces psychological distress in frequent users of health care
Research has shown that frequent users of health care services tend to have higher levels of psychological distress. A new study finds that case management reduces psychological distress and creates a sense of security in patients who frequently use health services. (2018-05-14)

A theoretical model to alleviate primary care strain
Co-management of patients by more than one primary care clinician is among new models of care designed to meet the demand for high quality patient care. A new co-management model lays the groundwork for potential care partnerships between nurse practitioners and physicians. It finds that effective nurse practitioner-physician co-management requires three core attributes: effective communication, mutual respect and trust, and a shared philosophy of care. (2018-05-14)

Roles and functions of community health workers in primary care
Community health workers in primary care provide clinical services, community resource connections, and health education and coaching. As trained individuals with limited or no formal medical education, they are widely considered to have the potential to enhance primary care access and quality, but remain underutilized. (2018-05-14)

Call for low-cost approach to tackle disease afflicting millions of the world's poorest
Researchers at Brighton and Sussex Medical School are asking governments in the developing world to adopt a low-cost, community-based approach to prevent acute attacks that occur in patients with a devastating neglected tropical disease. (2018-05-14)

Diabetes-associated pain linked to disrupted insulin signalling
Chronic pain hypersensitivity is commonly experienced by individuals with diabetes, and is difficult to treat. The origin of this pain was previously assumed to be damaged blood vessels or the effect of high blood sugar on tissue surrounding neurons. Now, new research in fruit flies indicates that the pain results instead from disrupted insulin signalling in pain sensory neurons, and demonstrates reversal of pain hypersensitivity when insulin signalling is restored. (2018-05-10)

Cost savings from integrative medicine via pain reduction in hospitalized patients
Researchers at Allina Health conducted a large NIH-funded observational study to examine pain treatment outcomes of integrative medicine in hospitalized patients. (2018-05-10)

Obesity may worsen symptoms for patients with lupus
In a recent Arthritis Care & Research study of 148 women with lupus, obesity was linked with worse disease activity, depressive symptoms, and symptoms of pain and fatigue. (2018-05-10)

Most oncologists have discussed medical marijuana with patients
Data from a new survey show that as many as 80 percent of oncologists have discussed medical marijuana use with their patients. According to the authors, this is the first nationally-representative survey to examine oncologists' practices and beliefs on the subject since the implementation of state medical marijuana laws. The research published online today in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. (2018-05-10)

Adversity early in life linked with more physical pain in adulthood
Experiencing trauma as a child may influence how much pain an individual feels in adulthood, according to Penn State researchers. Gaining insight about who feels more pain and why is important as issues like the opioid crisis continue to escalate. (2018-05-09)

Words matter: Stigmatizing language in medical records may affect the care a patient receives
A Johns Hopkins study found that physicians who use stigmatizing language in their patients' medical records may affect the care those patients get for years to come. (2018-05-09)

Neuroinflammation seen in spinal cord, nerve roots of patients with chronic sciatica
A study by Massachusetts General Hospital investigators has found, for the first time in humans, that patients with chronic sciatica -- back pain that shoots down the leg -- have evidence of inflammation in key areas of the nervous system. (2018-05-09)

Spinal surgery for osteoporosis no better for pain relief than injections
Vertebroplasty (surgery to repair spinal fractures) is no more effective for pain relief than a sham (placebo) procedure in older patients with osteoporosis, finds a trial published by The BMJ today. (2018-05-09)

Symptoms of osteoarthritis lessened with simple changes to the diet
One gram of fish oil a day could help reduce the pain of patients with osteoarthritis, a new study in Rheumatology reports. (2018-05-08)

Are psychological interventions associated with chronic pain outcomes?
Psychological interventions to treat chronic pain in older adults were associated with some small benefits. (2018-05-07)

Nursing home residents with advanced dementia have lower mortality rate with hip surgery
Researchers from Hebrew SeniorLife's Institute for Aging Research and Brown University have conducted the first study to examine outcomes in nursing home residents with advanced dementia and hip fracture. They discovered that advanced dementia residents have a lower mortality rate after 6 months, if they undergo surgical repair. Those advanced dementia patients managed with surgery also reported less pain and fewer pressure ulcers than those whose proxies chose a palliative care approach in lieu of surgery. (2018-05-07)

Thank brain for gratitude
A brain network that gives rise to feelings of gratitude has been uncovered in new research published in JNeurosci. The study could spur future investigations into how these 'building blocks' transform social information into complex emotions. (2018-05-07)

To treat pain, you need to treat the patient
People in chronic pain are some of the most difficult patients to treat. Clinicians and researchers at UW Medicine's Center for Pain Relief found that an in-depth questionnaire can help immensely. Their work to create a pain assessment adaptable to any primary care clinic was recently published in the Journal of General Internal Medicine. (2018-05-04)

New approach for treating neuropathic pain
Neuropathic pain is the chronic, pathological pain that continues even when the cause of pain is removed. Causes include damage to nerve cells and medicines used to treat cancer. A collaboration between research groups from Indiana University in Bloomington, USA and Turku Centre for Biotechnology in Finland has discovered a novel therapeutic that appears to interrupt the signaling cascades in the body required for multiple forms of neuropathic pain. (2018-05-04)

Sylentis announces the results of tivanisiran for dry eye syndrome
The studies carried out with tivanisiran showed an improvement in the inflammatory ocular parameters, tear quality, and a reduction in ocular pain, that is associated with dry eye syndrome. (2018-05-03)

Energy recovery of urban waste
Researchers from the University of Seville have proposed a system which is capable of converting waste in a more controlled manner, and, basically, in two stages: first, the solid is converted to gas in reducing conditions (that is, with the presence of little oxygen), and then the generated gas is burnt very efficiently in specifically optimized equipment. (2018-05-02)

