Current Preventive Medicine News and Events | Page 25

Current Preventive Medicine News and Events, Preventive Medicine News Articles.
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Nearly half of runners may be drinking too much during races
Nearly half of recreational runners may be drinking too much fluid during races, according to a survey of runners by Loyola University Health System researchers. (2011-09-02)

Future climate change may increase asthma attacks in children
Mount Sinai School of Medicine researchers have found that climate change may lead to more asthma-related health problems in children, and more emergency room (ER) visits in the next decade. (2011-08-30)

STOP Obesity Alliance Task Force urges HHS to give obesity equal weight in essential health benefits
The Strategies to Overcome and Prevent (STOP) Obesity Alliance Essential Health Benefits Task Force today released recommendations supporting the inclusion of obesity-related services in the US Department of Health and Human Services' essential health benefits (EHB) package. The EHB package will outline a minimum standard of coverage required by all health plans offered through health insurance exchanges established under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) by 2014. (2011-08-30)

International study reveals substantial underuse of effective low-cost drug treatments for heart disease and stroke (The PURE Study)
A global study reveals that inexpensive drug treatments for cardiovascular disease that have been proven to save lives are substantially underused worldwide. Around 60 percent of individuals with heart disease and up to half of patients who have had a stroke might not be taking any of the four effective drug types*. Underuse of these beneficial treatments is especially common in low-income countries where about 80 percent of patients reported receiving none of these essential drugs. (2011-08-28)

A lifetime of physical activity yields measurable benefits as we age
The benefits of physical activity accumulate across a lifetime, according to a new study published in the October issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Researchers in England and Australia examined the associations of leisure time physical activity across adulthood with physical performance and strength in midlife in a group of British men and women followed since birth in March 1946. (2011-08-25)

Maintaining exercise when the cardiac rehab is complete
Researchers from the Miriam Hospital have found that patients who have completed cardiac rehabilitation and who receive telephone counseling that supports exercise are more likely to adhere to an exercise program. Results of the study, funded by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, are published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine. (2011-08-23)

UCSD researchers alarmed at rise in hookah use among California youth
Hookah use among California youth ages 18 to 24 is rising rapidly according to a study conducted by researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine. The study appears in the (2011-08-19)

Heavy drinkers have poor dietary habits
Excessive drinking and an unbalanced diet are two preventable contributors to health problems. A new study of adults in Spain has found that heavy drinking, binge drinking, a preference for spirits, and drinking alcohol at mealtimes were associated with a poor adherence to major food consumption guidelines. (2011-08-15)

Doctors, women should spend more time discussing mammograms
Due to changing guidelines concerning when and how often they should first be screened for breast cancer with mammograms, many women are confused. The American Cancer Society recommends women 40 years and older get a mammogram every year, but the US Preventive Services Task Force recommends mammograms every other year for women older than 50. A University of Missouri researcher says doctors and patients should communicate better about individual patients' timing of breast cancer screenings. (2011-08-09)

Resistance training can help smokers kick the habit, according to Miriam Hospital study
Resistance training, or weight lifting, can do more than just build muscle: it may also help smokers kick the habit, say researchers from the Miriam Hospital's Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine. (2011-08-09)

Stray-bullet shootings most often harm women and individuals at low-risk for violence
In the first nationwide study of stray-bullet shootings, Garen Wintemute, professor of emergency medicine and director of the Violence Prevention Research Program at UC Davis School of Medicine and Medical Center, quantifies mortality and injury among victims of these unexpected events. (2011-08-02)

Heart attack survivors from poorer neighborhoods get less exercise
Engaging in physical activity after a heart attack is known to increase the odds of survival. In a study published in the September issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, researchers from the Israel Study Group on First Acute Myocardial Infarction found that myocardial infarction survivors who lived in low socioeconomic status neighborhoods engaged in lower levels of leisure-time physical activity compared to survivors from wealthier neighborhoods. (2011-08-02)

Debating the safety of cell phone use
The dangers of cell phones have led to preventive policies in France, Israel, Finland and India, and there are simple ways to minimize the health risks associated with exposure to the radiation energy they emit, according to Devra Lee Davis, PhD, MPH, president of the Environmental Health Trust, in a timely and informative interview featured in Alternative and Complementary Therapies, published by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. (2011-08-01)

