Current Preterm Birth News and Events | Page 25

Current Preterm Birth News and Events, Preterm Birth News Articles.
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Researchers identify gene that controls birth defect common in diabetes
Researchers have identified a gene that plays a key role in the formation of neural tube defects, a problem commonly found in infants of pregnant women with diabetes. This is the first time the gene has been shown to play this role; it opens up a new way to understand these defects, and may one day lead to new treatments that could prevent the problem or decrease its incidence. (2017-05-05)

Breast milk appears to aid white matter microstructural organization in preemies
To the growing list of reasons why mothers should consider breast-feeding infants, add another: Critical white matter structures in the brains of babies who are born so prematurely that they weigh less than 1,500 grams develop more robustly when their mothers breast-feed them, compared with preemie peers who are fed formula. (2017-05-04)

Study examines 'small for gestational age' across European countries
A new study questions the use of common references for assessing 'small for gestational age' (SGA) in very preterm infants across Europe. SGA describes a baby who is smaller than the usual amount for the number of weeks of pregnancy. (2017-05-04)

Study finds infants prescribed antacids have increased risk of fractures during childhood
New research being presented at the 2017 Pediatric Academic Societies Meeting found infants prescribed antacids to manage acid reflux, or spitting up, under age 1 had more bone fractures later in childhood. (2017-05-04)

Study looks at maternal smoking in pregnancy, severe mental illness in offspring
A population-based study that analyzed data for nearly 1.7 million people born in Sweden suggests family-related factors, rather than causal teratogenic effects (birth defect causing), may explain much of the association between smoking during pregnancy and severe mental illness in offspring, according to a new article published by JAMA Psychiatry. (2017-05-03)

Mongoose pups conceal identity to survive
Young mongooses may conceal their identity -- even from their own parents -- to survive. (2017-05-02)

Study shows link between maternal marijuana use and low birth weight
Researchers at Lawson Health Research Institute, Western University and Brescia University College found that women who used marijuana while pregnant were almost three times more likely to have an infant with low birth weight. It is the first large-scale study in Canada to show this association between maternal marijuana use and low birth weight infants. (2017-04-27)

Flawed forensic science may be hampering identification of human remains
Research from The Australian National University (ANU) has cast doubt on a method used in forensic science to determine whether skeletal remains are of a person who has given birth. (2017-04-27)

Mother's family history could pose risk for preterm birth -- Ben-Gurion U. study
The results of the study show that the medical history of a pregnant woman's mother and aunts should also be taken into account when considering the risk of pregnancy complications such as premature birth. (2017-04-27)

Screening for preeclampsia in pregnant women recommended
The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening for preeclampsia in pregnant women with blood pressure measurements throughout pregnancy. The report appears in the April 25 issue of JAMA. (2017-04-25)

For many women, body image and sex life may suffer after episiotomy
Women who have episiotomies after childbirth reported having poorer body image and less satisfying sex lives than women who tear and heal naturally. (2017-04-25)

Study: Stressing about finances can be harmful to a baby's health
It's normal for expectant moms to worry about how their new arrival will affect their family's budget -- but a new study shows how financial stress can affect the health of the baby. Researchers found that pregnancy-related anxiety was one reason why women experiencing financial stress deliver babies of lower birth weight. (2017-04-24)

Link found between financial strain and low-birth-weight babies
A financially strapped pregnant woman's worries about the arrival and care of her little one could contribute to birth of a smaller, medically vulnerable infant, a new study suggests. (2017-04-24)

Research finds new info about higher number of male babies of Indian-born women in Canada
The researchers who reported last year that more male babies than expected were being born to Indian-born women living in Canada have now found the numbers are driven by women whose mother tongue is Punjabi and, to a lesser extent, Hindi. (2017-04-24)

Both low and high birth weight linked to fatty liver disease in children
Both high and low birth weights show increased risk for developing nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. (2017-04-18)

Signs point to reduced drinking by pregnant women
The signage varies but the message is working. Drinking by pregnant women is down 11 percent in states requiring point-of-sale warning signs, says a health economist at the University of Oregon. (2017-04-18)

Antidepressant use during pregnancy not associated with increased risk of autism, ADHD in children
Two studies published by JAMA examine the risk of autism and other adverse birth outcomes among women who use antidepressants during pregnancy. (2017-04-18)

Study: Antidepressant use in early pregnancy does not increase autism, ADHD risk in kids
A study led by Indiana University reported today in the Journal of the American Medical Association suggests that mothers' use of antidepressants during early pregnancy does not increase the risk of their children developing autism or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, conditions previously associated with these medications. (2017-04-18)

Hopkins researchers discover birth-and-death life cycle of neurons in the adult mouse gut
Johns Hopkins researchers today published new evidence refuting the long-held scientific belief that the gut nerve cells we're born with are the same ones we die with. (2017-04-18)

Crooked bite may indicate early life stress
Research has shown that the first 1,000 days after conception strongly influence a person's life expectancy and disease susceptibility. The primary marker used to identify early life stress is low birth weight. But low birth weight is a marker only until birth -- far short of a measurement useful for the first thousand days. New research suggests that an asymmetric lower face is a novel marker that captures early life stresses that occur after birth. (2017-04-13)

Study examines impact of common risk factors on outcomes for home and birth center births
Women with some characteristics commonly thought to increase pregnancy risks -- being over age 35; being overweight; and in some cases, having a vaginal birth after a cesarean section -- tend to have good outcomes when they give birth at home or in a birth center, a new assessment has found. (2017-04-13)

