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Current Polar Research News and Events, Polar Research News Articles.
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Arctic marine mammals on thin ice
The loss of sea ice due to climate change could spell disaster for polar bears and other Arctic marine mammals. The April Special Issue of Ecological Applications examines such potential effects, puts them in historical context, and describes possible conservation measures to mitigate them. The assessment reflects the latest thinking of experts representing multiple scientific disciplines. (2008-04-23)

The Antarctic deep sea gets colder
The Antarctic deep sea gets colder, which might stimulate the circulation of the oceanic water masses. This is the first result of the Polarstern expedition of the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research in the Helmholtz Association that has just ended in Punta Arenas/Chile. (2008-04-21)

Methane sources over the last 30,000 years
Using novel isotopic studies, scientists from the European Project for Ice Coring In Antarctica were now able to identify the most important processes responsible for changes in natural methane concentrations over the transition from the last ice age into our warm period. The study now published in the scientific magazine nature shows that wetland regions emitted significantly less methane during glacial times. In contrast methane emissions by forest fire activity remained surprisingly constant from glacial to interglacial times. (2008-04-16)

7 months on a drifting ice floe
For the first time, a German has taken part in a Russian drift expedition. Jürgen Graeser, a 49-year-old scientific technician of the Potsdam Research Unit of the Alfred Wegener Institute, has spent seven months on an ice floe and gained observational data from a region, which is normally inaccessible during the Arctic winter. (2008-04-14)

Vanishing polar ice talk to be Webcast live, April 10
NASA scientist Waleed Abdalati, one of the world's pre-eminent experts on the study of global climate change, will present (2008-04-09)

NOAA aircraft to probe arctic pollution
NOAA scientists are now flying through springtime Arctic pollution to find out why the region is warming -- and summertime sea ice is melting -- faster than predicted. Some 35 NOAA researchers are gathering with government and university colleagues in Fairbanks, Alaska, to conduct the study through April 23. (2008-04-07)

Cosmic engines surprise XMM-Newton
XMM-Newton has been surprised by a rare type of galaxy, from which it has detected a higher number of X-rays than thought possible. The observation gives new insight into the powerful processes shaping galaxies during their formation and evolution. (2008-04-07)

NASA expert to address Earth's vanishing polar ice, April 10, at UD
From research camps in some of the most remote regions of the planet, Waleed Abdalati, head of the Cryospheric Sciences Branch at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md., has witnessed remarkable changes in the Earth's ice cover. On Thursday, April 10, Abdalati, a pre-eminent expert on the study of global climate change, will present (2008-04-03)

Genetic test improves artificial fertilization
Polar body diagnosis can make artificial fertilization more successful, according to Katrin and Hans van der Ven and Markus Montag of Bonn University Clinic, writing in the current edition of Deutsches Ärzteblatt International. (2008-03-27)

Online magazine for elementary teachers brings polar issues into classrooms nationwide
To fill a national void in the elementary school curriculum and capitalize on student interest in the polar regions, Ohio State University and the National Science Digital Library have launched a new online magazine for teachers in the early grades. (2008-03-24)

Earth from Space: Splitting iceberg
Envisat captures the break up of the massive A53A iceberg located just east of the South Georgia Island (visible at image bottom) in the southern Atlantic Ocean. (2008-03-14)

The puzzling 'eye of a hurricane' on Venus
Venus Express has constantly been observing the south pole of Venus and has found it to be surprisingly fickle. An enormous structure with a central part that looks like the eye of a hurricane, morphs and changes shape within a matter of days, leaving scientists puzzled. (2008-03-13)

European ice core project EPICA receives the European Union Descartes Prize
The research project EPICA is one of this year's winners of the Descartes Prize for Research awarded by the European Union on March 12 in Brussels. The Descartes Prize for Research is endowed by 1.36 million Euro in total and is awarded to up to four European teams each year for outstanding transnational projects in natural sciences and humanities. (2008-03-12)

Icy Promethei Planum
Promethei Planum, an area seasonally covered with a more than 3500 meters thick layer of ice in the martian south polar region, was the subject of the High Resolution Stereo Camera's focus Sept. 22, 2005, as Mars Express was in orbit above the Red Planet. (2008-03-12)

Arctic climate models playing key role in polar bear decision
The pending federal decision about whether to protect the polar bear as a threatened species is as much about climate science as it is about climate change. (2008-03-11)