Morris Animal Foundation study shows drug comes up short in osteoarthritis pain relief
Morris Animal Foundation-funded researchers from the University of Georgia, have found that tramadol was ineffective in alleviating signs of pain associated with osteoarthritis in dogs. The research team published their results in the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. (2018-05-02)

Survey: Medical marijuana could reduce opioid use in older adults
A study shows up to 65 percent of older adults who use medical marijuana significantly reduced their chronic pain and dependence on opioid painkillers. Results to be presented at American Geriatric Society meeting, May 3. (2018-05-01)

Palliative care improves hospital care for seriously ill patients
Palliative care provided by specialist medical and nursing teams to patients with complex health needs significantly improves their experience of care, new research shows. (2018-05-01)

Acupuncture possible treatment for dental anxiety
Researchers have found evidence that acupuncture could help people who experience dental anxiety. (2018-05-01)

Can stress testing and biomarker studies predict cardiovascular event risk in older women?
Mayo Clinic researchers, reporting results of the SMART study, have shown that abnormal results on a stress electrocardiogram are an independent predictor of cardiovascular events such as heart attack, heart failure, hospitalization for chest pain, and death in perimenopausal or menopausal women. (2018-05-01)

Blacks, whites equally as likely to be prescribed opioids for pain
Racial disparities in pain management have been well-documented, with doctors historically more willing to prescribe opiates to whites than to other racial and ethnic groups. (2018-05-01)

New research ranks the effectiveness of nonsurgical treatments for knee osteoarthritis
An estimated 45 percent of people are at risk of developing knee osteoarthritis (OA) in their lifetime. According to a network meta-analysis research article published in the May 1, 2018 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (JAAOS), the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) naproxen was ranked most effective in individual knee OA treatment for improving both pain and function, and is considered a relatively safe and low-cost treatment method. (2018-05-01)

Few patients maximize opioid-sparing medications after orthopaedic surgery, study finds
A new study led by Johns Hopkins researchers adds to growing evidence that patients underuse nonopioid pain relievers to supplement opioid pain management after spine and joint surgery. (2018-04-30)

Get off the golf cart if you have knee osteoarthritis
It may seem intuitive that golfers with knee osteoarthritis should stay off their feet and ride in a golf cart. But new research from the Shirley Ryan AbilityLab and Northwestern Medicine has found, for the first time, that walking the course provides significantly higher health benefits and is not associated with increased pain, cartilage breakdown or inflammation. (2018-04-28)

Multiple sclerosis drug could reduce painful side effects of common cancer treatment
Researchers from the Saint Louis University School of Medicine have discovered why many multiple myeloma patients experience severe pain when treated with the anticancer drug bortezomib. The study, which will be published April 27 in the Journal of Experimental Medicine, suggests that a drug already approved to treat multiple sclerosis could mitigate this effect, allowing myeloma patients to successfully complete their treatment and relieving the pain of myeloma survivors. (2018-04-27)

Meningococcal meningitis: Stomach pain should be seen as a warning sign
Patients with meningococcal infection generally develop symptoms including a high temperature, vomiting and a stiff neck... but they might also just have a bad stomach ache. This can be so severe that they are sometimes wrongly operated for appendicitis. Teams from the Institut Pasteur decided to investigate the question. And the results speak for themselves: 10% of patients infected by the meningococcal strain that is on the rise in Europe suffer from abdominal pain. (2018-04-26)

VA delivers higher quality care than other health providers, study finds
Examining a wide array of commonly used measures of health care quality, researchers have found that the VA health care system performs similar to or better than non-VA systems on most measures of inpatient and outpatient care quality. However, there is high variation in quality across individual VA facilities, suggesting that the VA needs targeted quality improvement efforts to ensure that veterans receive uniformly high-quality care. (2018-04-26)

Managing chronic pain with light
Scientists from EMBL Rome have identified the population of nerve cells in the skin that are responsible for sensitivity to gentle touch, and which cause severe pain in neuropathic pain patients. The team developed a light-sensitive chemical that selectively binds to this type of nerve cell. By first injecting the affected skin area with the chemical and then illuminating it with near-infrared light, the targeted cells retract from the skin's surface, leading to pain relief. (2018-04-24)

Music lessens pain and anxiety in patients undergoing surgery
Music can reduce the anxiety and pain of invasive surgery, according to an analysis of all relevant randomized controlled trials published since 1980. (2018-04-24)

Ride-sharing platforms may be taking the place of managers in the gig economy
Ratings, ride assignments and other aspects of Uber's ride-sharing computer platform in some ways subtly serve as the manager for the company's drivers, according to an international team of researchers. (2018-04-24)

Surgery recovery program slashes opioid use, benefits patients, cuts costs, study finds
A special recovery program for thoracic surgery patients developed at the University of Virginia Health System is getting patients home sooner while decreasing both healthcare costs and opioid use, a review of the first year of the program shows. (2018-04-24)

Opioid prescribing at veterans hospitals varies widely in treating chronic pain
A recently published article in the Journal of General Internal Medicine surveyed care provided to 1.1 million veterans at 176 VHA medical centers between 2010 and 2015. At some centers, as many as one-third of the veterans seeking care for chronic pain began long-term opioid therapy, compared with only 5 percent at other centers. (2018-04-24)

Prolonged acetaminophen use during pregnancy linked to increased ASD and ADHD risk
Acetaminophen is one of the most common medications used for treatment of pain and fever reduction during pregnancy and is considered safe in humans. Now, in a first-of-its-kind meta-analysis, researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have found a link between prolonged use of drugs containing acetaminophen (paracetamol or Tylenol) during pregnancy, and increased risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). (2018-04-23)

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