Cancer occurrence among African-born blacks differs substantially from US-born blacks
The cancer profile of African-born blacks differs from that of United States-born blacks and varies by region of birth, according to a new study. (2017-04-13)

Lab on a chip designed to minimize preterm births
With help from a palm-sized plastic rectangle, researchers are hoping to minimize the problem of premature deliveries. The chip is designed to predict, with up to 90 percent accuracy, a woman's risk for a future preterm birth. (2017-04-12)

Researchers identify link between birth defect and neurodegenerative diseases
A new study has found a link between neurological birth defects in infants commonly found in pregnant women with diabetes and several neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and Huntington's diseases. This is the first time this link has been identified; it may indicate a new way to understand, and perhaps treat, both neural tube defects and these diseases. (2017-04-10)

Pet exposure may reduce allergy and obesity
If you need a reason to become a dog lover, how about their ability to help protect kids from allergies and obesity? A new University of Alberta study showed that babies from families with pets -- 70 percent of which were dogs -- showed higher levels of two types of microbes associated with lower risks of allergic disease and obesity. (2017-04-06)

Addressing addictions
A new study by Queen's University researcher Susan Brogly has revealed that 25 percent of women suffering from a prenatal opioid dependence were not being treated for their addiction. Using data from the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, the study also shows rising numbers of affected mother-infant pairs and associated health care costs. (2017-04-05)

A mother's voice may help stabilize preterm infants
A recent review of published research indicates that hearing their mother's voice can benefit the health of preterm infants. (2017-04-05)

Administration of steroid to extremely preterm infants not associated with adverse effects on neurod
The administration of low-dose hydrocortisone to extremely preterm infants was not associated with any adverse effects on neurodevelopmental outcomes at 2 years of age, according to a study published by JAMA. (2017-04-04)

Living downwind of coal-fired power plant could increase risk of low birth weight
Drawing on evidence from a Pennsylvania power plant located upwind of New Jersey, a group of researchers led by Muzhe Yang of Lehigh University studied live singleton births that occurred from 1990 to 2006 in the area downwind of the plant. Infants born to mothers living as far as 20 to 30 miles downwind from the power plant were 6.5 percent more likely to be born with a low birth weight and 17.12 percent more likely to be born with a very low birth weight. (2017-04-04)

Birth weight is risk factor for fatty liver disease in children
Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine, with a cohort of clinical collaborators from across the United States, have demonstrated the impact of low and high birth weights in developing Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD), a chronic disease that often leads to a need for organ transplantation. (2017-04-04)

Global decline in deaths among children, adolescents but progress uneven
Deaths among children and adolescents decreased worldwide from nearly 14.2 million deaths in 1990 to just over 7.2 million deaths in 2015 but this global progress has been uneven, according to a new article published online by JAMA Pediatrics. (2017-04-03)

Women's reproductive health research scholar to study preterm birth
Maternal-fetal medicine specialist Sarah M. Davis, M.D., was recently named the seventh scholar in the Brown University/Women & Infants Hospital Women's Reproductive Health Research (WRHR) Career Development Program. (2017-03-30)

Evaluation between maternal mental health and discharge readiness
New research indicates that mothers with a history of mental health disorders feel less ready for discharge from the NICU than with mothers without a mental health history. (2017-03-28)

Women with insurance coverage for IVF more likely to have live birth
Women with insurance coverage for in vitro fertilization (IVF) were more likely to attempt IVF again and had a higher probability of live birth than women who self-paid for IVF, according to a study published by JAMA. (2017-03-28)

Very premature babies benefit most from corticosteroids before birth
Giving corticosteroid drugs to mothers at risk of preterm delivery -- from as early as 23 weeks of pregnancy -- is associated with a lower rate of death and serious illness for their babies, finds a study published by The BMJ today. (2017-03-28)

Insurance coverage for IVF increases chance of having baby
Women who pursue in vitro fertilization (IVF) to become pregnant are more likely to give birth if they have health insurance that covers the procedure, according to new research at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. The key reason is financial rather than medical: For many people, the high cost for one IVF procedure prohibits women from seeking a second treatment if the first attempt fails. The study is published March 28 in The Journal of the American Medical Association. (2017-03-28)

Preterm births more common in mothers who are cancer survivors
In a study published in the journal JAMA Oncology, UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers report that women diagnosed and treated for cancer during their childbearing years more commonly gave birth prematurely, and to babies whose weights were below normal. Cancer survivors also had a slightly higher rate of cesarean section deliveries. (2017-03-23)

Study examines birth outcomes for adolescent & young adult cancer survivors
A new article published online by JAMA Oncology from Hazel B. Nichols, Ph.D., Chelsea Anderson, M.P.H., and coauthors at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill used a data linkage between the North Carolina Central Cancer Registry and state birth certificate files to examine selected birth outcomes. The study included 2,598 births to female adolescent and young adult cancer survivors and 12,990 births to women without a cancer diagnosis for comparison. (2017-03-23)

Older mothers are better mothers
New research shows that older mothers are less likely to punish and scold their children while raising them, and that the children have fewer behavioral, social and emotional difficulties. (2017-03-21)

USC researchers close to identifying crucial gene for human cleft lip and palate
A group of researchers has found that three siblings born with cleft lip and palate share a common gene mutation associated with the birth defect. The study -- a collaborative effort between the Ostrow School of Dentistry, the Keck School of Medicine of USC, Children's Hospital Los Angeles and the nonprofit Operation Smile -- was published in the journal Human Molecular Genetics. (2017-03-21)

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