Stratospheric ozone chemistry plays an important role for atmospheric airflow patterns
Interactions between the stratospheric ozone chemistry and atmospheric air flow lead to significant changes of airflow patterns from the ground up to the stratosphere. This is the result of climate simulations, which have just been published in the journal Geophysical Research Letters. Scientists at the Research Unit Potsdam of the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, which is a member of the Helmholtz Association, have investigated a fundamental process for climate interactions in the Arctic. (2008-03-07)

Antarctica's coldest, darkest season draws Montana State University researchers
John Priscu of Montana State University and his team of researchers are in Antarctica during a different time of year than normal. It's the beginning of the continent's coldest and darkest season. (2008-03-07)

Half time in the International Polar Year 2007-2008
A record minimum of Arctic sea ice, new species in the Antarctic deep sea and unexpected insights into past climate -- these are only some of the results of the first expeditions during the International Polar Year 2007-2008. From March 10-14, 2008 the most important projects will be presented in Muenster in the frame of the 23rd International Polar Meeting of the German Society of Polar Research. There will be a press conference on March 10 at 1:00 p.m. (2008-03-04)

March 12: IPY Day focusing on changing Earth
On March 12, 2008, the International Polar Year will launch its third 'International Polar Day', focusing on our Changing Earth; with a specific focus on Earth history as discovered through paleoclimate records that study the long term history of the Earth by analyzing ice sheets and sediments below polar lakes and oceans. (2008-03-03)

Krauss awarded $1.2 million to document endangered languages
During the next three years, University of Alaska Fairbanks professor emeritus Michael Krauss will lead a team of veteran linguists in documenting these and other endangered languages in and near Alaska. The project, funded by a $1.2 million grant from the National Science Foundation, will include researchers from Canada, Japan and Russia, as well as the United States. The researchers will document some of Alaska's most endangered indigenous and historical languages. (2008-02-25)

Conference to highlight latest in permafrost research
More than 800 international researchers are expected to attend the Ninth International Conference on Permafrost, scheduled for June 29-July 3, 2008 at the University of Alaska Fairbanks. The conference, convened by the International Permafrost Association, is taking place during the International Polar Year, a two-year initiative focusing international research efforts and public attention on the Earth's polar regions (2008-02-18)

Small sea creatures may be the 'canaries in the coal mine' of climate change
As oceans warm and become more acidic, ocean creatures are undergoing severe stress and entire food webs are at risk, according to scientists at a press briefing this morning at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in Boston. (2008-02-17)

Antarctic expedition provides new insights into the role of the Southern Ocean for global climate
In the Southern Ocean, large quantities of surface-drifting plankton algae are able to significantly reduce the carbon dioxide content of surface waters. This is a result from an Antarctic expedition led by the Alfred Wegener Institute, part of the Helmholtz Association. On Feb. 5, scientists will discuss pressing questions of Antarctic research aboard the icebreaker Polarstern in Cape Town. Federal research minister Dr. Annette Schavan will use the opportunity to meet scientists and South African ministerial colleagues. (2008-02-05)

New Antarctic ice core to provide clearest climate record yet
After enduring months on the coldest, driest and windiest continent on Earth, researchers today closed out the inaugural season on an unprecedented, multiyear effort to retrieve the most detailed record of greenhouse gases in Earth's atmosphere over the last 100,000 years. (2008-01-23)

UD announces William S. Carlson International Polar Year events
The American Geographical Society's Fliers' and Explorers' Globe has been signed by more than 75 of the planet's most-celebrated explorers, and now the historic globe is coming to the University of Delaware for signing, as one of the premier public events in a year-long series highlighting the fourth International Polar Year. (2008-01-18)

Public lecture -- 'A New Arctic Ocean: Responding to Marine Access Change at the Top of the World'
This public lecture, by Capt. Lawson Brigham, deputy director of the US Arctic Research Commission, will highlight what the receding sea ice means to trade, tourism and resource use in the once-remote Arctic. (2008-01-18)

Researchers reveal HIV peptide's possible pathway into the cell
Two theoretical physicists at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute have uncovered what they believe is the long-sought-after pathway that an HIV peptide takes to enter healthy cells. The theorists analyzed two years of biocomputation and simulation to uncover a surprisingly simple mechanism describing how this protein fragment penetrates the cell membrane. The discovery could help scientists treat other human illnesses by exploiting the same molecules that make HIV so deadly proficient. (2008-01-17)