Natural chemical found in grapes may protect against Alzheimer's disease
Researchers at Mount Sinai School of Medicine have found that grape seed polyphenols -- a natural antioxidant -- may help prevent the development or delay the progression of Alzheimer's disease. (2011-07-15)

Massachusetts health-care reform increased access to care, particularly among disadvantaged
A Harvard research team has found that Massachusetts health reform has effectively increased access to health care and reduced disparities. (2011-07-15)

Large waist doubles risk of kidney disease mortality
For kidney disease patients, a large belt size can double the risk of dying. A study lead by a Loyola University Health System researcher found that the larger a kidney patient's waist circumference, the greater the chance the patient would die during the course of the study. (2011-07-13)

Too much sitting may be bad for your health
Lack of physical exercise is often implicated in many disease processes. However, sedentary behavior, or too much sitting, as distinct from too little exercise, potentially could be a new risk factor for disease. The August issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine features a collection of articles that addresses many aspects of the problem of sedentary behavior, including the relevant behavioral science that will be needed to evaluate whether initiatives to reduce sitting time can be effective and beneficial. (2011-07-12)

'Healthy' habits linked to childhood obesity in China
Teenage boys from well-off Chinese families who say they are physically active and eat plenty of vegetables but few sweets are more likely to be overweight, according to a study led by researchers at the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California. (2011-07-11)

Study: Preventive use of one form of natural vitamin E may reduce stroke damage
Ten weeks of preventive supplementation with a natural form of vitamin E called tocotrienol in dogs that later had strokes reduced overall brain tissue damage, prevented loss of neural connections and helped sustain blood flow in the animals' brains, a new study shows. (2011-07-05)

Vitamin D can help elderly women survive
Giving vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) to predominantly elderly women, mainly in institutional care, seems to increase survival. These women are likely to be vitamin D deficient with a significant risk of falls and fractures. This is the key conclusion in a systematic review published in the latest edition of The Cochrane Library. (2011-07-05)

Urban children are healthier commuters than rural teens
The children most likely to walk or cycle to school live in urban areas, with a single parent, and in an economically disadvantaged home, according to survey results that were published in Pediatrics. (2011-07-04)

How cavity-causing microbes invade heart
Scientists have discovered the tool that bacteria normally found in our mouths use to invade heart tissue, causing a dangerous and sometimes lethal infection of the heart known as endocarditis. The work raises the possibility of creating a screening tool -- perhaps a swab of the cheek, or a spit test -- to gauge a dental patient's vulnerability to the condition. (2011-06-27)

Medicaid managed care plans owned by public companies have higher administrative costs
A new Commonwealth Fund report finds that Medicaid managed care plans that are owned by publicly traded for-profit companies whose primary line of business is managing Medicaid enrollees spent an average of 14 percent of premiums on administrative costs, compared with an average of only 10 percent spent by non-publicly traded plans owned by groups of health care providers, health systems, community health centers, or clinics. (2011-06-15)

Scale helps to measure the utility of genetic counseling in tackling fear of cancer
When a person has a family history of cancer, their worry about developing the disease may lead to them refusing to have preventive tests. Advice from genetic counseling units reduces their anxiety but, until now, nobody knew how much. Now, a scientific team has validated the (2011-06-08)

Distracted driving data and laws to prevent it don't match up
More and more states are passing laws to crack down on the use of mobile devices while driving. But a new study led by Temple University finds a widening gap between the evidence on distracted driving and the laws being passed to address the problem. (2011-06-08)

Construction industry has highest number of traumatic brain injuries in US workplace
Although TBI is one of the leading causes of death in the US, work-related TBI has not been well documented. In a study published in the July issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, researchers describe the epidemiology of fatal TBI in the US workplace between 2003-2008 and provide the first national profile of fatal TBIs occurring in the US workplace. The construction industry had the highest number of TBIs and the agriculture, forestry, and fishing industry had the highest rates. (2011-06-07)

Helping Latinos quit smoking: Miriam Hospital studies offers new insight
Latinos looking to quit smoking are more successful when they have a significant other and partner support, say researchers from The Miriam Hospital's Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine. According to the study, published in the May/June issue of the American Journal of Health Promotion, this support can also buffer the demonstrated negative effect that depression can have on smoking cessation. (2011-06-03)