North Atlantic warming tied to natural variability; but global warming may be at play elsewhere
A Duke University-led analysis of available records shows that while the North Atlantic Ocean's surface waters warmed in the 50 years between 1950 and 2000, the change was not uniform. In fact, the subpolar regions cooled at the same time that subtropical and tropical waters warmed. (2008-01-03)

NASA awards $9.3M to Dartmouth researcher for radiation study using balloons
Robyn Millan, assistant professor of physics and astronomy at Dartmouth, will lead a NASA project to launch more than 40 high altitude balloons from Antarctica to study the Earth's Van Allen Belts. Radiation from the belts can be hazardous to astronauts, satellites and aircraft, and the flotilla of balloons will carry instrumentation that may allow scientists to better understand and predict how the belts release radiation into the into near-Earth space. (2007-12-13)

Desktop device generates and traps rare ultracold molecules
Physicists at the University of Rochester have combined an atom-chiller with a molecule trap, creating for the first time a device that can generate and trap huge numbers of elusive-yet-valuable ultracold polar molecules. Scientists believe ultracold polar molecules will allow them to create exotic artificial crystals and stable quantum computers. (2007-12-12)

Arctic expeditions find giant mud waves, glacier tracks
Scientists gathering evidence of ancient ice sheets uncovered a new mystery about what's happening on the Arctic sea floor today. Sonar images revealed that, in some places, ocean currents have driven the mud along the Arctic Ocean bottom into piles, with some (2007-12-12)

New Tibetan ice cores missing A-bomb blast
Ice cores drilled last year from the summit of a Himalayan ice field lack the distinctive radioactive signals that mark virtually every other ice core retrieved worldwide. That missing radioactivity, originating as fallout from atmospheric nuclear tests during the 1950s and 1960s, routinely provides researchers with a benchmark against which they can gauge how much new ice has accumulated on a glacier or ice field. (2007-12-11)

NASA spacecraft make new discoveries about Northern Lights
A fleet of NASA spacecraft, launched less than eight months ago, has made three important discoveries about spectacular eruptions of Northern Lights called (2007-12-11)

West Antarctic to be covered with scientific instruments; network to watch through dark polar night
In a mission of unprecedented scale, scientists are about to cover West Antarctica with a network of sensors to monitor the interactions between the ice and the earth below -- 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. The National Science Foundation just awarded the collaboration, called POLENET, $4.5 million to plant global positioning system trackers and seismic sensors on the bedrock that cradles the West Antarctic Ice Sheet. (2007-12-10)

NASA satellite reveals unprecedented view of mysterious 'night-shining' clouds
NASA's AIM satellite has provided the first global-scale, full-season view of iridescent polar clouds that form 50 miles above Earth's surface. (2007-12-10)

In search for water on Mars, clues from Antarctica
Scientists have gathered more evidence that suggests flowing water on Mars -- by comparing images of the red planet to an otherworldly landscape on Earth. In recent years, scientists have examined images of several sites on Mars where water appears to have flowed to the surface and left behind a trail of sediment. Those sites closely resemble places where water flows today in the McMurdo Dry Valleys in Antarctica , the new study has found. (2007-12-09)

Basque Country University researchers publish 2 articles in Nature on latest discoveries on Venus
Nature journal has published a series of articles devoted to the new discoveries by the European Space Agency's Venus Express space probe made on our neighboring planet. (2007-11-30)

Aurora Borealis breaks new grounds -- and old ice
It can crush ice sideways and stay precisely on station to an accuracy of a metre. It can drill a hole 1,000 meters deep into the seabed while floating above 5,000 meters of ocean and it can generate 55 megawatts of power. So far, Aurora Borealis is the most unusual ship that has never been built, and it represents a floating laboratory for European science, a breakthrough for polar research and a very big headache for international lawyers. (2007-11-30)

ANDRILL's 2nd Antarctic drilling season exceeds all expectations
A second season in Antarctica for the Antarctic Geological Drilling Program has exceeded all expectations, according to the co-chief scientists of the program's Southern McMurdo Sound Project. (2007-11-27)

NASA-conceived map of Antarctica lays ground for new discoveries
A team of researchers from NASA, the US Geological Survey, the National Science Foundation and the British Antarctic Survey unveiled a newly completed map of Antarctica today that is expected to revolutionize research of the continent's frozen landscape. (2007-11-27)

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