A pill to prevent migraine?
The discovery of a gene for migraine holds great promise in the quest for new approaches -- possibly even a pill -- for preventing the disease, says a panel of experts presenting data at the annual scientific meeting of the American Headache Society. So far, there is no therapy that prevents an attack. (2011-06-01)

A study opens the possibility of developing a preventive vaccine against HIV/AIDS
researchers from IDIBAPS/Hospital Clinic of Barcelona, bound to the program HIVACAT (Research Project AIDS Vaccine), for the first time, have included samples of patients treated with a low level of viral replication. 508 samples were analyzed in 364 patients (191 treated and 173 with no antiretroviral treatment) through a new strategy based on the use of recombinant viruses. (2011-05-22)

Increase in risk of certain gastric cancer from heavy drinking
The results from a very well-done meta-analysis support other data generated on the risk of alcohol consumption and gastric cancer -- that is -- that the risk may be real for heavy alcohol consumption but not for moderate intake. The type of gastric cancer relating to heavier alcohol intake in this study tended to be tumors involving the noncardia, but differences between the association with tumors of the gastric cardia were not significant. (2011-05-18)

Study finds unhealthy substance use a risk factor for not receiving some preventive health services
Researchers from Boston Medical Center (BMC) and Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) have identified unhealthy substance use as a risk factor for not receiving all appropriate preventive health services. (2011-05-13)

Existing drug treatment reduces pain in young sickle cell anemia patients
A cancer drug already used to treat adults and school-age children with sickle cell anemia is safe and significantly reduces pain and other complications of the disease in children as young as 9 months, according to a national study involving a UT Southwestern Medical Center researcher. (2011-05-12)

Study finds Filipino children in San Diego County at higher risk for Kawasaki disease
While children of all ethnicities can contract Kawasaki disease (KD), a study led by researchers at the Kawasaki Disease Research Center at the University of California, San Diego and Rady Children's Hospital-San Diego finds that Filipino children with KD are at a higher risk for inflammation of the blood vessels of the heart than those of other Asian and non-Asian backgrounds. (2011-05-06)

Weight-loss counseling most prevalent between male physicians and obese men
A study published in the June 2011 issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine examined the association between patient-physician gender concordance and weight-related counseling in obese individuals. Investigators from the University of Pennsylvania and Johns Hopkins University found that obese male patients seeing male physicians had higher odds of receiving weight-related counseling than obese women seeing a female physician. (2011-05-05)

Age alone should be used to screen for heart attacks and strokes, say experts
Using age alone to identify those at risk of heart disease or stroke could replace current screening methods without diminishing effectiveness, according to a groundbreaking study published today in the open-access journal PLoS ONE. (2011-05-04)

Estimated costs of environmental disease in children at $76.6 billion per year
In three new studies published in the May issue of the journal Health Affairs, Mount Sinai School of Medicine researchers reveal the staggering economic impact of toxic chemicals and air pollutants in the environment, and propose new legislation to mandate testing of new chemicals and also those already on the market. (2011-05-04)

Public confused about ingredients in pain relievers
Billions of people take pain relievers like Tylenol, but many do not pay attention to the active ingredients they contain, such as acetaminophen, a Northwestern Medicine study reports. That lack of knowledge plus ignorance of acetaminophen's presence in many over-the-counter and prescription medicines could be a key reason acetaminophen overdose has become the leading cause of acute liver failure. The solution proposed is to develop a universal icon for acetaminophen to appear on all medicine labels. (2011-05-02)

University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine student receives Schweitzer Fellowship
Nicholas Kenji Taylor, a first-year year student at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, has been named one of 15 Philadelphia Schweitzer Fellows for 2011-2012. (2011-05-02)

Obesity: Conclusive results for the Montreal Heart Institute's EPIC Centre Kilo-Actif program
A program which combines interval training and healthy eating practices seems to be perfectly indicated for those suffering from obesity. Results of the study were announced at the National Obesity Summit, currently taking place in Montreal. (2011-04-28)

Prenatal exposure to certain pesticides may negatively impact cognitive development in children
Researchers at Mount Sinai School of Medicine have found that exposure during pregnancy to a family of pesticides called organophosphates may impair child cognitive development. The findings are published online in Environmental Health Perspectives. (2011-04-21)

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